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Milletvekili Tutdere’de: Gelin Adıyaman Ovası’nı Sulayın


CHP Adıyaman Milletvekili Av. Abdurrahman Tutdere, Adıyaman’ın Cumhuriyet tarihinin en önemli projelerinden olan GAP’tan hakettiği payı alamadığını söyledi ve hükümete seslenerek “Afrika ülkesi Sudan’da toprak kiralayacağınıza, gelin GAP topraklarını suyla buluşturun.” dedi.
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Sudan: Party of ex-leader Omar al-Bashir dissolved

A law has been passed in Sudan dissolving the party of ousted former president Omar al-Bashir. Mr Bashir seized power in a 1989 coup and…

Sudan repeals Omar al-Bashir-era law regulating women's behaviour and dissolves former ruling party


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Sudatel appoints a new CEO

On Friday, 29 November 2019, Sudatel announced that has appointed Sami Yousif Mohamed as the new CEO and Group President – effective immediately. The appointment comes as telecoms company prepares to invest heavily in its operations inside Sudan and across countries in West Africa. Sudatel provides both mobile and fixed (voice and data) services to [&hellip

Ethiopia PM Abiy Fanning Instability in Somalia, S. Sudan - UN Reports

[Dalsan Radio] Just months after winning the Nobel Peace Prize, Ethiopia's reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is fighting accusations of is interfering with the affairs of neighbouring countries.

Ethiopia Hands Over Decade-Long IGAD Leadership

[Reporter] After a ten-year leadership role on the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Ethiopia has handed over its role as Chairmanship to Sudan.

Nation Welcomes Eighth Dry Port to Facilitate Trade With Sudan

[Addis Fortune] The port is expected to be operational at the beginning of December

Calvary Chapel Emmett Welcomes Wes Bentley of Far Reaching Ministries


Calvary Chapel Emmett is blessed to host special guest Wes Bentley, founder and director of Far Reaching Ministries. A missionary ministry organization heavily involved in South Sudan and Uganda. Enjoy.


State Secretary Leskovar attends EU Foreign Affairs Council meeting in development ministers’ format

State Secretary Simona Leskovar attended the EU Foreign Affairs Council meeting in the format of development cooperation ministers. Based on the final report issued by the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons, the ministers discussed the EU’s future financial architecture for development and the support for countries in transition, with particular focus on Sudan and Ethiopia. This was followed by a discussion on gender equality and education in development cooperation.

Join the last day of Ajyal Film Festival celebrations this Saturday


Experience magical performances and compelling feature films on the last day (23 November) of Ajyal Film Festival 2019, the annual cinema event hosted by the Doha Film Institute (DFI) at Katara Cultural Village.

As the festival curtains draws to a close, Ajyal’s Wonder & Under the Moonlight Cine-Concert will offer a unique musical show, presented by the Forum des Images, to delight young and old. A feast for all the senses, a thrilling selection of shorts about tales of the stars, sun and moon will be held at 11.30 AM at Katara Building 16 and is free to the public. Live musicians will accompany: Get the Moon by Jutta Schünemann, Sooner or Later by Jadwiga Kowalska, Lunette by Phoebe Warries, A Little Star by Svetlana Andrianova, and Little Wolf by An Vrombaut.

Ajyal Tunes got off to a rocking start yesterday with electrifying performances from Doha’s underground music scene, featuring talented youth artists Sana Zharandi, Amjad Essam, Savanna Rose, Varun, Omar Abdulaziz, Ayman Shukur, Jerin Jose, Jueun, Mothanna, and Omar Alyafai among others, curated by Qatari artist Dana Almeer. Qatar-based singer/songwriter and rapper Mvrs rounded off the show with a stirring rap performance. An exciting celebration of musical talents from every discipline, Ajyal Tunes is part of the festival’s growing artistic scope – showcasing and celebrating arts and culture from every discipline.

Don’t miss out on the last day of the Ajyal Creativity Hub and its bustling activities at Geekdom, Qatar’s largest pop-culture event presented in partnership with Qatar National Tourism Council, and ARC, Ajyal’s interactive multimedia exhibition featuring artworks by 19 of Qatar’s most promising artists and creative talents. Located in Katara Buildings 18 and 19, all performances and exhibits will remain open to the public until 10 PM.

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The Feel short film programme will explore the power of intuition in shaping our sense of the world with a curated selection of ten short films screening at VOX Cinemas, Doha Festival City, at 12.30 PM, including Belles étoiles (France/2017) by Naïma Di Piero and Elhadj Sidib; Like an Elephant in a China Shop (France/2017) by Louise Chevrier, Luka Fischer, Rodolphe Groshens, Marie Guillon, Estelle Martinez, Benoit Paillard, Lisa Rasasombat; Hedgehog (France/2018) by Vaibhav Keswani, Jeanne Laureau, Colombine Majou, Morgane Mattard, Kaisa Pirttinen, and Jong-ha Yoon; Maha’mel (Ships) (Qatar/2018) by Dhabya AlMuhannadi; The Stained Club (France/2018) by Mélanie Lopez, Simon Boucly, Marie Ciesielski, Alice Jaunet, Chan Stéphie Peang, Béatrice Viguier; Beit Byoot (Jordan, Qatar/2019) by Mayar Hamdan; The Unlucky Hamster (Qatar, Indonesia/2019) by Abdulaziz Mohammed Khashabi; Child of the Earth (Switzerland, USA/2018) by Claudio Fäh; The Kite (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland/2019) by Martin Smatana; and Nada Bedair’s Paper Kite (Qatar/2019).

The Overcome short film selection, screening at 3 PM at VOX Cinemas, Doha Festival City, is a testament to the ability of people to overcome obstacles in pursuit of their dreams. The programme includes: Layla (UK/2019) by Celine Cotran; Jolanta Bańkowska’s Story (Poland/2019); Youth (Egypt, USA/2019) by Farida Zahran; Thermostat 6 (France/2018) by Maya Av-ron, Mylène Cominotti, Marion Coudert,  Sixtine Dano; Maradona’s Legs (Germany, Palestine/2019) by Firas Khoury; Esperança (France/2019) by Cécile Rousset, Jeanne Paturle, Benjamin Serero; Fault Line (Iran/2018) by Soheil Amirsharifi; Baptiste Drapeau’s Half and Half (France/2018); The Helmet (Yemen/2019) by Osama Khaled; Memo (France/2017) by Julien Becquer, Éléna Dupressoir, Jules Durand, Viviane Guimarães, Ines Scheiber; Refuge (Qatar/2019) by Maha Essid; and Fragile (Qatar/2019) by Kholood Al-Ali.

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Today is your last opportunity to watch an exciting selection of feature films:

  • For Sama (Syria, UK/2019) by Waad al-Kateab, Edward Watts screening at VOX Cinemas, Doha Festival City at 5.30 PM. Please note that the screening is rated PG-18.
  • Ailo’s Journey (France, Finland/2018) by Guillaume Maidatchevsky will screen at Novo Cinemas, the Pearl, at 5.30 PM.
  • DFI-supported feature Bombay Rose (India, France, UK, Qatar/2019) by Gitanjali Rao screeening at 8.30 PM at Novo Cinemas, the Pearl. Please note that the screening is rated PG-18.
  • DFI-supported film You Will Die at Twenty (Sudan, France, Egypt, Germany, Norway, Qatar/2019) by Amjad Abu Alala will screen at VOX Cinemas, Doha Festival City at 8.30 PM and is rated PG-15.
  • Honeyland (North Macedonia/2019) by Ljubomir Stefanov and Tamara Kotevska will screen at 6 PM at VOX Cinemas, Doha Festival City.

Tickets for the 7th Ajyal Film Festival are available for purchase at the Ajyal Main Box Office located in Katara Building 10; at the Ajyal Box Office at VOX Cinemas Doha Festival City for screenings taking place at VOX Cinemas; and from the Novo Cinemas Box Office for screenings at Novo Cinemas, the Pearl. For ticket purchase and up-to-date information on the Ajyal Film Festival, please visit:

2019 Ajyal Film Festival’s Official Partners include: Katara Cultural Village – Cultural Partner; Qatar National Tourism Council – Principal Partner; Novo Cinemas, Ooredoo – Strategic Partner, St. Regis Doha - Signature Partner.



Papa Francisc a încheiat călătoria apostolică în Thailanda și Japonia

Cu vizita la Sophia University din Tokyo, efectuată în cursul dimineții de marți, 26 noiembrie 2019, papa Francisc a încheiat, practic, călătoria sa apostolică în Thailanda și Japonia. Pontiful ajunge la Roma în cursul serii la ora locală 17.00. Pentru 2020, papa și-a exprimat public, până acum, intenția de a merge în Irak și în Sudanul de Sud.

TIPHC Newsletter, Nov. 24-30, 2019


The Electoral College?s Racist Origins

More than two centuries after it was designed to empower southern white voters, the system continues to do just that.

Photo by Frank Scherschel/The Life Picture Collection/Getty

(The Atlantic) Is a color-blind political system possible under our Constitution? If it is, the Supreme Court?s evisceration of the Voting Rights Act in 2013 did little to help matters. While black people in America today are not experiencing 1950s levels of voter suppression, efforts to keep them and other citizens from participating in elections began within 24 hours of the Shelby County v. Holder ruling and have only increased since then.

In Shelby County?s oral argument, Justice Antonin Scalia cautioned, ?Whenever a society adopts racial entitlements, it is very difficult to get them out through the normal political processes.? Ironically enough, there is some truth to an otherwise frighteningly numb claim. American elections have an acute history of racial entitlements?only they don?t privilege black Americans.

For centuries, white votes have gotten undue weight, as a result of innovations such as poll taxes and voter-ID laws and outright violence to discourage racial minorities from voting. (more)

A Thanksgiving feast that?s rooted in vintage African-American stories

southwestern turkey(Palm Beach Post) The author of the landmark 2015 book ?The Jemima Code? has a new cookbook filled with culinary inspiration from U.S. history?s long overshadowed chefs. And what a holiday meal they can spark in our kitchens today.

What is a Thanksgiving meal if not history on a plate?

Sure, there?s the American history part of the holiday, the narratives we dramatize in grade school and too often reduce to cartoony details, like pilgrim salt-and-pepper shakers. There?s the immigrant history part of it, as America?s emerging communities embrace the holiday as their own. (As in my family?s Cuban black beans, alongside the mojo-marinated turkey.) And there?s the family history part of it, with our yearly repetition of dishes served in memory of loved ones no longer with us.

The obligatory star of the table, of course: a big, roasted turkey. But who says the centerpiece dish, or any other dish, has to be the same as it ever was? Author and cultural historian Toni Tipton-Martin?s latest cookbook proves there?s a well of new inspiration to be found in the most vintage of stories. We can be purists and innovative at once. (more)

Opinion: Yes, African American history will improve Texas schools

It is vital that students, regardless of race, see themselves in the important parts of history.

Bessie Coleman_African American History

Pioneer aviator Bessie Coleman stands on the wheel of a plane in this 1920s photo. Coleman gave exhibition flights in the United States as well as Europe earning the name ‘Queen Bess’ and tried her best to become famous. But outside the segregated black world in which she lived, few people ever paid attention.

(Dallas Morning News) Taught properly, history offers insight into a society as an archive of what we consider important enough to pass on to future generations. So we were elated to learn that the state Board of Education is ready to approve African American studies electives for high school students in Texas.

Over the years, we?ve criticized the State Board of Education for promoting ideology over facts in Texas history during their often contentious discussions of what students should learn in classrooms. And this resulted in major omissions, and even distortions, of the roles that Texans of color played in making this a great state.

Our hope is that this is about to change. Less than two years after the state board approved Mexican American studies, the board early next year is expected to approve its first African American studies course. “We will be passing this,” said Pat Hardy, a Fort Worth Republican member of the 15-member board responsible for setting curriculum standards and adopting textbooks for Texas public schools. (more)

Historic area church restored | Iconic black church will soon be open to the community

Union Baptist Church here has undergone a complete restoration and brings one of the state’s most important historic sites as close as possible to its original 1883 condition.

Union Baptist Church_Jefferson

(Texarkana Gazette) While the church was designated a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark in 2011, it spent decades in a state of increasing disrepair. The multi-year project has been overseen by the Jefferson-based Collins Academy and the Dallas-based Today Foundation. Both organizations were founded by Richard H. Collins.

Collins is a philanthropist and a preservationist who has underwritten multiple education and cultural initiatives across the state of Texas. He has deep family roots in East Texas. The signature element of a Collins project is to maintain authenticity by renovating a structure as historically accurate to its origins as possible.

Collins hosted a private opening celebration for the Union Baptist Church on Saturday (Nov. 23).

“We believe our efforts will make Jefferson a leader in historic preservation and community involvement,” Collins said. (more)

Photo: The historic Union Baptist Church in Jefferson, Texas, has undergone a multi-year restoration overseen by the Jefferson-based Collins Academy and the Dallas-based Today Foundation. The church is now as close as possible to its original 1883 condition. Evolving out of the African Church in Jefferson’s pre-Civil War era, Union Baptist Church is one of the most prominent hubs of African-American history in Texas and is one of the oldest black churches in the state. (Photo by Collins Academy)

TIPHC Bookshelf

Requiem for a ClassicPublished scholarship on black history in Texas is growing and we?d like to share with you some suggested readings, both current and past, from some of the preeminent history scholars in Texas and beyond. We invite you to take a look at our bookshelf page ? including a featured selection ? and check back as the list grows. A different selection will be featured each week. We welcome suggestions and reviews. This week, we offer, “Requiem for a Classic, Thanksgiving Turkey Day Classic,” by Thurman W. Robins Ed.D.

In the era when segregation and Jim Crow laws ruled the land, The Turkey Day Classic was created. The event prospered from 1927 to 1966. Newspaper accounts describe the classic between arch rivals Jack Yates and Phillis Wheatley high schools in Houston as the largest annually attended schoolboy game in America. Fans came dressed to kill to witness the game and the glorious halftime activities. Marching bands, drill squads, and other performing groups gave eloquent entertaining performances during halftime. However, the crowning of the schools queens were the highlights of halftime. Game summaries, team lineups, and editorial comments by the author are presented.

This Week in Texas Black History

Nov. 24

Scott JoplinCalled the ?King of Ragtime,? Scott Joplin was born this day in 1868 near Linden, Texas. (Some documents, however, refer to his birth as between June 1867 and mid-January 1868.) Joplin grew up in Texarkana, Texas and taught himself to play piano in the home where his mother worked as a domestic. Sheet music for his best-known piece, ?Maple Leaf Rag,? sold over a million copies and his works also include a ballet and two operas. Joplin?s music was featured in the 1973 motion picture, ?The Sting,? which won an Academy Award for its film score. In 1976, Joplin was posthumously awarded a Pulitzer Prize for ?Treemonisha,? the first grand opera by an African American.

Nov. 24

Teddy WilsonJazz pianist Teddy Wilson was born this day in Austin in 1912. Known as ?the definitive swing pianist,? Wilson began his career in the late 1920s in various Midwest bands, and from 1935 to 1939, played on sessions that resulted in legendary vocalist Billie Holiday?s greatest work. He joined Benny Goodman in 1936, breaking the color barrier by performing on an equal footing with Goodman in trios, quartets and sextets.

Nov. 24

Percy Sutton

Attorney, businessman and civil rights activist Percy Sutton was born on this date in 1920 in San Antonio. The son of a former slave, Sutton served in World War II with the Tuskegee Airmen, then settled in New York. In 1971, he co-founded the Inner City Broadcasting Corporation, which purchased WLIB-AM, making it the first black-owned station in New York City. He earned a law degree in 1950 and served in the New York State Assembly before taking over as Manhattan borough president in 1966, becoming the state?s highest-ranking black elected official. Sutton also headed a group that owned the Amsterdam News, the second-largest black weekly newspaper in the country.

Nov. 27

Mickey Leland

On this day in 1944, U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland was born in Lubbock. He graduated from Houston?s Phillis Wheatley High School in 1963 and earned a pharmacy degree from Texas Southern University in 1970. Leland served six terms in Congress (18th District) and five years as a Texas state legislator (88th District). He was a civil rights activist and a staunch advocate in the fight against hunger. He was the lead supporter for passage of the Africa Famine Relief and Recovery Act of 1985, legislation that provided $800 million in food and humanitarian relief supplies. Leland died in a plane crash on August 7, 1989 while on a relief mission to an isolated refugee camp, Fugnido, in Ethiopia, which sheltered thousands of unaccompanied children fleeing the civil conflict in neighboring Sudan.

Nov. 28

Yates-Wheatley Thanksgiving game

The Jack Yates ? Phillis Wheatley high school football rivalry in Houston started in 1927, but the game officially became the ?Turkey Day Classic? on this day in 1946. Played at Jeppesen Stadium ? then a venue for public school sports events, the Thanksgiving Day game would be played until 1966 and drew standing room only crowds of 30,000-plus fans making it, for many years, the largest event in the nation for high school football.

Nov. 28

Claude Black

Claude William Black, Jr., minister and political figure, was born on this day in 1916 in San Antonio. Rev. Black was pastor of Mt. Zion First Baptist Church in San Antonio for almost 50 years, but was also a noted Civil Rights leader who became a four-term city councilman (1973-1978) and the city?s first black Mayor Pro Tem. He was an associate of Martin Luther King, Jr.A. Phillip Randolph, and Thurgood Marshall. During President Lyndon Johnson?s administration, Black was a delegate to the White House Conference on Civil Rights.

Blog: Ron Goodwin, Ph.D., author, PVAMU history professor

Ron Goodwin is an assistant professor of history at Prairie View A&M University. Even though he was a military ?brat,? he still considers San Antonio home. Like his father and brother, Ron joined the U.S. Air Force and while enlisted received his undergraduate degree from Texas Lutheran University in Seguin, Texas. After his honorable discharge, he completed graduate degrees from Texas Southern University. Goodwin?s book, Blacks in Houston, is a pictorial history of Houston?s black community. His most recent book, Remembering the Days of Sorrow, examines the institution of slavery in Texas from the perspective of the New Deal?s Slave Narratives.

Recent Posts


November 26th, 2019

I have a confession. I?m a worrier. But I don?t worry if the Dallas Cowboys or the Houston Texans will make the playoffs, I worry about my family?s health and well being. Right now I?m especially worried about my mother and one of my brothers-in-law. Both are dealing with issues that I pray daily about. And I know I?m not supposed to worry, the Good Book teaches that if the Provider takes care of the…(more)

Football is still football

October 14th, 2019

Since we?re into the football season I thought it was time to interject my two cents. I?ve noticed several teams starting black quarterbacks these days. Some because of injury, but others have been under center since training camp. By my count, the first weekend of the National Football League season in September saw nine African?(more)

Submissions wanted

Historians, scholars, students, lend us your?writings. Help us produce the most comprehensive documentation ever undertaken for the African American experience in Texas. We encourage you to contribute items about people, places, events, issues, politics/legislation, sports, entertainment, religion, etc., as general entries or essays. Our documentation is wide-ranging and diverse, and you may research and write about the subject of your interest or, to start, please consult our list of suggested biographical entries and see submission guidelines. However, all topics must be approved by TIPHC editors before beginning your research/writing.

We welcome your questions or comments. Please contact Michael Hurd, Director of TIPHC, at


Trauma and True Justice


The level of mischief, grievances and conflicts are increasing in many communities. Trust levels and honest relationships are questionable.  One critical way to combat these rising tensions is how justice is by administering justice to achieve maximum respect for all involved. The modern court systems leave a lot to be desired. 

Later, Elly joined as a fighter in the South Sudan People Liberation Movement.

Take the story of 62-year Elly Dada Solomon for example. He is a refugee from Equatorial State of South Sudan. Elly has diverse experience in leadership from South Sudan. He served in General Court Martial, South Sudan Development Organization and South Sudan Immigration office at the Uganda border at Kaya. Later, Elly joined as a fighter in the South Sudan People Liberation Movement and moved on to oppose the government. 

Due to his position and history, Elly was arrested by the Nuer soldiers and sentenced to imprisonment for one year. After he was released he was under strict observation of his movements that gave him no peace and liberty. When the opportunity availed he escaped into Uganda via Congo (Senama) border to save his life that was being threatened. Today, Elly has been at the Bidibidi Refugee Settlement for eight months.  

Elly’s psychological state was affected. 

While in prison, under the hands of the Nuer Soldiers Elly’s psychological state was affected.  He was subjected to ill treatment that affected his life. He was traumatized by living in sad conditions with anxiety, frustration and became confused over the next steps of his life. Elly acknowledges his escape into Uganda as God’s desire and plan after encountering with the team of World Renew and staff of our partner organization – Here is Life

We are able to provide trauma healing and peace building, which is often an answered prayer. To many that are affected by trauma, healing and reconciliation is a necessary prerequisite. The affected need this more than ever. 

For Elly the process of healing motivated him to share his story of getting involved in the war. Elly’s testimony is an encouragement of God’s faithfulness even when he did not know him as Lord and friend. He narrates that he participated in reckless war activities with no benefit but instead ruined lives, property and families. There are many young people who escaped into Uganda but still engaged into the rebel activities in South Sudan, who now benefit from hearing Elly’s story.  

Elly’s testimony is an encouragement of God’s faithfulness

Elly is a source of reference and encouragement to the young people to avoid such atrocities.  He encourages forgiveness and love for one another regardless of ethnic differences and pains experienced. As Elly offers trauma healing support to the affected refugees in Bidibidi settlement he gets relieved of past hurt as well.  Elly’s story offers a great learning about how true justice means bringing healing from trauma for the present and the future.  


Photo by Alex Radelich on Unsplash


Parmaklıklar dışındaki kadınlar


Serpil Güvenç

71 Mayısının 17. Günü İsrail’in başkonsolosu Efraim Elrom Türkiye Halk Kurtuluş Ordusu-Cephesi (THKP-C) tarafından kaçırıldı. 12 Mart askeri cuntasının sivil ve “tarafsız” başbakanı Nihat Erim’in başbakan yardımcısı Sadi Koçaş, aynı gün TRT’nin gece haber bülteninde konsolosun acilen serbest bırakılmasını istiyor ve şunları söylüyordu:

“… Kaçırılan başkonsolos… derhal serbest...

71 Mayısının 17. Günü İsrail’in başkonsolosu Efraim Elrom Türkiye Halk Kurtuluş Ordusu-Cephesi (THKP-C) tarafından kaçırıldı. 12 Mart askeri cuntasının sivil ve “tarafsız” başbakanı Nihat Erim’in başbakan yardımcısı Sadi Koçaş, aynı gün TRT’nin gece haber bülteninde konsolosun acilen serbest bırakılmasını istiyor ve şunları söylüyordu:

“… Kaçırılan başkonsolos… derhal serbest bırakılmadığı takdirde, sözü geçen gizli örgütle uzak, yakın ilişkisi bulunanlar ve masum gençlerimizi kışkırtıcı yayın ve sözleriyle kanunsuz hareketlere teşvik eden ve kimlikleri güvenlik görevlilerince öteden beri bilinen kimseler… sıkı yönetim kanunu gereğince derhal gözaltına alınarak en yakın sıkıyönetim komutanlığına teslim edileceklerdir”.

Türkiye’de ilk kez devletin yurttaşlarını rehin alması diye niteleyebileceğimiz bu açıklamadan hemen sonra ülkenin dört bir yanından yaklaşık iki bin yazar, sanatçı, akademisyen, avukat, doktor, öğretmen, öğrenci, sendikacı, demokratik kitle örgütü yöneticisi, gazeteci ve aydın gözaltına alındı ve cezaevlerine kapatıldılar.  Olayın ardından bir başka gelişme daha oldu ve başbakan Erim hükümetin adam kaçıranlara ölüm cezasını verilmesine yönelik geriye işleyecek bir yasa çıkaracağını duyurdu.

Ankara’daki rehineler Yıldırım Bölge denilen, ahırdan bozma bir tutukevine götürüldüler. Aralarında çok kısa bir süre önce apandisit ameliyatı geçirmiş ve tedavisi süren babam da vardı. “Barış Savaşçıları” kitabında bu misafirlikten belleğinde kalan ilginç anıları anlatır. Yukarıdaki resim ise eşleri rehin alınmış dört kadının bir gününü belgelemektedir. Sevgi Mümtaz Hoca’yı (Soysal) , Sudiş Bahri Hoca’yı (Savcı), annem babamı ve Bahriye abla da İlhami (Soysal) ağabeyi görmek için parmaklıkların dışında beklemektedirler.

O dönemin anneleri, babaları ve diğer yakınları gibi bu dört kadın da zor günler geçirdiler. Yarası iltihap kapmış babamın hastaneye götürülmesi için annemin her gün tutukevi komutanıyla görüşmeye çalışmasına, kalp hastası olan Bahri Hocanın perhiz yemekleri ve ilaçlarının tutukevi komutanlığınca içeri alınması için Sudiş’in o ısrarlı çabasına tanık oldum. Resimdeki dört kadın cezaevine gitmedikleri günlerde ya da dönüşte bizim evde veya Sudiş’lerde (Sudiye Soysal) buluşur, annemin hamsisi, Sudiş’in mayonezi eşliğinde dertlerini, sıkıntılarını ve dirençlerini paylaşırlardı.

Rehineler yaklaşık bir ay sonra bırakıldılar. İzleyen yıllarda Mümtaz hoca “Anayasaya Giriş” kitabında öğrencilerine Marksizmi anlattığı için komünizm propagandası yapmaktan hüküm giymese ve Mamak askeri cezaevinde sakat beliyle kar küremek zorunda bırakılmasaydı, İlhami ağabey İstanbul’da derin devletin işkencesine maruz kalmanın yanı sıra Davutpaşa’da yıllarca yatmasaydı, babam ise bir yandan 12 Mart ve 12 Eylül’ün hukuki yükünü taşırken öte yandan idamlara tanıklık etmek zorunda kalmasa, İlhan’ın kanlı paltosunu ağabeyine ve eşine teslim etmek gibi zordan da zor bir “görev”i yüklenmemiş olsaydı, bu resim her şeye karşın hoş bir anı olarak kalabilirdi.

12 Mart ve 12 Eylül’de yaşanan işkenceler, tutuklamalar, öldürüm ve idamlar,  bir yönüyle anaların, babaların, eşlerin, çocukların acısı olarak toplumun belleğine işledi. İçeriyi ve dışarıyı yaşamış iki kişi, Reha İsvan ve Sevgi Soysal betimlediler döneme dair bazı yaşanmışlıkları. Bir ana ve avukat olan Gülten Akın da “bir daha yaşanmasın bunlar, bir daha yazılmasın” diyerek 12 Eylül karanlığının bir bölümünü anlattığı o destansı 42. Gün kitabını armağan etti bize.


On yıllar sonra analar, eşler ve çocuklar, Ergenekon tutuklamalarında bu acıları bir kez daha yaşadılar. Silivri cezaevinde yatan erkekler deneyimlerini kitaplaştırdılar. Ama dışarıdakiler? Eşler? Parmaklıkların dışındakiler?                  

Çağlayan Efendioğlu Öz bu eşlerden birisi. İmzasını sadece mimarlık projelerinde değil, resimlerinde de görmek mümkün.  İlk kez Ayvalık’ta açtığı ve bugünlerde Mimarlar Odasında süren sergisinde, kendi ifadesiyle “haksızlığı, koyu karanlığı, dikenli telleri, demir parmaklıkları, gözetleme kulelerini, büyük bir gözaltını” tuvale yansıtmış. Cezaevindeki Güray’a torununun yaptığı kelebek resminin verilmemesini, anti terör timleri tarafından evinden alınıp kendilerine bilgi verilmeksizin bilinmeyen bir yere götürülerek iki gece betonda yatırılmasını, kış soğuğunda sudan nedenlerle paltosuna günlerce el konulmasını, kitap ve güneş yasaklamalarını ve Silivri’de karşı karşıya kalınan daha birçok haksızlık ve hukuksuzluğu anlattığı yazısını anımsadım sergiyi gezerken. Çağlayan’ın anlattığı bu kötülüklerin hepsi yok elbette resimlerde ama avluyu çevreleyen yedi metrelik dikenli tel ve avlunun üzerinde, gökyüzünü de tutuklayan demir kafes, bu insanlık dışı “yaşam alanı” size bakıyor.

Abidin Dino “el” resimleriyle ilgili olarak yazdığı bir yazıda, Stendhal’ın romancıyı “yol üstündeki bir ayna” olarak tanımladığını söyler ve ekler: “aynı şeyi (hem doğru hem yanlış olan aynı şeyi) ressam için de söylemek büsbütün yersiz değil”.  Yaşamakla yetinmeyip aynasını olaylara tutarak fırçasıyla onları kalıcılaştırmayı beceriyor ressam.

Resimlerin çoğu,  doğal olarak, çekilen acıların renklerini ve çizgilerini taşısa da, beton, tel ve gözetleme kulesi yığınını delen bir ağaçtan uçarak göğe ulaşan, parlak renklerle bezenmiş kuşlar umudu, özgürlüğü simgeliyor.

Torun Deniz’in, cezaevine giremese de uçmaya devam eden kelebeği de göklerdeki serüvenini sürdürmekte. O kelebek ve kanatlanıp uçan kuşlar, ışıklı, aydınlık günlerin uzak olmadığını göstermiyor mu?    


Indignati arabi

Dall’Iraq al Libano, i giovani scendono in piazza contro corruzione e inefficienza. E per la prima volta sfidano le logiche settarie dei loro Paesi

La scena è sempre simile: giovani esasperati, avvolti nelle bandiere del loro Pae­se, urlano slogan contro il sistema e i leader corrotti, rivendicano un lavoro dignitoso e servizi efficienti, vogliono la thawra, la rivoluzione. Dall’Egitto all’Iraq al Libano, a nove anni dalle Primavere che hanno cambiato il volto del Medio Oriente con esiti anche drammatici, il mondo arabo è sceso di nuovo in piazza.

A fine settembre piazza Tahrir, al Cairo, è tornata a riempirsi di manifestanti, che in seguito alle rivelazioni via social dell’imprenditore Mohamed Ali su presunte spese folli con denaro pubblico del presidente Al Sisi ne chiedevano le dimissioni. Una rivendicazione subito stroncata dalla repressione del governo, che ha colto l’occasione per un giro di vite contro le voci scomode: attivisti e studenti, giornalisti e avvocati, per un totale – secondo le associazioni per i diritti umani – di almeno tremila persone arrestate.

Ma, in un Paese dove cinquanta milioni di giovani sotto i 24 anni – più della metà della popolazione – vedono il proprio futuro inesorabilmente intrappolato in un sistema clientelare, in mancanza di decise riforme economiche ma anche sociali e politiche la pressione non potrà essere tenuta sotto il coperchio a lungo. Secondo il Fondo Monetario Internazionale, l’Egitto dovrà generare 3,5 milioni di nuovi posti di lavoro nei prossimi cinque anni se vorrà far fronte alle esigenze dei suoi figli, che aumentano a un tasso annuo del 2%.

Il prologo di quest’ondata di rivolte l’avevano scritto l’Algeria e il Sudan. Ad aprile, dopo settimane di proteste, l’inossidabile presidente algerino Bouteflika aveva dovuto dimettersi, ma la gente non ha mai smesso di chiedere il ricambio dell’intera classe politica e rifiuta le elezioni presidenziali previste per il 12 dicembre. Negli stessi giorni, in Sudan, un colpo di Stato militare seguito a quattro mesi di agitazioni giovanili, duramente represse dal regime, aveva portato alla deposizione del presidente-dittatore Omar Al Bashir. Dopo lunghe trattative, il movimento della società civile ha ottenuto un accordo con i militari, dal quale all’inizio di settembre è nato un governo (nei cui banchi siedono quattro donne, mentre la cristiana Abdel Masseh è stata eletta al Consiglio sovrano) che dovrà traghettare il Paese alle elezioni del 2022.

Ma mentre a Khartoum tornava la calma, la scintilla della rivolta si accendeva in Iraq. A ottobre, migliaia di ragazzi hanno cominciato a invadere le piazze di Baghdad e dei principali centri del Sud del Paese, dall’inquieta Bassora a Nasiriyah alla città santa sciita di Karbala, urlando slogan contro una classe politica ritenuta ostaggio di potenze esterne (a cominciare dall’Iran) e incapace di garantire servizi decenti ai cittadini.

Nonostante già la prima settimana di proteste avesse lasciato per le strade 150 vittime (salite a 260 in meno di un mese) a causa della brutalità della polizia, i giovani hanno rifiutato di tornare a casa, alzando anzi il tiro delle loro richieste: non più solo misure socioeconomiche ma modifiche costituzionali, oltre alla sostituzione di un’intera classe dirigente le cui logiche considerano inaccettabili.

Pur in un Paese abituato alle sollevazioni popolari, questa nuova generazione di indignati (di cui molti non erano nemmeno nati quando Saddam Hussein fu spodestato) sta infatti portando avanti un modello inedito, caratterizzato da un nazionalismo che per la prima volta cerca di mettere da parte il settarismo di cui sono tradizionalmente intrisi i rapporti sociali e politici in Iraq. Le zone coinvolte nelle proteste sono a maggioranza sci­ita, la stessa confessione degli e­sponenti politici contestati per la loro incapacità e corruzione. Il punto è che questi ragazzi si identificano molto meno, rispetto ai loro padri, con la propria appartenenza religiosa, e sono perciò più immuni dall’influenza di autorità fino a oggi “intoccabili”.

Un completo ribaltamento di paradigma, simile a quello a cui assistiamo in Libano, un altro Paese arabo giovane (il 42% degli abitanti ha meno di 24 anni) e sull’orlo del collasso per l’incredibile inefficienza di un sistema politico dominato dagli stessi clan familiari dai tempi della tragica guerra civile degli anni Ottanta, durante la quale le diverse componenti comunitarie del mosaico libanese si erano massacrate reciprocamente.

In uno Stato che, a trent’anni dalla fine del conflitto, è ancora incapace di garantire l’elettricità alle case 24 ore su 24, il varo di un nuovo pacchetto di imposte, tra cui la famigerata tassa sulle telefonate via WhatsApp, ha fatto traboccare il vaso dell’esasperazione. Non solo a Beirut ma un po’ dappertutto folle sterminate hanno occupato i centri urbani, con i manifestanti per la prima volta uniti espressamente al di là delle appartenenze confessionali e delle simpatie politiche. Una mobilitazione che, oltre a portare alle dimissioni del premier Hariri, ha fatto tremare i potentati che si spartiscono l’influenza in Libano. Fino a mettere in discussione lo stesso sistema del “comunitarismo” – la suddivisione delle cariche politiche secondo quote su basi confessionali – che ha garantito il delicato equilibrio politico degli ultimi decenni.

Le piazze di Tiro o Baalbek, roccaforti sciite, sorde ai diktat di Hezbollah e Amal che intimavano di sospendere le mobilitazioni, dicono molto sulla novità di ciò che sta succedendo. I leader cristiani, in Libano e in Iraq, si sono espressi a sostegno dei manifestanti pacifici. Certo qui, come altrove, la situazione è estremamente delicata. La carica di rinnovamento rischia sempre, come insegna il passato, di venire spenta dalla violenza o dalla minaccia del caos. Ma le immagini di migliaia di libanesi, cristiani e drusi, sunniti e sciiti, mano nella mano in una lunga catena umana che ha unito il Pae­se, sono comunque un punto di non ritorno. 

L'articolo Indignati arabi sembra essere il primo su Mondo e Missione.


Comment on Darfur at issue in Sudan transition talks by CounterVortex

<h3>Sudan dissolves former ruling party</h3> Thousands of Sudanese celebrated Nov. 29 as transitional authorities decided to dissolve the former ruling party and repeal a public order law used to regulate women's behavior under oustered president Omar al-Bashir's rule. Supporters of the National Congress Party (NCP) have called the decision unconstitutional and vowed to resist it. (<a href="" rel="nofollow">MEE</a>)

DHS Extends Temporary Protected Status Designation for Six Countries

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has announced that it will automatically extend the validity of temporary protected status (TPS) documents and work authorization for qualified beneficiaries from El Salvador, Haiti, Nicaragua, Sudan, Honduras and Nepal.

IOM Presents Guide on Safe Management of Transhumance Flows in Chad

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August - November 2019

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Protecting users from government-backed hacking and disinformation


Google's Threat Analysis Group (TAG) works to counter targeted and government-backed hacking against Google and our users. This is an area we have invested in deeply for over a decade. Our daily work involves detecting and defeating threats, and warning targeted users and customers about the world’s most sophisticated adversaries, spanning the full range of Google products including Gmail, Drive and YouTube.

In the past, we’ve posted on issues like phishing campaigns, vulnerabilities and disinformation. Going forward, we’ll share more technical details and data about the threats we detect and how we counter them to advance the broader digital security discussion.

TAG tracks more than 270 targeted or government-backed groups from more than 50 countries. These groups have many goals including intelligence collection, stealing intellectual property, targeting dissidents and activists, destructive cyber attacks, or spreading coordinated disinformation. We use the intelligence we gather to protect Google infrastructure as well as users targeted with malware or phishing.


We’ve had a long-standing policy to send users warnings if we detect that they are the subject of state-sponsored phishing attempts, and have posted periodically about these before. From July to September 2019, we sent more than 12,000 warnings to users in 149 countries that they were targeted by government-backed attackers. This is consistent (+/-10%) with the number of warnings sent in the same period of 2018 and 2017.

govt backed phishing targets in q3 2019.png

Distribution of government-backed phishing targets in Q3 (Jul-Sep 2019)

Over 90 percent of these users were targeted via “credential phishing emails” similar to the example below. These are usually attempts to obtain the target’s password or other account credentials to hijack their account. We encourage high-risk users—like journalists, human rights activists, and political campaigns—to enroll in our Advanced Protection Program (APP), which utilizes hardware security keys and provides the strongest protections available against phishing and account hijackings. APP is designed specifically for the highest-risk accounts.

In the simple phishing example below, an attacker has sent a phishing email with a security alert lure from “Goolge” suggesting the user secure their account. The user clicks the link, enters their password, and may also get asked for a security code if they have two-factor authentication enabled, allowing the attacker to access their account.

sample gmail lure.png

Sample lure used to phish Gmail users

Threat detection

Last week at CyberwarCon, we presented analysis about previously undisclosed campaigns from a Russia-nexus threat group called “Sandworm” (also known as “Iridium”). It’s a useful example of the type of detailed threat detection work that TAG does. Although much of Sandworm’s activity targeting Ukraine and their attacks against the 2018 Winter Olympics have been covered publicly, some campaigns have not been reported. 

In December 2017, TAG discovered a series of campaigns from Sandworm attempting to deploy Android malware. The first campaign targeted users in South Korea, where Sandworm was modifying legitimate Android applications with malware. They then uploaded these modified apps to the Play Store using their own attacker-controlled developer accounts. During this campaign, Sandworm uploaded eight different apps to the Play Store, each with fewer than 10 total installs. 

malicious apps targeting users in south korea.png

Malicious apps targeting users in South Korea

We also identified an earlier September 2017 Android campaign from Sandworm where they used similar tactics and deployed a fake version of the email app on the Play Store. This application had approximately 1,000 total installs. We worked with our colleagues on the Google Play Protect Team to write detections for this malware family, and eliminate it.

In November 2018, we saw evidence that Sandworm shifted from using attacker-controlled accounts to try and upload malicious apps to compromising legitimate developers. Throughout November, Sandworm targeted software and mobile app developers in Ukraine via spear phishing emails with malicious attachments. In at least one case, they compromised an app developer with several published Play Store apps—one with more than 200,000 installs. 

After compromising the developer, Sandworm built a backdoor in one of the legitimate apps and attempted to publish it on the Play Store. They did this by adding their implant code into the application package, signing the package with the compromised developer’s key, and then uploading it to the Play Store. However, the Google Play Protect team caught the attempt at the time of upload. As a result, no users were infected and we were able to re-secure the developer’s account.


TAG is one part of Google and YouTube’s broader efforts to tackle coordinated influence operations that attempt to game our services. We share relevant threat information on these campaigns with law enforcement and other tech companies. Here are some examples that have been reported recently that TAG worked on:

  • TAG recently took action against Russia-affiliated influence operations targeting several nations in Africa. The operations use inauthentic news outlets to disseminate messages promoting Russian interests in Africa. We have observed the use of local accounts and people to contribute to the operation, a tactic likely intended to make the content appear more genuine. Targeted countries included the Central African Republic, Sudan, Madagascar, and South Africa, and languages used included English, French, and Arabic. Activity on Google services was limited, but we enforced across our products swiftly. We terminated the associated Google accounts and 15 YouTube channels, and we continue to monitor this space. This discovery was consistent with recent observations and actions announced by Facebook. 

  • Consistent with a recent Bellingcat report, TAG identified a campaign targeting the Indonesian provinces Papua and West Papua with messaging in opposition to the Free Papua Movement. Google terminated one advertising account and 28 YouTube channels.


TAG works closely with other technology companies—including platforms and specialized security firms—to share intelligence and best practices. We also share threat information with law enforcement. And of course there are multiple teams at Google at work on these issues with whom we coordinate. 

Going forward, our goal is to give more updates on the attacks that TAG detects and stops. Our hope is that shining more light on these actors will be helpful to the security community, deter future attacks, and lead to better awareness and protections among high-risk targets.


Sudan löst Al-Baschir Partei auf und stärkt Frauenrechte


Frankfurt a.M. (epd). Im Sudan hat die Regierung die Partei von Ex-Präsident Omar al-Baschir aufgelöst und enteignet. Die zivile Übergangsregierung und der Souveräne Rat beschlossen ein entsprechendes Gesetz am späten Donnerstagabend, wie die Onlinezeitung "Sudan Tribune" berichtete. Durch die Auflösung können die Behörden dem britischen Sender BBC zufolge die Vermögenswerte der Nationalen Kongresspartei beschlagnahmen. Das Gesetz sei nicht verabschiedet worden, um sich an der Nationalen Kongresspartei zu rächen, "sondern um die Würde unseres Volkes zu bewahren und wiederherzustellen", teilte der neue sudanesische Ministerpräsident Abdallah Hamdok auf dem Kurznachrichtendienst Twitter mit.

Zudem wurden die Rechte der Frauen im Sudan gestärkt. Die Übergangsregierung hob ein unter al-Baschir erlassenes "Gesetz der öffentlichen Ordnung" auf, mit dem das Verhalten von Frauen überwacht wurde. So konnten sudanesische Frauen laut BBC bislang verhaftet werden, wenn sie zu privaten Partys gingen oder Hosen anhatten. Beide am Donnerstagabend beschlossenen Reformen entsprächen den wichtigsten Forderungen der Protestbewegung, schrieb BBC weiter.

Anfang April hatte die sudanesische Armee den langjährigen Machthaber Al-Baschir abgesetzt und zunächst eine Militärregierung gebildet. Auf nicht nachlassenden Druck der Bevölkerung und des Auslands und nach monatelangen Verhandlungen wurde im August eine Übergangsregierung vereidigt. Ihr gehören sowohl Vertreter der Zivilgesellschaft als auch des Militärs an.


Neue sudanesische Regierung streitet über Auslieferung von al-Baschir


Genf, Khartum (epd). Im Sudan spitzt sich der Streit um die Auslieferung von Expräsident Omar al-Baschir an den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof zu. Nachdem der Chef der Übergangsregierung, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, eine Auslieferung ausgeschlossen hatte, gaben sich an der Regierung beteiligte Oppositionsgruppen unnachgiebig. Al-Baschir müsse wie vereinbart nach Den Haag überstellt werden, sagte der Sprecher der Sudanesischen Revolutionsfront (SRF), Osama Said, am Dienstag der Zeitung "Sudan Tribune". Auch der Gewerkschaftsverband Sudanese Professionals Association erklärte, die Regierung müsse sich an das Völkerrecht halten und al-Baschir umgehend ausliefern.

Osama kündigte an, notfalls die Bildung des Übergangsparlaments zu blockieren, um sein Ziel zu erreichen. Die SRF steht allerdings unter Druck auch des Auslands, die Bildung der für den Übergang vereinbarten Institutionen nicht weiter zu verhindern. Die Oppositionsgruppen sind bei anderen Fragen untereinander zerstritten. Die neue Übergangsregierung war nach massiven Protesten gegen das Regime al-Baschirs Ende August vereidigt worden. Ihr gehören sechs Zivilisten und fünf Militärs an.

Gegen al-Baschir liegen Haftbefehle des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs in Den Haag wegen Völkermords, Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit und Kriegsverbrechen in der westsudanesischen Bürgerkriegsregion Darfur vor. Das Militär hatte den 75-jährigen al-Baschir bis zu dessen Sturz Anfang April unterstützt. Danach übernahm zunächst ein Militärrat die Macht. Kritiker werfen Regierungschef al-Burhan vor, mit einem Prozess im Sudan eine Strafverfolgung weiterer Militärs unterbinden zu wollen.


Kirche will mit interaktiver Ausstellung Menschenrechte vermitteln

Menschenrechte Ausstellung

© EKD / Janina Finkemeyer

Modul der Ausstellung „Menschen.Rechte.Leben“ der Initiative #freiundgleich.

Gemeinden können sich die Ausstellung ausleihen
Mit einer interaktiven Ausstellung will die Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland (EKD) Jugendliche und Erwachsene ermuntern, sich für Menschenrechte einzusetzen. "Nur wenn Menschen ihre eigenen Rechte kennen, wissen sie auch die Rechte anderer zu schützen und zu achten", sagte die Referentin für Menschenrechte der EKD, Sabine Dreßler, bei der Eröffnung am Montag in Hannover.

Zu diesen Rechten zählen die Freiheit des Glaubens und Gewissens, das Recht auf Asyl, der Schutz der Familie sowie das Recht auf Bildung und soziale Sicherheit. Die Wanderausstellung unter der Überschrift "Menschen.Rechte.Leben" ist in Hannover bis zum 13. Dezember im Foyer des EKD-Kirchenamtes zu sehen. Bereits seit April macht sie Station in Gemeinden, Schulen und weiteren Bildungseinrichtungen in ganz Deutschland. Als Teil der Menschenrechtsinitiative #freiundgleich der evangelischen Kirche ist sie bis 2021 unterwegs.

Die Ausstellung der EKDist interaktiv und soll junge Erwachsene über Menschenrechte informieren.

An vielen Orten der Welt werde die Demokratie zurzeit angegriffen und gefährdet, sagte Dreßler. "Deshalb möchten wir gerade junge Menschen starkmachen." Das Wissen um Rechte und Würde des Menschen gehöre zu einem guten Miteinander dazu, erläuterte die Oberkirchenrätin.

In drei begehbaren Boxen erfahren Besucherinnen und Besucher der Ausstellung unter anderem, wie die Menschenrechte erstritten worden sind oder was diese mit dem Alltag zu tun haben. Sie können dabei Fragen beantworten oder ihre Wünsche auf Zettel schreiben. Zudem werden in der Ausstellung Menschen porträtiert, die heutzutage Menschenrechte verteidigen.

Begehbare Boxen der Ausstellung hier in der Ausstellung der EKD in der Hamburger Sankt Katharinen Kirche.

Dazu gehörten auch viele mutige Frauen, sagte Dreßler. Unter ihnen seien zum Beispiel die Mütter von der Plaza de Mayo in Buenos Aires, die während der Militärdiktatur in Argentinien mit einem stummen Protest vor dem Präsidentenpalast an ihre in Geheimgefängnissen verschwundenen Töchter und Söhne erinnerten.

Die Ausstellung "Menschen.Rechte.Leben" ist vom 25. bis 13. Dezember zu sehen. Öffnungszeiten: Montag bis Freitag von 8 bis 15 Uhr. Kirchenamt der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland (Foyer), Herrenhäuser Straße 12, 30419 Hannover


Kenya launches first county-level SGBV policy

26 Jun 2019

Meru County in Kenya became the first to adopt a county-level policy on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Approved in April 2019 and launched on June 26, 2019, the Meru County Policy on SGBV aims to close the gap between provisions in national legislation and the lived experience of SGBV survivors.

The adoption of the policy follows the Model Policy on SGBV for Counties, which provides guidance on minimum standards and critical elements needed to tailor the responses of local authorities to the specific SGBV challenges faced in different counties.

The county-level policy is particularly important for Meru given the high rates of SGBV, with surveys indicating that 66.7 per cent of women had experienced SGBV in the preceding 12 months.

The 2010 Kenyan Constitution provides that every person has the right to freedom and security and recognizes all international treaties ratified by Kenya – including the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. In 2014, Kenya also adopted the National Guidelines on the Management of Sexual Violence, providing a framework for the provision of services to SGBV survivors.

Notwithstanding these positive developments, SGBV remains prevalent. At the national level, 45 per cent of women in Kenya aged 15-49 have experienced either physical or sexual violence according to the 2014 Kenya Demographic Health Survey.

What’s more, the introduction of two levels of Government by the 2010 Constitution - national and county – created different operational structures in both policy and legal frameworks.

To mitigate possible disconnections, Kenya has made major strides in developing frameworks that ensure the effective response, prevention and management of SGBV.

“It is important to identify the factors that lead to gender inequality, unequal power relations and gender discrimination, since these are the main contributors of gender-based violence. This policy is adopted at an opportune time, since it will allow for the development of a baseline on the overarching causes of gender-based violence,” stated Shiro Mogeni, IDLO Gender Specialist at the Kenya Country Office.

“IDLO applauds Meru County for the adoption of this policy, which is trying to do something very ambitious: tackle a phenomenon that is not limited to specific regions, socioeconomic, religious or ethnic groups, but is instead happening everywhere and is potentially a risk for everyone,” Mogeni continued.

The Kenyan National Gender Equality Commission (NGEC) disseminated the Model Policy on SGBV for Counties to county governments, including the County of Meru. The newly adopted policies at the county level will create an enabling environment for the implementation of national and international measures meant to curb SGBV.

“This policy was developed on the principle that SGBV represents not only a human rights violation, but also a hidden obstacle to economic and social development. Domestic violence not only entails private costs for the victims and their families, but also wider social and economic costs, which in the end slow down the rate of development of a community,” commented Linner Nkirote Kailanya, Meru County Executive Committee Member for Education, Technology, Gender and Social Development.

“This policy will give effect to the various 2010 constitutional principles that prohibit SGBV and promote the rights to freedom and security. It will also empower women, transforming them from victims of gender-based violence into key drivers of the county’s structural transformation.”

IDLO’s technical support to eradicating SGBV in Kenya

IDLO provided technical support to develop both the Model Policy on SGBV for Counties and the Meru County Policy. In addition, IDLO supported the State Department for Gender Affairs to establish an Inter-Agency Committee to work on the creation of state-owned Gender-Based Violence Recovery Centres in 5 hospitals across all 47 counties. These centres will provide free medical services to SGBV survivors, including psycho-social support, temporary shelter for survivors of SGBV, linkage with the police to strengthen the chain of evidence, and a comprehensive database of SGBV survivors.

Beyond support to survivors, IDLO played a major role in supporting the training of 50 female judges from the International Association of Women Judges in December 2018. The training sought to discuss the role and contributions of women justice professionals in adjudicating cases of SGBV. Through this training, women judges from Kenya, Tanzania, South Sudan, Somalia, Zambia and Liberia shared experiences on SGBV cases and began the development of a regional network, which will facilitate the equitable solution of these disputes through peer-to-peer learning.

Through these contributions – from the adoption of SGBV policies to the provision of adequate services to SGBV survivors – IDLO is directly contributing to the ambitious target set by Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5.2 of eliminating all forms of violence against women and girls worldwide.


Learn more about IDLO's work in Kenya



Saudi Arabia to lend Sudan $130 mln to support health, education sectors

Saudi Arabia will lend Sudan 487 million riyals ($130 million) to support the North African country’s education and health sector, said the Saudi Fund for Development (SFD). The loan will be

Sud Sudan: l’opera dei missionari è un appello alla fratellanza

Si è tenuta ieri l’assemblea generale di “Solidarity with South Sudan”. Intervista con la religiosa comboniana, suor Maria Teresa Ronchi

Everything Solid Melts into Air: Revolution and Counterrevolution in Latin America

Three decades after the cynical announcements of the “end of history” from the idealogues of big capital, drunk with the fall of the Berlin wall, we are living through a dramatic acceleration of the historical period. By André Ferrari, LSR (CWI in Brazil) From Sudan and Algeria to Hong Kong; from Chile, Ecuador, and Haiti […]

South Sudan: Free Arbitrarily Detained Journalist


Emmanuel Monychol Akop, Managing Editor of the Dawn Newspaper has been in detention without charge since November 4, 2019. 

© Private 2019

(Nairobi) – South Sudanese authorities should immediately release a journalist who has been arbitrarily detained, Human Rights Watch said today.

The National Security Service (NSS) arrested and detained Emmanuel Monychol Akop, the managing editor of The Dawn newspaper after he answered a summons on October 21, 2019 to appear at the security service headquarters in Jebel neighborhood of Juba. Credible sources told Human Rights Watch that Monychol’s arrest appears to be linked to an October 15 Facebook post in which he poked fun at the dress worn by the foreign affairs and international cooperation minister, Awut Deng Achuil.

“Emmanuel Monychol’s detention is just the latest act of harassment by South Sudanese authorities in response to criticism or perceived dissent,” said Mausi Segun, Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “The authorities should immediately release him unless he has been charged with a recognizable offense.”

Four days after Monychol’s arrest, he was released on bail to attend the burial of a relative and other family functions. He responded to a second security service summons on November 4 and has been in custody ever since. On October 29, while out on bail, Monychol apologized to the minister for his comments on Facebook, which were also published by The Dawn newspaper the next day. Since 2017, the minister has had a defamation case in the high court in Juba against Monychol and The Dawn newspaper.

Monychol’s detention appears to be part of a broader crackdown by South Sudanese authorities to silence criticism by the media, nongovernmental groups, opposition parties, and National Assembly members. Since conflict broke out in South Sudan in December 2013, the NSS has spread a climate of fear and terror, targeting critics and perceived dissidents with arbitrary arrest and detention and torture and other ill-treatment. This has led to self-censorship in which human rights activists, journalists, critics of the government, and ordinary people no longer feel safe to speak freely and openly about topics deemed controversial.

The National Security Service Act (2015) grants the security agency sweeping powers to arrest, detain, conduct searches, and seize property. The law, however, requires the NSS to bring detainees before a magistrate or judge within 24 hours of their detention. Detainees under NSS detention are often kept in poor conditions including in congested cells with inadequate access to food, water, and medical care.

Human Rights Watch has repeatedly called on South Sudanese authorities to ensure that the NSS powers are limited to intelligence gathering, as envisioned by the Transitional Constitution of 2011, which mandates the agency to “focus on information gathering, analysis and to advice the relevant authorities.” Human Rights Watch has recommended that the powers to arrest, detain, conduct searches, seize property, and use force be excluded from the agency’s authority, and should instead be exercised by an appropriate law enforcement agency.

South Sudan’s “revitalized” peace deal signed in September 2018 provides for the review of security sector laws including the NSS Act by the National Constitutional Amendment Committee. In January, this committee submitted proposed amendments to the NSS Act to the Justice Ministry for deliberations and for presentation before the National Assembly. The ministry has yet to transmit the amendments to the assembly.

“South Sudan’s authorities should expedite action on the necessary reforms to curb the security agency’s broad powers and ensure full compliance with existing legal safeguards,” Segun said. “They should also ensure broad-based, public, and transparent consultations during the review process.”


Targeted: Counterterrorism Measures Take Aim at Environmental Activists


On November 29, 2019, young people will gather at locations around the world for a Fridays for Future Global Climate Strike. On December 2, United Nations delegates, world leaders, business executives, and activists will meet at the 25th Conference of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25) in Madrid to discuss ways to protect the environment. Participants in these events should also discuss ways to protect the protectors: the individuals and groups targeted around the world for their efforts on behalf of the planet.

The dangers facing environmental defenders do not stop at accusations that they are national security risks. From the Amazon rainforest to South African mining communities, activists seeking to preserve ecosystems and ancestral lands are being threatened, attacked, and even killed with near total impunity, Human Rights Watch has found. But in contrast to many of these illegal acts, the unjust labeling of environmentalists as security threats is often more insidious, as it is generally carried out under the color of law.

And while not all environmental activism is peaceful, only in exceptional cases would the actions of environmental activists meet a generally recognized definition of terrorism – actions aimed at terrorizing populations by causing or threatening death or serious physical harm to others to advance an ideological or political agenda. Nor, in nearly all cases, do their actions aim to undermine the rule of law. Typically, these individuals and groups are peacefully exercising their rights to freedom of speech, association, and assembly. When they engage in civil disobedience, their aim is usually to strengthen – and improve the enforcement of – existing environmental protection measures. Here are a few examples where environmental activists have been smeared as terrorists or other national security threats:

  • In Poland, the authorities denied entry in December 2018 to at least 13 foreign climate activists who were registered to attend COP24 in the southern city of Katowice, contending they posed a threat to public order and national security. Along with other individuals and groups, the activists had planned to press COP24 participants for rapid action to address climate change.

    Protesters march during the United Nations COP24 climate change summit in Katowice, Poland, on December 8, 2018.

    © 2018 SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images/Damian Klamka)

    The authorities had previously passed a special law empowering the police to collect data about conference participants without judicial oversight or the participants’ knowledge and consent and ban spontaneous protests during COP24. They also issued a terrorism alert that authorized increased vehicle checks and other security controls for Katowice and surrounding areas for the duration of the summit. Border officials detained and questioned several activists for hours, in some cases without allowing them to communicate their location or contact a lawyer.

  • In November 2015, French police used a sweeping counterterrorism emergency law enacted in response to the deadly Paris attacks earlier that month to place at least 24 climate activists under house arrest without judicial warrant, raid activists’ homes, and seize computers and personal belongings.

    Police raid a building suspected of housing climate activists in Paris on November 27, 2015, prior to the UN COP21 climate change summit. 

    © 2015 AFP/Laurent Emmanuel
    The activists were accused of flouting a ban on organizing protests related to COP21, which was being held in France the following week to sign the Paris Agreement on reducing emissions that contribute to global warming.

  • In Iran, six members of the Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation (PWHF), imprisoned since early 2018, were handed prison terms of up to 10 years in November for allegedly spying for the United States. During a deeply flawed trial, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards said the environmentalists used their work to protect the Asiatic cheetah – one of the world’s most endangered species – as a cover. A charge against four of the accused of “spreading corruption on Earth,” a crime that can carry the death penalty, was reportedly dropped in October. Two other PWHF members also detained in early 2018 were awaiting judgment. A ninth environmentalist, PWHF founder Kavous Seyed Emami, died a few weeks after his arrest under suspicious circumstances in what the Iranian authorities alleged to be a suicide.

    A campaign poster showing environmental activists Taher Ghadirian, Niloufar Bayani, Amirhossein Khaleghi, Houman Jokar, Sam Rajabi, Sepideh Kashani, Morad Tahbaz and Abdolreza Kouhpayeh, who have been detained since early 2018 in Iran. An Iranian court in November 2019 sentenced Bayani, Tahbaz, Jokar, Ghadirian, Khaleghi and Kashani to prison terms of 6 to 10 years. 

    © 2018 #anyhopefornature Campaign

    Issa Kalantari, the head of Iran’s Department of Environment, said there was no evidence that the detained environmentalists were spies. He said the arrests have had a chilling effect on environmental groups in the country.

    The arrests appear to be motivated both by Iran’s “paranoia” about foreign countries using environmentalists as cover and its recognition that anger over environmental degradation can unite populations against government policies, said Kaveh Madani, the country’s former deputy environmental director. Madani returned to his native Iran from London in 2017 to take up the post, but said he was immediately detained and questioned by Revolutionary Guards, who broke into his phone, computer, emails, and social media accounts, and called him a “bioterrorist,” a “water terrorist,” and a spy. He left Iran after seven months, alleging repeated harassment including for his criticism of dam projects, which are constructed by the Revolutionary Guards.

  • In Kenya, the police and military have frequently labeled environmental activists opposing a mega-infrastructure project in the Lamu coastal region, including a coal-fired power plant, as “terrorists” while subjecting them to threats, beatings, and arbitrary arrests and detentions. In 15 cases documented by Human Rights Watch between 2013 and 2016, the authorities accused environmental defenders of membership in, or links to, the extremist armed group al-Shabab but provided no compelling evidence.

    Residents and environmental activists on Lamu island, Kenya, protest the proposed Lamu Port-South Sudan-Ethiopia (LAPSSET) project on March 1, 2012.

    © 2012 Reuters/Joseph Okanga

    The activists are protesting construction of the Lamu Port-South Sudan-Ethiopia Transport (LAPSSET) corridor, the biggest infrastructure project in Central and East Africa, which is to include a 32-berth seaport, three international airports, a road and railway network, and three resort cities. They contend that LAPSSET will pollute the air and water, destroy mangrove forests and breeding grounds for fish, and take farmland without just compensation, displacing communities and destroying their livelihoods.

    In July, Kenya’s environmental tribunal blocked approval of the power plant absent a new environmental impact study, finding the China-backed developers’ original assessment and public consultation process inadequate. The rest of the LAPSSET project continues. So does the intimidation campaign, activists protesting LAPSSET told Human Rights Watch.

  • In the Philippines, President Rodrigo Duterte in 2018 placed 600 civil society members, including environmentalists and indigenous rights defenders, on a list of alleged members of the country’s communist party and its armed wing, which he declared to be a terrorist organization. Duterte’s “terrorist list” included Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, an indigenous Filipina who is the UN special rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples and a climate change activist.

    Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, the United Nations special rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, at UN headquarters in New York in April 2018. 

    © 2018 New York Times/Annie Ling
    In late 2017, Tauli-Corpuz had criticized the government for attacks and other abuses against indigenous communities that opposed coal and diamond mining on ancestral lands. Although a Manila court months later ordered the government to remove Tauli-Corpuz from the list, a Philippines military official in 2019 renewed the campaign against her, accusing her of “infiltrating” the UN for the communist insurgents. Several UN human rights experts condemned Tauli-Corpuz’s listing.

  • In Ecuador, eight years passed before the prominent environmental activist José “Pepe” Acacho, a Shuar indigenous leader, was able to clear himself of “terrorism” charges for his activities opposing mining and oil exploration in the Amazon. Acacho was charged with terrorism in 2010 for allegedly inciting violence during Shuar protests against a mining law.

    Pepe Acacho, second from left, leaves a courtroom in Quito, Ecuador, on February 8, 2011, after a judge granted his habeas corpus petition.

    © 2011 AP Photo/Dolores Ochoa
    He was convicted in 2013 and sentenced to 12 years in prison. Human Rights Watch reviewed the trial documents and found no credible evidence of terrorism-related crimes. In 2018, Ecuador’s highest court threw out the terrorism conviction but instead sentenced him to eight months in prison for “public services obstruction” – a charge for which he was never tried and hence never had the opportunity to contest. Acacho spent 17 days in jail before receiving a presidential pardon in October 2018.

  • In the US in August 2018, then-US Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke blamed “environmental terrorist groups” that opposed logging for wildfires on the West Coast – a proposition immediately attacked by leading environmental organizations including the Sierra Club. In 2017, 84 members of the US Congress, most of them Republicans, asked the Justice Department if activists mobilizing against the construction of oil pipelines could be prosecuted as terrorists. (The department’s response was that in some cases, yes.)

    Native Americans protest construction of the Dakota Access oil pipeline in North Dakota on September 4, 2019. 

    © 2019 AFP via Getty Images/Robyn Peck

    That same year, a major pipeline operator, Energy Transfer Partners LP, filed a lawsuit against Greenpeace and other environmental groups, accusing them of launching a “rogue eco-terrorist” campaign against the Dakota Access crude oil pipeline. Environmental activists and Native American tribes had tried to block construction of the 1,172-mile-long, underground pipeline through North Dakota during a protracted standoff with the authorities in 2016, saying it threatened sacred sites and drinking water. A federal court dismissed the lawsuit earlier this year.

    Although the protesters were largely peaceful, some resorted to violence and were convicted of protest-related crimes, but none for offenses that even remotely approximated terrorism. UN experts condemned security force responses to the protests as “excessive,” including their use of rubber bullets, teargas, compression grenades, mace, and “inhuman and degrading” detention conditions.

  • In Russia, at least 14 environmental groups have stopped work in recent years, and the head of the prominent group Ekozaschita! (Ecodefense!), Alexandra Koroleva, fled the country in June to avoid prosecution under the draconian Law on Foreign Agents. The 2012 law requires any Russian group accepting foreign funding and carrying out activities deemed to be “political” to register as a “foreign agent,” a term that in Russia implies “spy” or “traitor.” Authorities have used the law to silence groups that opposed state-sanctioned development projects and petitioned authorities for the release of imprisoned environmental activists, a Human Rights Watch investigation found.

    Alexandra Koroleva, the head of the Russian nongovernmental organization Ecodefense, fled to Germany in June 2019 to avoid being targeted under the abusive Russian “foreign agents” law. 

    © 2019 Ecodefense

    Russian officials including the special envoy for environmental protection, Sergey Ivanov, have applied the “extremist” label to Greenpeace Russia. An activist with Stop GOK, a Russian group seeking to block mining and enrichment plants, was fined in April 2019 for “mass distribution of extremist materials” because he published a poem on the organization’s social media page that the government had banned as extremist in 2012. The Russian nongovernmental organization SOVA Center, which analyzes counter-extremism trends, found that the poem, “Last Wish to the Ivans,” is a satirical address to destitute, alcohol and drug-addicted Russians from oligarchs and authorities profiting from extracting natural resources.

    Stop GOK and Greenpeace Russia were among groups named in a 2018 report by pro-government technologists as “environmental extremists” working for “influential forces in the West” bent on sabotaging strategic industries. The report was widely covered by state-controlled media.

Civil society participation will be crucial to ambitious outcomes at COP25. Parties to the summit, which include all UN member countries and the European Union, should allow activists ample opportunity to air their concerns about the climate crisis and use their combined expertise to help identify solutions. They should also provide activists with a safe space to speak out about the threats they face for carrying out their work.

In addition, parties should publicly commit to robustly carrying out international and regional treaties that protect environmental defenders. One of these treaties is the Escazu Agreement (the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean), the world’s first covenant to include specific provisions promoting and protecting environmental defenders. Twenty-one countries have signed the 2018 agreement. But only six countries have ratified it – five shy of the ratifications needed to enter it into force. Chile, which stepped down as COP25 host because of protests stemming from economic grievances, but will still preside over the negotiations in Madrid, should lead by example and ratify the agreement.

COP25 participants should also commit to upholding the Aarhus Convention (the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters), to which Spain is a signatory. The convention – an environmental pact for Europe, the European Union, and Central Asia – grants the public, including environmental groups, an array of rights including public participation and access to information and justice in governmental decisions on the environment, without harassment or persecution. Parties to the treaty, including the EU, and Poland for its crackdown at COP24, have been criticized – including in some cases by the Aarhus Convention’s own oversight body – for flouting these provisions.

COP25 delegates should recognize that to genuinely protect the environment, they also need to protect its defenders – including those unjustly targeted in the name of security.


Hundreds march in Sudan to demand justice for fallen protesters

Hundreds of people marched Saturday through downtown Khartoum to demand justice for those killed in demonstrations against Sudan's now-ousted leader Omar al-Bashir.

Eritrea accuses Qatar of ‘subversion’


As it will be recalled, the GOE had issued several statements in the past that elucidated Qatar’s deplorable schemes of subversion using the Sudan as a springboard. In this particular year in which the prospects of using the Sudan as a suitable venue for launching terrorist activities has become increasingly slimmer, the desperation of Qatar, its sponsors and minions has accordingly become higher.

In the event, the 10-point scheme of subversion that Qatar has mapped out consists of: (the scheme also includes fueling ethnic clashes in Port Sudan)*

1. To regroup Eritrean opposition political leaders; unify their associations and extend requisite support to the latter;

2. To give special focus to Eritrean youth; unify their associations and incite them to engage in acts of rebellion against the Eritrean government;

3. To instill religious extremism on Eritrean Islamist opposition elements and thereby induce an uprising of Eritrean Muslims against their compatriots;

4. To sow the seeds of ethnic cleavage and hatred among the Eritrean people;

5. To launch efforts to induce protests and demonstrations in Eritrean cities against the Government;

6. To give military training (in the Sudan) to “Muslim Brotherhood” opposition elements in the planting of landmines, ambushes and assassination of prominent government officials; to facilitate their infiltration into Eritrea to conduct these operations;

7. To assassinate influential Eritrean leaders;

8. To conduct acts of economic sabotage in Eritrea;

9. To intensify hostile propaganda;

10. To publicize human rights violations in Eritrea in international organizations and foreign countries; to disseminate documents and videos to that effect.

The above constitutes, in brief and skeletal form, Qatar’s nefarious, even if inconsequential, agenda.


28 November 2019

*(The specific scheme of inciting ethnic conflict in Port Sudan will be revealed soon with all relevant details)


Eritrean Investors Provided South Sudan Capital With First-Ever Electricity

Eritrean businessmen are aiding in the development of African countries

Eritrean investors are continuing to pour millions of dollars in investments in South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda and Angola.

By Eritrean Press

South Sudan has received electricity for the first time marking a new era.

The Ezra Group from Eritrea has invested as much as US$289 million in a power plant that will provide 100 megawatts for Juba when completed, according to Managing Director of the company Mr Ghebrengus Ezra told reporters during the launch.

Yesterday, the grid and power distribution system was launched in the country’s capital Juba.

The government and other private institutions have been using their own generators.

Speaking at the launch (pictured), President Salva Kiir said war is over and the focus will now be on development to deliver services to people.

He said electricity will eradicate pollution that comes with large scale use of diesel in the environment, and assured the country that the government will focus on developing hydroelectric power and the renewable energy sector.

The Government Spokesman for the Republic of South Sudan has applauded the Eritrean business community in his country for the vast investment they have made and described it as exemplary in fostering the already existing excellent ties between the two people and governments.

The first phase of the 30 megawatts shall be complete in four phases over the next two years.

Eritrean investors are continuing to pour millions of dollars in investments in South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda and Angola.

According to Uganda Investment Authority (UIA), from financial year 2011/12 up to 2017/18, Eritrea has appeared among Uganda's Top 10 investment source countries, beating many traditional as well as developed source countries for foreign direct investment (FDI).

Interestingly, prior to 2011/12 financial year, Eritrea never featured in the Top 10 FDI source countries, raising eyebrows why the sudden jump.

The assurance was given to the Eritrean investors in 2011 after Uganda invited Eritrea's leader, President Isaias Afwerki, to a state visit.


رئيس الوزراء السوداني يتوجه إلى الولايات المتحدة بدعورة رسمية من #واشنطن


اشراق نيوز: متابعات توجه رئيس الوزراء السوداني، عبد الله حمدوك، والوفد المرافق له، اليوم السبت، إلى الولايات المتحدة في زيارة رسمية تستغرق 6 أيام. وسيجري رئيس مجلس الوزراء خلال زيارته لواشنطن مباحثات مع الإدارة الأمريكية بخصوص تطوير سبل التعاون بين البلدين في المجالات المختلفة. ويرافق حمدوك خلال هذه الزيارة عدد من الوزراء والمسؤولين. SUDAN News …

The post رئيس الوزراء السوداني يتوجه إلى الولايات المتحدة بدعورة رسمية من #واشنطن appeared first on اشراق نيوز.


Sudan İnsani Yardım Kampanyası

TOBB'dan gelen yazıda, T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı'nın yazısına atıfla, Sudan'da gerçekleşen sel ve su baskınları sonucu oluşan kriz nedeniyle Sudan İnsani Yardım Kampanyası’nın başlatıldığı iletilmektedir.

Jan 01, Sudan: Independence Day

Marks Sudan's independence from Egypt and Britain in 1956. For more information on this holiday, visit the link.

Standard Bank Derek Cooper Africa Scholarships 2020/2021 for African Students (fully-funded Masters at LSE)


 The Standard Bank Derek Cooper Africa Scholarships offer an exciting opportunity of funding for students who are ordinarily resident in one of Standard Bank’s African presence countries, with a preference for residents of South Africa, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Angola, Mozambique and South Sudan. Application Deadline: 27th April 2020 Offered annually? Yes Eligible Countries: African countries preferably residents of South Africa, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Angola, Mozambique […]

After School Africa


‘Millions of Nigerians at risk of heatwave’


A new report on climate change and its effects on humans says millions of Nigerians are at risk of heatwave.

Nigeria has in recent times been experiencing extreme heat, with the Nigerian Meteorological Agency saying most parts of the country, including coastal areas, would be affected.

Sustainable Energy for All, an international organisation working with leaders in government and the private sector to drive action towards achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 7 on sustainable energy by 2030, said 1.05 billion people in poor rural and urban areas were now at risk from lack of access to cooling.

According to the report, the risk is particularly high across Nigeria, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, South Sudan and Togo, where more than 60 per cent of the population are at risk.

The report said it would become worse due to lack of cooling access for about 19.1 per cent of urban poor or those living largely in urban slums and 28.7 per cent of rural poor or those living in rural areas and largely without access to electricity.

“This increase in risk seems to be driven by rapid urbanisation, drawing people from poor rural settings, placing more and more pressure on urban slums to support them, and a lack of electricity access gains,” the report said.

The Head of Energy Efficiency and Cooling at Sustainable Energy for All, Brian Dean, in an interview with the newsmen, said governments, industry and development finance had huge roles to play in reducing the risks.

He explained that in a warming world facing deadly impact from climate change, cooling should not be seen as a luxury.

“It is essential for public safety, public health, nutritious food supplies, and effective medicine. Delivering it sustainably is an issue of equity that will enable millions to escape poverty and realise the sustainable development goals,” he said.

Dean said the report, ‘Chilling prospects: Tracking sustainable cooling for all 2019’, had set out a series of action-oriented recommendations to allow policymakers, development financiers and industry to accelerate action on access to cooling.

He said, “Governments can actively promote regional collaboration and market integration that lower the costs of cooling services, while development finance can make solutions for the most vulnerable a central part of project preparation grants.

“Industry can take steps to ensure high efficiency cooling technologies are available at an affordable price, and advocate to government on the need for policy and regulatory measures that support this goal.”

He stated that individuals could also take steps to help themselves, by becoming aware of risks and the resources available in the event of extreme heat.

According to him, public cooling centres can be set up to provide refuge during extreme heat.

Speaking on Nigeria’s electricity challenges which could have negative impact on any efforts towards sustainable cooling, Dean said alternative approaches to cooling could be deployed.

He said, “There are alternative approaches that do not require energy, such as cool or white roofs, passive solutions like shading, insulation, and using vegetation and green space to reduce heat stress in cities.

“By encouraging a more efficient use of energy, these types of approaches can reduce risks and the demand for cooling, in turn reducing the strain on the electricity distribution at peak times and contributing to greater access to reliable energy.”

He said such alternatives would be particularly important in warm areas where energy access deficits were high.

According to Dean, public awareness is crucial to addressing the issue, adding that awareness of resources available to people during a heatwave can improve outcomes significantly.

Kaçak av için gölete bırakılan bin 600 metrelik misina ağı imha edildi

Kaçak av için gölete bırakılan bin 600 metrelik misina ağı imha edildi

Kırıkkale'de kaçak av yapmak amacıyla baraj göletine bırakılan bin 600 metre misina ağı sudan çıkartılarak imha edildi.


Police arrest 10 migrants at Brussels Gare du Nord station

The federal police in Brussels arrested 10 migrants on evening at around 7:30 PM at Gare du Nord station in Brussels. Seven of the migrants, all of whom are male, are from Eritrea, two from Ethiopia and one from Sudan. Two of them are minors. “According to the police, they were at Gare du Nord ...

Daily Kos Elections Live Digest: 11/26


Welcome to the Daily Kos Elections Live Digest, your liveblog of all of today's campaign news.

Please note: The Live Digest is a 2016 and 2020 Democratic presidential primary-free space. It’s also a place to discuss elections, not policy.

Sign up here to receive the Daily Kos Elections Morning Digest in your inbox each weekday.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 4:02:40 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

AK-Sen: Former Democratic Sen. Mark Begich is hosting a fundraiser next month for orthopedic surgeon Al Gross, an independent who is seeking the Democratic nomination. Gross already had the support of the state Democratic Party in his bid to take on Sen. Dan Sullivan, the Republican who narrowly ousted Begich in 2014, and he currently faces no serious primary opposition.

Alaska backed Donald Trump 51-37, and neither party is acting like they expect this to be a major Senate battleground next year. Gross, though, may have the resources to make things interesting. The challenger, who entered the race in early July, raised $800,000 from donors and self-funded an additional $210,000 during the third quarter, and he ended September with $682,000 in the bank. Sullivan hauled in a smaller $667,000 during this time, but he finished the quarter with a $3.34 million war chest.  

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 4:28:35 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

AL-Sen: The anti-tax Club for Growth has long detested the establishment-aligned Rep. Bradley Byrne, and they’re out with a TV spot hitting him well ahead of the March GOP Senate primary. The commercial takes aim at Byrne for supporting the Export-Import Bank, which is another favorite Club target.

The narrator accuses Byrne of voting “to fund a government giveaway program that hands out billions of dollars to help big companies make more profits overseas.” The narrator continues by saying that this group, which goes unnamed in the spot, sends “U.S. tax dollars to countries like China, Russia, and even Sudan, a state sponsor of terrorism.”

There is no word on the size of the buy, but Politico says it will run in the Mobile market, which includes all of Byrne’s 1st Congressional District, on Saturday during the Iron Bowl between in-state football rivals Auburn University and the University of Alabama. Politico also says that the commercial will run later on Fox News.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 4:57:57 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

WV-Gov: GOP Gov. Jim Justice is going up with his first TV spot on Tuesday, a move that comes about five months after his main primary rival, former state Commerce Secretary Woody Thrasher, first began airing ads. Advertising Analytics reports that Justice’s inaugural ad campaign will run for $56,000 through Dec. 8, which is a fraction of the $879,000 that they say Thrasher has already spent on advertising.

Justice’s commercial opens with two well-known former West Virginia college football coaches, West Virginia University’s Don Nehlen and Marshall University’s Bob Pruett, declaring that most politicians are “full of empty promises,” but that Justice is different. The ad then shows people praising Justice for building roads, fighting for programs to combat opioid addiction, and being “a lot like Trump.” The spot concludes with Justice’s wife, state First Lady Cathy Justice, telling the audience that the governor “serves for all the right reasons. He loves West Virginia.”

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 5:26:01 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

AL-01: The anti-tax Club for Growth is out with another poll from WPA Intelligence that finds their endorsed candidate, former state Sen. Bill Hightower, taking first place in the March GOP primary for this open seat with 35% of the vote.

That’s still well short of the majority Hightower would need to win outright, though, and the survey finds state Rep. Chris Pringle edging Mobile County Commissioner Jerry Carl 16-13 for the second spot in a hypothetical runoff. Two other candidates, businessman Wes Lambert and Army veteran John Castorani, take just 2% and 1%, respectively.

All of these numbers are all almost identical to WPA’s late July poll, which showed Hightower at 34% as Pringle led Carl 16-12. Lambert also took 2% then, while Castorani had not yet joined the race and so wasn’t tested.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 7:24:48 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

MO-Gov: The Democratic Governors Association is out with a survey from Public Policy Polling that gives GOP Gov. Mike Parson a 45-36 lead over Democratic state Auditor Nichole Galloway. The DGA argues in their memo that, while Parson holds a clear lead right now, the fight over the eight-week abortion ban that he signed into law over the summer could “drastically alter” the contest. A federal judge halted the law in August one day before it was to go into effect, and the state is currently appealing the ruling.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 7:28:21 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

NC-05: GOP Rep. Virginia Foxx announced earlier this month that she would seek re-election even though it’s not yet clear what map she’ll be running under. The GOP legislature recently passed a congressional map, but plaintiffs are challenging it in state court.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 7:42:03 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

NY-01: Suffolk County Legislator Bridget Fleming announced Tuesday that she would seek the Democratic nomination to take on GOP Rep. Lee Zeldin. Fleming was elected to represent the Southampton are on the county legislature in 2015, three years after she unsuccessfully ran for the state Senate, and she won her third term earlier this month by a 60-40 margin.

Fleming joins 2018 nominee Perry Gershon and Stony Brook University professor Nancy Goroff in the primary in what is already shaping up to be an expensive contest for this eastern Long Island seat. Goroff entered the contest in July and raised a hefty $518,000 during her opening fundraising quarter, and she ended September with $418,000 in the bank.

Gershon, who lost to Zeldin 51-47 last year, hauled in just shy of $200,000 during the third quarter of 2019, and he had $475,000 to spend. Zeldin has always been a strong fundraiser, and he took in $601,000 and had $1.17 million in the bank.

This seat swung from 50-49 Obama to 55-42 Trump, but it shifted back to the left last year. However, Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo still only carried the district by just a 49.1 to 48.6 spread while he was winning a 23-point blowout statewide, so this is still challenging turf for Team Blue even in a good year.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 7:58:03 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

NY-17: This week, two new candidates joined the crowded Democratic primary for this open and reliably blue seat. One of the new arrivals is Army veteran and combat veteran Asha Castleberry-Hernandez, who served as engagement officer in Iraq and Kuwait in 2014 and 2015 and later worked on the Hillary Clinton presidential campaign as a Middle East foreign policy advisor.

Castleberry-Hernandez, who is the first black woman in the race, stressed her support for gun safety by saying, “I was almost a victim of gun violence in White Plains when I was almost shot at walking through a line of fire with my sister … where a young man has a small arm shooting at one of his opponents.”

The other new Democratic candidate is former federal prosecutor Adam Schleifer. Schleifer was involved in the Operation Varsity Blues investigations of several wealthy parents in the college admissions scandal, and he represented the government when actress Felicity Huffman appeared in court in March after being charged with bribery.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 8:19:04 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

TX-13: Asusena Reséndiz, who finished a stint last year as head of the Fort Worth Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, announced Tuesday that she would seek the GOP nod for this seat in the Texas Panhandle. Reséndiz also was appointed in 2017 to serve on the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs by GOP Gov. Greg Abbott.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 9:08:03 PM +00:00 · David Nir

GA-Sen-B: Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp has the ordinarily enviable opportunity to make someone's political career by appointing them to the Senate when Sen. Johnny Isakson resigns at the end of the year, but like so much else in Republican politics, Donald Trump has managed to make the once-pleasurable suddenly miserable.

Kemp recently squired his preferred pick, wealthy financial services executive Kelly Loeffler, to a secret White House meeting last weekend to secure Trump's blessing, but by all accounts, it went very poorly. According to the Wall Street Journal, the gathering "turned tense and ended quickly" because Trump strongly prefers Rep. Doug Collins, a loudmouth who has aggressively defended Trump throughout the impeachment process and will soon have an even more visible perch to do so as the top-ranking Republican on the House Judiciary Committee.

Trump reportedly even asked Kemp what the purpose of their meeting was if the governor had already made up his mind, though it's not clear that he has. Choosing Loeffler would make a certain amount of sense, though: As a first-time candidate, she doesn't have the same sort of baggage the arch-conservative Collins would bring in next year's special election, and she hails from the fast-growing Atlanta area while Collins represents a rural district in the state's northeast corner.

Loeffler is also fantastically rich: She's a part-owner of the Atlanta Dream, a WNBA team, and her husband, Jeffrey Sprecher, purchased the New York Stock Exchange (yes, he bought the stock exchange itself) for $8.2 billion in 2012. With the Peach State playing host to two competitive Senate elections in 2020, a self-funder could take some pressure off Republican Sen. David Purdue. Given Georgia's left-ward political trends, all of this suggests Loeffler would make for a more appealing nominee than Collins (though the fact that she's a woman likely won't help the GOP as much as Republicans would like to believe).

But these considerations, of course, mean little to Trump—though what Trump cares about means a lot to Kemp. Trump's unexpected intervention in last year's GOP primary for governor was a major factor in Kemp's dominant come-from-behind win in the runoff over the establishment favorite, Lt. Gov. Casey Cagle, who’d led the voting in the first round. Trump also campaigned for Kemp in central Georgia just before Election Day; whether or not that rally was actually a boon is an open question, but Kemp's indebtedness to Trump is not.

That debt might explain the statement a Kemp spokesperson provided after the WSJ published its article, saying the governor "plans to appoint a strong supporter of the President who will end the impeachment circus and advance conservative policies that Keep America Great." But while that might sound like a nod toward Collins, Loeffler similarly pledged to "stand with President Trump … to Keep America Great" in her application for the soon-to-be-vacant Senate post.

As for when all this drama might finally conclude, no one's sure. Isakson has said he'll step down on Dec. 31, though there's nothing stopping Kemp from acting before then. The WSJ says that Kemp's team "has discussed announcing the decision after Thanksgiving," but the upshot of that discussion we aren't privy to.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 9:39:48 PM +00:00 · David Nir

Programming note: In celebration of the Thanksgiving holiday, there will be no Live Digest for the rest of the week. The Morning Digest will resume publication on Tuesday. Happy Turkey Day!

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 9:58:51 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

MO-02: The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reports that both parties expect Democratic state Sen. Jill Schupp to challenge GOP Rep. Ann Wagner next year in this suburban St. Louis seat, though Schupp has not yet said anything publicly. Missouri’s 2nd Congressional District backed Donald Trump 53-42, but Wagner only won re-election last year 51-47.

Schupp flipped an open GOP-held seat during the 2014 red wave by defeating Republican Jay Ashcroft 50-47 in a district that had backed Barack Obama by the same spread two years before. Senate District 24 went on to support Hillary Clinton 53-42 in 2016 (Ashcroft was elected secretary of state that same year), and Schupp won re-election in 2018 61-37 after raising what the paper describes as a “menacing $1 million.”

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 10:00:43 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

TX-17: Republican Renee Swann, who runs an eye surgery practice in Waco, announced Tuesday that she was joining the March primary for this open seat.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 10:19:36 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

FL-15 : The Justice Department is currently investigating whether freshman Rep. Ross Spano violated campaign finance laws during his 2018 GOP primary, and he could face a rematch with the person he beat in that contest. The Ledger recently asked former state Rep. Neil Combee, who lost 44-34 last year, if he was considering running in next year’s GOP primary, and while he responded, “I have not,” Combee didn’t stop there.

After speaking at length about Spano's predicament, Combee concluded, "I would not do anything until this is settled." That could just be some free consulting advice to anyone who might be listening, or could mean that Combee is waiting to see how everything wraps up before deciding whether to run for this seat a second time.

Combee did say that he’d heard that other Republicans are considering challenging Spano, but he refused to name anyone. However, Sean Harper, who took third place in the primary with 10%, told the paper he didn’t plan to run, though there’s no quote from him in the story. 

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 10:36:53 PM +00:00 · David Nir

PA-16: Republican Rep. Mike Kelly was busted hard by a local news station earlier this year for selling used cars that were subject to safety recalls, including some with deadly airbags, so what has he done since then? Continued to sell used cars that are still subject to safety recalls—including some with deadly airbags.

Kelly, who represents the 16th Congressional District in Pennsylvania’s northwest corner, had refused to comment when dogged WTAE report Paul Van Osdol first broke this story in May, but Van Osdol was finally able to track down Kelly in person. Kelly was non-responsive, though, when Van Osdol directly asked him, "Why were you selling vehicles with open safety recalls?" But when asked if he was still selling such cars, Kelly made an offer that he now wishes he could take back: "Why don't you come up and check it like you did last time?" the congressman proposed. "You can do that, come up and check them and maybe we'll have someone show you through our lot. You can take a look and see."

Of course, Van Osdol did just that. He found 15 vehicles still under active recalls at just one Kelly dealership, with one sedan still carrying a type of airbag, made by a company called Takata, that's been responsible for at least 24 deaths. Those killed include 26-year-old Jewel Brangman, who died in 2014 when a Takata airbag went off after a minor crash, firing a burst of metal fragments into her neck that severed her carotid artery.

Van Osdol also discovered that Kelly's website was advertising five affected cars as "GM-certified," even though General Motors only allows vehicles to be designated as such if all outstanding recalls have been addressed. A GM spokesperson insisted that the vehicles had been removed from the "certified" list but couldn't explain why the dealership was still describing them that way. Meanwhile, Kelly's son Brendan, who runs the lot in question, declined to speak with Van Osdol.

You may be wondering at this point how it's even possible Kelly could sell such cars in the first place. It turns out that in his home state, it's perfectly legal: After an organized push by used car dealers in at least 11 states, both Pennsylvania and Tennessee changed their laws to allow dealers to sell vehicles that have been recalled—as long as they note the recall "somewhere in a stack of sales documents," as one in-depth investigative report put it.

As Van Osdol noted in his original exposé, when a similar bill came before Congress in 2015, one key supporter insisted, "There is not a single person in our business that would ever put one of our owners in a defective car or a car with a recall." That congressman's name? Mike Kelly.

Tuesday, Nov 26, 2019 · 11:06:33 PM +00:00 · Jeff Singer

NJ-02: Freshman Rep. Jeff Van Drew infuriated progressives across the country after he was one of just two Democrats to vote against formalizing the impeachment inquiry into Donald Trump, but he may have more immediate problems with Democratic power brokers at home in this competitive South Jersey seat.

Six unnamed Democratic leaders tell the New Jersey Globe’s David Wildstein that Van Drew “could lose contests for organization lines at county conventions early next year,” which would be a very big setback for him in the June primary. In New Jersey primaries, a candidate endorsed by the local party appears in a separate column on the ballot along with other party endorsees, a designation known colloquially as the “organization line.” Party machines are still quite powerful in the Garden State, so Van Drew could struggle if a rival can win over enough organization lines next year.

Van Drew doesn’t currently face a serious intra-party foe, but Montclair University political science professor Brigid Callahan Harrison says she’s considering taking him on. Harrison declared that the congressman's opposition to impeachment has “made himself persona non grata within his party and the House leadership, which impacts every resident of New Jersey’s 2nd Congressional District.”

Harrison also argued that Van Drew’s stance has already hurt his party at home. Harrison pointed to the results of the Nov. 5 legislative election in Van Drew’s old 1st Legislative District where a trio of Democratic incumbents, who ran as the “Van Drew team,” all lost. Harrison said that the result in LD-01, where the GOP scored their only pickup of the night, demonstrated that local Democratic voters “rejected the Van Drew team because of his impeachment vote and crossed party lines” to support the Republicans.

Harrison has only run for office once. Back in 1993, she ran what Wildstein describes as a “strong race for Atlantic County Freeholder” where she narrowly lost to a GOP incumbent.

Other Democrats may also be interested in challenging Van Drew. One local leader mentions Assemblymen Vince Mazzeo and Adam Taliaferro as possibilities, though Mazzeo quickly said it was unlikely he’d take on the incumbent.

If Van Drew does win renomination, he’ll need to quickly prepare for an expensive general election in a seat that Trump carried 51-46. Wealthy businessman David Richter, who is the only notable Republican in the race right now, only raised $113,000 from donors during his opening quarter, but he self-funded another $300,000 and had $390,000 to spend at the end of September. Van Drew took in $529,000 during this time and had $932,000 in the bank.




Ahn Jae Hyun fue visto sudando profusamente en su primera aparición pública desde su desordenado escándalo de divorcio con Goo Hye Sun. El actor aparece actualmente en el drama 'People with Flaws' y participó en una conferencia de prensa el 27 de noviembre donde fue capturado sudando profusamente. Muchos internautas creen que es causado por la ansiedad de volver a estar en el ojo público después de su escándalo.

Los internautas han expresado su apoyo al actor, declarando:

"Realmente espero que tu drama funcione bien".

"Pobrecito. Me siento tan mal por él mirando estas fotos".

"¡Ahn Jae Hyun fighting!"

"Espero que te vaya bien. ¡Te estoy apoyando!"

¿Qué opinas de esta situación?



World - Aid group says gunmen storm its compound in South Sudan

NAIROBI, Kenya - An international aid group says armed men stormed its compound in South Sudan and sexually assaulted two staffers and wounded three others. Relief...

Houthis announce 350 dead and injured, including Saudi and Emirati soldiers

Yemen’s Houthi militia announced on Monday that more than 350 Yemeni government soldiers, along with Saudi, Emirati and Sudanese fighters, have been killed or wounded in attacks on the western city of Mocha on 6 November.

Sudan crisis: Women praise end of strict public order law

Sudan has repealed a restrictive public order law that controlled how women acted and dressed in public. On Twitter, Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok paid tribute to women who had 'endured the atrocities that resulted from the implementation of this law.' The country's transitional authorities also dissolved the party of former President Omar al-Bashir. Mr Bashir []The post Sudan crisis: Women praise end of strict public order law appeared first on Daily Trust.

History Of South Sudan From Slavery To Independence

History Of South Sudan From Slavery To Independence

Clima: Oxfam, nel mondo 1 sfollato ogni 2 secondi 


Le catastrofi naturali alimentate dall’impatto del cambiamento climatico sono la prima causa al mondo di migrazioni forzate all’interno di Paesi spesso già poverissimi o dilaniati da conflitti. Negli ultimi 10 anni sono aumentate di 5 volte e hanno costretto oltre 20 milioni di persone ogni anno, 1 persona ogni 2 secondi, a lasciare le proprie case per trovare salvezza altrove.  

E’ l’allarme lanciato da Oxfam, attraverso un nuovo rapporto, diffuso in occasione dell’apertura del vertice Onu sul clima in programma fino al 13 dicembre a Madrid. Un dossier che rivela come cicloni, inondazioni e incendi hanno 7 volte più probabilità di causare migrazioni forzate rispetto a terremoti o eruzioni vulcaniche e 3 volte di più rispetto a guerre e conflitti.  

Un trend che non risparmia nessun Paese, come dimostrano i recenti incendi in Australia o le inondazioni che nelle ultime settimane si sono riversate sull’Italia e su diversi Stati europei, ma colpisce soprattutto i Paesi più poveri, che non hanno praticamente responsabilità sul livello di emissioni globali di CO2 in atmosfera. 

Tra i 10 Paesi più colpiti al mondo, sette sono isole. Tra il 2008 e il 2018, il 5% della popolazione di Cuba, Dominica e isole Tuvalu (oltre 3 milioni di persone) ogni anno è stato sfollato a causa di eventi climatici estremi, anche se in media questi Paesi producono solo un terzo delle emissioni inquinanti rispetto ad un qualsiasi Stato ad alto reddito.  

È come se una volta all’anno tre quarti della popolazione di Roma fosse costretta a lasciare le proprie case, per trovare scampo da uragani, cicloni, inondazioni o siccità durissime. Secondo Oxfam, si tratta di una vera e propria 'disuguaglianza climatica': in Paesi a basso e medio-basso reddito come India, Nigeria e Bolivia, la popolazione ha una probabilità quattro volte maggiore di essere sfollata a causa di catastrofi climatiche rispetto alle persone che vivono in Paesi come gli Stati Uniti.  

Circa l'80% di tutte le persone sfollate nell'ultimo decennio vive in Asia, dove oltre un terzo delle persone vive in condizioni di povertà estrema. 

In Africa, l’emergenza climatica sta minacciando la sopravvivenza di decine milioni di persone che rischiano di morire di fame a causa di eventi climatici sempre più estremi e imprevedibili spesso aggravati dai conflitti che attraversano il continente.  

In Somalia, solo nell’ultimo anno, si contano oltre 1 milione di sfollati interni a causa della guerra civile in corso e dell’alternarsi di gravissime siccità e alluvioni; in Mozambico al momento 45 milioni di persone sono alla fame dopo il passaggio lo scorso marzo dei cicloni Idai e Kenneth, che hanno ucciso 648 persone, causato milioni di sfollati interni e distrutto case, infrastrutture e colture, causando danni per 3 miliardi di dollari. 

In Zimbabwe, Idai ha lasciato senza un tetto oltre 50mila persone; in Etiopia e Sudan, le comunità pastorali sono state costrette a lasciare case e terre a causa della siccità che negli ultimi anni ha decimato colture e bestiame e che adesso dipendono totalmente dagli aiuti umanitari per sopravvivere.  

Secondo Elisa Bacciotti, direttrice delle campagne di Oxfam Italia, “Ue e Stati Uniti, secondo un recente studio promosso da oltre 100 organizzazioni tra cui Oxfam, sono responsabili da sole del 54% del costo danni causati dalla crisi climatica nel Sud del mondo. La conseguenza è che negli ultimi 10 anni i Paesi poveri hanno subito perdite economiche equivalenti al 2% del proprio reddito nazionale a causa del caos climatico, percentuale che può arrivare al 20% nei Paesi più colpiti".  

Per invertire questa tendenza è "essenziale che, in occasione del summit di Madrid, i Governi si impegnino sul serio per fare la differenza, intervenendo in supporto dei Paesi poveri, attraverso l’istituzione di un nuovo fondo per l’adattamento al cambiamento climatico”.  

Oxfam dalla parte dei Fridays for Future 

Oxfam è al fianco del movimento Friday For Future, che chiede interventi immediati per contrastare gli effetti del cambiamento climatico. Un lavoro di sensibilizzazione sul tema, che Oxfam realizza in tante scuole italiane formando docenti e studenti perché si facciano interpreti a loro volta di azioni di cambiamento sui temi della sostenibilità ambientale e dello sviluppo sostenibile. Coinvolti migliaia di studenti che parteciperanno a dicembre al Meeting dei Diritti Umani 2019 a Firenze dedicato al tema e alla Marcia per il Clima che a maggio 2020 coinvolgerà gli studenti di 12 città italiane e 11 Paesi europei.  

“Milioni di persone in tutto il mondo nell’ultimo anno hanno manifestato per un’azione urgente di risoluzione della crisi climatica prima che sia troppo tardi, a partire da un radicale taglio delle emissioni inquinanti in atmosfera per giungere all’azzeramento delle emissioni di gas serra entro il 2030 – conclude Bacciotti - Un obiettivo che anche l’Italia può centrare, come stanno chiedendo a gran voce i ragazzi dei Fridays For Future. Per questo chiediamo al Governo italiano, che sta aumentando l’attenzione sul tema in ambito nazionale, di avere un maggior profilo anche in ambito internazionale. Il vertice in corso a Madrid è cruciale: se i Governi che parteciperanno al summit non agiranno subito, più persone moriranno, più persone avranno fame e più persone saranno costrette a lasciare le proprie case per poter sopravvivere”. 


Kenya woos oil importers in bid to reclaim business lost to Tanzania


Kenya hopes to regain its petroleum export market after cutting pipeline tariffs by 50 per cent, a development that sets up stiff competition with Tanzania. Nairobi, which had lost about 30 per cent of its petroleum export market to Dar es Salaam, is also stepping up its crackdown on fuel adulteration and smuggling, a growing menace costing the government $340 million annually in lost taxes. Last week, the Kenya Revenue Authority in collaboration with a multi-agency team formed to strengthen co-ordination among different agencies in curbing illicit trade intercepted a consignment of 7,000 litres of diesel fuel smuggled from Ethiopia. This comes at a time when the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development estimates that the East African Community loses over $500 million in tax revenue annually due to counterfeiting. “KRA has enhanced vigilance at the country’s border points as part of key measures geared towards stepping up the fight against illicit trade and counterfeits,” Kevin Safari, KRA commissioner for Customs and Border Control said in a statement. Kenya hopes the intensified surveillance and crackdown on fuel adulteration and dumping will help the country recapture the petroleum export market from Tanzania. TARIFFS More critically, Nairobi hopes the lower pipeline tariffs will encourage petroleum and petroleum products importers to use the Mombasa port for products destined for neighbouring landlocked countries like Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. In the new tariffs imposed by the Energy and Petroleum Regulatory Authority, oil marketing companies will pay $30.89 per 1,000 litres down from $60 to transport fuel using Kenya Pipeline Company facilities. The rates, which will apply for the next three years, will further be lowered to $30.65 in 2020 and $29.07 in 2021. “Kenya had lost about 30 per cent of its petroleum export market to Tanzania mainly due to the   high tariffs charged for pipeline transport,” EPRA director general Pavel Oimeke told The EastAfrican. He added that in the past 10 days after the implementation of the revised pipeline tariffs, the export volumes have doubled, a trend that is ultimately expected to regain the lost market share. KPC, which was pushing for an upward review of the tariffs that include the domestic market, has however protested the reduction ostensibly on the basis that it will have a negative impact on its bottom line. The company wanted an increase to raise funds to service massive debts procured to finance infrastructure investments including the new Mombasa-Nairobi pipeline constructed at a cost of $473.4 million, and the four new oil storage tanks in Nairobi that cost $50 million. The company has also invested $16 million in the Kisumu Oil Jetty. Mr Oimeke said that KPC has submitted a protest letter to EPRA, which does not amount to an appeal against the new tariffs. “They are yet to submit a detailed appeal to us. What we received is a protest letter. We have written to them and advised on how to structure the appeal accompanied with justification for each item. We will objectively review once we receive the detailed appeal,” he added. According to the Economic Survey 2019, Kenya’s volume of petroleum exports declined to 739.800 tonnes in 2018, from 842.400 tonnes in 2017. Although the value of total exports rose by 7.5 per cent to $374.2 million in 2018 on account of a growth in the value of re-exports, the value of domestic exports of petroleum products dropped by 15.2 per cent to $40.5 million in 2018. DOMESTIC EXPORTS In the first half of 2019, the value of domestic exports stood at $11.5 million from $20.2 million in same period in 2018, a 43 per cent decline. While the volumes of transit petroleum products imports in Kenya have been on the decline, Tanzania has recorded a significant rise in imports entering through the ports of Dar es Salaam and Tanga. Data by the Energy and Water Utilities Regulatory Authority of Tanzania shows that in the financial year ending June 2018, the volume of transit products stood at 2.6 million litres compared with two million litres for 2017, a 35 per cent rise. Ewura, in its 2018 annual report reckons that importers prefer Tanzania due to the authority’s efforts in ensuring compliance to laws and standards in the downstream petroleum subsector. According to Mr Oimeke, the level of petroleum fuels adulteration in Kenya has significantly reduced since September 2018 when the anti-adulteration of $0.173 per litre was introduced for Kerosene. In addition, dumping has significantly reduced due to improvements implemented to the petroleum fuels marking and monitoring programme since January this year. The improvements include increased frequency of monitoring and stiffer penalties for culprits, which has seen compliance levels for both dumping and adulteration hit 100 per cent as at the end of last quarter. “EPRA has increased surveillance and also enlisted the help of the National Police Service to ensure that the problem is dealt with,” he said. He added that EPRA is working with regional energy regulators under the auspices of the Energy Regulators Association of East Africa to improve compliance across the region. ***   TARIFFS The Energy and Petroleum Regulatory Authority has allowed oil marketing companies to pay $30.89 per 1,000 litres in tariffs, down from $60 to transport fuel using Kenya Pipeline Company facilities. The rates will apply for the next three years and will be further lowered to $30.65 in 2020 and $29.07 in 2021. Oil marketers pay on average $80 to ferry oil from Dar es Salaam on trucks but pay $60 tariff on pipeline to Kisumu and a further $35 to truck the product to Uganda, Rwanda and northern Tanzania buying countries. Tanzania has also stepped up competition by increasing efficiencies at the port. According to the Economic Survey 2019, Kenya’s volume of petroleum exports declined to 739.800 tonnes in 2018, from 842.400 tonnes in 2017. But KPC has protested the cut in tariffs. By The Eastafrica

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Bashir now faces death over 1989 coup that brought him to power


Deposed Sudan President Omar al Bashir, already on trial over economic crimes during his 30-year reign, faces a possible death sentence over his role in the 1989 coup that removed the democratically elected government of Sadid al-Mahdi from power. During a busy week where he has tried to build confidence in the judiciary following the ouster of Mr al-Bashir in April, Attorney General Taj AlSir AlHeabr said he had formed a committee to investigate the June 30, 1989 military putsch which was led by Mr al-Bashir. The committee’s findings will form the basis of prosecution of the Islamic Movement’s leaders, including civilians and military personnel, for undermining the constitutional system. The charge has no limitation for time lapses and is punishable by death or life imprisonment. “The committee has the competencies of public prosecution of military coup perpetrators,” Mr AlHeabr said. It is empowered to call any person to help with investigations and will report back in three months. The attorney general said he hoped the findings would lay down a marker against forceful take-over of government that has characterised Sudan’s politics. The first coup happened in 1958 just two years after independence when Ibrahim Abboud usurped power. He was dethroned by Jaafar Numeiri in 1969 who later suffered the same fate at the hands of Mr al-Bashir. Mr al-Bashir soon cultivated legitimacy with the international community which did not frown at coups then as it does now until he got isolated over his support of terrorist organisations, hostility to a number of neighbouring governments and his ideological leanings to Sharia law. Sudan Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok is now on a diplomatic offensive to have Sudan removed from the US state sponsors of terrorism blacklist, which has limited its ability to attract investments or secure external financing for development in the face of a $55 billion debt stockpile. Last week, the Sudan Council of Ministers resolved to annul the Public Order Act under which women were severely punished for misconducts as provided under Sheria law. The annulment now awaits the endorsement of ruling Transition Sovereign Council. The committee will later write a criminal report against the masterminds and perpetrators on the 1989 coup. Besides Mr al-Bashir, Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, Nafie Ali Nafie, Ali Al-Haj Mohammed, Ibrahim Al-Sanusi and leaders of the National Islamic Front party led by Hassan Al-Turabi also face charges of undermining the constitutional order. Legal experts said the turn of events would represent poetic justice for Mr al-Bashir who during his reign exploited provisions on crimes against the state to intimidate and prosecute political opponents as well as civilians. Article 50 of the Sudanese Criminal Code of 1991 provides that conviction for actions intended to undermine the constitutional order of the country or to jeopardising its independence or unity attracts punishment by death, life imprisonment and confiscation of property. PREVENT FUTURE COUPS The opening of the 1989 coup has attracted mixed reactions with supporters, saying the now independent judiciary should issue deterrents to prevent future coups. Soon after deposing Mr al-Bashir, military generals led by Abdul Fattah al-Burhan, repeated on a number of occasions that they had foiled coups schemed by uniformed personnel and former elements of Mr al-Bashir’s regime. Critics, however, say the trial over the coup would not be seen as anything more than the new rulers sacrificing their former leader to convince the masses of their reform credentials. Mr al-Bashir and scores of close allies are already in custody on trials ranging from money laundering to corruption. “There are more pressing regime symbols that the transitional authority in Sudan should punish such as corruption, the killing of demonstrators, as well as war crimes in the areas of armed conflict, whether in Darfur or South Kordofan,” said Tariq Osman, a political analyst. Mr al-Bashir has already been indicted by the International Criminal Court over atrocities in the Darfur region. The Hague Court, however, could not secure his arrest while he was in power as countries like Jordan, Kenya and South Africa which he visited waved away obligations to arrest him with claims of his diplomatic immunity. The sovereign council has blown hot and cold on handing him over to The Hague for trial, with its military wing reluctant and the civil wing keen to honour the international obligation. However, Sudan is presently not a signatory to the ICC treaty. The military wing of the Sovereign council is also not sitting pretty after AlHeabr vowed on Wednesday to try killers of protesters at a sit-in outside the military headquarters on June 3. Officially, 63 people were killed when uniformed men fired at protests but independent sources said up to 130 people may have died. Fingers at the time pointed at the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces headed by the deputy leader of the Sovereign Council Mohamed Hamdan “Hemedti” Dagalo for the deaths. The then transitional military council denied the claims saying some protesters were armed. “I will try the killers even if it was Al-Burhan himself as no one is above the law,” AlHeabr was quoted assuring families of victims of the attack by the Middle East Monitor on Thursday. Hamdok ordered an investigation into the deaths in September. *** SUDAN PASSES LAW TO DISSOLVE NCP Sudan has approved the dissolution of the Islamist National Congress Party, which run roughshod over its rivals and citizens during President Omar al-Bashir’s 30-year rule. In a determination to wipe emblems of the regime off the face of the earth similar to when the US deposed Saddam Hussein in Iraq, the ruling Sovereign Council, also outlawed the Public Order Act through which the Sudanese, especially women, were subject to degrading punishments if they did not observe a strict code of conduct akin to Sharia law. Under the resolutions reached on Thursday night, Justice Minister Nasrudin Abdel Bari said the NCP will be dissolved and its leaders banned from political activities for 10 years. Its assets will also be seized by the state as they were amassed through its affiliation to...

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Kenya retains seat at global maritime council


Kenya has retained its seat on the Council of the International Maritime Organisation, giving it a chance to continue playing a role in global shipping rule making. The vote on Friday evening in London saw 174 member states take part with Kenya retaining its seat under Category C of 20 countries usually reserved for those with special interest in maritime transport or navigation. In Africa, Morocco, South Africa, Liberia and Egypt are the other members of Category C. Kenya holds special interests in maritime transport and navigation as the coastal, port and flag state “whose strategic location along the Eastern Africa coast makes it a most important cog in the wheel of steering global shipping,” according to Maritime Principal Secretary Nancy Karigithu who led the delegation to the polls. “Our re-election to Council will ensure continued representation of a major geographic area in Eastern Africa and the Great Lakes region consisting of the countries Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda,” she said on Saturday. Kenya’s High Commissioner to the UK Manoah Esipisu, also the Permanent Representative to the IMO, said he was delighted by the vote result. “It confirms the world’s confidence on our leadership around maritime transport and safety, and our commitment to the Blue Economy,” he said. Kenya joined the IMO in 1973 and was first elected to the Council under Category “C” in 2001 and has been re-elected in subsequent elections to date, the last being in 2017. It is one seat at a UN agency where Kenya has dominated lately. But this election saw heavy lobbying. Some marine and shipping giants like Sweden, Nigeria and Liberia lost their bids. Qatar, a wealthy oil producer as well as Saudi Arabia also lost out. The IMO is the specialised agency that determines rules on shipping safety and environment. With more than 80 per cent of global trade running on seas, the IMO’s regulatory framework determines how shipping lines and ports operate. By The Eastafrica 

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Abiy Ahmed fanning instability in Somalia, S. Sudan: UN reports


Just months after winning the Nobel Peace Prize, Ethiopia’s reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is fighting accusations of his interfering with the affairs of neighbouring countries. In November, two United Nations reports accused him of being lukewarm in South Sudan peace process and fuelling fires of instability in Somalia; two of the countries he has been closely involved in as the chairman of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development. In South Sudan, where Igad midwifed a revitalised peace agreement in September last year, Abiy’s government, Uganda and Kenya were accused of being inconsistent in ensuring the deal is implemented. PEACE PROCESS “Over the past year, the Igad and member states neighbouring South Sudan – specifically Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda – have not demonstrated full and consistent engagement in the peace process,” a UN report said. “The government of Salva Kiir, in particular, has benefited from the inconsistent approach of the region.” Ethiopia, which chaired Igad until last Friday, and Kenya have only given piecemeal support, with occasional visits or bilateral meetings, the report by the UN Panel of Experts says. Both countries refute the charge, separately saying that they have in fact borne the brunt of violence in South Sudan by hosting hundreds of thousands of refugees and losing business. On Friday, Ethiopia’s ambassador to Kenya Meles Alem told the Nation that the allegations do not hold water. “One of the pillars of Ethiopian foreign policy is non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries. That is our track record,” Meles said. “As a good neighbour, we have only played constructive roles.” REFUGEES Kenya on the other hand accused the UN team of passing the buck, arguing that Kenya suffers whenever South Sudan is at war as its businesses close and it hosts refugees. This past week, a number of Somali politicians have been vocal, accusing Ethiopia of helping the federal government interfere with the states. The Forum for National Parties (FNP), the coalition which brings together six parties, wrote to Abiy telling him to stop “the unfortunate renewal of Ethiopia’s involvement in Somalia’s domestic politics”. The politicians said Ethiopia is deploying non-Amisom forces in the country, referring to the African Union Mission in Somalia. “The Ethiopian National Defence Forces have been repeatedly involved in illegal activities whose outcome could at best undermine the fragile state-building and nascent democratic processes in Somalia,” they wrote on Friday. The FNP letter came on the backdrop of complaints by the Jubbaland administration following two incidents in Gedo. Jubbaland, whose president is Ahmed Madobe, said Ethiopian soldiers forced administrators in Buala Hawa, Dolow and Luuq towns in Gedo region to renounce their allegiance to Jubbaland. In another incident, Jubbaland Vice President Mohamud Sayyid reportedly sought refuge in Mandera, Kenya after escaping a kidnapping attempt by Ethiopian forces. MALTREATMENT Pressed, Jubbaland and FNP did not provide proof of the maltreatment. Meles told the Sunday Nation that his country’s role in South Sudan and Somalia have been limited to the peace process. He said Ethiopia deploys peacekeepers who follow available regulations. “We have played a constructive role under the auspices of Igad to bring peace and stability in the two countries. In fact, Ethiopia hosts a million refugees and we treat them as our citizens,” the diplomat said. Accusations against Ethiopia began in Somalia last year. A UN Panel of Experts on Somalia in its 2019 report said Ethiopia had interfered with the vote in South West where Mukhtar Rubow – a former al-Shabaab deputy head – was barred from running. When South West residents protested, forces loyal to Rubow fought Ethiopian soldiers, resulting in several deaths, the UN experts said. “The role of the Ethiopian forces in the arrest of Rubow has the potential to inflame anti-Ethiopian sentiment among communities in the region, who were previously known to share information on al-Shabaab movements with them,” the panel said. Ethiopia, at the time dismissed the report as a fabrication. As Somalia’s Galmudug state gears for its elections, politicians accuse Addis Ababa of playing a role again. By The Eastafrica

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Juba angered by US’ lack of confidence in Kiir and recall of envoy to South Sudan


The US government’s withdrawal of its envoy to South Sudan has stoked anger among President Salva Kiir’s close associates, even as the Opposition appeared to back Washington’s hard-line stance on Juba. The US on Monday recalled its ambassador in South Sudan, Thomas Hushek, sending a strong signal that it did not support the decision to allow more time for the country’s political protagonists to form a unity government. But as Juba screamed victim this week, the Opposition said it did not feel the negotiations with President Kiir’s government were progressing at the right pace even as the clock ticks towards the 100 days deadline. Ceasefire violation Details also emerged that the government in Juba was recruiting new soldiers in what could have violated ceasefire agreements and potentially damaged the possibility of merging forces into one national army, under the planned unity government. Washington said it was withdrawing Mr Hushek as Ambassador to South Sudan for “consultations,” having become frustrated with the failure by President Salva Kiir and former VP and Opposition Leader Riek Machar, to start an administration. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had torn into President Kiir, questioning his political will and said they were calling back their envoy to “re-evaluate” their relationship with Juba. “We will work with the region to support efforts to achieve peace and a successful political transition in South Sudan,” Mr Pompeo said. Perpetual deadlines But the decision by the US, one of the group of donor countries behind mediation efforts known as the Troika to recall their envoy was seen in Juba as a bid to force the hand of Mr Kiir to give in to some unspecified demands. Mr Kiir’s diplomats were this week fighting back claims that he is a stumbling block to formation of a transitional government. Instead, they asserted that their principal was being ‘victimised’ for compromising. “The President has never asked for an extension of the pre-transitional period,” argued South Sudan’s Foreign Affairs Minister Awut Deng Achuil, referring to the time allowed to form the transitional government of national unity. Kiir, Machar and several other parties signed the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) on September 12, 2018. They were to form the unity government six months later. They failed and extended by another six months. As the deadline approached on November 12, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni brokered another deal to extend the period by another 100 days. “His excellency welcomed the decision of the regional guarantors for extension as a compromise measure to avert a return to conflict and maintain peace in the country,” Ms Achuil said this week. Every other party, including mediators at the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (Igad) endorsed the extension with a caveat: That the parties must now list down specific actions to ensure the 100 days lead to a new unity government. Dr Machar’s group, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-In Opposition, in an interview said Juba had not given specific guarantees to the international community on implementation of the agreement required for formation of a unity government even after signing of the deal to extend the pre-transition by 100 days. Dwarfed by giant “Washington is unhappy with the way things are happening in South Sudan,” said James Oryema, Dr Machar’s Spokesman in Kenya. “There was consensus in Entebbe but Washington is worried we cannot work together (with President Kiir) as things stand.” With the US decision, Juba says it means Washington is not keen on a peace deal but paves the way for external aggressors. “The US has never been a friend of South Sudan. There are big politics in play and South Sudan is just a victim of a giant,” said James P. Morgan, South Sudan’s envoy to the African Union, without elaborating. “Two guarantors (Uganda and Sudan) came up with a middle ground which was to provide 100 days. But the US was not happy with that. “The US acted dubiously by supporting the formation of a revitalised transitional government and yet it also supported the position of Dr Machar,” he added, referring to the initial demand by the opposition groups for six more months. A UN Panel of Experts on South Sudan this week charged that Juba had recruited about 10,000 new soldiers during the transitional period, despite the R-ARCSS requiring that certain measures be taken to retrain, canton and merge forces first. The forces, the Panel claimed, were being hosted in the former Warrap State. The US, which had warned before of re-evaluating relations with South Sudan, has also imposed sanctions on certain South Sudanese warlords, seen to have violated ceasefire agreements. Some of the individuals were still working for President Kiir and had even travelled abroad on assignments despite various US and UN sanctions. New rebel group In a UN report, South Sudan Army chief Gabriel Jok Riak, who was sanctioned and banned from travelling abroad, had in fact attended a military sports event in Nairobi in August, without a formal request for exemption. Another former military chief, Gen Paul Malong, who has been banned from travelling, was also spotted in Johannesburg in July, travelling on a Ugandan diplomatic passport. He travelled back to Nairobi using the same document, according to the Panel. Gen Malong, once Kiir’s Chief of General Staff, formed his own rebel group and refused to sign the peace deal. The US warned that it will impose more sanctions on others like Gen Malong and another rebel called Thomas Cirillo, who also runs a different group that refuses to join the peace deal. But South Sudan’s neighbours came in for criticism for aiding the flop in sanctions. The Panel says in its interim report that there is lack of political will among key protagonists to implement the peace agreement known as R-ARCSS. Dangerous stalemate But they charge that President Kiir is specifically profiting from the region’s reluctance to enforce sanctions imposed on warlords. Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia are particularly seen as partial players in the conflict. “The selective...

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Kenya takes up Nile Basin leadership


Kenya is now chair of the Nile Council of Ministers and will be led by Water Cabinet Secretary Simon Chelugui. Mr Chelugui takes over from Burundi’s Minister of Environment, Agriculture and Livestock, Dr Deo-Guide Rurema. The handover was done at a pre-conference in Nairobi on Wednesday, where the Council outlined an ambitious plan for the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI). Regional system On Friday, the Council of Ministers led by NBI Secretariat under the executive director of NBI Prof Seifeldin Hamad Abdalla launched the $5.5 million Nile Basin Regional Hydro-Met System that will enable NBI member states to share reliable data for monitoring of the Nile Basin resources as well as collect data to inform planning to prevent potential conflicts over the use of the Nile waters, said Mr Chelugui. The launch was attended by Water ministers from NBI member states, the Nile Technical Advisory Committee, stakeholders and civil society organisations. The Hydro-Met System project funded by the European Union and the government of Government, will include 79 hydrological monitoring stations, 322 meteorological monitoring stations and upgraded water quality laboratories. To-do list As the chair, Kenya will lead the initiative for a period of one year and is seeking to transform it into a co-operation like other basins around the world. “We want to transform it to a co-operation where equitable use of water resources is practised,” said Mr Chelugui. Top of the to-do list for Mr Chelugui is bringing back Egypt to the Initiative. Egypt left in 2010 to protest the signing of the Co-operative Framework Agreement (CFA) by some member countries, a pact that it was opposed to. Currently, six countries have signed the CFA—Uganda, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Kenya and Burundi—of which only four—Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda — have ratified while Kenya is in the process of ratifying after signing it on May 19, this year. Ethiopia has already deposited the CFA with the African Union, while Sudan reviewed its position in 2010. “We intend to employ persuasion and diplomacy to bring back Egypt. We want to reach consensus and reconciliation on the issues which made the state leave,” Mr Chelugui added. Egypt, on the other hand, wants an alternative agreement which will allow other Nile Basin countries to do projects along the River Nile. The country still stands by the 1929 Nile Waters Agreement and the 1959 agreement between itself and Sudan. Other members of the NBI are South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Eritrea as an observer state. River Nile upstream countries have been pushing joint projects, and there is an interconnection and power generation project between Kenya and Uganda (Lessos-Tororo- Bujagali), which is expected to increase cross-border power trade and access to reliable and affordable energy and reduce operational costs, said Mr Chelugui. By The Eastafrica

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Museveni: I won’t spare whoever attacks Uganda


President Museveni has said he will not spare anyone who tries to attack or mistreat Ugandans and Africans. Speaking at the commissioning the CCTV National Command and Control Centre in Kampala yesterday, the President said he considers all Ugandans and Africans part of his family and will even put his life on the line for them. “If you have love for the fatherland, it means all Ugandans are our family members. If you have got this in your head, you will not neglect your duties because you know that any attack any Ugandans is like attacking your child, sister and brother,” Mr Museveni said. “Some people don’t have that feeling. They feel that family members are those from the same woman. But to me, all Ugandans, all Africans are my family; that is why I will cause you a lot of problems. If you are near me and you kill, mistreat or rape an African woman, who is my muzukulu (grandchild), ofudde (you are dead). I can’t spare you,” he added. The President’s remarks left those in attendance puzzled on whether he was referring to the current high crime rate in Uganda or sending a message to external threats. Mr Museveni said defending Africans from oppression is what took him to Mozambique to join freedom fighters in 1968. “What was I looking for? There were no Banyankole. I was not going to greet agandi (a Runyankole greeting meaning how you are?); It is because Mozambicans are Africans and they were being oppressed,” he added. Mr Museveni has previously sent troops to the Democratic Republic of Congo (then Zaire), Sudan before the formation of South Sudan as an independent state and now Somalia. Uganda also helped rebels backed by Mr Paul Kagame to capture power in Rwanda following the 1994 genocide. The President said some people have attempted to discredit his National Resistance Movement party by killing high profile people in urban areas. “Yet security is my area, my constituency. That is my battle ground. If you want to challenge Uganda, you should look for another constituency. We are going to defeat these criminals. This is just the beginning,” he said. The Inspector General of Police, Mr Martins Okoth-Ochola, said CCTV cameras have improved policing in the country. “We have been able to improve of our 999 emergency system and we are now able to identify the location of distress calls in time. With camera and DNA profiling, the institution has registered tremendous success in tracing wanted persons and vehicles,” Mr Ochola said. The function was attended by, among others, Internal Affairs minister Obiga Kania, Security minister Elly Tumwine and Chief of Defence Forces David Muhoozi. By Daily Monitor 

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Of course Facebook and Google want to ‘solve’ social problems. They’re hungry for our data | Nathalie Olah

Giving big tech companies power over the NHS or the climate crisis won’t build a fairer world. But public ownership would

We hear it said all the time, most recently in a national campaign for BT: “Technology will save us.” The slogan was plastered on billboards across the country as part of BT’s new advertising campaign, linked to a “UK-wide digital skills movement” developed partly with Google. The sentiment is so ubiquitous that it even led to a dispute with a startup of a similar name. But in an era dominated by the “big four” (Google, Amazon, Facebook and Apple) the idea that tech will save us rings hollow, an example of utopian messaging being used to conceal the simple pursuit of profit.

Having proposed solutions to everything from food shortages to suicide prevention to climate breakdown, companies such as Google and Facebook – two of the leading western companies in the artificial intelligence arms race – claim there’s almost nothing that cannot be tackled through tech. But there are reasons to be sceptical. These companies’ business models depend on the development of ever more complex algorithms, sustained by enormous quantities of data. This data is used to improve the algorithms – but access to it is also sold to advertisers and third-party businesses.

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El Telescopio 602, con Carla dal Forno, Lidia Damunt, Sudan Archives…


En el programa 602 de El Telescopio de Jorge Obón: Disco de la semana: Carla dal Forno, “Look Up Sharp” Novedades: The Leaf Library, Lidia

La entrada El Telescopio 602, con Carla dal Forno, Lidia Damunt, Sudan Archives… aparece primero en Muzikalia.


Peer Navigators Help Connect Thousands to HIV Care and Treatment Services in South Sudan

November 25, 2019
IntraHealth’s work on the E

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Sudan: Decision to repeal public order laws a step forward for women’s rights


From anti to alter-globalization


Participants at an exhibition of antiglobalization protest artwork and films curated by Vienna-based artist Oliver Ressler called A World Where Many Worlds Fit, 2008. Photo by Petra Gerschner.

By the end of the 1980s, various cracks began to appear in the global neoliberal edifice. Partially, they were triggered by early crises that erupted in Mexico, Brazil, Thailand, and Russia, among other countries. The impact of the so-called Washington consensus was making itself felt in the form of massive cuts to public services and jobs and financial shifts that allowed big finance to profit from public and private debt, in addition to privatization and deregulation that put trade unions and other social movements on the defensive. The various fragmented revolts in the 80s were a harbinger of what was to come.


At the beginning of 1994, the little known southern province of Mexico gained international attention. In Chiapas, the peasant-indigenous population took to the streets under the banner of the Zapatista Liberation Army (EZLN). It was a big surprise, even to the Mexican state, which was taken aback by the scale of the protest and the fact that it was widely supported, even outside Chiapas. The EZLN adopted a new language that distinguished it from earlier liberation movements, emphasizing a non-statist view, local autonomy and non-hierarchical structures. This discourse gained currency worldwide through emerging social media and annual conferences held in the jungles of Chiapas. At the same time, huge protest marches were organized all over Europe and North America against the World Bank, the IMF and WTO, which encountered an exceptionally large gathering of angry protestors at its meeting in Seattle in the fall of 1998. The “Battle of Seattle” was unique in the sense that it brought together a wide variety of social movements, from teamsters (trade unions) to “turtles” (environmental campaigns). In the Americas, north and south, this inaugurated a series of struggles that led to the massive People’s Summit in Québec City in 2001.

The ascending phase

This was not yet a movement, but rather a vast tapestry of initiatives in opposition to neoliberal globalization. These struggles revitalized a number of left-wing think-tanks, publications and organizations in the North. In South America, meanwhile, mass pro-democracy movements were offering real resistance to authoritarian regimes. Coalitions in Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina and later Bolivia and Ecuador came together with a strong grass-roots push and by the beginning of the new millennium, Pink Tide governments were established in many countries. It was during this turbulent phase that movements from the Global North, inspired by developments in the Global South, conceived the idea of creating a platform to recharge policy debates and explore the contours of new visions of social transformation. This laid the groundwork for the World Social Forum. Brazilian-led, the WSF had no clear and explicit strategy, but there was a consensus around the need to build a new framework of analysis. For several years after the founding event, hundreds of thousands of movements and people met in Brazil, and later in India, Mali, Tunisia, Kenya and many other countries, with the aim of developing an alter-globalization perspective.

The WSF process was original because it was an open space where participants themselves were to define the agenda through self-organized political and cultural activities. Much of the work involved drafting an alternative economic program based on the revitalization of the public sector, the decommodification of basic goods and services, new fiscal and financial mechanisms to push back inequalities, local non-market enterprises and the like. At the same time, there was much discussion of how to “democratize democracy,” how to struggle against gender, generational and ethnic discrimination, and how to change the rules of the game to wrest space and opportunities for meaningful citizen participation within the framework of liberal democracy. These immense brainstorming sessions were carried out by many social movements that also took advantage of the WSF to create new international and action-oriented networks, such as Via Campesina and the World March of Women. The WSF methodology was also adopted by hundreds of national and municipal forums in which citizens had a chance to act, play, speak out and express their hopes. It thus helped to bring movements together, create new dynamics and give rise to new projects. One such successful forum was organized in Ottawa in 2012. The Peoples’ Social Forum brought together a critical mass of movements from Canada, Québec and Indigenous communities for the first time in Canadian history.

In its ascending phase, alterglobalization was at once a rallying point for social movements, a political program for the most advanced progressive parties, a living laboratory involving millions of professors, students, intellectuals and artists. It also benefited from concrete support by Pink Tide governments, and particularly Brazil and Venezuela.

Uncertain times

In 2008, global capitalism suffered its most severe crisis since 1929. It shook the Global North first, and within a few years mass mobilizations erupted under the banner of Occupy Wall Street (in Canada and the United States), the Indignados (in Spain and other southern European countries) before crossing the Mediterranean in a historic movement that led to the implosion of long-standing dictatorships, mainly in Egypt and Tunisia. In many ways, these diverse movements all travelled the paths opened up in South America and through the WSF. Unlike in South America, however, they did not have a political counterpart and in the absence of either a European or Maghreb-Mackrek pink tide, the revolts did not succeed in reversing the trends. The countries of the Global North were thus able to steady themselves without too much effort, and the countries of the Global South fell into the grip of resuscitated dictatorship (with the exception of Tunisia). Even where social movements grew strong (in Spain and Greece, for example), the edifice of power was able to withstand the challenge by a combination of local/national reactionary offensives, on the one hand, and international intervention by undemocratic neoliberal institutions, on the other. This counteroffensive also led to the demise of many pink-tide countries – Brazil and Venezuela in particular – which were unable to resist the reactionary assaults in addition to being weakened by their own limitations and contradictions. The World Social Forum was deeply affected by this new and debilitating correlation of forces. The traditional South American leadership of the WSF was blindsided by growing divisions between movements and between movements and pink-tide governments. The WSF in Tunis (2015), Montreal (2016) and Salvador de Bahia (2018) were interesting events, but they lacked the energy and enthusiasm of the past, falling into a bit of a rut rather than innovating and exploring new avenues.

Looking ahead

Although the historic alterglobalization moment has now passed, its ideas and achievements continue to inspire and we can detect its legacy in new forms of resistance. In many countries, admittedly, popular movements are on the defensive and social-democratic reforms are being repealed, while new forms of authoritarianism or “austeritarism” are being imposed. Yet if we look at the situation through a wide-angle lens, we can see expanding cracks in the system, with uprisings multiplying, as in China (Hong Kong), Chile, Sudan, Lebanon, Iraq, Argentina, Algeria, and Columbia. In many more countries, we are seeing ripples that portend big transformative waves. Social movements in many places have become more astute, employing new decentralized strategies. Many have taken the battle for Pachamama to the next level, announcing loudly and clearly that the problem, as Naomi Klein stresses, is not the climate but capitalism. At the same time, an international conversation continues via new forms of networking, such as the Great Transition conference (Montreal, May 2020), the World Social Forum on Transformative Economics (Barcelona, June 2020), the Global Forum on Migration and Development (Quito, January 2020), among many other events and developments. It is still too early, however, to hail the rise of an Alterglobalization 2.0.

Who is reinventing the left?

In the meantime, many left-wing political parties are evolving, scrapping the legacy of past sectarianism, as we have seen, for instance, in the United States (Democratic Socialists of America), Quebec (Québec Solidaire), Chile (Frente Amplio), and England (Momentum). The dark clouds of militarism, racism and fascism are looming everywhere, as evidenced most recently in Bolivia. But in all these places, the power struggles are complex, not predetermined, allowing creative movements to regroup, transcend their past experiences and invent new forms of political and social mobilization. Much more than in past, women, youth and marginalized communities are taking the lead. It is most probably an “interregnum,” to use Gramsci’s phrase, between the black hole of mass destruction and the hope for emancipation.

Pierre Beaudet is a founder and editor of the Nouveaux Cahiers du socialisme.


Sudan: Former governing party dissolved

Sudanese transitional government announces two major laws to dissolve the former ruling National Congress Party and to repeal the public order law. The new head of UNAIDS - Winnie Byanyima, has said that stigmatisation remains a major problem in the fight against HIV. And our resident presidents tries out the electric car, but what's their verdict?

Can Kenya protect its citizens from extreme weather?

Devastating floods are continuing to spread havoc across parts of East Africa. Somalia and South Sudan had been heavily affected and in Kenya more than 56 people have lost their lives. We look at Kenya's state of preparedness with the deputy director of Kenya Meteorological Department, Samwel Mwangi. On International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, World Health Organisation's Technical Officer Avni Amin tells us why framing violence against women as a matter of public health may help saving lives. We also hear from Leah Eryenyu, an activist with the Uganda Feminist Forum. A company partly owned by the British Government has been accused of a series of environmental and human rights abuses – in a damning report published today. Human Rights Watch says palm oil producer Feronia, which has plantations in the Democratic Republic of Congo, has been dumping untreated waste directly into the rivers used for drinking water, paying some of its workers under 2 dollars a day – and making them work in dangerous conditions.

Al Bashir Faces Possible Death Sentence For His Role In The 1989 Military Coup

Deposed former Sudanese president Omar Al Bashir faces a possible death sentence for his role in the 1989 military coup. File picture: Burhan Ozbilici/AP Deposed former Sudanese president Om...

12/1/2019: WORLD: Women win right to show their faces


WOMEN in the Sudan are celebrating — legally — after a law that banned them from drinking alcohol or wearing clothing deemed to be “revealing” was repealed. Sudan’s transitional government announced it had overturned the sharia-based moral policing...

Somalia: UN Accuses Ethiopia of Meddling in Somalia Affairs


Just months after winning the Nobel Peace Prize, Ethiopia’s reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is fighting accusations of is interfering with the affairs of neighbouring countries. In November, two United Nations reports accused him of being lukewarm in South Sudan peace process and fuelling fires of instability in Somalia; two of the countries he has […]

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Abiy Ahmed fanning instability in Somalia, S. Sudan: UN reports


Just months after winning the Nobel Peace Prize, Ethiopia’s reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is fighting accusations of his interfering with the affairs of neighbouring countries. In November, two United Nations reports accused him of being lukewarm in South Sudan peace process and fuelling fires of instability in Somalia; two of the countries he has […]

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Eritrea accuses Qatar of state sponsored terrorism


Asmara (HAN) November 29, 2019. Regional Security and Stability NEWS. As it will be recalled, the GOE had issued several statements in the past that elucidated Qatar’s deplorable schemes of subversion using the Sudan as a springboard. In this particular year in which the prospects of using the Sudan as a suitable venue for launching […]

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S. Sudan violates peace deal, recruits 10,000 new fighters


November 27, 2019 (JUBA) – South Sudan National Security Service recruited a new force of at least 10,000 fighters from communities in the former Warrap State, contrary to provisions of the peace agreement, a United Nations Panel of Experts said in a new report to the Security Council. The Panel, on Friday, said fighters recruited […]

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Sudan is still waiting for justice. The world can’t look away


Sudanese protesters gather outside the house of a man killed by security forces on June 3, during a demonstration against the ruling military council, in Khartoum, Sudan, June 30, 2019.

© 2019 AP Photo/Hussein Malla

On a hot May afternoon in Khartoum, less than a month after the ouster of former Sudanese president Omar Hassan al-Bashir, I met a 29-year-old college graduate at a tent that served as a base for Darfuri protesters near the army headquarters. The protesters had vowed to stay until the military leaders who took over when Bashir stepped down transferred power to civilian rulers.

“I am worried that political compromises [by the military] would lead to a situation of, ‘Let’s move on,’” he told me. “Every single one of us here at the sit-in has a story with [the Bashir regime], and their stories must be heard. They have to see justice served.”

Months later, the question of justice in Sudan remains.

Tensions were already rising fast in May, with military leaders trying to break up the sit-in and deploying the feared Rapid Support Forces, who shot live ammunition at protesters. On June 3, they attacked the sit-in and dispersed all the protesters. On that bloody day and the ones that followed, more than 120 people were killedhundreds injured and many raped.

The protesters continued to demonstrate for civilian rule, despite another violent crackdown on June 30. Finally, on Aug. 17, military and civilian leaders agreed on a transitional power-sharing government for three years, followed by elections. Though far from perfect, the agreement made it seem that the protesters’ demands had been heard.

As one of his first acts as prime minister, Abdalla Hamdok met with families of the protesters who were killed. A month later, he established an investigation committee into the violence on June 3, which the power-sharing agreement mandated. He has since named the members, and in October the new attorney general said the committee would have prosecutorial powers.

But the families of victims and rights groups have rightly raised concerns about the long delays in setting up the committee, its limited mandate, its independence and the members’ lack of expertise, especially regarding sexual violence cases. It remains to be seen whether this committee will get the expertise, legal powers and independence it needs to function in line with basic international standards.

Sudan’s transitional government faces many challenges. The power-sharing agreement does not dismantle the power structures inherited from the old regime. The same military and national security institutions that were once Bashir’s tools of oppression still exist. And the agreement puts the military members in control for the first 21 months, including Rapid Support Forces leader Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, or “Hemedti.”

These days, many refer to Hemedti as Sudan’s de facto ruler. He stands implicated in a long list of abuses. The forces under his command committed grave crimes in Darfur, Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, including burning and pillaging civilian property and raping women and girls in brutal counter-insurgency operations.

He has successfully evaded accountability by putting himself and his troops at the center of complex local, regional and global dynamics. His forces fought in Yemen alongside Saudis and Emiratis, and Hemedti has curried favor among the gulf states. He also claims that his forces combat illegal migration, as part of the European Union’s migration management program. If that is true, E.U. funding is going to abusive forces.

Hemedti denied authorizing the June 3 attack, blaming infiltrators. The military leaders at the time admitted “mistakes.” An investigation by the former attorney general, widely rejected by protesters, blamed a handful of “rogue” officers.

But video evidence overwhelming shows forces in Rapid Support Forces uniforms attacking and abusing protesters, physically and verbally. The forces took their time killing, burning and beating protesters in front of the army headquarters, with no protection for the fleeing panicked protesters. Scores of protesters remain missing.

The Troika countries — the United States, Britain and Norway, which helped with the power-sharing deal — along with the European Union and the African Union, all sent strong messages condemning the June 3 attack and stressed the importance of holding those responsible to account.

Yet, almost five months on, the transitional government has made little concrete progress and the international community — especially donor governments — has gone quiet. They should urgently throw support behind justice and accountability, the cornerstone for the envisioned transition. To this end, they should adopt human rights benchmarks in their dealings with Sudan’s new rulers and find every opportunity to remind the government, especially its military component, of what is at stake.

Meanwhile, victims’ families continue to demand justice. If the transitional government wants to keep its promises, it should revise the investigation committee’s mandate, ensure its independence, listen to the families’ concerns and seek international and regional expertise. To do otherwise will just confirm my young friend’s worst fears: that the country’s leaders will say “let’s move on” and leave old wounds to fester. That’s not an outcome Sudan and its international partners should allow.


Sudan (Darfur)

In December, the Security Council will receive the semi-annual briefing of the ICC Prosecutor related to the court’s work on Darfur. Ambassador Joanna Wronecka (Poland), chair of the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee, is expected to provide the quarterly briefing to Council members on the Committee’s work.

South Sudan

In December, the Council will receive a briefing on the Secretary-General’s 90-day report on South Sudan. Ambassador Joanna Wronecka (Poland), chair of the 2206 South Sudan Sanctions Committee, is also expected to brief on the Committee’s work. Consultations are expected to follow the briefing.

OIL may pick up BPCL's stake in Numaligarh Refinery


New Delhi: State-owned oil and gas explorer Oil India Ltd (OIL) may take over Bharat Petroleum Corporation's entire 61 per cent stake in Numaligarh Refinery, retaining the public sector character of the Assam-based entity.

Privatisation of Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL), which currently has majority holding in Numaligarh Refinery, has become a hot political issue in the North-East with voices being raised not to disturb the PSU character of the refinery.

NRL was set up as per Assam accord of 1985. All Assam Students Union, which is one of the signatory of Accord, has already protested changes in NRL.

BPCL currently holds 61.65 per cent stake in the NRL while OIL has 26 per cent stake. The Assam government has 12.35 per cent stake in the refinery.

"OIL best fits the bill to take over NRL due to the synergy arising from their operations largely located in the North-East and its existing investment in NRL. Being the largest shareholder, the government is likely to get OIL board to approve the takeover," an official source privy to the development said.

Though estimates for the acquisition of NRL would be finalized post demerger of the refinery from BPCL as per the cabinet decision, it is expected that OIL may have to invest between Rs 3,000-4,000 crore to pick up BPCL's stake in the refinery.

Sources said that though consolidation among oil sector PSUs has been put on hold as on now, an integrated OIL-NRL operations could later be considered for merger with Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) to create a large integrated oil and gas company on the line of Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) that acquired HPCL last year.

For OIL, the acquisition of NRL will immediately add 3 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) of refining capacity to its portfolio. NRL also has approved plan to expand its capacity (NRL) to 9 mtpa with an investment of Rs 22,000 crore.

NRL recorded highest-ever revenue at Rs 18,511 crore in 2018-19, registering a growth of 16.25 per cent. Its earnings per share (EPS) stood at Rs 27.79 while net worth reached Rs 5,551 crore.

For OIL, the acquisition will give opportunity to enter into lucrative fuel refining operations with possible entry into retailing at a later stage. With both companies having operations in the North East, lot of synergies is expected to flow out of the proposed deal.

Oil India Limited OIL has over 1 lakh sq km of areas for its exploration and production activities, most of it in the Indian North East, which accounts for its entire crude oil production and majority of gas production. Rajasthan is the other producing area of OIL, contributing 10 per cent of its total gas production.

Additionally, OIL's exploration activities are spread over onshore areas of Ganga Valley and Mahanadi. OIL also has participating interest in NELP exploration blocks in Mahanadi Offshore, Mumbai Deepwater, Krishna Godavari Deepwater as well as various overseas projects in Libya, Gabon, USA, Nigeria and Sudan.

OIL shares rose 0.49 per cent to Rs 154.65 a piece on BSE at closed of market hours on Monday.

State Capitals (Applicable from 6:00 a.m. on 26-11-2019) Petrol Current Price(Per Lt) Petrol Previous Price(Per Lt) Change(Rs)
Petrol price in New DelhiRs.74.66 Rs.74.54 0.12
Petrol price in KolkataRs.77.34 Rs.77.22 0.12
Petrol price in MumbaiRs.80.32 Rs.80.20 0.12
Petrol price in ChennaiRs.77.62 Rs.77.49 0.13
Petrol price in GurgaonRs.74.12 Rs.74.13 -0.01
Petrol price in NoidaRs.75.89 Rs.75.93 -0.04
Petrol price in BangaloreRs.77.24 Rs.77.09 0.15
Petrol price in BhubaneswarRs.73.70 Rs.73.58 0.12
Petrol price in ChandigarhRs.70.60 Rs.70.49 0.11
Petrol price in HyderabadRs.79.45 Rs.79.32 0.13
Petrol price in JaipurRs.78.25 Rs.78.72 -0.47
Petrol price in LucknowRs.75.83 Rs.75.80 0.03
Petrol price in PatnaRs.80.55 Rs.80.44 0.11
Petrol price in TrivandrumRs.78.09 Rs.77.97 0.12


South Sudan: Juba Angered by U.S.' Lack of Confidence in Kiir and Recall of Envoy

[East African] The US government's withdrawal of its envoy to South Sudan has stoked anger among President Salva Kiir's close associates, even as the Opposition appeared to back Washington's hard-line stance on Juba.

Sudan: Leaders Send Open Letter to President Trump

[SudaNow] Leading Sudanese scholars, university professors, academics, trade unionists, human rights activists and leaders from the Forces for Freedom and Change, wrote an open letter to US President Donald Trump, his Secretary of the State and member of the Congress saying it was high time for the Americans delist the Sudan and to help the revolution remain on course.

Sudan: PM Hamdok in U.S. to Discuss Sudan Sanctions

[Radio Dabanga] Washington -Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok arrived in the USA on Sunday with a high-level Sudanese delegation. The main topic of the visit is lifting the US and UN sanctions against Sudan.

Sudan: Hamdouk U.S. Visit Comes Within Framework of Normalization of Relations - FM

[SNA] Khartoum -Foreign Ministry said the visit of Prime Minister Dr Abdallah Hamdouk to Washington comes within the context of Sudan work to normalize its relations with the United States.

Sudan: Hamdouk - Arrives in Washington

[SNA] Washington -The Prime Minister: Dr. Abdallah Hamdouk, on Sunday, arrived in Washingtonleading high level delegation including Minister of Defense, Minister of Justice, Minister of Youth and Sports and Minister of Religious Affair and Endowment.

Sudan: Hamdouk Starts U.S. Visit

[SNA] Khartoum -Prime Minister, Abdalla Hamdouk and the Accompanied delegation left here, Saturday evening, for a six-day official visit to the United States during which he will hold talks with the US Administration concerning the development of relations between the two countries.

South Sudan: Juba Criticizes U.S. Recall of Ambassador

[VOA] The South Sudanese government said Wednesday that it was disappointed with the State Department's decision to recall the U.S. ambassador to the country.

South Sudan: Govt Appeals to U.S. for Patience

[East African] The government of South Sudan has urged the United States to be patient as its leaders work to achieve peace.

South Sudan: Govt Protests Recall of U.S. Envoy, Appeals for Support

[Nation] The government of South Sudan has urged the United States to be patient as its leaders work to achieve peace.

NORCAP is searching for electrical engineers

Organization: Norwegian Capacity
Closing date: 18 Dec 2019

Are you an electrical engineer with passion for and experience with renewable energy?

There are over 2 million refugees hosted in Uganda, South Sudan, Cameroon and Chad, primarily in rural settlements with limited access to sustainable power. The power demand for UNHCR, government and partners in the field are often met by diesel generators for primary or backup power where grid power is available but unreliable. Such field facilities that are powered by generators may have loads installed or expanded such that their energy efficiency is sub-optimal or insufficient. This amounts to significant operational costs and a large carbon footprint that can be reduced through appropriate optimization and renewable energy solutions. At institutional level, access to sustainable energy is often insufficient including adequate outdoor lighting and basic services in health centres and educational facilities.

While access to grid power is expanding, UNHCR needs to work with local authorities and development partners to plan and cater for the demand in refugee settlements in a systematic way through either on or off-grid sustainable electrical power solutions. Energy efficiency also needs to be optimized through site-specific audits and improvements as well as ongoing power monitoring and management. Therefore there is a need for specialized electrical engineering capacity to support determination of power needs across UNHCR's operations and manage projects to increase access to sustainable power in the humanitarian context.

Duties and responsibilities

Selected experts will be based in one of UNHCR's Branch Offices in either Uganda, South Sudan, Cameroon or Chad. Based on the local context, the experrt will develop an action plan for the electricity needs, usages and options for transitioning to clean energy. This includes, but is not limited to:

  • Conduct a needs assessment related to the overall power demand study.
  • Support the development of and report on progress on the power demand study and costed electrification response plan for each refugee settlement, basecamp and UNHCR office and staff accommodation.
  • Coordinate and undertake field visits and data collection activities to support the plan.
  • Maintain an in-house dataset of all details emerging from the assessment and identify.
  • Establish the baseline fuel consumption and power consumption.
  • Carry out participatory evaluations of the current power and lighting energy situation and needs, interviewing refugees, host communities, UNHCR’s implementing and operational partners, key Government stakeholders and UNHCR’s own relevant staff.
  • Identify new and improved electrical energy solutions.
  • Review the locally and globally available clean energy solutions that could address the needs for each refugee settlement.
  • Undertake cost-benefit analyses to identify and make recommendations for the most practical and effective viable energy solutions.
  • Develop an implementation plan and prioritized project list for upgrades to UNHCR and partner offices/compounds to improve energy efficiency and reduce carbon footprint through appropriate measures.
  • Design and lead the process to implement sustainable power and lighting solutions.
  • Provide technical review, support and coordination for all operational and development partner sustainable power projects in refugee and host communities.
  • Collaborate and coordinate closely with protection, programme, supply, shelter, WASH, livelihoods, and others to ensure that new proposed solutions are beneficial across sectors.
  • Collaborate with operations and donor partners to secure resources needed to implement the sustainable power and lighting solutions. Collaboration with innovative companies and private sector entities should be explored where possible.
  • Prepare drawings and specifications, call for proposals, terms of reference and similar bidding documents, for companies/entities that will bid for installing the new energy systems.
  • Coordinate operation and maintenance planning to ensure optimum utilization of electrical system facilities.
  • Stay informed of all governmental/national regulations in relation to energy systems to ensure energy activities are legal and sustainable, through active contacts with Governmental counterparts and local authorities.


  • An advanced university degree in electrical engineering or renewaable energy
  • At least 6 years work experience
  • Demonstrated experience of planning, design and implementation and audits of electrical power systems and electrical energy solutions, especially renewable solutions and including power monitoring systems
  • Experience and knowledge of relevant standards in the planning, design, budgeting and management of electrical power systems.
  • Demonstrated knowledge of power generation, transmission and distribution systems.Experience designing and producing drawings of electrical systems using computer-assisted design software.
  • Have a good understanding of testing equipment and the process of test, inspection, verification and commissioning, as well as the procurement cycle.
  • Knowledge of financial, regulatory and/or policy frameworks, renewable energy financial management
  • Experience with managing budgets and required reporting
  • Familiarity with renewable energy business development is an asset.
  • Good knowledge of GIS.
  • Ability to write performance requirements, instructions, and reports and developing maintenance schedules.
  • Excellent command of spoken and written French or English.

Personal qualities

  • Excellent verbal and written communication and listening skills;
  • Sound mathematical and technical skills
  • Ability to think methodically, to design, plan and manage projects.
  • Ability to maintain an overview of entire projects while continuing to attend to detailed technicalities
  • Ability to deal with the different partners involved
  • Good team-working, negotiating and leadership skills combined with the ability to delegate.
  • Ability to think creatively, solve problems, to explore, harness and translate innovative concepts into practice.
  • Ability to apply knowledge from contemporary research in the field of electrical energy, and translate this into humanitarian settings.
  • Strong interest and exposure to development and humanitarian issues, especially in the area of energy and sustainability.

Being deployed through NORCAP gives you:

  • A great opportunity to work in an international setting for a world recognized organization
  • Significant life experiences through challenges and self-development
  • Access to a unique network of humanitarian and development professionals
  • A meaningful job working with the world’s challenges on location

How to apply:

To learn more about the role and to apply, please follow this link


The Morning Sound Alternative 11-27-2019 with Sanford Baran


Vetiver- The Living End - Up On High
PYANOOK- Silver Lining - PYANOOK
William Doyle- Thousands Of Hours Of Birds - Your Wilderness Revisited
Wolfgang Dauner Charlie Mariano Tagore Ernst Strer- Stiller Nachmittag - Meditation On A Landscape Tagore
- voicebreak -
Vagabon- Full Moon In Gemini - Vagabon
Steve Gunn- New Moon Acoustic Version - Acoustic Unseen
Mamiffer- To Be Seen - The Brilliant Tabernacle
- voicebreak -
Jeff Goldblum The Mildred Snitzer Orchestra- The Sidewinder The Beat Goes On feat Inara George - I Shouldnt Be Telling You This
Snowpoet- Love Again - Thought You Knew
- voicebreak -
Tall Tall Trees- Expectations - A Wave Of Golden Things
Josh Rouse- New York Holiday - The Holiday Sounds Of Josh Rouse
Ethan Gruska- On The Outside - En Garde
Sudan Archives- Limitless - Athena
Arthur Russell- I Felt - Iowa Dream
- voicebreak -
Bob Dylan- Ring Of Fire - The Bootleg Series Vol 15 Travelin Thru 19671969 Sampler
Mopac- Burn Soothe - Burn Soothe Single
Teebs- Universe feat Daydream Masi - Anicca
Rachael Vilray- Do Friends Fall In Love - Rachael Vilray
Wynton Marsalis- On A Misty Night feat Joe Farnsworth Russell Hall Isaiah J Thompson Jerry Weldon - Motherless Brooklyn Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
- voicebreak -
Lula Wiles- Its Cool Were Cool Everythings Cool - Its Cool Single
Leslie Odom Jr- Stronger Magic - Mr
Datassette- Holiday 88 - Existenzmaximum EP
Jon Batiste- PWWR - Chronology Of A Dream Live At The Village Vanguard
Asmaa Hamzaoui Bnat Timbouktou- Sandia - Oulad Lghaba
- voicebreak -
Courtney Barnett- Keep On - Keep On Single
HAIM- Now Im In It - Now Im In It Single
Wye Oak- Fortune - Fortune Single
Etana- Long Draw - Dimensions
Michael Kiwanuka- Rolling - KIWANUKA
Prince- Dont Let Him Fool Ya - 1999 Super Deluxe Edition
- voicebreak -
Norah Jones- Carry On - Day Breaks
Panda Bear- Flight - A Day With The Homies Digital Mix EP
Beck- Star - Hyperspace
Sam Smith- I Feel Love - I Feel Love Single

playlist URL:

Trump Got His Wall, After All


IN THE TWO YEARS AND 308 DAYS THAT DONALD Trump has been president, he has constructed zero miles of wall along the southern border of the United States. He has, to be fair, replaced or reinforced 76 miles of existing fence and signed it with a sharpie. A private group has also built a barrier less than a mile long with some help from Steve Bannon and money raised on GoFundMe. But along the 2,000 miles from Texas to California, there is no blockade of unscalable steel slats in heat-retaining matte black, no electrified spikes, no moat and no crocodiles. The animating force of Trump’s entire presidency—the idea that radiated a warning of dangerous bigotry to his opponents and a promise of unapologetic nativism to his supporters—will never be built in the way he imagined.

And it doesn’t matter. In the two years and 308 days that Donald Trump has been president, his administration has constructed far more effective barriers to immigration. No new laws have actually been passed. This transformation has mostly come about through subtle administrative shifts—a phrase that vanishes from an internal manual, a form that gets longer, an unannounced revision to a website, a memo, a footnote in a memo. Among immigration lawyers, the cumulative effect of these procedural changes is known as the invisible wall.

In the two years after Trump took office, denials for H1Bs, the most common form of visa for skilled workers, more than doubled. In the same period, wait times for citizenship also doubled, while average processing times for all kinds of visas jumped by 46 percent, even as the quantity of applications went down. In 2018, the United States added just 200,000 immigrants to the population, a startling 70 percent less than the year before.

Before Trump was elected, there was virtually no support within either party for policies that make it harder for foreigners to come here legally. For decades, the Republican consensus has favored tough border security along with high levels of legal immigration. The party’s small restrictionist wing protested from the margins, but it was no match for a pro-immigration coalition encompassing business interests, unions and minority groups. In 2013, then-Alabama Senator Jeff Sessions introduced an amendment that would have lowered the number of people who qualified for green cards and work visas. It got a single vote in committee—his own. As a former senior official at the Department of Homeland Security observed, “If you told me these guys would be able to change the way the U.S. does immigration in two years, I would have laughed.”


Senior adviser Stephen Miller is usually regarded as the White House’s immigration mastermind, but his maneuvering is only a sliver of the story. The most fine-grained and consequential changes would never have been possible without a group of like-minded figures stationed in relevant parts of the government—particularly the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service, the agency within DHS that administers visas. Early in Trump’s presidency, said the former DHS official, there was a “strategic sprinkling” of people who “shared a common vision and were ready to outwork everybody.” They included Gene Hamilton, Miller’s “terrible sword at DHS” (his actual title was senior counselor to the secretary), and Francis Cissna, the soft-spoken former head of USCIS whom colleagues describe as “an encyclopaedia of immigration law” and “a total immigration nerd.” “If you said to him, what’s on page 468, second paragraph” of the Immigration and Nationality Act, another former DHS official marveled, “he would quote it to you.”

Amidst the chaos at DHS, the restrictionists have already radically scaled back America’s asylum and refugee programs for years to come. But no category of immigrant ( 1 ) The major avenues for legal immigration are via family (including marriage), employment and humanitarian programs for refugees and asylum seekers.has escaped the uptick of denials and delays—not the Palestinian student with a Harvard scholarship who was deported upon landing in Boston, or the Australian business owner forced to leave after building a life here. Not the Bolshoi Ballet stars who somehow failed to meet the criteria of accomplished artists, or the Iraqi translators who risked their lives for the U.S. military and whose annual admissions went from 325 to just two after the change in administration. Then there are the consequences that are harder to capture in headlines or statistics: the couples whose marriages broke down when the foreign spouse was forced to wait far longer than usual in their home country, and the unknown number of people who have abandoned the attempt to stay because of financial hardship or the strain of living with a level of uncertainty that becomes untenable.

“What became clear to me early on was that these guys wanted to shut down every avenue to get into the U.S.,” the first former senior DHS official said. “They wanted to reduce the number of people who could get in under any category: illegals, legals, refugees, asylum seekers—everything. And they wanted to reduce the number of foreigners already here through any means possible.” No government in modern memory has been this dedicated to limiting every form of immigration to the United States. To find one that was, you have to go a long way back, to 1924.


“ANATION OF IMMIGRANTS”—THESE FOUR WORDS, ( 2 ) The phrase was popularized by John F. Kennedy, who used it as the title of his 1958 book.genius in their concision, mask the messiest of histories. People like to recall that George Washington wanted America to “be an Asylum to the persecuted of the earth.” Less often praised: Ben Franklin’s contention that immigrants are “the most ignorant Stupid Sort of their own Nation.” Americans have been having some version of this argument ever since. And for much of the country’s existence, public opinion towards immigration has ranged from tepid to hostile. As Daniel Tichenor, author of the comprehensive history, “Dividing Lines,” puts it, “We love the immigrant past and dread the immigrant present.”

One rare exception came after the Civil War, when the country was desperate to replace the men who had died on the battlefield. A flourishing postwar confidence revived the idea that the country could absorb a never-ending stream of foreigners and fuse their best characteristics into that superior being, an American.

The turn began in the 1880s. Extremes of wealth had sparked massive labor strikes; out West, people fretted that the land was running out. Now, newcomers were a threat, and the more foreign they seemed, the more threatening they were. An early warning was the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the first-ever prohibition of all people of a specific race. Over the next decade, a surge of European migrants accounted for 40 percent of population growth. From the 1890s, this wave was dominated not by English, Scandanavians, Germans or Irish, but by poorer southern and eastern Europeans and Russian Jews. As the country slid into a long depression, the new immigrants became the source and the target of a tinderbox anxiety. There were lynchings of Italians in New Orleans; attacks on Jewish farmers by Mississippi nightriders; a riot against Russian Jewish factory workers in New Jersey.


For decades, nativists in Congress tried and failed to translate this hostility into new immigration laws. It wasn’t until the early 1920s, after Warren Harding was elected president on an “America First” platform, that two Republican lawmakers, Representative Albert Johnson and Senator David Reed, finally realized a restrictionist dream: a comprehensive racial quota system devised to keep American bloodlines pure. “[T]he country would never be the same,” wrote John Higham in his definitive account of American nativism, “Strangers in the Land”—“either in its social structure or in its habits of mind.”

To build the public case for their legislation, Johnson and Reed teamed up with the leading eugenicists of the day. Johnson enlisted Harry Laughlin, who in 1936 received an honorary degree from a German university for his contributions to the “science of racial cleansing,” to conduct research for the House Immigration Committee. Johnson also worked closely with Madison Grant, whose manifesto, “The Passing of the Great Race,” is a deranged codification of white men into three “races” of descending desirability—Nordics, Alpines and Mediterraneans. Grant’s conclusion, drawn from spurious analyses of skull shape and nose width, was that the new immigrants should be scientifically excluded from the definition of whiteness. They were “human flotsam … breeding out their masters and killing by filth and by crowding as effectively as by the sword.”

In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge signed the Johnson-Reed Act, which accorded with his own belief that that “America must be kept American.” The law would ultimately shut down most immigration except for a meager inflow dominated by people Madison Grant would have called Nordics. Everyone else faced waitlists of 10 to 75 years, depending on the quota allotted to their country of origin. The law also birthed a national immigration bureaucracy—what Tichenor calls “an increasingly elaborate immigration control system of racist design.”

Until this point, nearly everyone who arrived at a port of entry like Ellis Island was admitted to the United States. There was no requirement for a visa. Johnson-Reed was deliberately engineered to prevent most immigrants from ever boarding a steamship, by requiring them to obtain visas from U.S. consulates abroad. The State Department, which ran the consulates, was notoriously anti-Semitic: In 1921, the chief of the Consular Service supplied a report to Congress describing Jewish people as “filthy, un-American, and often dangerous in their habits.” By the 1930s, as Hitler launched his assault on the Jews of Europe, the new visa system was perfectly calibrated not to help the growing ranks of refugees, but to keep them out.

In 1934, President Franklin Roosevelt ordered consulates to give Jewish refugees “the most humane and favorable treatment possible under law.” After that, admissions actually went down. Mere presidential preference was no match for the immigration bureaucracy, which erected, in the words of historian David Wyman, a formidable “paper wall.”

The paper wall’s architect was Samuel Miller Breckinridge Long—Breckinridge Long to the public. Thin and rangy, intermittently beset by nervous ailments, Long was born to a family that was practically Confederate aristocracy. He’d glided through Princeton, married into money and spent a good deal of his career as a bureaucrat of middling talents. Thanks to his old pal “Frank” Roosevelt, in 1939 he was put in charge of refugee admissions, though he had no relevant experience. From then on, Roosevelt essentially abdicated refugee policy to Long because he was so spooked by the politics: In 1938, the year of Kristallnacht, 86 percent of Americans opposed an emergency increase of refugee admissions.


From the nativists' perspective, Long was the best possible man for the moment. He believed the overwhelming majority of refugees were propagandists, subversives, freeloaders and derelicts. And he knew exactly how to protect his country from the “alien influx”—with the merciless application of rules, regulations, procedures and forms.

In 1940, Long issued a memo instructing subordinates to avoid granting visas to European refugees for a “temporary period of indefinite length.” From today's vantage point, his methods are eerily familiar. “We could do this by simply advising our consuls to put every obstacle in the way and to require additional evidence and resort to various administrative devices which would postpone and postpone and postpone the granting of the visas,” he explained. Later, he would crow in his diary: “The cables practically stopping immigration went!”

Consular officials had enormous latitude in determining a refugee’s fate. In France, you had to obtain an exit visa, a transit visa, an entry visa for the U.S., moral and political affidavits of support, certificates of good behavior and a paid ticket for the ship. You couldn’t get a visa without a ticket, which were sold out months in advance, and you couldn’t get a ticket without a visa, which were only valid for four months, and if just one of your documents had expired on the day of departure, you had to start all over again.


One of the most powerful tools employed by visa officials was the public charge rule—a component of federal law which states that a person can’t be admitted to the United States if they are likely to become a burden on the state. Although the rule had been on the books since 1882, it was barely observed until the Depression. Under Long, consulates wielded it with abandon. To Jewish refugees of Nazi Germany, the rule must have seemed like a sadistic joke, since throughout the 1930s they had been forced to relinquish up to 90 percent of their capital when they left the country. Even if they were lucky enough to have American financial sponsors, the standards of proof were constantly shifting. As a result, there were multiple years after Hitler seized power in which the U.S. did not fill its annual quota of just under 30,000 immigrants from Germany. In 1938, for example, the State Department admitted 19,552 former residents of the Third Reich, not all of whom were Jewish.

And yet Breckinridge Long wasn’t satisfied. Convinced Germany was infiltrating America with spies disguised as refugees, he created, for the first time, a centralized immigration processing system based in Washington. Applicants submitted letters of support, financial records and character testimonies. Sponsors were scrutinized. Five committees from different agencies reviewed every application. After that, the flow of refugees nearly stopped altogether. In a speech, Representative Emanuel Cellar blamed Long for the “gruesome bottleneck.” He observed: “It takes months and months to grant the visas and then it usually applies to a corpse.”


In January 1944, Treasury Secretary Robert Morgenthau demanded a meeting with Roosevelt and Long to discuss the situation. He came armed with an investigative memo, which he titled “Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of This Government in the Murder of the Jews.” It documented Long’s machinations in devastating detail. Roosevelt immediately agreed to create a War Refugee Board outside Long’s control. Its work during the remainder of the war demonstrated just how many more lives could have been saved: According to Wyman, it managed to rescued around 200,000 people in 18 months.

Long fumed at his demotion, raging to his diary that he had been “thrown to the wolves.” One of his great regrets was that he no longer enjoyed the favor of his old friend Frank. The loss of status gnawed at him. He retired by the end of 1944, and after writing a memoir that failed to find a publisher, mostly concentrated on breeding race horses, which usually lost. To the end of his life, according to his biographer, Neil Rolde, he never acknowledged, or apparently even realized, the magnitude of what he had done.

And yet even after the horrors of the Nazi regime were fully revealed, Johnson-Reed wasn’t overturned for another two decades. The law that replaced it, the Hart-Cellar Act of 1965, is often celebrated as the moment that America opened its doors to the world. At the time, though, its authors had more modest goals. Shamed into action by the civil rights movement, they planned to abolish the racial quotas and create a merit system allowing for limited immigration from outside of Europe.

It was only a last-minute nativist intervention that turned the law into something very different. An antsy Democratic congressman named Michael Feighan secured a provision allowing people to qualify through family ties as well—reasoning that since most immigrants were white, it would protect the racial status quo. “The bill that we sign today is not a revolutionary bill,” President Lyndon Johnson promised. “It will not upset the ethnic mix of our society,” Senator Ted Kennedy agreed.

Instead, the law changed the composition of America by accident. Among other things, Feighan completely failed to consider that people from non-European countries would qualify under the merit system and then sponsor their relatives, the process restrictionists term “chain migration.” ( 3 ) “Congress was saying … 'We need to open the door for some more British doctors, some more German engineers,’” sociologist Stephen Klineberg told NPR. “It never occurred to anyone, literally, that there were going to be African doctors, Indian engineers, Chinese computer programmers who’d be able, for the first time in the 20th century, to immigrate to America.”The foreign-born population grew from 9.6 million in 1965 to 45 million in 2015, with 90 percent of those new arrivals coming from outside Europe—mostly from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The United States became, wrote historian Aristide Zolberg, “the first nation to mirror humanity.” To restrictionists, the 1965 reforms are the original sin, the moment when America betrayed its workers, sacrificed a mythic social cohesion and placed the country’s heritage and its future at mortal risk. And ever since, reversing those reforms has been their overriding goal.


BACK WHEN JEFF SESSIONS WAS A U.S. SENATOR, HE routinely selected a few staffers to join him in his office for a seminar-style discussion of whatever happened to be on his mind that day. Increasingly over the years, the subject was immigration. These conversations could last for hours. Some staffers surreptitiously tried to work on their phones while the senator dialed up an academic or wended his way through an idea as if preparing to argue a case before a jury. But Sessions’ communications director, Stephen Miller, was invigorated by the intellectual exchange. “They kind of fed off each other,” said one regular attendee. Late in the day, Sessions often took Miller along to his hideaway—the unmarked nook each senator has near the chamber. There, Sessions would decant that day’s conversation into a speech written on a legal pad and deliver it on the floor. “I don’t know how many people listened,” a former staffer said.

Miller, though, was paying close attention. He’d been railing against immigrants since his high school days as a minor conservative talk radio celebrity in Santa Monica, but his vitriol tended towards the generic—immigrants shouldn’t speak Spanish; their communities were incubators for terrorism and crime. By contrast, Sessions’ desire to curb immigration was part of a wider set of concerns about Americans who had been shut out of the modern economy, underpinned by a cohesive historical argument. On numerous occasions, he praised Johnson-Reed, ignoring its explicitly racist motivations and painting it simply as an effort by Coolidge to raise wages, as well as the sole engine of America’s postwar prosperity.


Similar historical references were cropping up in Miller’s private emails, too. In a series of messages from 2015 obtained by the Southern Poverty Law Center, Miller pinged Breitbart reporter Katie McHugh with ideas for stories celebrating “the heritage established by Calvin Coolidge” and lamenting the damage done by the 1965 legislation. The culmination of the Miller-Sessions mindmeld was a 25-page primer hand-delivered to every Republican congressional office that year. Written by Miller, it lauded the 1924 reforms for ushering in “a sustained slowdown that allowed wages to rise, assimilation to occur, and the middle class to emerge.” It would become a foundational document for the Trump campaign’s immigration platform.

The day after Trump’s election victory, Gene Hamilton started assembling a team to develop an immigration roadmap for the transition and beyond. Hamliton, then a legal adviser to Sessions in his thirties, relied heavily on staffers for Sessions and Senator Chuck Grassley, whose offices had for years been a lonely beacon for restrictionist groups like the Federation for American Immigration Reform, or FAIR; the Center for Immigration Studies and NumbersUSA. From the outset, according to “Border Wars,” by Julie Hirschfeld Davis and Michael Shear, Hamilton’s small braintrust knew they had to fight on two fronts—against liberal-minded career staffers and mainstream Republican appointees wedded to the status quo.

Hamilton himself had a deep knowledge of DHS ( 4 ) Before working for Sessions, Hamilton had spent two years working for various DHS offices, and also interned at Immigration and Customs Enforcement while in law school.and a knack for the inside game, both of which became valuable assets when he joined the department. “He would take the pen on a lot of things,” the former DHS official said—meaning he’d assume responsibility for writing a document, giving him the power to set the terms of the debate and the process. “He was sort of the political commissar,” another former senior DHS official explained. “You had to work with him to make sure you weren’t going to get your legs chopped out underneath you.”

For USCIS director, Hamilton recommended Cissna, a DHS lawyer who’d spent the past two years detailed to Grassley’s office. “Our family is literally a product of our nation’s legal immigration system,” Cissna said at his confirmation hearing, explaining that his grandparents were Peruvian, his wife’s family was Middle Eastern and that he only spoke Spanish to his kids at home. Although he largely shared Miller’s policy goals, his position on immigration “wasn’t a race thing,” the second former DHS senior official told me. Instead, the official said, Cissna saw himself as a “steward of the law,” which he believed should be enforced according to the narrowest interpretation. Quiet and not overtly political, he was nonetheless a canny operator. When he took over at USCIS, “he knew which small things could change to have a big effect,” said Mark Krikorian, the executive director of the Center for Immigration Studies. “He couldn’t be bamboozled by bureaucrats. He knew their job in a way a lot of political appointees don’t.”


Kathy Nuebel Kovarik, a veteran Grassley staffer, was put in charge of the USCIS policy office a couple of weeks after her former boss recommended her to Trump via tweet. (“@POTUS If u want a real expert on fixing H1B a former staffer of mine just moved to HomelandSecurity Call my office I will tell WHO SHE IS.”) She brought in Robert Law, FAIR’s governmental relations director, as her senior adviser. Law was smart but rigid. “You couldn’t convince him of anything he didn’t already believe,” said a person who worked with him at USCIS. Along with other alumni of restrictionist groups, ( 5 ) Julie Kirchner, a former FAIR executive director, became USCIS ombudsman, and Jon Feere, a former CIS analyst, became a senior adviser at ICE.Law became a resource for some DHS officials who lacked an immigration background but found the issue consuming their jobs. “They could tell you, this is the law, this is the history of it. It was fascinating,” said one. “They had been following this for decades.”

At first, things didn’t move as nearly quickly as Miller and Hamilton wanted, mostly because of Trump’s first DHS Secretary, John Kelly. “He was a difficult guy for people to mess with. Even Stephen Miller,” recalled the former DHS official. It wasn’t until Kelly became White House chief of staff in July 2017, another former official explained, that Miller was able to “consolidate his strength.”

A couple of months later, a meeting was convened at the department, with the acting secretary, Elaine Duke, the most senior figure present. According to a person who was there, Hamilton abruptly took control of the gathering, cutting Duke out of the conversation completely. “Everyone was looking at each other. We’d never seen anything like this—a guy with no standing [taking over the meeting].”

Hamilton informed the group they needed to produce memos outlining how to enact 10 White House policy priorities, including how to get rid of a 20-day limit on holding children in detention and how to use family separation to discourage migration. He wanted the memos within days.

The DHS policy office started work according to normal operating procedure—gathering information and assessing the legality and merits of the proposals. Normally, this would take months. “It drove the White House crazy,” said the former DHS official. “Duke’s chief of staff kept asking, ‘Dude, where are the memos?’ He was getting pounded by the White House.” Many of the memos were never produced, the official added, because “some of the [ideas] were so clearly bad.” (Hamilton didn’t respond to a request for comment.)


At USCIS, the pressure to scrap old policies and roll out new ones was relentless. In theory, the chief counsel’s office was supposed to conduct thorough legal analyses of all new initiatives. Sometimes the office was cut out of the loop; sometimes lawyers were informed of a new memo the day before it dropped, requiring them to scramble till midnight or later to ensure it met basic legal standards. Comment skirmishes broke out within draft documents, with career staff inserting concerns and political appointees stripping them out. The political appointees “really didn’t care about the operational impact of different policies or litigation concerns,” recalled a former agency lawyer. Hamilton himself has essentially confirmed this. “That sounds like the craziest policy you could ever have,” he said in a deposition when asked if DHS had assessed the litigation risk of ending Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA. “You could never do anything if you were always worried about being sued.”

Kovarik and Law also pushed staffers to dig up evidence for their preferred policies, even when the facts didn’t oblige. For instance, they insisted on advancing the termination of temporary protected status ( 6 ) A temporary status provided to nationals of certain countries experiencing problems that make it difficult or unsafe to return there.for several “shithole countries”—the president’s term—even when experts at State and USCIS recommended extensions. The problem with the official analysis for Haiti, Kovarik explained to a career staffer in an October 2017 email, “is that it reads as though we’d recommend an extension because we talk so much about how bad it is.” The staffer replied, carefully, "We can comb through the country conditions to try to see what else there might be, but the basic problem is that it IS bad there.” Later that month, Law assigned an “important research project” to a low-level employee. “I need positive data on the current status of Haiti to bolster the recommendation to terminate TPS. Improvements or the like that I can plug in,” he wrote. “Be creative.”

In a separate exchange, Cissna complained that staffers hadn’t done a very elegant job of massaging the facts in order to end TPS status for Sudan. "The memo reads like one person who strongly supports extending TPS for Sudan wrote everything up to the recommendation section and then someone who opposes extension snuck up behind the first guy, clubbed him over the head, pushed his senseless body of out of the way, and finished the memo,” he wrote.

Even though USCIS had announced plans to kill DACA and end TPS for six countries, the political appointees were being bombarded by Miller to go faster. One of his obsessions was a regulation for a far tougher version of the public charge rule, which had to go through a mandatory administrative process. In June 2018 emails obtained by Politico, Miller berated Cissna for the “unacceptable” timeframe, writing, “I don't care what you need to do to finish it on time.” Cissna stuck to his principles. “He believed,” said the former DHS official, that “this could all get done through the rule of law.”


OVER AND OVER, IN PUBLIC AND TO HIS STAFF WITHIN USCIS’s boxy beige headquarters on Massachusetts Avenue, Cissna insisted that his mission was simply to enforce the law as it was written. At an event last year, he brought along his copy of the Immigration and Nationality Act, a brick of a book stuffed with yellow post-it notes, and patted it almost affectionately. “Everything we do at the agency should be guided by that, not by, you know, any other thing,” he said in his halting manner. “That’s our Bible.”

It was an effective claim, and a disingenuous one. So much of America’s immigration code is open to interpretation. There’s no objective test for whether a concert violinist meets the legal standard of “exceptional;” whether a full-stack Java developer is a “specialized” occupation; whether a certain type of kidney condition technically qualifies as a “hardship.” Many decisions inevitably come down to the judgement of individuals, which means they’re susceptible to the peculiar psychology of the immigration bureaucracy.

“In my own office, I am queen,” one former visa adjudicator told me. What she meant was that the guy down the hallway might require a lot more evidence than she did, or interpret the legal criteria more stringently, and that it wouldn’t be remotely strange if they each reviewed the same case and reached opposite conclusions. Within processing offices, “people get reputations,” she said. There are the officers inclined to give applicants the benefit of the doubt and those hunting for a reason to deny. Many aren’t ideological at all, but are swayed by the preferences of their supervisors. “Everyone learns to write for the teacher,” one officer observed.

All this variability gives each USCIS office a distinct culture. It’s why lawyers regard the Vermont processing center as reasonably fair and efficient and the one in California as more of a crapshoot. You can sense these distinctions as an immigrant, even if you don’t understand them. You file one application and it goes through smoothly; then a subsequent one gets snagged on some unseen impediment. A new boss, maybe, or a big immigration controversy, or some directive that causes the culture within the agency to change.

A few months after Cissna was confirmed, in February 2018, he removed the phrase “nation of immigrants” from USCIS’s mission statement. Less noticed but more significant was his decision to strip references to “customer service” from internal manuals. Staffers knew exactly what this meant. USCIS started referring to applicants as “customers” during the Obama administration, and the change was detested by more skeptical employees, who preferred terms like “foreign nationals” or “aliens.” León Rodriguez, the agency’s director from 2014 to 2017, explained that the deletion of the word “customer” could reshape every aspect of an officer’s work: “It’s a statement that your performance will not be judged based on how you treat the people with whom you’re interacting. Your courtesy, transparency, care in explaining things, compassion. Over time that changes what people prioritize.”


The new priority was visa fraud. There had long been a subset of staffers, including upper-level employees, who were convinced that most immigrants were trying to cheat the system in some way. They were mostly kept at bay because the agency’s own statistics showed consistently low levels of fraud. Under Cissna, that all changed. “There was a sense of urgency across the agency that was palpable,” said Spaulding, who worked as an investigator for the fraud unit in Philadelphia from 2006 until 2019. He described the new mandate as: “Your job as adjudicator is to ferret out fraud. Good adjudicators find fraud. Bad ones don’t.” Adjudicators were also trained in more adversarial styles of interviewing, Spaulding said, “like a Customs and Border Protection officer.” (USCIS spokesperson Matthew Bourke said adjudicators regularly receive training to detect fraud but are not instructed to be adversarial.) Across the agency, there was a pronounced shift to what Rodriguez called a “law enforcement model—the sort of culture change very much driven from the top.”
Meanwhile, the political appointees under Cissna were churning out memos announcing administrative changes to visa processing that were devastating in their banality. “If you go through the statistics [for visa approvals] for the last decade, they were relatively consistent,” Spaulding said. “Then about two years ago, all hell broke loose.”

The first memo, issued in October 2017, eliminated something called “prior deference.” Previously, if a person had been greenlit multiple times for certain visas, the adjudications officer would check the circumstances that had changed since the last one. Now, every petition has to be reviewed as if the person was a first-time applicant—a vastly more time-consuming exercise. A former USCIS lawyer told me the memo was very much motivated by the new emphasis on fraud: Excavating old applications provided an opportunity to “get that gotcha moment.” Publicly, though, the agency couldn’t cite that as the justification, “because the stats didn’t back it up. So we had to say something else.”

The administration, Miller included, often insisted that its policies weren’t anti-immigrant, that it wanted to prioritize high-skilled workers over family-based migrants. And yet the changes coming out of USCIS seemed designed to make it difficult for those workers to come to the United States, too. Denials for first-time H1B applicants, who need a bachelor’s degree, jumped from 6 percent in the 2015 financial year to 32 percent in the first quarter of 2019. And even those numbers don’t tell the full story. An H1B visa typically lasts three years, but lawyers report a pattern of approvals for durations so short they are effectively useless—a week or even a day. In a hearing in D.C. district court, the judge asked the lawyer representing USCIS whether a one-day approval was “as good as a denial.” The government’s lawyer admitted: “There's little practical difference, I would agree with that.”


For immigrants trying to navigate the rapidly changing rules, everything just kept getting harder. The length of most forms has doubled or tripled or worse. Fees are going up for many visas. Under a new policy of mandatory in-person interviews for employment green cards, the average processing time has gone from around 10 months to more than two years in multiple cities. Yet another memo enabled the government to reject applications without giving the person a chance to correct errors, even incredibly trivial ones. ProPublica found a case that was rejected “because the seventh page, usually left blank, was not attached.” Another was denied “because it did not have a table of contents.” (USCIS has since said it does not intend to reject petitions for “innocent mistakes.”) Meanwhile, the agency has barricaded itself from communication. It is in the process of shuttering 16 of its 23 international offices. Where lawyers could once call or email the office that was handling a case, now they spend hours on hold in a Kafkaesque game of phone tag with a national customer service center. If they miss a return call, they have to start the inquiry from the beginning.

Inside USCIS, the new restrictions and requirements created a “pattern of chaos,” Spaulding said, as adjudicators struggled to “respond to what they think their superiors want.” For instance, the agency is issuing far more RFEs, or requests for additional evidence. ( 7 ) In the first quarter of 2019, the agency issued RFEs in 60 percent of H1B cases, compared to only 20 percent in 2016.“RFEs used to be common sense under Obama—if you can show the evidence, you get approval,” said Matt Cameron, a Boston lawyer who handles both employment and asylum cases. Now, they’re used as a stalling device. Lawyers are routinely asked for basic documents they’ve already submitted. One attorney was told to prove that the client’s mechanical engineering degree was relevant to his job as a mechanical engineer. Another was instructed to provide additional evidence that her client’s marriage was genuine. “I’m like, are you high?” the lawyer said. “Two people who have adopted a child together eight years ago have a fake marriage?”

More often, though, attorneys say they simply receive the same vague, boilerplate questions for multiple clients. For an officer behind on his caseload, Spaulding explained, an RFE is “one of the best ways to buy time.” While the applicant prepares a response, the case is no longer counted as open on the officer’s docket. By the end of 2018, USCIS’s total backlog of pending cases was a record 5.7 million.

Still, Stephen Miller wasn’t satisfied. He kept pushing Cissna to rush out the public charge regulation before it had been fully vetted. When word started to spread that Cissna could be forced out, restrictionist groups told reporters his ouster would be a “colossal mistake.” But it was too late. On May 24, Cissna resigned at Trump’s request in a Miller-driven purge that also claimed DHS Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen. (Cissna didn’t respond to requests for comment.) For the past two years, one USCIS career staffer recalled, she and her demoralized colleagues kept telling themselves that “it could be worse.” Then, in June, Ken Cuccinelli was named the agency’s acting director—“and it did get worse.”


LATE THIS SUMMER, KEN CUCCINELLI INSTALLED A lumpy human-sized replica of the Statue of Liberty in USCIS headquarters, by a window overlooking Massachusetts Avenue. It was a very on-brand bit of trolling: About two weeks earlier, he had finally announced the public charge regulation at a press conference at the White House. There, Cuccinelli suggested that the famous Emma Lazarus poem affixed to the Statue of Liberty (the real one) would be more accurate if it read: “Give me your tired and your poor who can stand on their own two feet and who will not become a public charge.” The poem, he added, was about “people coming from Europe.”

Cuccinelli is a very different political animal from Cissna, one far more suited to Trumpworld. One of his conditions for accepting the job, according to a source, was that a government car ferry him every day to Washington from his home an hour and a half away in rural Nokesville, Virginia. A conservative purist with a showman’s instinct, he tweets a lot, often about Immigrations and Customs Enforcement or CBP operations that seemed to excite him more than the work of his own agency. Some of the tweets are transparently bespoke for an audience of one. In September, he posted an image of a framed photograph of Trump next to a giant stack of paper, which was a new USCIS policy changing all uses of “foreign nationals” to “aliens.”


He also shares his boss’s impatience with the slow pace of policy-making. “It seems like everybody in government defers to DOJ,” Cuccinelli told Mark Krikorian at a recent panel discussion. “I don’t operate that way. Lawyers advise and they can deal with my decision as best they can. They may not be [happy].” A former DHS official who worked with Cissna told me Cuccinelli “respected what Cissna did. But where Cissna would have to get something to 98 percent to make him feel good, I think Ken Cuccinelli is much more of a 60 or 70 percent kind of guy.”

Some DHS leaders, though, felt Cuccinelli’s Trumpian pronouncements were getting in the way of Trump’s agenda. Exhibit A was the outrage provoked by his comments on the Statue of Liberty. “There was concern at DHS that you had an extremely complicated rule, the public charge, which deserved a full policy discussion,” said one former official. “It was fettered by this discussion of the poem, which bore no relevance to the issue.” Asked whether Cuccinelli had ignited the controversy by accident or on purpose, the official paused for an uncomfortably long time and finally said, dryly, “He thinks of himself as a very talented communicator.”

Out of all the administration’s immigration reforms, the public charge rule has been the most ambitious by far. In the past, the term was defined to mean anyone who was primarily dependent on government assistance. Restrictionists pointed out that only cash benefits were counted—excluding major entitlements like food stamps, Medicaid and housing subsidies. But the new definition is aggressively broad. Most new immigrants aren’t actually eligible for welfare. But the rule grants officers vast discretion to determine whether the applicant might become a public charge at any point in the future. They would be empowered to collect reams of personal financial information and reject any applicant whose income is lower than 250 percent of the poverty line, even if that person has a financial sponsor.

In essence, the rule would create a backdoor mechanism to alter the composition of immigrants to the United States. Low-income legal immigrants tend to be nonwhite, and they also tend to come here via family-based green cards. According to an analysis by the Migration Policy Institute, the new definition would potentially exclude more than half of all family-based green card applicants. That is, 71 percent of applicants from Central America, 69 percent from Africa, 52 percent from Asia—but only 36 percent from Europe, Canada and Oceania. The regulation, said Ur Jaddou, chief counsel of USCIS during the Obama administration, “fundamentally changes who gets to use our legal immigration system by race and class without an act of Congress.” (In October, a few days before the rule was due to go into effect, it was temporarily halted by three federal judges. The government is expected to appeal.)

Cuccinelli’s other priority was asylum, one of two major humanitarian categories of legal immigration. (The other is the refugee program, for people requesting protection while in a foreign country rather than at the U.S. border.) Miller had long been incensed that around 90 percent of people pass the “credible fear” screening—the initial interview that determines whether a claim will go before an immigration judge. People explained to him in meetings that the first hurdle was set intentionally low by Congress, to ensure asylum seekers get a fair hearing, and that only a minority (28 percent) eventually succeed. But Miller was convinced the screenings were an outrageous loophole and demanded they be made more restrictive. Cissna pointed out that the agency couldn’t change the requirements without breaking the law. At one meeting, when Miller kept hounding him about it, Cissna finally erupted. “Enough. Enough. Stand down!” he shouted, according to The New York Times. Cuccinelli had none of these qualms. On his second day on the job, according to Buzzfeed, he sent the division an email scolding officers for failing to prevent “frivolous” claims.


Within USCIS, asylum officers have always been a band apart. They work in a separate office from visa adjudicators and wear plain clothes, no badges. When the division was launched in the 1980s, it was something of a scandal to visa officers when it was staffed with human rights lawyers and refugee workers. Today, the asylum corps is especially resented by border patrol agents, a longtime officer said. “In their view, we’re a bunch of hippies letting in people they try to keep out.”

But there’s nothing hippie-ish about the work they do. Asylum officers go through hundreds of hours of rigorous training, learning to distinguish the person who has assumed a false identity because they’re fleeing a violent gang from the person assuming a false identity because they’re a member of that gang. Vetting an applicant can take anywhere between two and five years. “I have to make sure I’m not getting the wool pulled over my eyes by a war criminal,” the officer explained. Since Congress isn’t likely to overhaul the asylum criteria anytime soon, Cuccinelli set about changing the culture of the division itself. Under a DHS pilot program, around 60 border patrol officers are now conducting credible fear screenings. According to government data obtained by Buzzfeed, they have approved less than half of applicants so far. The agency is also hiring 500 new asylum officers, targeting people with law enforcement or military backgrounds, who, according to USCIS spokesperson Matthew Bourke, are “uniquely equipped to support the agency’s improved vetting procedures and fraud-detection efforts.” In a particularly unsubtle move, the division’s head, John Lafferty, was replaced by the director of the fraud unit.

When you put all of this together, it’s clear that the Trump administration has fundamentally altered the nature of humanitarian immigration to the United States—initiatives that are supported by both parties and have been an essential component of foreign policy since the end of World War II. In 2017, Gene Hamilton and Stephen Miller tag-teamed to reduce annual refugee admissions from 110,000 to 45,000. Since then, the number has been slashed to an all-time low of 18,000. In October, the administration started implementing a regulation ordering that asylum seekers be turned away from the southern border if they have passed through another country without seeking asylum there first. What this means, in practice, is that the only people able to seek asylum at the border are Mexican citizens.

And yet the restrictionists still aren’t satisfied. After all, the administration hasn’t come close to their goal of halving legal immigration. “Any real changes”—such as ending birthright citizenship or the visa lottery—“are the kind of thing Congress would have to approve,” said Krikorian. FAIR’s governmental relations director, RJ Hauman, told me Trump “botched” his first year with a flawed rollout of the travel ban on seven Muslim-majority countries. “It tainted everything,” he said, especially the president’s chances of getting more ambitious reforms through Congress.


In response, the administration is doing its utmost to appease its most hardcore supporters. For 13 years, FAIR has held an annual convention in Washington D.C. to connect conservative talk radio hosts and anti-immigration personalities. Under previous presidents, it was a niche affair, but this September’s event might as well have been sponsored by the Trump administration. FAIR flew in nearly 200 sheriffs, who received a briefing at the White House from Kellyanne Conway, as well as a photo op with Trump. Afterwards, they made their way back to the Phoenix Park Hotel, just around the corner from DHS. Some 70 radio hosts were crammed into a couple of conference rooms. “We’re in the heart of the swamp, up to our knees in muck,” FAIR’s communications director, Dave Ray, remarked to a talk show host named Tom Roten, who has blamed immigrants for his West Virginia county having “the highest concentration of HIV in the country, maybe even the world.” (This is not true.) Ray went on to discuss the “human carnage caused by criminal aliens and drugs;” at one point, Roten asked, “What if we cut the snake off at the head at the border?”

Cuccinelli spent an entire morning powering through eight back-to-back interviews, fueled by his usual cup of McDonalds sweet tea. He talked about family separation with Roten who complained that “the media only shows these kids crying.” Children were constantly crossing the border with different adults, pretending to be related, he stated. “You’re exactly right, Tom. They’re being recycled,” Cuccinelli agreed. (Greg Navano, ICE’s assistant director of investigative programs, said that among other methods, the agency sometimes conducts DNA tests of family units, and that around 15 percent of the tests uncovered an adult falsely claiming to be a child’s biological parent.)

In November, Cuccinelli was promoted to DHS deputy acting secretary. Kathy Nuebel Kovarik became acting deputy at USCIS and Robert Law, the former FAIR lobbyist, ascended to the head of the policy office. The agency has promised a new flurry of major policy changes before the end of the year. And in what is perhaps the purest expression of the administration's intentions so far, it started sending Central American asylum seekers to Guatemala with no access to an attorney, no review by an immigration court, far away from the border infrastructure of activists and reporters and lawyers or any form of help at all.


IT’S EASY ENOUGH TO BELIEVE THAT BECAUSE NONE of the Trump administration’s reforms are entrenched in law, they can be overturned as quickly as they were introduced. And yet even though, in theory, the policy memos can all be withdrawn, the “sheer number of both significant and less significant changes is overwhelming,” said Jaddou, the former USCIS chief counsel. “It will take an ambitious plan over a series of years to undo it all.” Formal regulations, like the third-country asylum rule and public charge rule, if it succeeds, will be especially hard to unravel.

The institutional implications run deeper. The backlog of delayed cases will likely take several years to get under control. The administration has promoted six judges with some of the highest asylum denial rates to the Justice Department’s immigration appeals court, including one who threatened to set a dog on a 2-year-old child for failing to be quiet in his courtroom. Those appointments are permanent.

The refugee program, too, will take years to rebuild. The plunge in admissions caused a plunge in funding to the nine resettlement agencies, which have closed more than 100 offices around the country since 2016. That’s a third of their capacity, according to a report by Refugees Council USA. “The whole infrastructure is deteriorating,” said Rodriguez, the former USCIS director. Because the application process is so lengthy, even if a new administration raises refugee admissions on day one, it would take as long as five years before increased numbers of people actually make it to the United States. Consider that in January 2017, the State Department briefly paused in-bound flights for refugees who had finally made it through the gauntlet of health, security and other checks. As of this summer, some of those refugees were still waiting to leave. While the flights were grounded, they missed the two-month window during which all of their documents were current. When one document expires, it can take months to replace, causing others to expire and trapping the refugee in what the report called “a domino effect of expiring validity periods.”

Even harder to repair is the culture shift within USCIS. New visa adjudicators will remain in their jobs long after the political appointees have gone—kings and queens of their own offices. Employees who were promoted for their skeptical inclinations will stay in those positions, setting priorities for subordinates. The multitude of changes at USCIS are the product of an administration that regards immigration as its political lifeblood. There’s no guarantee—or indication—that any of the potential Democratic nominees would apply the same obsessive zeal to overturning them.

Back in 1924, Johnson-Reed’s supporters never anticipated the Holocaust, and yet they expanded its horrors. We don’t know where our own future is headed, but we live in a time of metastasizing instability. Last year, the United Nations’ official tally of refugees passed 70 million, the highest since World War II. Mass migrations, whether because of violence or inequality or environmental calamity or some murky blend of factors that don't conveniently fit existing laws, are the reality and challenge of our era. There aren’t any easy solutions. But already, what started as a series of small, obscure administrative changes is resulting in unthinkable cruelty. If left to continue, it will, in every sense, redefine what it means to be American.


Repeal of public order laws 'a step forward' for women's rights in Sudan


The repeal of public order laws in Sudan has been welcomed by Amnesty International as a big step forward for women's rights in the country.

The Sudanese government is to to repeal the country's public order laws, which governed  – among other things – women's presence in public spaces.

Seif Magango, Amnesty International's Deputy Director for East Africa, said: "This is a big step forward for women's rights in Sudan. The repeal of the public order laws was long overdue. Many women were arbitrarily arrested, beaten and deprived of their rights to freedom of association and expression under this discriminatory law.

"The transitional government must now ensure that the entire oppressive public order regime is abolished. This includes repealing the articles dictating women's dress that are still in the criminal law, disbanding the public order police and courts, and abolishing flogging as a form of punishment."

The public order laws gave the public order police extensive powers to arrest any person, particularly targeting women for dancing at parties, selling goods on the streets, and begging.

Amnesty is calling on the Sudenese authorities to amend the criminal law of 1991 – especially Articles 77 and 78 governing consumption of and dealing with alcohol  – and Articles 145-158 governing so-called 'morality', including consensual sex, dress codes, and other matters concerning the conduct of individuals in private spaces.

Sudan must also ratify important instruments related to women's rights, including the Maputo Protocol governing the rights of women in Africa, and the UN Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, said Amnesty.

* Amnesty International



Zimbabweans pushed to the brink by drought and economic meltdown


Unlike previous crises, millions of urban dwellers are threatened along with the rural population.

Millions of people in Zimbabwe are on the brink of starvation as the southern African country struggles with relentless drought and the impact of cyclones, against a backdrop of years of economic decline.

“Within weeks the country may run out of maize, the staple food,” said Verity Johnson of CAFOD. “At best there will be further massive hikes in food prices for an already desperate population, who have seen the price of maize meal [flour] increase five-fold since the beginning of the year. There are severe bread shortages across the country. Where it can be found, a loaf of bread in Zimbabwe now costs up to fifteen times more than it did a year ago. In the struggle to feed their children, parents are going without themselves.”

People are also facing severe water shortages as dams and rivers dry up and urban supplies fail, exacerbated by lack of maintenance. Crippling power shortages are set to get worse, with the Kariba dam, the country’s main source of electricity generation, down to less than a fifth of capacity.

CAFOD is starting to receive worrying reports from volunteer health workers; one told us that he has noticed a number of breastfeeding mothers not able to feed their babies because they [the mothers] are malnourished, and not producing milk.

“People are already dying from poor nutrition and disease as health provision fails, but this could substantially increase”,  Ms Johnson added, warning of “a prevailing sense of despair”.

The UN warns that 7.7 million people, over half of Zimbabwe’s population, are short of food. This is more than anywhere else in the world, apart from the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and Yemen, all of which are conflict zones.

Unlike previous crises, millions of urban dwellers are threatened along with the rural population. Zimbabwe’s Christian church leaders have cited “systemic corruption, shortages of fuel, prices going out of control and collapse of the health sector” as characterising “the current deteriorating economic crisis”.

Neighbouring maize exporters such as South Africa and Zambia have suffered crop failures of their own, because of the impact of climate change in the region. According to the UN’s Inter Governmental Panel on Climate Change, Southern Africa is warming at about twice the global rate and is set to become drier with frequent droughts and increased number of heatwaves. This is a disastrous situation for Zimbabwe, where most of the rural population depend on rain-fed farming to live.

* CAFOD is the Catholic Agency for Overseas Development. It works with communities across Africa, Asia and Latin America to fight poverty and injustice. The agency works with people in need regardless of race, gender, religion or nationality



Deputy President David Mabuza Facilitates Intergovernmental Authority On Development Meeting in South Sudan

[Govt of SA] Deputy President David Mabuza has arrived in Juba, South Sudan at the invitation of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), to facilitate an important Meeting of Parties to the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan. The Consultative Meeting is on the contentious issue of the number of States and their boundaries.

Individual Consultancy Services to Edit Training Manuals for Training of Staff of State Revenue Authorities and State Revenue Authorities Board in South Sudan

UNDP: Individual Consultancy Services to Edit Training Manuals for Training of Staff of State Revenue Authorities and State Revenue Authorities Board in South Sudan in Home-Based. Closing date: 2019-12-02

SUDAN : GPB Global Resources taps into ASM mining network to unearth gold


UN Mission, community leaders, condemn South Sudan violence which left two dead at camp

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations. Community leaders issued an apology on Monday after rioting on 21 November by “drunken youth” within a UN Protection of Civilians site run by UNMISS in South Sudan, left two dead and eight UN personnel injured, including five police officers. Last Thursday’s clashes erupted […]

Human Rights Watch Urges the Human Rights Council to Renew and Strengthen Mandate of UN Commission

Human Rights Watch urges the Human Rights Council to renew and strengthen the mandate of the UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan and ensure it has enough resources to carry out its important mandate to collect and preserve evidence of serious human rights violations and identify those responsible.  This mandate is all the ... Read more

It’s Now Normal to Think Epstein Didn’t Kill Himself | Guest: Chad Prather | 11/26/19


The Democrats may have “cold feet” on impeachment, but we can all agree that Jeffrey Epstein’s death is at least SUSPICIOUS. A new poll shows Americans believe Epstein didn’t kill himself by a margin of 3 to 1! BlazeTV’s Chad Prather joins to discuss his newest special EXPOSING Jeffrey Epstein. At least Bernie is honest about his wealth tax – he’ll tax everyone making over $29,000 a year! Unrest is everywhere around the world, from Colombia to Iraq, Lebanon, and Sudan. And Rep. Maxine Waters believes Trump-supporting neurosurgeon Ben Carson “lacks intelligence.” Mark Cuban is buying web domains like “” so no one can use them politically. And CBS is turning Stacey Abrams’ romance novels into a TV series.


Afwerki, Hemetti Held Talks on Bilateral Relations, Sudan’s Peace Talks


BY SUDAN TRIBUNE Sudan’s Vice-Chairman of the Sovereign Council and head of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), Gen. Mohamed Hamdan Daglo “Hemetti”, was in Asmara on Sunday for talks with the Eritrean officials. The visit comes three days after statements by the Eritrean government accusing Qatar of carrying out subversive activities and using Sudan as…

The post Afwerki, Hemetti Held Talks on Bilateral Relations, Sudan’s Peace Talks appeared first on TesfaNews.


Eritrean Gov’t Accused Qatar of ‘Unbridled Acts of Hostility’


BY MINISTRY OF INFORMATION (PRESS RELEASE) As it will be recalled, the GOE had issued several statements in the past that elucidated Qatar’s deplorable schemes of subversion using the Sudan as a springboard. In this particular year in which the prospects of using the Sudan as a suitable venue for launching terrorist activities has become…

The post Eritrean Gov’t Accused Qatar of ‘Unbridled Acts of Hostility’ appeared first on TesfaNews.


Sudan’s Prime Minister Hamdok Arrives Asmara for One-Day Official Visit


BY TESFANEWS A high-level Sudanese delegation led by Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok arrived on Monday to Eritrea’s capital of Asmara for an official visit upon the invitation of President Isaias Afwerki. Upon arrival at the Asmara International Airport, the delegation was accorded warm welcome by HE Yemane Gebreab, Head of Political Affairs and Presidential Adviser.…

The post Sudan’s Prime Minister Hamdok Arrives Asmara for One-Day Official Visit appeared first on TesfaNews.


Combined analysis of ZAP-70 and CD38 expression in sudanese patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central Related Articles

Combined analysis of ZAP-70 and CD38 expression in sudanese patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

BMC Res Notes. 2019 May 23;12(1):282

Authors: Basabaeen AA, Abdelgader EA, BaHashwan OS, Babekir EA, Abdelateif NM, Bamusa SA, Abdelrahim SO, Altayeb OA, Fadul EA, Ibrahim IK

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ZAP-70 and CD38 expressions and their combined expressions in Sudanese B-CLL patients and their relationships with clinical and hematological characteristics as well as the disease staging at presentation.
RESULTS: In the present cross-sectional descriptive study, analysis of ZAP-70 expression showed that 36/110 (32.7%) patients positively expressed ZAP-70 and insignificant higher presentation in intermediate and at advanced stages as well as no correlation was seen with hematological parameters and clinical features compared with negatively ZAP-70, on the other hand, 41/110 (37.3%) were CD38+ and no significant correlation was shown with the stage at presentation, clinical characteristics (except Splenomegaly, P = 0.02) and hematological parameters. However, in combined expressions of both ZAP-70 and CD38 together, 20/110 (18.2%) were concordantly ZAP-70+/CD38+, 53/110 (48.2%) concordantly ZAP-70-/CD38- and 37/110 (33.6%) either ZAP-70+ or CD38+, and these three groups showed insignificant correlation with clinical (except Splenomegaly, P = 0.03) and hematological parameters, and the stage at presentation. Our data showed the combined analysis of these two markers, lead to classify our patients into three subgroups (either concordant positive, negative or discordant expressions) with statistically insignificant correlation with clinical presentation (except Splenomegaly), hematological parameters and stage at presentation of B-CLL patients.

PMID: 31122288 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Mostre, eventi e appuntamenti per il weekend nei Musei in Comune


Roma Capitale della cultura anche per questo weekend con un fitto calendario di incontri, eventi, mostre, attività. Eccone alcuni per il fine settimana di venerdì 22, sabato 23 e domenica 24 novembre.

I weekend della MIC

Per I weekend della MIC, sabato 23 novembre le sale dei Musei Capitolini accolgono il concerto Gloriose Note con la Cantoria della Scuola di Canto Corale del Teatro dell’Opera di Roma diretta da Giuseppe Sabbatini, dalle 20.00 alle 24.00 (ultimo ingresso alle 23.00) al costo di un euro o gratuito per i possessori della MIC card.

Durante l’evento sono previste visite guidate gratuite alla mostra Luca Signorelli e Roma. Oblio e riscoperte per gruppi di 25 persone e fino a esaurimento dei posti disponibili. L’appuntamento è all’ingresso della mostra e si possono scegliere diverse fasce orarie: 20.30, 21.00, 21.30, 22.00, 22.30, 23.00.

Sempre sabato 23 novembre, al Museo Napoleonico, le note della grande musica classica risuoneranno con il concerto gratuito Ritratto d’autore: Frederick Chopin.

Per i possessori della MIC card sono gratuiti, previa prenotazione allo 060608, i seguenti appuntamenti:
- Musei da toccare: venerdì 22 novembre Gli animali a portata di mano, alle 15.30 al Museo Civico di Zoologia; sabato 23 novembre La Centrale Montemartini: un incontro tra archeologia industriale e arte classica, alle 10.30 alla Centrale Montemartini. Inoltre, alle 15.30 di domenica 24 novembre Esplorazioni tattili all’Ara Pacis al Museo dell’Ara Pacis.
- Open day siti del territorio: sabato 23 novembre ore 9.00 – 13.00 visite a Porta Asinaria, Insula dell’Ara Coeli, Casina del Cardinal Bessarione; ore 14.00 – 18.00 visite a Auditorium di Mecenate, Colombario di Pomponio Hylas, Insula di San Paolo alla Regola. Domenica 24 novembre, ore 9.00 – 13.00, apertura del Ninfeo degli Annibaldi, Monte Testaccio, Mausoleo di Monte del Grano; ore 14.00 – 18.00 apertura del Sepolcro degli Scipioni, Ipogeo di Via Livenza, Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi.
- Archeologia in Comune: domenica 24 novembre alle 10.30 e alle 11.00 visita guidata a cura di Carla Termini al Sepolcro degli Scipioni.

Inoltre, per i possessori della MIC card è libero l’accesso ai Musei Civici e ai siti archeologici e storico-artistici della Sovrintendenza Capitolina. Sono inoltre incluse le visite e le attività didattiche effettuate dai funzionari della Sovrintendenza Capitolina che rientrano nel biglietto d’ingresso al museo. È previsto l’ingresso gratuito alla mostra Aquileia 2200, in corso al Museo dell’Ara Pacis, e con biglietto ridotto alla mostra Canova. Eterna bellezza al Museo di Roma. Non sono comprese nella gratuità le esperienze immersive e multimediali. La MIC, al costo di 5 euro, permette l’ingresso illimitato negli luoghi indicati per 12 mesi. Per informazioni www.museiincomuneroma.

Venerdì 22 novembre alle 16.30 e sabato 23 novembre alle 11.00 sono previste visite guidate alla mostra Canova. Eterna bellezza al Museo di Roma per ampliare la conoscenza di uno dei più importanti artisti dell’età moderna, mettendone in relazione l’opera con la Roma del suo tempo e, in particolare, con le vicende di costruzione di Palazzo Braschi e della famiglia committente.

Numerosi gli incontri per bambini e per le famiglie in programma sabato 23 e domenica 24 novembre in occasione della Giornata internazionale dei diritti dell'infanzia e dell'adolescenza 2019 (20 novembre 2019). Nei Musei Civici e sul territorio, attraverso vari giochi, i bambini vivono l’esperienza dell’arte da protagonisti. In gioco e in ascolto con loro ci sono gli adulti: genitori, familiari, curatori, cittadini, per cogliere le esigenze e pensare con gli occhi dei bambini ad un nuovo museo, di tutti e per tutti.
Ecco cosa prevede il programma sabato 23 novembre: la mattina alle 11.00 tre diversi appuntamenti, al Museo Civico di Zoologia Bambini e animali in città: diritti e doveri; al Museo Napoleonico Crea la tua mostra e al Museo di Casal de' Pazzi Elefanti contro Mammuth .
Alle 11.30 ai Mercati di Traiano Giochiamo nell’antica Roma. I giochi da strada della via Biberatica. Nel pomeriggio, alle 15.00, ai Fori Imperiali GiOchiamo insieme con gli imperatori al Gioco dell’Oca.
Nei giorni di sabato 23 e domenica 24 novembre, al Casino Nobile di Villa Torlonia, a partire dalle 9.00, Curatori per un giorno! Bambini e ragazzi riscrivono le didascalie del museo.
Domenica 24 novembre sono in programma due appuntamenti alle 10.30: alla Centrale Montemartini La Centrale Montemartini per i più piccoli. Giocando con la fantasia alla scoperta del mondo degli Dei e degli eroi; ai Musei Capitolini (Palazzo Nuovo, I piano)  Visitate il mio museo! .
Due incontri anche nel pomeriggio alle 16.00: al Museo della Repubblica Romana e della memoria garibaldina Io e Garibaldi. Giochi, esplorazioni e pensieri a tu per tu con la storia e al Museo Carlo Bilotti di Villa Borghese Dall’autoritratto al selfie: vivi l’arte da protagonista.

Sono due i laboratori in programma nel fine settimana: sabato 23 novembre alle 10.30 Impronte naturali di Luana Firmani si svolge alla Casina delle Civette di Villa Torlonia, coinvolgendo i partecipanti (sia adulti sia bambini dai 6 anni) nella decorazione di una mattonella di ceramica attraverso l’uso di fiori, foglie.
A pranzo nella Preistoria, al Museo di Casal de' Pazzi domenica 24 novembre alle 11.00, consiste invece in una visita e un laboratorio destinati ai bambini dai 6 agli 11 anni, un tuffo nella preistoria per capire la vita di milioni di anni fa, partendo dall’elemento più conosciuto: il cibo.

Appuntamenti sempre vari al Museo di Zoologia anche per questo fine settimana: sabato 23 novembre (15.30 – 17.30), con Scienza divertente "Vita al buio" gufi, civette, pipistrelli, ma anche falene, pesci e rane saranno i protagonisti di un evento dedicato agli stravaganti animali che popolano la notte e che abitano abissi marini, grotte e boschi, per osservare e conoscere le loro caratteristiche.
Domenica 24 novembre (15.30 – 18.30) si giocherà invece un’altra “partita” del Museo-game con i Predatori sottomarini. In questo nuovo viaggio si giocherà tra territori deserti e oscure grotte per far fronte a diversi imprevisti e cercare il miglior percorso per individuare le creature più temute della barriera corallina.
Dalla Terra all’Universo è in programma sabato 23 novembre, alle 11.00, 12.00, 16.30 e 17.30, e domenica 24 alle 11.00 con un percorso attraverso la storia delle osservazioni astronomiche, dagli antichi calendari ai potenti telescopi spaziali, fino alle conoscenze attuali sulla vita delle stelle, sulla natura dei pianeti e sull’espansione dell’universo.
Gli appuntamenti con il Dottor Stellarium sono previsti domenica 24: alle 12.00 con Vita da Stella con il Dottor Stellarium (per bambini) e alle 16.30 con Il Il Dottor Stellarium alla scoperta del Sole (per bambini). Alle 17.30 di domenica, Ecologia cosmica di Stefano Giovanardi propone una riflessione filosofica e scientifica sul ruolo dell’umanità rispetto al nostro pianeta.

Sabato 23 novembre alle 17.00 è prevista la visita con attore Un continuo battagliare con le parole. Moravia alla Casa Museo Alberto Moravia. Lo scrittore sarà riletto tra le pareti della sua casa con parole e pensieri rintracciati nei testi sull’arte, nelle lettere alla zia Amalia, tra le pagine dei lucidi reportage di viaggio. Letture che tornano ad animare le stanze della vita, scritte lì oppure nei molti altrove di una esistenza nomade e curiosa, oppure scritte da altri su di lui.

Alla Casina delle Civette di Villa Torlonia Musica e letture sabato 23 novembre alle 17.00 nell’incontro musicale con Amina Magi, voce recitante, Indiana Raffaelli al contrabbasso nell'ambito della mostra Maria Paola Ranfi. Gioiello intimo colloquio.
Musica anche domenica 24 novembre  alle 11.00 con Duo Corde InCanto Italian Arias & Spanish Songs: Silvia Mirarchi, soprano, Luca Rinaldo Villani, chitarra.

Ancora musica con Echi, concerto della Corale Po e Borgo Po di Torino diretta da Maria Silvia Merlini al Museo delle Mura, domenica 24 novembre alle 11.30. Il gruppo è costituito dai soci della Cooperativa di muto soccorso “Borgo Po e Decoratori”, fondata nel 1883 in uno dei borghi storici della città. La scelta del titolo ha un intento evocativo, suggerito dalla magia del luogo e dalla storia che lo ha abitato.

L’appuntamento "Nel mezzo del terror, credemmo all’avvenire". Mameli, di domenica 24 novembre alle 11.00 al Museo della Repubblica Romana e della memoria garibaldina, propone una visita guidata che ha per tema il coraggio delle generazioni che hanno dato la vita sul Gianicolo per fare l’Italia.  

Per gli appuntamenti di Archeologia in Comune, sabato 23 novembre alle 11.00 è in programma Ponte Nomentano e Mausoleo di Menenio Agrippa, una visita guidata a cura di Stefania Pergola con appuntamento in via Nomentana 414, davanti alla Trattoria Ponte Vecchio.

Forum Pass

Sempre in tema di archeologia, con il ticket FORUM PASS. Alla scoperta dei Fori si può accedere al percorso unificato dell’area archeologica Foro Romano-Palatino e Fori Imperiali, realizzato grazie all’intesa siglata dalla Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni culturali e dal Parco archeologico del Colosseo per conto di Roma Capitale e MIBACT.

L'Ara com'era

A partire dall’8 novembre e fino al 14 dicembre 2019, venerdì e sabato dalle 19.30 alle 23.00 (ultimo ingresso alle 22.00), è possibile ammirare L’Ara com’era attraverso un progetto multimediale che utilizza particolari visori in cui elementi virtuali ed elementi reali si fondono. I visitatori sono trasportati in una visita immersiva e multisensoriale all’altare voluto da Augusto per celebrare la pace da lui imposta in uno dei più vasti imperi mai esistiti. L’esperienza, tra riprese cinematografiche dal vivo, ricostruzioni in 3D e computer grafica, realtà virtuale e aumentata, della durata di circa 45 minuti, è disponibile in 5 lingue: italiano, inglese, francese, spagnolo e tedesco. I visori non sono utilizzabili al di sotto dei 13 anni. Info su

Circo Maximo Experience

Con il nuovo progetto in realtà aumentata e virtuale, Circo Maximo Experience, il pubblico può vedere per la prima volta il Circo Massimo, il più grande edificio per lo spettacolo dell’antichità e uno dei più grandi di tutti i tempi, in tutte le sue fasi storiche: dalla semplice e prima costruzione in legno ai fasti dell’età imperiale, dal medioevo fino alla seconda guerra mondiale. È sufficiente indossare gli appositi visori e seguire le varie tappe del percorso itinerante. Si tratta di un progetto all’avanguardia che utilizza tecnologie interattive di visualizzazione mai realizzate prima in un’area all’aperto di così ampie dimensioni. L’esperienza è fruibile dal martedì alla domenica, dalle 9.30 alle 16.30, con ingresso da viale Aventino, e dura circa 40 minuti. Ultimo ingresso ore 15.30. Per informazioni



Oltre al grande patrimonio di collezioni permanenti, nei Musei Civici della Capitale sono sempre numerose, varie e interessanti le mostre da visitare durante il weekend. Al Museo di Roma a Palazzo Braschi è in corso Canova. Eterna bellezza, esposizione incentrata sul legame tra Antonio Canova e la città di Roma con oltre 170 opere e prestigiosi prestiti da importanti Musei e collezioni italiane e straniere. Per tutto il mese di novembre, il sabato e la domenica, la grande mostra prolunga l’orario di apertura fino alle 22.00 (la biglietteria chiude alle 21.00). Per i possessori MIC card è previsto l’ingresso con biglietto ridotto.

Luca Signorelli e Roma. Oblio e riscoperte è la splendida esposizione ai Musei Capitolini, nelle sale di Palazzo Caffarelli, omaggio a uno dei più grandi protagonisti del Rinascimento italiano con una selezione di opere di grande prestigio provenienti da collezioni italiane e straniere. Negli ambienti al piano terra di Palazzo dei Conservatori continua L’Arte Ritrovata, un mosaico di testimonianze archeologiche e storico artistiche, dall’VIII secolo a.C. all’età moderna, altamente simbolico e rappresentativo della pluridecennale azione di salvaguardia operata dall’Arma dei Carabinieri.

Il Museo dell’Ara Pacis ospita la mostra Aquileia 2200, che ripercorre le “trasformazioni” della Città nei suoi momenti storicamente più significativi: l’antica città romana, l’Aquileia bizantina e medioevale, il Patriarcato e la Chiesa aquileiese fino al periodo in cui la città fu parte dell’Impero asburgico e, infine, agli anni della Prima Guerra Mondiale e del successivo dopoguerra.

Colori degli Etruschi. Tesori di terracotta alla Centrale Montemartini propone una straordinaria selezione di lastre parietali figurate e decorazioni architettoniche a stampo in terracotta policroma, provenienti dal territorio di Cerveteri (l’antica città di Caere), in parte inediteSono esposti reperti archeologici di fondamentale importanza per la storia della pittura etrusca, recentemente rientrati in Italia grazie a un’operazione di contrasto del traffico illegale. In corso anche 110 anni di luce. ACEA e ROMA, una mostra dedicata all’importante ricorrenza dei centodieci anni di vita e attività dell’azienda capitolina.

È aperta al pubblico da sabato 16 novembre ai Mercati di Traiano – Museo dei Fori Imperiali l’esposizione Giancarlo Sciannella - Scultore di archetipi. Articolata lungo la via Biberatica, la mostra documenta la produzione dell’artista dal 1980 al 2013 attraverso 12 opere scelte per aver più significativamente espresso il rapporto tra la scultura e lo spazio. Il progetto espositivo e le modalità di allestimento sono stati pensati proprio in funzione degli ambienti in cui le opere sono collocate, creando un percorso di forte suggestione.

Al Museo di Scultura Antica Giovanni Barracco è in corso Il Leone e la Montagna, una mostra sulla Missione Archeologica Italiana in Sudan, attiva da quasi cinquanta anni nel sito del Jebel Barkal, patrimonio mondiale Unesco.

Tre le esposizioni da visitare nei Musei di Villa Torlonia: al Casino Nobile in Rifrazioni dell’Antico l’opera di Sergio Monari incontra l’architettura e la collezione d’arte della famiglia Torlonia: un dialogo fra passato e presente che porta all’attenzione del pubblico l’attualità della mitologia greca. Alla Casina delle Civette, nel Giardino delle meraviglie. Opere dell’artista Garth Speight, lo spirito del Giardino della Casina si materializza in 50 dipinti in acrilico nei quali campeggia la Natura tra uccelli acquatici, ninfee, iris bianchi e blu, fiori di campo, boschi di betulle e crisantemi.Inoltre, l’antologica Gioiello intimo colloquio dell’artista Maria Paola Ranfi, orafa e scultrice, mostra una selezione di oltre 60 esemplari tra gioielli e sculture realizzati a cera persa in oro, bronzo, argento e con pietre preziose dai tagli rari e particolarissimi.

Al Museo di Roma in Trastevere sono presenti tre mostre: 1989: Rivoluzione di Velluto, incentrata su alcuni scatti iconici, eseguiti da quindici tra i migliori fotografi cechi, che documenta i momenti salienti della storia recente cecoslovacca, da quando ha avuto termine la quarantennale dittatura comunista. Inoltre, in Taccuini romani. Vedute di Diego Angeli - Visioni di Simona Filippini è in esposizione l’intera serie dei dipinti di Diego Angeliin un confronto fuori da schemi cronologici e linguistici con le immagini fotografiche scattate con la polaroid da Simona Filippini, nel corso di più di un decennio, tra Roma e le sue periferie. Infine, è in corso l’esposizione che presenta i progetti della vincitrice e delle finaliste di PHOTO IILA - XI edizione Premio IILA-FOTOGRAFIA.

Al Museo Carlo Bilotti di Villa Borghese, nella mostra Frank Holliday in Rome presenti 36 opere dipinte nello studio vicino a piazza Navona dove Holliday ha lavorato alacremente avendo come ispirazione le opere dei maestri della storia dell’arte.


Albums Of The Month: November 2019

A selection of the best albums from the penultimate month of the year...

Festive season is almost upon us, but before we start cranking up the Christmas mega-mix at the Clash office, and obsessing over 'end of year' lists (and this year, 'end of decade' lists), we've taken a look at the last month's album output. 

November has been a brilliant musical month, with represntation from the old guard as well as the avant garde, from guitars to rap and electronic. 

For Clash's verdict on the albums of the year, watch this space. For now, enjoy some of the best records November had to offer... 

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Michael Kiwanuka - Kiwanuka // Review

‘Kiwanuka’ is an inspired, groundbreaking piece of work, seeing British-Ugandan artist Michael Kiwanuka exploring and embracing who he is – a journey of both self-discovery and self-acceptance.

Narzra Ahmed

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Sudan Archives - Athena // Review

The album opens with the sound of strings being plucked before Sudan Archives' sleek vocals swoop in with:“When I was a little girl, I thought I could rule the world". When Sudan was a little girl she thought she could rule the world. Given the strength of ‘Athena’ it probably won’t be long before she is.

Nick Roseblade

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FKA twigs – Magdalene // Review

Almost every track on ‘Magdalene’ is built upwards from a simple piano line, hammering home the impression of someone delicately yet decisively knitting themselves back together after coming undone. After being trapped in a cocoon state depicted on the album’s cover, FKA twigs does not want to go back to being the avant-garde oddity she was before. Instead she has knitted her own wings, tentatively fluttering into a future of infinite possibilities. 

Josh Gray

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Underworld - DRIFT Series 1 // Review

'DRIFT' is a testament to the possibilities opened up by the digital landscape: direct-to-fan engagement, exclusive downloads and ticket pre-sales, the works. By taking all these ideas and running with them, Underworld has rushed in where most artists fear to tread. “Did any of us ever seriously think there wouldn’t be a DRIFT Series 2…?” Karl Hyde asked online last year. We are ready to go. Just say the word.

Eero Holi

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Giant Swan - Giant Swan // Review

This is an album for anyone who thought that Blanck Mass had gone soft and poppy. For anyone who thinks that Lightning Bolt has lost their touch and anyone who has ever wanted a group to push things as far as they logically can. Giant Swan have done this, without the music being jeopardised.

Nick Roseblade

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Moor Mother - Analog Fluids Of Sonic Black Holes // Review

“We’re here protesting and sharing stories, but when everything else is so loud, how do you penetrate through?” This is how Philadelphia artist Camae Ayewa - or Moor Mother as you’ll most likely know her - broke down the title of her new record earlier this year, as well as the context from which it arises. It's one of terror, suffocation, and the sense of screaming in a liquid vacuum. Above all, however, the record is the most realised and singularly minded vision yet from the Moor Mother project, a documentation of venomous rage, yes, but also one in search of a means of escape, one found through the redemptive power of community.

Eden Tizard 

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Lil Peep - Everybody's Everything // Review

Just two years since his death, 'Everybody’s Everything' is a well-rounded tribute showcasing every aspect of Lil Peep. Not only highlighting an upsetting loss in the music industry but setting the bar for emo-trap; a sound that can often come across as gimmicky, this album exceeds our expectations and is a righteous example of Lil Peep’s art.  ]

Laviea Thomas

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Leonard Cohen - Thanks For The Dance // Review

For this project Ben Cohen has taken the vocal outtakes and sketches and has crafted wonderfully rich and vibrant music around them. Is it what Leonard would have wanted? We’ll never know, but it doesn’t sound out of place in his rich canon of work, and fans will revel in another chance to lap up his wisdom. The album closes with the words: “Listen to the hummingbird, Whose wings you cannot see. Listen to the hummingbird, Don't listen to me”. I’m afraid this once we should ignore Cohen’s advice and soak in the resonance of his thick husky vocals just a few more times.

Nick Roseblade

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Girl Ray - Girl // Review

On their sophomore record 'Girl', Girl Ray sound like a keyboard is flowing in their veins instead of blood. Dripping synth notes and belting electronic tones paint the album with a rainbow glitterball brush, and it’s a sound that works with the trio’s evolution perfectly.

Erin Bashford

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Beck – Hyperspace // Review

A glittering, multi-sensory synth-pop record that compels you to let yourself be transported through cosmic dimensions and the rich, textured under-layers of Beck’s creative psyche.

Sarah Bradbury

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Join us on the ad-free creative social network Vero, as we get under the skin of global cultural happenings. Follow Clash Magazine as we skip merrily between clubs, concerts, interviews and photo shoots. Get backstage sneak peeks, exclusive content and access to Clash Live events and a true view into our world as the fun and games unfold.


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