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[横浜リラプラス]写メ日記[泉 れみさん]   

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おはようございます


毎日のニュースでどんよりしちゃうけど、
何とか今の大変な時期を乗り超えて普通の楽しい生活に戻りたいですね;;(∩´~`∩);;

今日もお待ちしてます!




昨日は会いに来てくれてありがとうございました〜!3日前から予約してくれて、会えるの楽しみにしてたよ〜ᕱ⑅ᕱハート
お誕生日おめでとう〜!お菓子食べてね!
溶けてた??笑  お部屋最初から最後まで暑かったもんね( ˊᵕˋ ;)汗換気大事!
カヌレ人生で初めて食べた!ほかの女の子がカヌレ食べてて気になってたんだ〜そしたら同じお店のカヌレを買ってきてくれて、、、エスパー???ほかのご飯も美味しかった〜!今回も安定に餌付けされた(∩´~`∩)ごちそうさまでした!
ツインテ気に入ってくれてよかった!いつも楽しい時間をありがとう〜!2人とも寝なくてえらい!
また会いに来てね〜♡


昨日はご予約ありがとうございました!
ニット帽似合ってたよ!いつもと違うコートも新鮮だった!
初めての洗体だったね〜!おすすめ聞いてくれてありがとう!ずっと笑ってたねw
延長嬉しかったよ〜!!
ネイルとかメイクとかアニメとか、お話楽しかったね〜!リボーンの歌今度歌おうね!私ベルフェゴールのキャラソン好きなの(*ノωノ)CDも持ってるよ!
傘の話私感動しちゃった、優しいね( ¨̮ )♡
足ツボと肩もみもありがとう!次会えるのはいつかな??楽しみにしてます♡ 
          

[横浜リラプラス]写メ日記[字乃 るかさん]   

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ε(  c ´ω`|字乃るかです♪  | ´ω`っ  )3

おはようございます♪♪
昨日は雪でごきげんアザラシ(*´ω`)ニッコリ
興奮して一睡もできなかった、、、笑
一緒にモチモチしたい人おーーーいで♪
寒いからぎゅってあったまろ?

 
          

[横浜リラプラス]写メ日記[山口 静香さん]   

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リラプラス出勤しました。月曜日スタート!頑張っていきましょう

31アイス食べたい〜。幸せ過ぎるあの美味しさ♡今カズチーって食べ物気になる…食べてみたい

昨日のお礼
ご予約延長ありがとうございました。若いのに山口さんありがとうございました。
また来たいだなんて♡可愛い子ちゃん
またね^ - ^


久しぶりのイケメンちゃん
いつも誰か連れてきてくれたり愛情ありがとう〜。うちら2人でテンパる^ - ^
システム忘れたって笑。可愛い♡
いつも、一筋 相変わらずの愛情ありがとうございます。しかし、暴露話衝撃
またきてね


久しぶりのお酒さん
相変わらずの説得力1000%わがままありがとう〜、初体験。言ってみた
お仕事頑張ってね
うちらで愛護団体を作りますかね^ - ^
元気になりました。そして、大好きなナッツゥ〜ありがとうございました
またね 
          

[横浜リラプラス]写メ日記[麻生 佳奈さん]   

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こんにちは!


麻生です♪

昨日は外みたら雪が降っててびっくりしました
あと少しで4月になるのに…



今日も出勤していますのでよろしくお願いします 
          

Kamata Prelude (Japan, 2020) [OAFF 2020]   

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Receiving its world premiere as the closing film of the Osaka Asian Film Festival 2020, Kamata Prelude is an omnibus movie split between four different directors with four distinct styles. Each director is part of […]
          

ルナのひらめき 4月の星模様「地の世界から風の世界へ」星座別メッセージ。   

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ご訪問頂きまして有難うございます。 

阪・淀屋橋1分☆ 隠れ家占いサロン。

    

30代以上 大人のお悩みを専門にしております。 

西洋占星術 タロット占い師「サロンド麗明」のルナ麗明です。

20200324_104846.jpg

◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆ ◆◇◆◇◇◆◇◆◇    
            
 
ロットカード教室・西洋占星術教室 ご案内は    
          HPをご覧くださいませ。  
           
  https://God.blue/forward.php?url=http://www.uranai-osaka.com/                                          
      電話鑑定のご要望、また男性の方は直接お問い合わせ下さいませ。  
   

 
        
                 06-6232-3521    
 ◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇ ◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇ 


毎年3月上旬に確定申告と人間ドックと

乳がん・子宮がん検診が終えて

ようやくホッとして春が来たこと感じます。


大阪城を見渡せる最上階レストランで

もれなくドックについてくる


洋風のお食事を頂きました音譜(洋風でもご飯派おにぎり

去年よりグレードアップしちょります!ナイフとフォーク

20200324_105230.jpg


今日のひらめき

「4月の星模様。

 地の世界から風の世界へ・星座別メッセージ」


エネルギーの方向や行動力を司る「火星」が

3月31日に山羊座から水瓶座に移行し


人の楽しみや愛情表現や美を司る「金星」が

4月4日から8月8日まで双子座に滞在し


継続・責任・試練・課題などを司る「土星」も

今月22日から6月末まで水瓶座に滞在します。


これまでは山羊座という「地」の星座に

多くの星が集合していた影響で


固め重めの雰囲気に包まれ

現実的な行動が求められていましたが


4月からは水瓶座と双子座という「風」の星座に

星が移動することから今までよりも

柔軟に軽やかな「動き」が出てくると思います。


「風」の星座が司ることは契約・交渉事 

一人一人の考えや意見・言葉・信念・理念


知識・知性・会話・愛のある表現などで

TPOに合わせた有意義な会話が求められていくでしょう。


例えば自分のやっている事への信念や価値観

人に振りまわされない自分の意見を持つこと。


そんな会話を通して人との関係や

信頼が熱を帯びてくるだろうと思います。


また恋愛・パートナーシップ・仲間においても

楽しい会話や意見交換などが

関係性を豊かに密にしてくれますし


本来、双子座に滞在する金星は

移動や旅行もおススメしたい所なのですが


このご時世それは少々ままならない為

せめてコミュニケーションや愛の囁きドキドキ


面倒くさがらず、ヘンに遠慮したりせず

SNSや電話を通して素直に甘えたり


相談したり助け合ったりして

意思疎通を図ることが大切になると思います。



それでは星座別一言メッセージ♪



牡羊座   仲間の中の自分と違うタイプの人が頼りになる。人生の大きな

        目標があるなら戦略と戦術が必要で仲間が相談役に。



牡牛座   「今の自分には無理」と思えるチャンスが巡ってきたら勝負に

        出る・不当に押さえつける権力への反抗は勝利をもたらす時



双子座   時間をかけて更に学びたい意欲や向上心が高まり世界や知識を

        広げる時・人の輪が拡大しそれが意欲に火をつけます。



蟹座    他者に対しての緊張感や距離感から解放され近くに感じる時・

       大きなお金の動きとお金以上に大切なものに気づく時・心の声。



獅子座   対人関係に熱がこもります。衝突や摩擦があっても相手の誇りを 

        尊重し正面から向き合う事で吉に転じます。交友関係が大きな

        輪になる時。



乙女座   自分でルールとやり方を決め自ら実行する時・緻密な本質を

        生かすことが鍵・障害物が消えノビノビと自己表現する時。



天秤座   「もっとやれる」と言う無意識の力に突き動かされ個性の殻を

        破る時・一貫性のある愛と誠実な意思表示が注目と評価を得る



さそり座   年明けから安定しなかったことの地固めを始めたり根を下ろす

        居場所や仲間を定めるような時・様々な流れが整う・愛あるギフト



射手座   純粋な興味や好奇心が長期に及ぶ学びのテーマと行くべき場所

       に導く時。仲間に頼り身内から頼られることで愛と信頼を得る。



山羊座  理不尽な重責やストレスから解放され居心地よい人と過ごせる時・ 

      長期的により多くを得る為の経済的戦略のスタート・愛の季節到来。



水瓶座   自分の中に眠っていた潜在的「強さ」に気づき自分で分を超え

       ていく時・会話が活発になり愛や交流が華やかに・住環境に新しい

        変化や改善。



魚座   白か黒かどちらが正しいかではなく「周りが納得できる」第三の道が

      創造できる時・過去の中で蘇えったあなたの物語は未来の物語の

      導きと合図。



追記; お客様のお話を伺ったり周りの様子を見たり

     世の中の状況を鑑みてお伝えすることにしました。


     只今、山羊座の火星と冥王星が接近しているせいで

     エネルギーが異常に高ぶりやすくなっていて


     瞬間湯沸かし器的に怒りが爆発したり

     言い過ぎ・やりすぎ、限度を超えた行動

     過度な自己表現をしやすくなるかもしれません。



     もちろん、毒吐き・弱音・愚痴などは

     場所と相手を選べばオッケーです(笑)

 

     どうぞ週末~月末は客観的視野に立ち

     安全に冷静にお過ごしくださいませ♡


          

クリスタルビジューピアス【ニッケルフリー】   

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本日も沢山のお子様達がママと来院予定です^_^
楽しみにお待ちしております❣️

受付スタッフ
----------------------  



ポート・カイロプラクティックセンター

公式ホームページ
https://God.blue/forward.php?url=http://portchiro.jp/


  尾道市高須町4778-2 
TEL:0848-38-1618 


診察時間 AM9:00~13:00 PM14:30~20:00





休診日(日) 


お子様のお預りはご予約制です (9:00~13:00までとさせて頂きます)


 腰痛・肩こり・頭痛・骨盤矯正・お体のお悩みなど尾道・松永・三原・福山で整体をお探しの方はご相談ください。 福山・三原・尾道で唯一の国際基準のカイロプラクティック




          

春から始める風水習慣⑤♪   

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こんにちは、
 
南大阪/堺市/中百舌鳥在住

中野眞由美です。

 

整理収納×風水で

自分に合った『風水環境』を作ることで、

自宅で簡単な運気UP♪

 

 

 

春からはじめる風水習慣!

(3月25日~31日まで配信します。)

 

 


 

 

コロナの影響で、

が下がってる方多いですね。

 

 

気分がすぐれない。

やる気がでない。
元気がでない。
 
 
人はじっとしてると
気が下がりやすくなります。
 
こんな時こそ、

春からはじめる風水習慣!

 

(3月25日~31日まで配信します。)

 

 

運気アップ⤴️元気アップ⤴️

 

image


新しい事を始める

 

 

春・・と言えば、入学式、新学期、確かに新しい行事をここに持ってきていますよね。

 

 

 

新しい環境でスタートを切る人も多い時期ですね。

 

 

 

 

この時期、

 

特に新しいことをする予定のない人も、

ちょっとしたことでもいいので、なにか新しいことを取り入れてみませんか?

 

 

 

早起きの習慣、朝の散歩、

 

運動を始める、新しい人の輪に入ってみる乙女のトキメキ



新しい勉強、習い事をスタートする時期

 

 

 スタート運に満ちている春は、

 

「そろそろ何かはじめてみようかな」と思いはじめるだけでも、自己成長に向けたチャンスですね。

 

 

 

開運アップに実践してみて下さい😊

 

 

ラインを始めました♪

 
ラインのお友達追加で、
お得なキャンペーン情報を
配信します😊
 

 

風水、整理ご相談・アロマの開運アドバイスは

 


          

82位:WAX(ワックス) / THE HARD MAN(ザハードマン) / ジャケット アウター / SHORT FATIGUE JACKET - KHAKI / WX-0080 / メンズ THM 【t79】   

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82位:WAX(ワックス) / THE HARD MAN(ザハードマン) / ジャケット アウター / SHORT FATIGUE JACKET - KHAKI / WX-0080 / メンズ THM 【t79】
価格:¥17600

          

90位:サバトサーティーン SABBAT13 WITLESS SHIRTS(グリーン 緑 GREEN)サバトサーティーンチェックシャツ SABBAT13チェックシャツ 長袖シャツ   

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90位:サバトサーティーン SABBAT13 WITLESS SHIRTS(グリーン 緑 GREEN)サバトサーティーンチェックシャツ SABBAT13チェックシャツ 長袖シャツ
価格:¥16280

          

100位:パンクドランカーズ PUNK DRUNKERS チェックx2七分袖シャツ(ネイビー NAVY)パンクドランカーズチェックシャツ PUNK DRUNKERSチェックシャツ パンクドランカーズ七分袖シャツ PUNK DRUNKERS七分袖シャツ PDS   

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100位:パンクドランカーズ PUNK DRUNKERS チェックx2七分袖シャツ(ネイビー NAVY)パンクドランカーズチェックシャツ PUNK DRUNKERSチェックシャツ パンクドランカーズ七分袖シャツ PUNK DRUNKERS七分袖シャツ PDS
価格:¥15070

          

【悲報】東京都さん、明らかにコロナ陽性率がおかしい・・・・   

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1: 名無しのニュー速クオリティさん 2020/03/29(日) 02:00:48 3/26 東京都 陽性47名(検査数87件)→54% 大阪府 陽性7名(検査数138件)→5% 愛知県 陽性3名(検査数178件)→2% https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://stopcovid19.metro.tokyo.lg.jp/ https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://covid19-osaka.info/ https:...
          

Coronavirus pandemic fuels trend toward smaller funerals in Japan   

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From dispatching Buddhist monks to connecting grieving families with affordable funeral homes, Osaka-based end-of-life startup Uniquest Inc. is among the many firms that have been ...
          

便利な多機能ボディバッグ   

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こんにちはニコニコ

rsc tokyo スタッフのYUYAです!

今朝は雪が凄くでビックリ雪の結晶

1時間近く電車に乗って出勤しているのですが
電車の乗客数はいつもより少ない中、マスクしている人も6〜7割とそこまで多くない。。

自分は大丈夫と思いっているのか、マスクが手に入らないのか…もやもや

仮に本人は大丈夫だとしても他の人に移さない為にもマスクは必要ですね!


本日ご紹介するのはボディバッグ!



¥3,000(+tax)

新色のブラウンが追加されて2色展開です!

今日の雪だったり、明日からの1週間は天気が崩れる予報です傘

傘をさしたりする際はバッグは邪魔になってしまったり
リュックを背負っていると濡れてしまう事も多々ありますアセアセ

最低限の物しか持って行かないのに、バッグやリュックだとスペースを取りすぎて公共機関で気になったりと…


そこで、ボディバッグは必要最低限な物を入れられて、手も開きますキラキラ

スマホ、お財布、鍵、モバイルバッテリー、手帳、ペッドボトルなどなど…
最低限と言っても結構入ります!


裏面はメッシュなので擦れたり、蒸れを防ぎます!!


長さも簡単に調節でき
取り外しもワンタッチ!


シンプルに斜め掛けでの使用もできるし

その日の気分や用事、コーデに合わせて
ウエストポーチとしても使用できます!


定番LOGOが刺繍でワンポイントなので
どんな服装でも自然です!

とっても便利なので1つ持っていて損はないですよー!


rscproducts公式アカウント

 




rscproducts公式オンラインショップ

https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://shop-rscproducts.com

 

 

rscproducts tokyo 

101-0061

東京都千代田区神田三崎町3-3-25 第1鈴木ビル2F

 TEL03-6256-8395 FAX03-6256-8396

アクセス : JR「水道橋駅」西口から徒歩3分

営業時間 (月~日) 12:00~19:00(不定休)

twitter

instagram

 

rscproducts osaka 

541-0059

大阪市中央区博労町4-6-17第三丸米ビル501号 

TEL & FAX 06-6245-0560

アクセス : 地下鉄「四ツ橋駅」「心斎橋駅」「本町駅」から徒歩5分 

営業時間 

月火水木日12:00~17:00

金土14:00~19:00

 

twitter 

instagram






          

スポーツにもストリートにも欠かせない定番スウェット!   

Cache   
こんにちは、rsc products tokyoです。


明日はなんと関東は大雪の恐れがあるとの事…

急激に寒くなると思われますので、皆さまお身体にはお気をつけてください。


気温もまだまだ変動がある今はやはりSWEATが手放せません。


大人気定番ロゴのプルオーバーに新色も加わり、さらにカラバリ豊富になりました。


 LOGO SWEAT プルオーバー
¥6,500(+tax)

裏パイルを使用しているので肌触り、着心地も抜群。
男女問わずきこなせるカラーなのでペアルックにもおすすめです。






LINE LOGO neon SWEAT 
ジップパーカー¥8,000(+tax)
パンツ¥7,000(+tax)


可愛いネオンカラーとブラックの組み合わせが特徴。
こちらのセットアップはなんと裏起毛素材を使用なのでとてもあったかく長く使えます。

表面はコットン100%なので毛玉が付きにくく、お洗濯もご心配無用。

どちらも一枚は持っていただきたいおすすめ商品です。

店頭又はオンラインショップにて是非お買い求め下さい。




新型コロナウイルス対策による
rscproducts tokyo
営業日等変更のお知らせ
 [営業日]
3月27日(金)-29日(日)
 [営業時間]
12時ー19時

臨時休業中のご購入等は、公式通販サイトのご利用もご検討ください。


ご迷惑をおかけいたしますが、何卒ご理解賜りますようお願い申しあげます。


rscproducts公式アカウント

 




rscproducts公式オンラインショップ

https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://shop-rscproducts.com

 

 

rscproducts tokyo 

101-0061

東京都千代田区神田三崎町3-3-25 第1鈴木ビル2F

 TEL03-6256-8395 FAX03-6256-8396

アクセス : JR「水道橋駅」西口から徒歩3分

営業時間 (月~日) 12:00~19:00(不定休)

twitter

instagram

 

rscproducts osaka 

541-0059

大阪市中央区博労町4-6-17第三丸米ビル501号 

TEL & FAX 06-6245-0560

アクセス : 地下鉄「四ツ橋駅」「心斎橋駅」「本町駅」から徒歩5分 

営業時間 

月火水木日12:00~17:00

金土14:00~19:00

 

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100位:大阪京菓 ZRx日清シスコ 160G スイーツミーツグラノーラ濃厚ショコラ【ショコラ】×48個 +税 【xw】【送料無料(北海道・沖縄は別途送料)】   

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100位:大阪京菓 ZRx日清シスコ 160G スイーツミーツグラノーラ濃厚ショコラ【ショコラ】×48個 +税 【xw】【送料無料(北海道・沖縄は別途送料)】
価格:¥14925

          

Tiek ieviesti stingrāki personu fiziskās distancēšanās noteikumi COVID-19 izplatīšanās ierobežošanai   

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29.03.2020
Valsts kanceleja

Lai mazinātu riskus Covid-19 tālākai izplatībai Latvijas iedzīvotāju vidū, atbilstoši epidemioloģiskajai situācijai, valdība ir pieņēmusi stingrākus noteikumus cilvēku pulcēšanās ierobežošanai privātos un publiskos pasākumos un citus ierobežojumus. Fiziskās kontaktēšanās ierobežojumi attiecas uz publiskām norisēm iekštelpās un ārtelpās un nosaka divu cilvēku un divu metru distances ievērošanas noteikumus.  

Ārkārtējās situācijas laikā tiek aizliegti jebkādi privāti pasākumi, izņemot bēru ceremoniju noturēšanu ārtelpās, ja tiek ievērota savstarpējā divu metru distance starp personām un citi epidemioloģiskās drošības noteikumi.

Tiek samazināts kultūras, izklaides, ārpustelpu sporta un citu atpūtas vietu darba laiks no pulksten 8.00 līdz 22.00.

Kā līdz šim, ir aizliegti jebkādi publiski pasākumi, kā arī sapulces, gājieni un piketi. Tāpat ir aizliegta sporta norišu darbība telpās, kā arī reliģiskās darbības, kas veicamas pulcējoties.

Savukārt publiskās vietās ir noteikti vairāki jauni ierobežojumi, kas nosaka personu atrašanos vienuviet. Visās publiskās vietās – iekštelpās, ārtelpās un koplietošanas telpās ir jāievēro savstarpēja divu metru distance, kā arī citi noteiktie fiziskās distancēšanās un epidemioloģiskās drošības pasākumi.

Neievērojot divu metru distanci, vienlaicīgi pulcēties publiskās iekštelpās un publiskās ārtelpās drīkst ne vairāk kā divas personas. Izņēmums ir personas, kas dzīvo vienā mājsaimniecībā vai arī vecāks un to nepilngadīgie bērni gadījumos, ja tie nedzīvo vienā mājsaimniecībā. Vairāk nekā divas personas drīkst pulcēties arī gadījumos, kad tiek veikti darba vai dienesta pienākumi.

Tirdzniecības vietās un sabiedriskās ēdināšanas vietās varēs atrasties tāds personu skaits, kas tiks noteikts ar ekonomikas ministra rīkojumu, nodrošinot divu metru savstarpēju distanci un citus epidemioloģiskās drošības pasākumus. Vienlaikus valdība uzdeva ekonomikas ministram noteikt personu skaitu, kas vienlaicīgi var atrasties tirdzniecības vietā un sabiedriskās ēdināšanas vietā.

Papildus ir noteikts, ka brīvdienās un svētku dienās visos tirdzniecības centros, nodrošinot fiziskās distancēšanās pasākumus, darbosies arī preses tirdzniecības vietas, vakcinācijas kabineti un ķīmiskās tīrītavas.

Turpmāk ar zāļu, medicīnisko ierīču, individuālo aizsardzības līdzekļu un dezinfekcijas līdzekļu piegādēm primāri būs jānodrošina valsts vajadzības.

Aizsardzības ministrs turpmāk lems par Nacionālo bruņoto spēku atbalsta sniegšanu Valsts robežsardzei un Valsts policijai, kā arī civilās aizsardzības sistēmai, izvērtējot iestādes izteiktā pieprasījuma ietekmi uz Nacionālo bruņoto spēku tiešo uzdevumu izpildi.

Lai veiktu epidemioloģisko izmeklēšanu un pārliecinātos par personas sniegto informāciju par pārvietošanas patiesumu, Valsts policija pēc Slimību profilakses un kontroles centra pieprasījuma varēs pieprasīt informāciju elektronisko sakaru komersantiem par konkrētām personām, kurām var būt noteikts inficēto vai kontaktpersonu statuss.

Personām būs pienākums pēc darba devēja pieprasījuma sniegt informāciju darba devējam par savu veselības stāvokli, ciktāl tam ir būtiska nozīme paredzētā darba veikšanā.

Darba devējs ārkārtējās situācijas laikā būs tiesīgs nodarbināt personu bez obligātās veselības pārbaudes veikšanas gadījumos, ja būs pārtraukta veselības aprūpes pakalpojumu sniegšana, kas nepieciešama obligātās veselības pārbaudes veikšanai. Tas neattieksies uz personām, kuras ir nodarbinātas bīstamos darbos, kur pastāv augsts nelaimes gadījumu risks pašam nodarbinātajam vai apkārtējiem.

29. marta grozījumi Ministru kabineta 2020. gada 12. marta rīkojumā Nr. 103 "Par ārkārtējās situācijas izsludināšanu" pieejami šeit: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://www.vestnesis.lv/op/2020/62D.1 .


          

スケール大きめ。   

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塗られてもな。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6449

 

かかとが雪景色だったぜ

ありがとう。

 

 

 

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ずっと前に塗ってくれたアレ。

「至れり尽くせり。」

 

 

 

 

 

☆更新しました!☆

 

ブログの更新サボってる間に

こちらは2本更新してるさ!

 

KIDSNA

第99話 姉弟愛。

 

 

 

ウーマンエキサイト

第72話 お小遣い。

 

 

 

よろしくどうぞ!

 

 

 

 

 

■□■□■□■□■□■□■□■

 
 

 

 

instagramはじめました
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フォローやいいね!ありがとう♡
 

 

◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇◆◇

あら!はじめまして!

さぁまずは

どうぞこちらへ。

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!メッセージの返信をお休みしております!
ごめんなさい…!
いつも嬉しいメッセージありがとう!ハート
 

 

 

★好評発売中★

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4816

★LINEスタンプ第2弾★

 

 

 

★KIDSNA-キズナ-で連載中★

隔週金曜更新!

 
 

 

★ウーマンエキサイトで連載中★

毎月更新!

 

 

 

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読んでくれてありがとう!
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ママトリエさん雑誌掲載写真撮影お伺いしました(大阪京都出張撮影バースフォト)   

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こんにちは
 

出張撮影 birthphoto (バースフォト) 中なみこです

 

家族写真ってただの思い出・記念だけではなく、

子どもの自己肯定感を育てたり、しつけにまで影響を与えてくれるものなんですよ。


皆さんは、自分の家に家族写真は飾ってありますか?
 
家族の絆はお子さまの心の土台となるんですよ。

 

 

birth photoのお写真は、今も・未来も。

お子さまの心へ向け、ご家族の愛情をつなぎ

 幸せを感じながら成長できるように、1枚1枚大切に切り取っています。
 

 
 
北摂ママ情報紙
ママトリエ の美ママ特集に掲載💕


pupaさん❇


いつ会っても、いつ寝てるの?って聞いちゃうぐらいパワフルな子どもたちとアクティブにお出かけしてるのに、育児グッズの布小物作成販売も、大人気で大忙しな大人気作家さん😊



雑誌掲載写真撮影させていただきました💕



どんな感じがいいかなあってブランデイングする時間から楽しかった!



北摂ママさん手にとってくださいね🎵

 
 
 
 
 
 

大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,

 
大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,
 

 
大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,
 
 
 
pupaさんオリジナルエプロンset😊

#入学準備 にもかわいいなあ✨ #男の子 の物ってかわいいの皆無でテンション下がるのですが、いつもかわいいセンスにときめいております❤


ちらっと我が家の🚅くんもmodelさんさせてもらっちゃいました💕


@pupa さんのプロフィールからnet shopぜひのぞいてみてくださいね🎵


 
 
 
 
大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,
 
大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,
 
大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,
 
大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,
 
大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,
 
大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,
 
 
 
 


出張撮影メニュー(↓青い文字クリックいただくと詳細ご覧いただけます)

(^ー^)親子(^ー^)。ご家族様向け

・お宮参りフォトブック1冊プレゼント♡衣装無料貸し出し中
・七五三(春の七五三前撮り受付中着付け・ヘアセットつきの衣装レンタルあります~)
・誕生日
・マタニティフォト
・授乳フォト
・帝王切開お産フォト


_________________

インスタ:birth_photo_naka


__________________________


 世界にただひとつ! お写真を絵本に・・・♪



お誕生日のプレゼントに、撮影した写真で”お子様が主役”な世界にひとつしかない絵本をつくりませんか?
→詳細はこちらをクリック



----------------------------------
※起業家様向けに、プロフィールフォト・ホームページ・ブログ用お写真撮影承っております。
 
 
 

 

 

  撮影申込みでなくても、お気軽にご相談くださいね

 

 LINE:@sye3561c (@をつけてください)


お問い合わせ・お申し込みはコチラから

※24時間以内に返信がない場合は、お手数ですが下記電話番号までお電話ください。

黒電話080-5330-3077  

【大阪 出張家族撮影 birth photo 中なみこ】

 

 

 
 

          

何気ない日常の1ページを写真に残そう(大阪京都出張撮影バースフォト)   

Cache   

 

 
こんにちは
 

出張撮影 birthphoto (バースフォト) 中なみこです

 

家族写真ってただの思い出・記念だけではなく、

子どもの自己肯定感を育てたり、しつけにまで影響を与えてくれるものなんですよ。


皆さんは、自分の家に家族写真は飾ってありますか?
 
家族の絆はお子さまの心の土台となるんですよ。

 

 

birth photoのお写真は、今も・未来も。

お子さまの心へ向け、ご家族の愛情をつなぎ

 幸せを感じながら成長できるように、1枚1枚大切に切り取っています。
 

 

 

 

 

絵本が伝える言葉や物語の心

 

大切に大切に選んで、毎日心へプレゼント

 

何気ない絵本時間は、お写真にのこることはほとんどないけれど

 

こんな日常の大切な時間こそ大切にお写真に残したい

 

 

 

 

あなたの子育てで大切にしていることは何ですか?

 

 

 

 

大阪撮影,大阪写真,バースフォト中,大阪出張撮影,大阪ロケフォト,

 

 

 

 

 



出張撮影メニュー(↓青い文字クリックいただくと詳細ご覧いただけます)

(^ー^)親子(^ー^)。ご家族様向け

・お宮参りフォトブック1冊プレゼント♡衣装無料貸し出し中
・七五三(春の七五三前撮り受付中着付け・ヘアセットつきの衣装レンタルあります~)
・誕生日
・マタニティフォト
・授乳フォト
・帝王切開お産フォト


_________________

インスタ:birth_photo_naka


__________________________


 世界にただひとつ! お写真を絵本に・・・♪



お誕生日のプレゼントに、撮影した写真で”お子様が主役”な世界にひとつしかない絵本をつくりませんか?
→詳細はこちらをクリック



----------------------------------
※起業家様向けに、プロフィールフォト・ホームページ・ブログ用お写真撮影承っております。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  撮影申込みでなくても、お気軽にご相談くださいね

 

 LINE:@sye3561c (@をつけてください)


お問い合わせ・お申し込みはコチラから

※24時間以内に返信がない場合は、お手数ですが下記電話番号までお電話ください。

黒電話080-5330-3077  

【大阪 出張家族撮影 birth photo 中なみこ】

 

 

 

 

 


          

Naomi Osaka Disappointed But Supports Tokyo Olympics Delay   

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Eastern big name Naomi Osaka says she’s dissatisfied to not compete on the Tokyo Olympics this yr however helps the verdict to put off the development to 2021. The 22-year-old former global primary stated on Twitter on Saturday that she thinks the development might be higher for shifting to subsequent yr within the wake of …
          

Naomi Osaka admite decepción por aplazamiento Juegos Olímpicos, pero lo apoya   

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Redacción Deportes (EE.UU.), 28 mar (EFE).- La tenista japonesa Nami Osaka, exnúmero uno del mundo y campeona de dos Grand Slam, declaró sentirse decepcionada por el aplazamiento de los Juegos Olímpicos que estaban previstos para este verano en su país, pero a la vez dijo que apoya la decisión de realizarse en el 2021.

Osaka, a través de las redes sociales, dijo que superar la pandemia del coronavirus que afecta al mundo entero era el único objetivo que debía preocupar a todos, sin excepción, pero no había sido fácil asimilar muchas de las cosas que están sucediendo.

La excampeona del Abierto de Estados Unidos admitió que cuando se dio a conocer el aplazamiento oficial de los Juegos de Tokio 2020 fue algo que le impactó emocionalmente.

'He meditado mucho en cómo articular mis pensamientos sobre esto durante un par de días', señaló Osaka.

El martes tanto el gobierno japonés como el Comité Olímpico Internacional (COI) anunciaron de manera oficial el aplazamiento de los Juegos de Verano, que se debían disputar en Tokio del 24 de julio al 9 de agosto, por causa del coronavirus.

Osaka escribió: 'El deporte finalmente nos volverá a unir y siempre estará allí para nosotros, pero ese momento no es ahora'.

También se dirigió a 'la gente de Japón', donde nació, diciendo: 'Mantente fuerte, aguanta y muestra al mundo nuestro hermoso país cuando sea el momento adecuado'.

La tenista de 22 años figura como una de las estrellas más vistas en Tokio, dado que representa al país anfitrión y es una candidata a la medalla de oro dentro de su modalidad deportiva.

Osaka irrumpió en el escenario del tenis mundial cuando de manera sorpresiva, en el 2018, ganó el Abierto de Estados Unidos al imponerse en una polémica final a la estadounidense Serena Williams.

Luego repitió triunfo en el Abierto de Australia del 2019, año en el que alcanzó también el puesto número uno del tenis mundial femenino, siendo la primera jugadora de Asia en conseguirlo dentro de la categoría individual.

Sin embargo, a partir del pasado mes de agosto, Osaka comenzó a perder su mejor tenis y fue desbancada por la australiana Ashleigh Barty y ahora ocupa el décimo puesto en la clasificación de la WTA. EFE


          

En un evento virtual, Honda presentó el concepto de motocicleta CB-F   

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A través de un evento virtual, Honda anunció su nuevo concepto CB-F,  una motocicleta que lleva algo de historia de los 60 años de la serie CB, junto con nueva tecnología de avanzada. Este concepto estaba planeado presentarse en el 36º salón Osaka Motorcycle Show 2020 y también durante el 47º salón Tokio Motorcycle Show, los cuales fueron suspendidos por el brote de coronavirus. El diseño de esta Honda CB-F es un homenaje la CB900F, que en Japón es la CB750F.  Este modelo japonés global es un icono de la marca dentro de los modelos CB. El motor del Concepto

          

Maria&Co.'s Tama-Log :D   

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At this rate, I'll only be posting once a week! (And I don't want to post that infrequently) Chocolate Argyle V4.5 Toni evolved into Horoyotchi on Saturday (the 21st). She got a job as a hospital worker. On Tuesday (the 24th), Toni and Jax married and had girls. Yesterday morning, I named her daughter Ellen and she evolved into Tamatchi. I decided to run a test to see just how similar child-to-teen evolution is between the V4 and V4.5; I gave her four care mistakes, but good overall care. Doing that exact same thing with Harutchi on the V4 resulted in Young Mametchi. I guess they're even more similar that I thought, because she evolved into Zouritchi this morning! I was fairly amused by this. I decided to evolve her into Tsukkomitchi, one of my favourite characters (and one of the first I remember obtaining on this Tama). STATS Name: ELLEN Training: 6/9 Skills: 22 Funny, 49 Gorgeous, 40 Spiritual Weight: 20 Pounds Age: 1 Year Generation: 16 Pink Stripe V4 Lotti evolved into Ponytchi on Saturday (the 21st)! She got a job as a banker. On Tuesday (the 24th), she married Tosakatchi via the matchmaker and had a girl. I named her Erin, and she evolved into Puchitchi. I decided to run an experiment: I gave her three care mistakes to see if she'd evolve into Ringotchi or Young Memetchi. She evolved into Young Memetchi! I hardly ever obtain her, so I was quite pleased. I'm going to evolve her into Memetchi. I might try for Makiko, but I'm making no promises here STATS Name: ERIN Training: 6/9 Skills: 21 Intellectual, 55 Style, 27 Kindness Weight: 15 Pounds Age: 1 Year Generation: 13 Yellow Mood V4.5 Abby evolved into Ura Young Violetchi on the 21st (Saturday)! I was hoping for Yakantchi, but Ura Young Violetchi is so cute that I didn't really care She evolved into Ura Violetchi on Monday (the 23rd). She got a job as a teacher. Sometime yesterday, Abby married John the Nyorotchi. And they had boys! I was very pleased, since most Tamas I've obtained recently were girls, which was annoying. STATS Name: ABBY Training: 9/9 Skills: 31 Funny, 31 Gorgeous, 251 Spiritual Weight: 30 Pounds Age: 7 Years Generation: 27 Black Spark V4 On Saturday (the 21st), Kandi evolved into Nikatchi as planned! I was really excited, as she was one of only two or three teens I've never obtained (Hawaikotchi and possibly Young Mimitchi are the other two). On Monday (the 23rd), she evolved into Yattatchi! I thought to myself, "there's a face I haven't seen in a while!" before realising...her face is identical to that of Kuchipatchi and Nyorotchi Anyway, she got a job as a bus driver. Sometime yesterday, Kandi married Tarakotchi via the matchmaker and she had a girl. I hope she evolves into Harutchi, because if she does, I might be able to figure out a way for it to evolve into the Meme family. On the other hand, I don't want to risk getting Ringotch AGAIN, so I'm not sure. If she evolves into MohiTamatchi, I'll try for Young Dorotchi. STATS Name: KANDI Training: 9/9 Skills: 56 Intellectual, 65 Style, 157 Kindness Weight: 20 Pounds Age: 7 Years Generation: 7 Earth V4.5 On Sunday (the 22nd), Jax evolved into Samuraitchi! He got a job as a florist. He married Toni two days later and had girls. Yesterday morning, I named his daughter Molly, and she evolved into Hitodetchi. I didn't want her to evolve into a Meme teen, so I cared for her as I normally would, no care mistakes and no care slips. She evolved into Ura Young Marotchi this morning. I plan on having her evolve into Ura Zukyutchi; won't be a problem. Man-Hole is my favourite game on the V4.5. STATS Name: MOLLY Training: 6/9 Skills: 22 Funny, 33 Gorgeous, 44 Spiritual Weight: 21 Pounds Age: 1 Year Generation: 29 Purple True Friends V2 Wesley unfortunately died the afternoon of the 22nd (Sunday). I was too busy watching my sister play Animal Crossing: New Horizons and I didn't realise Wesley was dying until I heard a faint flatline sound. Oh well...that's my own fault. He will be missed... I hatched a new egg, and it was a girl I named Wendy. She evolved into Hitodetchi, and then UFOtchi (it seems I forgot to take pictures 😐). She evolved into Pyonchitchi yesterday afternoon! I find it rather amusing how Pyonchitchi was specifically created to be male-only, but all three times I've obtained him on the V2, it was female STATS Name: WENDY Training: 9/9 Weight: 31 Pounds Age: 5 Years Generation: 1 Pink True Friends V2 On Sunday (the 22nd), John evolved into Nyorotchi! I don't know what I was expecting, but I was really happy with this. I don't know why, but I think Nyorotchi is very cute Also, aside from his close-up, his animations are identical to Kuchipatchi's (barring the obvious fact that the body is different). He married Abby yesterday and had boys, as you can read above. John, Abby, and Kandi all left behind their babies as I was writing this. STATS Name: JOHN Training: 9/9 Weight: 30 Pounds Age: 10 Years Generation: 1 I don't know how long it will be before my next post; it will definitely be Monday at the earliest, and seven days at the latest
          

How to change or influence which family group a child evolves into on the V4?   

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Sorry it's been a while since my last post, I've been kind of lazy busy lately. On Tuesday (the 24th), Lotti married another Meme adult as planned (Tosakatchi, to be specific). And, as expected, her daughter, Erin, evolved into Puchitchi yesterday morning. I gave her three care mistakes to see if she would evolve into Ringotchi or Young Memetchi. And she evolved into Young Memetchi! Based on this and previous experience, I think that giving Puchitchi three care mistakes is the maximum required to prevent Ringotchi and Young Androtchi from appearing, but it seems Gourmetchi and Young Memetchi can evolve from it with any number of care mistakes if a "care slip" occurs (when the hungry or happy hearts drop too low but are filled before it can count as a care mistake), so I'm not entirely sure. Next time I get Puchitchi, I'll have to try three care mistakes again without any care slips to see if I get Young Memetchi/Gourmetchi again, or Ringotchi/Young Androtchi. As for Kandi the Nikatchi, she evolved into Yattatchi a few days ago. She married a Tarakotchi via the matchmaker yesterday. I don't know whether her child will evolve into MohiTamatchi or Harutchi; I'm kind of hoping for the latter, though, so I can try to see if I can get it to evolve into the Meme family somehow
          

Chuo International Office (Osaka) von Nippon Express erhält Halal-Zertifizierung    

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- Halal-Netzwerk auf dritten Standort in Japan erweitert - Am Mittwoch, den 4. Me Standort von Nippon Express, der die Halal-Zertifizierung erhalten hat, die ersten zwei Standorte befinden sich in Tokio and Fukuoka. Logo: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://kyodonewsprwire.jp/img/202003248354-O1-PA4ey0CM Foto1: Au https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https:// ...
          

Osaka disappointed but supports Olympic delay   

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WASHINGTON, USA – Japanese star Naomi Osaka says she's disappointed not to compete at the Tokyo Olympics this year but supports the decision to postpone the event to 2021.

The 22-year-old former world No. 1 said on Twitter Saturday, March 28, that she thinks the event will be better for ...

          

桜(いこいの森キャンプ場入り口)   

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牛頸ダム上流のいこいの森キャンプ場入り口の桜が満開に近くなりました。

今週末が見頃でしょう。コロナウィルスに注意しながら、お花見されては如何でしょうか?

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How a coronavirus stimulus package could bolster the economy and save the planet   

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Story 372486781

The novel coronavirus is not only infecting people around the world, it’s infecting the global economy. As you read this, likely from the safety of your home, more restaurants and other small businesses are shuttering. States around the U.S. report that hundreds of thousands are filing for unemployment insurance. The president of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis predicts the unemployment rate could skyrocket to 30 percent by the end of the second quarter, which ends next week. That’s 5 percentage points higher than it was in 1933, during the depths of the Great Depression. Yes, it’s on a course that’s really that bad.

Congress is working on putting together a massive stimulus package to ward off the worst. An attempt to pass one with a $1.8 trillion price tag failed Sunday in the Senate because Democrats opposed what they called a “slush fund” of $500 billion worth of loans that would be meted out at the Treasury Department’s discretion. Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts tweeted that Trump would direct the money “to boost favored companies and corporate executives.” (Democrats blocked another attempt to move a stimulus forward on Monday, but according to The Washington Post, senators on both sides seemed upbeat that evening that they would soon reach a deal.)

Which got us at Grist thinking. The money the government is about to inject into the economy is obviously needed to soften the blow from the COVID-19 outbreak. But it also gives us an opportunity to get ahead of another slower-moving emergency: climate change.

Article continues below

“Economic and financial experts are gravely concerned that the next economic crisis looming behind this one will be caused by climate change,” said Senator Sheldon Whitehouse from Rhode Island, in a statement to Grist. “While shoring up the economy from the coronavirus fallout, it’s responsible to address that future crisis, and help create millions of good-paying jobs in the clean energy sector while we’re at it.”

This isn’t just wishful thinking on the part of a known climate hawk. In 2009, during the Great Recession, President Barack Obama signed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, a roughly $800 billion stimulus package. A portion of that — $90 billion — went toward clean energy projects. The impact, according to a 2016 report on those investments, was huge: “Solar electricity generation has increased over 30‐fold since 2008. Wind generation has increased over three‐fold since 2008.”

A line chart showing U.S. wind and solar generating capacity between 2006 and 2018, as well as capacity projections made in 2009 (before the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act). Actual capacity drastically outpaced the 2009 projections in the years that followed.
Clayton Aldern / Grist

Whitehouse himself is pushing for binding emission-reductions targets, as well as for investing in innovation to help green commercial and cargo air travel, including forcing airlines to buy offsets for their massive carbon footprints. Those are a sample of what climate and clean-energy advocates dream of stuffing into one of the multiple recovery packages likely required to recover from the devastating fallout from the coronavirus pandemic.

Grist reached out to experts from the fields of finance, policy, and grassroots activism to ask what they would include if they were at the table with members of Congress, negotiating a stimulus package. Among their demands: renewable energy tax credits, community cleanups, and an end to bailouts for oil and gas companies. Their answers have been edited and condensed for clarity.


Forget about fossil fuels

Grist / Courtesy Clark Williams-Derry

Clark Williams-Derry, energy finance analyst, The Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis

In my mind, the top climate priority in any stimulus package is like the Hippocratic Oath: Do no harm! Bailouts to the shale industry in particular are like throwing good money after bad. Our research has shown that U.S. fracking-focused oil companies have been money-losers for at least a decade. The underlying financial reality — even before COVID-19, even before the Saudi-Russia price war — is that fracking has been an unrelenting financial failure.

The job of any short-term stimulus must be to help real people with real problems: safeguarding health and surviving the economic crunch. Bailouts to favored industries are a feeble and ineffective way to achieve these goals.

The biggest question we’ll be facing after the short-term crisis passes will be: How do we rebuild? One way of rebuilding the economy is to prioritize investments that put people to work, stabilize the economy, and keep consumer costs low and stable over the long-term. A massive build-out of renewables and storage, focused on distributed generation, looks like both a winner for the climate and for real people.

[Editor’s note: Williams-Derry worked for Grist in its early years, back at the turn of the century.]

Green infrastructure and neighborhoods

Grist / Courtesy Lynn Richards

Lynn Richards, president and CEO, Congress for the New Urbanism

We have historically spent lots and lots of money, trillions of dollars, on these big infrastructure projects. Think the Hoover Dam and the Tennessee Valley Authority. What happens if we begin to turn our attention to the neighborhood, to millions of small-scale projects?

What about creating a program for green infrastructure around schools? Stormwater management — which is actually very labor-intensive to build — has so many auxiliary benefits, such as increasing the walkability of a particular street, creating a more distinctive community, slowing down traffic, creating more green space, and oh, by the way, managing your stormwater.

Spend some of that money to have parents who got laid off build rain gardens around the schools. Every single school in America could have a rain garden. It would put people back to work, and it would help create a greater sense of community. To buy materials, you’d have to support local landscaping businesses. It’s all very much local and small-scale. That’s something that could easily be done by this summer. We’re not talking about building a 12-mile highway. We need to immediately jumpstart the economy in a way that will provide multiple community benefits.

Back in the Great Depression, we had the Civilian Conservation Corps. What happens if we were to create a similar program that built affordable housing or Missing Middle housing in cities across America? If each city were only able to build 100 or 200 units, that would be enormous. If we start building more complete neighborhoods that are more compact, so we’re not required to drive everywhere, we’re going to start chipping away at the 30 percent of emissions that come from transportation.

When you’re talking about transportation, the ramp-up to do that is much harder. I can think of a trillion dollars of expenditures on transportation from investing in bus rapid transit, in streetcars, fixed rail, bike lanes, more walkable streets, fixed sidewalks, pedestrian dignity. That’s something I would want to see in the longer term.

Make sustainable investments

Grist / Courtesy Bracken Hendricks

Bracken Hendricks, president & CEO, Urban Ingenuity

Stimulus and recovery funding is exactly what needs to be done. It’s exceedingly timely, and it’s actually where the movement for climate solutions needs to go anyway. I think it’s sort of a silver lining of a terrible situation.

In the short-term, I think the first thing we want to do is actually tie standards to the money we’re giving away. If you’re subsidizing energy-intensive and highly polluting industries, you really should stipulate that they create more public value in return for a bailout. Whether it’s cruise ships or casinos or the hospitality industry, there’s a ton that they can do to clean up their environmental performance, use more renewable energy, and use more energy efficiency.

Clearly, you want to think twice about bailing out the oil and gas industry, but if you’re going to do that, you want to really think about what you’re asking for in return. When the government bailed out the auto industry [in 2008], they stepped up and made commitments to improve fuel economy. It’s a very good precedent. And we should be doing that throughout any business-focused bailout dealing with emergency situations. It’s not unreasonable. These are core pieces of the public value.

I worked very deeply on the Recovery Act, which included billions for clean energy investments. You had advanced manufacturing of vehicles and building plants for the electrification of vehicles. There were things like the Energy Efficiency and Conservation BLOCK Grant program that pushed money through HUD to towns and cities to do energy efficiency, renewable energy, bike lanes, and a whole range of things that decarbonized at the community level.

I really do think this is a leadership opportunity, assuming that former Vice President Biden is very close to sowing up the nomination mathematically. The Vice President’s office in the Obama administration oversaw huge portions of the Recovery Act. And Joe Biden actually has a really, really strong record of leadership. The $90 billion in the Recovery Act, a lot of it was under his guidance. So I think leaning into having him expand his climate ambition through the vehicle of a green recovery program is not at all far fetched.

A large stimulus package could be moving at the trillion-dollar scale. No. 1, we better make sure that those investments are flowing to things that are actually sustainable.

Avoid austerity

Grist / Justin Sullivan / Getty Images

May Boeve, executive director, 350.org

The Sierra Club put together a package that they sent to the Hill that we think is really, really good. The key bullet points that they included in their note were: invest in workers, protect clean energy, clean transportation, and clean economy jobs, no fossil fuel bailouts, make a down payment on a regenerative economy, and protect democracy.

[The novel coronavirus] is revealing just how interconnected everyone is — the terrifying part is not the interconnectedness, obviously — but it’s the spread of this, and how it had a global reach so quickly, that reminds everyone that one country’s response is insufficient. We have to be thinking globally.

We need increased public spending and an end to austerity on a global level. This pandemic has demonstrated that a huge and growing portion of the planet’s labor force is working under increasingly precarious conditions. In many places and not only in poorer countries, people are forced to choose between feeding their families and social distancing, and this crisis has revealed so many systemic problems in the way the economy is set up and how that affects the most vulnerable.

Some of the things connected to that that we’re calling for are increased public health budgets, livable minimum wages, income security, massive retraining programs to make sure those left unemployed and those in unsustainable industries can find jobs. As we know, massive government investment in public infrastructure is also what’s going to help us combat future shocks caused by climate change, and it’s also going to be what helps us build the low-carbon infrastructure we need. That takes us further away from catastrophic climate impacts, and builds the green economy that we need for the future.

Leave no community behind

Grist / Courtesy Michele Roberts

Michele Roberts, national co-coordinator of the Environmental Justice Health Alliance for Chemical Policy Reform

We need to see how it is that the vulnerabilities that were permitted through things such as racial segregation, forced migration, all of these things that stem back to racial and ethnic discrimination — how are we addressing remedies to make people whole in these stimulus packages as we look at climate change and the climate crisis and now this pandemic coronavirus crisis?

Because of our unified and combined work together on the Equitable and Just Climate Platform, and the newly introduced Environmental Justice For All bill, fortunately, our communities have been reached out to by policymakers. And so we have been able to share the things that we need. Short-term fixes, such as making sure, No. 1, that these funds that are coming into states literally drop down on the ground to the most impacted, not just go back into the state budget. But making sure that it helps families with folks who are incarcerated. We’re talking about children being at home and learning now through the internet — we still have a digital divide when we think about our brothers and sisters in Appalachia and in northern New Mexico and Colorado and other spaces. So making sure digital infrastructures are reinforced, and that we prioritize those who still have yet to gain necessary digital infrastructure. Making sure that our community roads and systems — sewer lines and the like — are addressed. That there is access for our senior population and our children to healthy nutritional, affordable foods, not these foods laden with high sodium and artificial ingredients. Our folks need access to healthy, nutritional, affordable food and affordable medication. All of these things are necessary.

For our long-term stimulus package, that’s when we really get down into the nitty-gritty of making sure that there is a comprehensive cleanup for our communities. That cleanup does not mean that our community members are thrown out — they are able to live in the communities that have been brought up to the standards that other communities have.

Clean energy tax credits

Grist / Courtesy Niskanen Center

Joseph Majkut, director of climate policy, Niskanen Center

There’s a bunch of clean energy tax credits that could plausibly be included in this stimulus. Examples might include reform or expansion of the electric vehicle tax credit, tax credits for energy storage, or for various kinds of new low-carbon technology.

Industry is asking for those tax credits. It’s not clear to me how much those measures will stimulate the economy — given that the economy is entering a very ambiguous period, there’s going to be a lot of demand for money. I don’t know how I would handicap clean energy credits’ chances versus other demands for funding. Still, when the government is handing out money, there’s no sense in not raising your hand.

I think a lot of the things that we need for the long term have a longer timescale than I think they’re contemplating right now, like deploying new technology — high voltage power lines crossing the country, green infrastructure, public transport. That’s not the stuff that can get slotted into fast-moving legislation. But it might be reasonable to look at later in the year, depending on how long this recovery takes.

If we are talking about looking all the way forward to rebuilding under a new president, I think we need to wait and see what the effect of this recession is regionally. We’ve got to know more to understand how we’re going to stimulate the economy before we can really simulate what we’re going to plan for climate efforts.

Advanced manufacturing in underserved communities

Grist / Rowan Daly

Mustafa Santiago Ali, vice president of environmental justice, climate, and community revitalization, The National Wildlife Federation

I’ve been pushing folks to actually have an environmental justice aspect put into it to make sure that any reactions that happen are not going to have disproportionate impacts on communities of color and indigenous populations. So [my plan would] be focused on the opportunities that exist around renewable energy in a couple of different ways: one, making sure that any movements that we go forward on are lowering emissions and public health impacts. It would be focusing on wind, solar thermal, tidal, and making sure that we are creating advanced manufacturing opportunities — and those advanced manufacturing opportunities are in the communities that have often been under-resourced and underserved. [Editor’s note: “Advanced manufacturing” refers to industrial processes that are optimized for efficiency using scientific and technological innovation.] For me, that’s hugely important as somewhere between a trillion and maybe possibly up to $3.5 trillion begins to move back to our economy.


Contributors: Yvette Cabrera, Nathanael Johnson, Shannon Osaka, Emily Pontecorvo, Rachel Ramirez, Naveena Sadasivam, Nikhil Swaminathan, Zoya Teirstein

This story was originally published by Grist with the headline How a coronavirus stimulus package could bolster the economy and save the planet on Mar 24, 2020.


          

Site Flaubert: publications récentes   

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Site Flaubert: publications récentes, 2020. EAN13 : 21043345. ÉDITIONS NUMERIQUES Édition numérique de la correspondance de Flaubert Depuis novembre 2017, la correspondance de Flaubert est en ligne. Du moins les lettres qu’il a écrites, au nombre de 4.491. Mais il manquait les lettres reçues, la correspondance dite «passive», l’autre moitié sans laquelle rien ne correspond . Pour que la correspondance soit vraiment complète, nous ajoutons désormais les lettres reçues par Flaubert: 2.280 (une cinquantaine est à venir). https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/correspondance/edition/index.php Les principes de navigation restent les mêmes: on peut afficher par ordre chronologique, par correspondant, par lieu d’écriture et par lieu de conservation les lettres de Flaubert, les lettres à Flaubert ou toutes les lettres: il est alors possible de suivre les échanges croisés, restituant ainsi à la correspondance sa véritable dimension de dialogue. Grand merci à toute l’équipe qui permet au public d’accéder à cet outil de lecture et de travail: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/correspondance/edition/equipe_scientifique.php Thématisation des lettres de Flaubert Grâce au travail de l’équipe dirigée par Danielle Girard , la thématisation de la correspondance est à présent terminée. Elle concerne 6.771lettres. L’index est consultable en cliquant sur «Thèmes des lettres» https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/correspondance/edition/index.php Sur le site Flaubert, Atsuko Ogane publie la transcription diplomatique des oeuvres de jeunesse dans le cadre de son projet subventionné par la JSPS [Société japonaise de la Promotion de la Science] du Japon. Sont déjà en ligne: Les Mémoires d’un fou , édition diplomatique par Atsuko Ogane Transcription: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/jet/public/outils/aff_manus.php?g=31 Présentation: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr//article.php?id=80 Les soirées d'étude . Art et progrès , n° 2 (1835) https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/jet/public/outils/aff_manus.php?g=25 La Femme du monde (1836) https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/jet/public/outils/aff_manus.php?g=27 « Guerres puniques », notes inédites par Axelle Thévot https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/jet/public/outils/aff_manus.php?g=30 Ces notes ont été prises sur l’ouvrage de Victor Duruy, Histoire des romains et des peuples soumis à leur domination (Hachette, 1843-1844, 2 vol.), probablement vers 1845. ARTICLES Caroline Andriot-Saillant , «Flaubert fait du bruit», poème, 2018 https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/derives/caroline_andriot.pdf Sophie Demoy , «La bibliothèque médicale des docteurs Flaubert, père et fils», 2019. En ligne sur le site Flaubert: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/article.php?id=73 Karl Feltgen , «Delphine Couturier, modèle supposé de Madame Bovary, a-t-elle été en pension à Cailly?», d’après une communication orale faite à Cailly le 30 septembre 2016. Site Flaubert: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr//article.php?id=76 Bkhairia Hassen , «Louis Bertrand, une lecture colonialiste de Salammbô », 2019. En ligne sur le site Flaubert: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/article.php?id=75 Haruyuki Kanasaki , «Le Brahmane et le Bouddha dans La Tentation de saint Antoine » (2019), site Flaubert: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/article.php?id=77 Cette étude est la traduction remaniée d’un article publié en japonais: Haruyuki Kanasaki, «Le Brahmane et le Bouddha dans La Tentation de saint Antoine », Gallia , n°57, La Société de Langue et Littérature Françaises de l’Université d’Osaka, 2018. François Lapèlerie , «Le chocolat froid de Gustave Flaubert ou Madame Bovary outre-manche et quelques autres sujets», site Flaubert, 2019. https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/etudes/chocolat_lapelerie.pdf À partir des traductions de Madame Bovary publiées chez Penguin Books, l’auteur étudie l’histoire des maquettes, de la typographie et des illustrations de couvertures, en particulier celles qui sont empruntées à des tableaux. François Lapèlerie, «Les dessous de Madame Bovary» , 2019. En ligne sur le site Flaubert: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/etudes/mb_lapelerie_2019.pdf « Madame Bovary n’est pas seulement une source d’inspiration pour professeur en quête d’un sujet de dissertation ou pour psychiatre cherchant un éponyme à un syndrome féminin: le roman de Flaubert – surtout son héroïne – inspire aussi les créatrices (et parfois les créateurs) dans les domaines de la mode et de l’audiovisuel», et particulièrement au Brésil. Philippe Rouyer , « Bouvard et Pécuchet : illustration et défense de l’Université», 2018. En ligne sur le site Flaubert: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/article.php?id=74 Norioki Sugaya , «Bouvard et Pécuchet face à la bibliothèque du praticien philosophe», 2019. En ligne sur le site Flaubert: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/article.php?id=72 Annexes La bibliothèque d’Achille-Cléophas Flaubert, tableau comparatif : https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/etudes/ACFlaubert_bibliotheque.pdf Complément de cette bibliothèque https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/etudes/ACFlaubert_bibliotheque_compl.pdf DOCUMENTS Pierre Gaston a redaté en 1867 la photo de Flaubert prise par Borelli, que l’on croyait de 1851. L’explication se trouve ici: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/iconographie/gf_a_primoli.php Flaubert, lieux normands . Lieux en rapport avec la biographie et les oeuvres: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/biographie/lieux_normands.php Document établi pour Flaubert 2021 ( Voyage en Orient «Itinéraire du voyage entrepris par M. Gustave Flaubert», Revue de Rouen et de Normandie , 1850, p.52-54. https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/ressources/orient_revuerouen.pdf ( Sur Salammbô «Les quatre costumes de Salammbô», L’Illustrateur des Dames et des Demoiselles , 22 février et 8 mars 1863: https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/derives/sal_valentin.php Costume porté par Mme Rimsky-Korsakoff, Le Monde illustré , 23 février 1863 https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/images/sal_costume_04.jpg Le Charivari , 1er mars 1862, dessin de Cham: — Vous arrivez joliment tard, mon bonhomme! — C'est pas ma faute, je me suis endormi en lisant Salammbô . https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/images/sal_charivari.jpg Guy Pessiot , «Trois caricatures d’Ernest Pinard: Paul Hadol, Hippolyte Mailly et Faustin», 2019, site Flaubert https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://flaubert.univ-rouen.fr/iconographie/pinard.php
          

Sport24.co.za | Osaka disappointed but supports Olympic delay   

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Japanese star Naomi Osaka says she's disappointed not to compete at the Tokyo Olympics this year but supports the decision to postpone the event to 2021.
          

2020年4月の予定です   

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こんにちわ😊

 
桜が満開になってきて、
春が来ましたね🌸🌸🌸
 

いつもありがとうございます。世界が大変な状況ですが、

自分自身を楽しませることで、周りの方もHappy♪にできます!!

ご自分を癒しに来てください♪

コロナ対策として、手洗い・うがい・消毒のご用意もしています。

もちろん、お店のエネルギーも整え、除菌などもしています。

パン教室・パンセラピー・レイキアチューメントなどいつでも言ってください♪

 

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4月3日(金)AMレイキのため貸切にさせていただきます。

4月4日(土)16:00~ シンギングボウル今羅さん

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4月17日(金)1日貸切になります。(11:00~ランチ貸切+1300レイキ体験会貸切。)

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Naomi Osaka Disappointed by Tokyo Olympics Delay But Supported 'Brave Decision' Amid Coronavirus   

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Naomi Osaka expressed 'sports will unite us again' but that the time was Tokyo Olympics was not now with coronavirus outbreak.
          

Japanese hotels lose out on Olympic bet as coronavirus spreads   

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The Osaka Corona Hotel has been eerily quiet and empty the past few weeks.“Our name is extremely regrettable,” Kohei Fujii, the hotel’s sales director, said ...
          

Disappointed Naomi Osaka voices support for postponement of Tokyo Olympics   

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Tennis star Naomi Osaka, the poster girl of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, took to social media on Saturday to show her support for the decision ...
          

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214位:車用網戸 銀黒 カーアミド 車網戸 1枚 単品 ハイエース 200系4型 (5型) 前期 後期 標準 ナロー ワイド プライバシーネット 車中泊 グッズ 虫除け アウトドア キャンプ
価格:¥13200
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James May: Our Man In Japan 1x05 "Peach Boy"   

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James arrives in Osaka, Japan’s vibrant good-time city, where Pachinko gambling halls, incredible street food, and stand-up comedy are all on the menu. Yujiro, his trusty guide, returns to introduce James to Sumo wrestling, after which James escapes on a bullet train to explore the mysteries of local hero Peach Boy. Then it’s on to Hiroshima and the beautiful Itsukushima Shrine.

Watched on Trakt


          

”外出自粛・要請” されなくても "雪” で、何処にも行けない(笑)   

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頼みの綱は 今日の、F巻さんの ”弾き語り・ラジオ番組” だけだな(泣) Check it up!! 【緊急決定!】 明日3/29、#トータス松本 さんがお届けする #FMCOCOLO765「Got You OSAKA」に #藤巻亮太 の生出演が決定!!ラジオ・弾き語りFes「Live Is Alive」と題し、一曲入魂で生ライブをお...
          

F巻さんが ”本日:2020/03/29(Sun)14:00-16:00” に "弾き語り・ラジオ番組" 出演。   

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関東は今日 ・雪 降ってますね↓ 【緊急決定!】 明日3/29、#トータス松本 さんがお届けする #FMCOCOLO765「Got You OSAKA」に #藤巻亮太 の生出演が決定!!ラジオ・弾き語りFes「Live Is Alive」と題し、一曲入魂で生ライブをお届け致します!! ▶3/29(日)14:00-16:00 ▶#radiko で聞く↓...
          

Osaka lamenta posposición de Tokio 2020 por coronavirus   

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Krzysztof Penderecki, un gigante de la música, clásico y vanguardista   

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Berlín, 29 mar (EFE).- El renombrado compositor y director de orquesta polaco Krzysztof Penderecki, conocido por su 'Treno a las víctimas de Hiroshima', el 'Stabat Mater' y la banda sonora de 'The Shining', ha muerto este domingo a los 86 años en Cracovia tras una larga enfermedad.

Considerado el compositor polaco moderno más importante, fue icono del sonorismo de la vanguardia musical polaca en sus primeros años y posteriormente un prolijo y galardonado autor de una amplísima variedad de obras, de sinfonías a piezas de cámara, enmarcadas muchas de ellas en el neoromanticismo.

En su página web se daba cuenta de su muerte, 'tras una larga y grave enfermedad. 'Un gran polaco, sobresaliente artista, humanista y uno de los más conocidos y respetados compositores polacos', agrega el comunicado.

Por su parte, la revista cultural polaca 'Culture' aseguraba que 'en la historia de la música del siglo XX su carrera destaca por su rápido ascenso hasta lo más alto, inigualable, con la posible excepción de Stravinsky'.

El Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores polaco lo encuadró como uno de los 'más famosos compositores polacos' y autor del 'más impresionante legado', mientras que el Ministerio de Cultura lo llamó 'autoridad mundial en el campo de la música clásica.

Su sucesor al frente de la Academia de Música de Cracovia, Stanislaw Krawczynski, lamentó la 'perdida irreparable' que su muerte supone para la cultura polaca.

Entre sus obra clásicas destacan el 'Treno a las víctimas de Hiroshima' (1960), una composición para 52 instrumentos de cuerda frotada que catapultó a la fama al entonces joven Penderecki y por la que recibió un premio de la UNESCO, así como la ecléctica 'Pasión según San Lucas' (1963-1966).

'Lo único que me interesa es liberar al sonido de toda tradición', aseguró por aquel entonces el compositor.

Otras piezas sobresalientes son su 'Concierto para violín nº 1', su 'Sinfonía nº 2' y su 'Réquiem polaco' (1980-1984), una obra enmarcada dentro del romanticismo, cuyo embrión fue una pieza encargada por el sindicato Solidaridad para acompañar la inauguración de una estatua que conmemoraba la represión violenta de unas protestas contra el gobierno de la Polonia comunista.

Además, Penderecki participó en varias bandas sonoras para películas de Hollywood, entre ellas las clásicas del género de miedo 'Shining', del director Stanley Kubrick, y 'The exorcist', de William Friedkin, y más recientemente, 'Shutter Island', de Martin Scorsese.

También compuso la banda sonora de la película 'Rekopis znaleziony w Saragossie' (El manuscrito encontrado en Zaragoza), del regidor polaco Wojciech Jerzy Has, considerada como una de las partituras para cine más innovadoras del siglo XX.

Entre sus obras destaca su primera ópera, 'Los demonios de Loudun', que se estrenó en la Ópera de Hamburgo en 1969, y la obra 'Las siete puertas de Jerusalén'.

Además dirigió a grandes orquestas por todo el mundo, de Katowice en su Polonia natal, a la Sinfónica de Londres y las filarmónicas de Múnich, Nueva York, Osaka y Hamburgo, entre otras.

En 2013 se publicaron, a modo de regalo de su sello discográfico por el 80 cumpleaños de Penderecki, una caja con todas sus sinfonías, dirigidas por él mismo.

'El artista es un testigo de la era en la que vive y reacciona con su obra a lo que sucede a su alrededor', señaló el compositor polaco en una ocasión.

Penderecki nació el 23 de noviembre de 1933 en Debica, en el sureste polaco, en el seno de una familia con raíces armenias, alemanas y polacas.

Se graduó en la Escuela Superior de Música del Estado (actual Academia de Música) de Cracovia en el 58, centro del que años después llegaría a ser profesor y director.

Su debut internacional se produjo un año mas tarde, con tan sólo 26 años, cuando las tres composiciones que presentó de forma anónima en el Festival de Otoño de Varsovia resultaron premiadas.

Además de cinco grammys, el galardón UNESCO y dos Prix Italia, el compositor polaco obtuvo el premio Príncipe de Asturias de las Artes en 2001 y ha logrado la Orden del Mérito de Mónaco, la distinción francesa de Comandante de la Orden de las Artes y las Letras, el Praemium Imperiale japonés y la Orden del Águila Blanca polaca.

Doctor Honoris Causa por 22 universidades (entre ellas una madrileña y una bonaerense), Penderecki era miembro de la Real Academia de la Música de Londres, la Academia Nacional de Santa Cecilia de Roma, la Academia de las Artes de Berlín, la Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes de Buenos Aires, la Academia Americana de las Artes y las Letras, y la Academia Argentina de Música, entre otras.

Penderecki celebró su 85 cumpleaños activo, lleno de ideas para seguir componiendo, según reveló a medios polacos, y con en su propio festival de música, acompañado de colegas y amigos de todo el mundo. EFE


          

Pāreja uz vasaras laiku notiks 29. martā   

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Tā kā Eiropas Savienības līmenī vienots redzējums par jauniem nosacījumiem attiecībā uz laika maiņu divas reizes gadā nav vēl panākts, šobrīd ir spēkā iepriekš apstiprinātā kārtība. Pāreju uz vasaras laiku un atpakaļ Latvijā nosaka 2010. gada 26. oktobra Ministru kabineta noteikumi Nr. 1010 “Par pāreju uz vasaras laiku”. Noteikumos minēts, ka Latvijā pāreja uz vasaras laiku notiek šādā kārtībā: marta pēdējā svētdienā plkst. 03.00 atbilstoši otrās joslas laikam pulksteņa rādītājus pagriež par vienu stundu uz priekšu un attiecīgi oktobra pēdējā svētdienā plkst. 04.00 – vienu stundu atpakaļ. Savukārt, Eiropas Savienības ietvaros pāreju uz vasaras laiku nosaka Eiropas Parlamenta un Padomes 2001. gada 19. janvāra direktīva 2000/84/EK par noteikumiem attiecībā uz vasaras laiku. Direktīva nosaka vasaras laika sākumu un beigas vienoti visām Eiropas Savienības ...
          

Tieslietu padome lems par ģenerālprokurora atlases konkursa nolikumu un uzklausīs Augstākās tiesas priekšsēdētāja amata kandidātu   

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Ar Prokuratūras likuma un likuma “Par tiesu varu” grozījumiem, kas pieņemti februārī, mainīta ģenerālprokurora atlases kārtība. Tieslietu padomei līdz 1. aprīlim jāapstiprina ģenerālprokurora amata kandidātu atlases konkursa nolikums, kā arī jānosaka kandidātu vērtēšanas kārtība un kritēriji. Priekšlikumu par ģenerālprokurora iecelšanu amatā Tieslietu padomei jāiesniedz Saeimai ne vēlāk kā vienu mēnesi pirms ģenerālprokurora pilnvaru termiņa beigām. Tieslietu padome arī uzklausīs Augstākās tiesas priekšsēdētāja amata kandidātu, lai sniegtu atzinumu par to Augstākās tiesas plēnumam. Tieslietu padomes sēdes darba kārtībā arī jautājums par Tiesneša amata kandidāta atlases, stažēšanās un kvalifikācijas eksāmena kārtošanas kārtības termiņa pagarinājumu. Sakarā ar Covid-19 izraisīto ārkārtējo situāciju Tieslietu padomes sēde notiks attālināti. Līdz ar ...
          

Some examples of technology timelines by NunoSempere   

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“Weather fore­casts were com­edy ma­te­rial. Now they’re just the way things are. I can’t figure out when the change hap­pened.”

Introduction

I briefly look into the timelines of sev­eral tech­nolo­gies, with the hope of be­com­ing marginally less con­fused about po­ten­tial A(G)I de­vel­op­ments.

Hav­ing ex­am­ples thus makes some sce­nar­ios more crisp:

  • (AGI will be like per­pet­ual mo­tion ma­chines: proven to be im­pos­si­ble)

  • AGI will be like fly­ing cars: pos­si­ble in prin­ci­ple but never in prac­tice.

  • AI will over­all be like con­tact lenses, weather fore­casts or OCR; de­vel­oped in pub­lic, and con­stantly get­ting bet­ter, un­til one day they have already be­come ex­tremely good.

  • AI will over­all be like speech recog­ni­tion or ma­chine trans­la­tion: Con­stant im­prove­ment for a long time (like con­tact lenses, weather fore­casts or OCR), ex­cept that the differ­ence be­tween 55% and 75% is just differ­ent va­ri­eties of com­edy ma­te­rial, and the differ­ence be­tween 75% and 95% is be­tween “not be­ing us­able” and “be­ing ev­ery­where”, and the change feels ex­tremely sud­den.

  • AGI will be like the iPhone: Devel­oped in se­cret, and so much bet­ter than pre­vi­ous ca­pa­bil­ities that it will blow peo­ple away. Or like nu­clear bombs: Devel­oped in se­cret, and so much bet­ter than pre­vi­ous ca­pa­bil­ities that it will blow cities away.

  • (AGI de­vel­op­ment will be like some of the above, but faster)

  • (AGI de­vel­op­ment will take an al­to­gether differ­ent tra­jec­tory)

I did not use any par­tic­u­lar method to come up with the tech­nolo­gies to look at, but I did clas­sify them af­ter­wards as:

  • After the event hori­zon: Already in mas pro­duc­tion or dis­tri­bu­tion.

  • In the event hori­zon: Tech­nolo­gies which are see­ing some progress right now, but which aren’t main­stream; they may only ex­ist as toys for the very rich.

  • Be­fore the event hori­zon: Men­tioned in sto­ries by Jules Verne, Hein­lein, Asi­mov, etc., but not yet ex­ist­ing. Small demon­stra­tions might ex­ist in lab­o­ra­tory set­tings or by the DYI community

I then give a sum­mary table, and some high­lights on weather fore­cast­ing and nu­clear pro­lifer­a­tion which I found par­tic­u­larly in­ter­est­ing.

After the event horizon

Weather forecasting

A brief sum­mary: An­tiquity’s weather fore­cast­ing meth­ods lacked pre­dic­tive power in the short term, though they could un­der­stand e.g., sea­sonal rains. Ad­vances were made in un­der­standic me­te­o­rolog­i­cal phe­nomen, like rain­bows, in es­ti­mat­ing the size of the strato­sphere, but not much in the way of pre­dic­tion. With the ad­vent of the tele­graph, in­for­ma­tion about storms could be re­layed faster than the storm it­self trav­el­led, and this was the be­gin­ning of ac­tual pre­dic­tion, which was, at first, very spotty. Weather records had ex­isted be­fore, but now they seem to be taken more se­ri­ously, and weather satel­lites are a great boon to weather fore­cast­ing. With time, math­e­mat­i­cal ad­vances and Moore’s law meant that weather fore­cast­ing ser­vices just be­came bet­ter and bet­ter.

Over­all, I get the im­pres­sion of a prim­i­tive schol­ar­ship ex­ist­ing be­fore the ad­vent of the tele­graph, fol­lowed by con­tin­u­ous im­prove­ment in weather fore­cast­ing af­ter­wards, such that it’s re­ally difficult to know when weather fore­cast­ing “be­came good”.

A brief timeline:

    1. In­ven­tion of the elec­tric tele­graph: In­for­ma­tion could travel faster than the wind.

  • 1854 – The French as­tronomer Lev­er­rier showed that a storm in the Black Sea could be fol­lowed across Europe and would have been pre­dictable if the tele­graph had been used. A ser­vice of storm fore­casts was es­tab­lished a year later by the Paris Ob­ser­va­tory.

    1. The first daily weather fore­casts were pub­lished in The Times in 1861; weather fore­cast­ing was spurred by the Bri­tish Navy af­ter los­ing ships and men to the Great storm of 1859

  • 1900s. Ad­vances in nu­mer­i­cal meth­ods. Bet­ter mod­els of cy­clones (1919) and huri­canes (1921), global warm­ing from car­bon emis­sions is first pos­tu­lated as a hy­poth­e­sis (1938); huri­canes are caught on radar (1944), first cor­rect tor­nado pre­dic­tion (1948). Weather ob­serv­ing sta­tions now abound.

    1. D-Day (Allied in­va­sion of Nor­mandy dur­ing WW2) post­poned be­cause of a weather fore­cast.

  • 1950s and on­wards. The US starts a weather satel­lite pro­gram. Chaos the­ory is dis­cov­ered (1961). Numer­i­cal meth­ods are im­ple­mented in com­put­ers, but these are not yet fast enough. From there on, fur­ther the­o­ret­i­cal ad­vances and Moore’s law make au­to­mated weather fore­cast­ing, slowly, more pos­si­ble, as well as ad­vanced warn­ing of huri­canes and other great storms.

Sources:

Nu­clear proliferation

What hap­pens when gov­ern­ments ban or re­strict cer­tain kinds of tech­nolog­i­cal de­vel­op­ment? What hap­pens when a cer­tain kind of tech­nolog­i­cal de­vel­op­ment is banned or re­stricted in one coun­try but not in other coun­tries where tech­nolog­i­cal de­vel­op­ment sees heavy in­vest­ment? Source

A brief sum­mary: Of the 34 coun­tries which have at­tempted to ob­tain a nu­clear bomb, 9 have suc­ceeded, whereas 25 have failed, for a base rate of ~25%. Of the lat­ter 25, there is un­cer­tainty as to the his­tory of 6 (Iran, Alge­ria, Burma/​Myan­mar, Saudi Ara­bia, Canada and Spain). Ex­clud­ing those 6, those who suceeded did so, on av­er­age, in 14 years, with a stan­dard de­vi­a­tion of 13 years. Those who failed took 20 years to do so, with a stan­dard de­vi­a­tion of 11 years. Three sum­mary ta­bles are available here.

Caveats ap­ply. South Africa will­ingly gave up nu­clear weapons, and many other coun­tries have judged a nu­clear pro­gram to not be in their in­ter­ests, af­ter all. Fur­ther, many other coun­tries have ac­cess to nu­clear bombs or might be able to take poses­sion of them in the event of war, per NATO’s Nu­clear shar­ing agree­ment. Ad­di­tion­ally, other coun­tries, such as Ja­pan, Ger­many or South Korea, would have the in­dus­trial and tech­nolog­i­cal ca­pa­bil­ities to pro­duce nu­clear weapons if they were will­ing to

Over­all, al­though of course the dis­cov­er­ies of, e.g., the Curies were foun­da­tional, I get the im­pres­sion that the dis­cov­ery of the pos­si­bil­ity of nu­clear fis­sion, fol­lowed by “let’s re­veal this huge in­fo­haz­ard to our poli­ti­ci­ans” and the be­gin­ning of a nu­clear pro­gramme in the US was rel­a­tively rapid.

I also get the im­pres­sion of a very large stan­dard de­vi­a­tion in want­ing nu­clear weapons badly enough. For ex­am­ple, Is­rael or North Korea ac­tu­ally got nu­clear weapons, whereas Switzer­land or Yu­goslavia were vaguely ges­tur­ing in the di­rec­tion of at­tempt­ing it; the Wikipe­dia page on Switzer­land and weapons of mass de­struc­tion is al­most com­i­cal in the amount of bu­reau­cratic steps and com­mit­tees and re­ports, recom­men­da­tions and state­ments, which never get any­where.

A brief timeline:

  • 1898: Pierre and Marie Curie com­mence the study of radioactivity

  • ...

  • 1934: Leó Szilárd patents the idea of a nu­clear chain re­ac­tion via neu­trons.

  • 1938: First fis­sion re­ac­tion.

  • 1939: The idea of a us­ing fis­sion as a weapon is float­ing around

  • 1942: The Man­hat­tan Pro­ject starts.

  • 1945: First nu­clear bomb.

  • 1952: First hy­dro­gen bomb.

Link to Wikipedia

Cryptocurrencies

A brief sum­mary: Wikipe­dia’s his­tory of cryp­tocur­ren­cies doesn’t men­tion any cy­ber­punk in­fluences, and men­tions an 1983 ecash an­tecedent. I have the rec­ol­lec­tion of PayPal try­ing to solve the dou­ble spend­ing prob­lem but failing, but couldn’t find a source. In any case, by 2009 the dou­ble spend­ing prob­lem, which had pre­vi­ously been con­sid­ered pretty un­solv­able, was solved by Bit­coin. Ethereum (2013) and Ethereum 2.0 (2021?) were im­prove­ments, but haven’t seen wide­spread adop­tion yet. Other alt-coins seem ba­si­cally ir­rele­vant to me.

A brief timeline:

  • 1983: The idea ex­ists within the cryp­top­unk com­mu­nity, but the dou­ble spend­ing prob­lem can’t be solved, and the world wide web doesn’t ex­ist yet.

  • 2009: Bit­coin is re­leased; the dou­ble-spend­ing prob­lem is solved.

  • 2015: Ethereum is released

  • 2020-2021: Ethereum 2.0 is sched­uled to be re­leased.

Link to Wikipedia

Mo­bile phones

A brief sum­mary: “Mo­bile telephony” was tele­phones in­stalled on trains, and then on cars. Be­cause the idea of mo­bile phones was in­ter­est­ing, peo­ple kept work­ing on it, and we went from a 1kg beast to the first iPhone in less than twenty years. Be­fore that, there was a brief pe­riod where Nokia phones all looked the same.

A brief timeline:

  • 1918: Tele­phones in trains

  • 1946: Tele­phones in cars.

  • 1950s-1960s: In­ter­est­ing ad­vances are made in the Soviet em­pire, but these don’t get any­where. Bell Labs works is work­ing on the topic.

  • 1973: First hand­held phone. Weight: 1kg

  • 1980s: The lithium-ion bat­tery, in­vented by John Good­e­nough .

  • 1983: “the Dy­naTAC 8000X mo­bile phone launched on the first US 1G net­work by Ameritech. It cost $100M to de­velop, and took over a decade to reach the mar­ket. The phone had a talk time of just thirty min­utes and took ten hours to charge. Con­sumer de­mand was strong de­spite the bat­tery life, weight, and low talk time, and wait­ing lists were in the thou­sands”

  • 1989: Mo­torola Micro­tac. A phone that doesn’t weight a ton.

  • 1992/​1996/​1998: Nokia 1011; first brick rec­og­niz­able as a Nokia phone. Mass pro­duced. /​ Nokia 8110; the mo­bile phone used in the Ma­trix. /​ Nokia 7110; a mo­bile with a browser. In the next years, mo­bile phones be­come lighter, and fea­tures are added one by one: GPS, MP3 mu­sic, stor­age in­creases, cal­en­dars, ra­dio, blue­tooth, colour screens, cam­eras, re­ally un­aes­thetic touch­screens, bet­ter bat­ter­ies, minigames,

  • 2007: The iPhone is re­leased. Nokia will die, but doesn’t know it yet. Mo­torola/​Sony had some sleek de­signs, but the iPhone seems to have been bet­ter than any other com­peti­tor among many di­men­sions.

  • On­wards: Moore’s law con­tinues and phones look more sleek af­ter the iPhone. Cam­eras and in­ter­net get bet­ter, and so on.

Link to Wikipe­dia
List of models

Op­ti­cal Char­ac­ter Recognition

A brief sum­mary: I had thought that OCR had only got­ten good enough in the 2010s, but ap­par­ently they were already pretty good by the 1975s, and ini­tially used for blind peo­ple, rather than for con­ve­nience. Rec­og­niz­ing differ­ent fonts was a prob­lem, un­til it wasn’t any­more.

A brief timeline:

  • 1870: First steps. The first OCR in­ven­tions were gen­er­ally con­ceived as aid for the blind.

  • 1931: “Is­raeli physi­cist and in­ven­tor Emanuel Gold­berg is granted a patent for his “Statis­ti­cal ma­chine” (US Pa­tent 1838389), which was later ac­quired by IBM. It was de­scribed as ca­pa­ble of read­ing char­ac­ters and con­vert­ing them into stan­dard tele­graph code”. Like many in­ven­tions of the time, it is un­clear to me how good they were.

  • 1962: “Us­ing the Op­ta­con, Candy grad­u­ated from Stan­ford and re­ceived a PhD”. “It opens up a whole new world to blind peo­ple. They aren’t re­stricted any­more to read­ing ma­te­rial set in braille.”

  • 1974: Amer­i­can in­ven­tor Ray Kurzweil cre­ates Kurzweil Com­puter Prod­ucts Inc., which de­vel­ops the first omni-font OCR soft­ware, able to rec­og­nize text printed in vir­tu­ally any font. Kurzweil goes on the To­day Show, sells a ma­chine to Ste­vie Won­der.

  • 1980s: Pass­port scan­ner, price tag scan­ner.

  • 2008: Adobe Acro­bat starts in­clud­ing OCR for any PDF document

  • 2011: Google Ngram. Charts his­toric word fre­quency.

Link to Wikipe­dia
Kurzweil OCR

Speech recognition

A brief sum­mary: Ini­tial progress was slow; “a sys­tem could un­der­stand 16 spo­ken words (1962), then a thou­sand words (1976). Hid­den markov mod­els (1980s) proved to be an im­por­tant the­o­ret­i­cal ad­vance, and com­mer­cial sys­tems soon ex­isted (1990s), but they were differ­ent de­grees of clunky. Cor­tana, Siri, Echo and Google Voice search seem to be the first sys­tems in which voice recog­ni­tion was ac­tu­ally good.

A brief timeline:

  • 1877: Thomas Edi­son’s phono­graph.

  • 1952: A team at Bell Labs de­signs the Au­drey, a ma­chine ca­pa­ble of un­der­stand­ing spo­ken digits

  • 1962: Progress is slow. IBM demon­strates the Shoe­box, a ma­chine that can un­der­stand up to 16 spo­ken words in English, at the 1962 Seat­tle World’s Fair.

  • 1976: DARPA funds five years of speech recog­ni­tion re­search with the goal of end­ing up with a ma­chine ca­pa­ble of un­der­stand­ing a min­i­mum of 1,000 words. The pro­gram led to the cre­ation of the Harpy by Carnegie Mel­lon, a ma­chine ca­pa­ble of un­der­stand­ing 1,011 words

  • 1980s: Hid­den markow mod­els!

  • 1990: Dragon Dic­tate. Used dis­crete speech where the user must pause be­tween speak­ing each word.

  • 1996: IBM launches the MedS­peak, the first com­mer­cial product ca­pa­ble of rec­og­niz­ing con­tin­u­ous speech.

  • 2006: The Na­tional Se­cu­rity Agency be­gins us­ing speech recog­ni­tion to iso­late key­words when an­a­lyz­ing recorded con­ver­sa­tions.

  • 2008: Google An­nounces Voice Search.

  • 2011: Ap­ple an­nounces Siri.

  • 2014: Microsoft an­nounces Cor­tana /​ Ama­zon an­nounces the Echo.

Link to Wikipe­dia
A short his­tory of speech recog­ni­tion

Ma­chine trans­la­tion.

“The Ge­orge­town ex­per­i­ment in 1954 in­volved fully au­to­matic trans­la­tion of more than sixty Rus­sian sen­tences into English. The au­thors claimed that within three or five years, ma­chine trans­la­tion would be a solved prob­lem”.

A brief sum­mary: Since the 50s, var­i­ous statis­ti­cal, al­most hand-pro­grammed meth­ods were tried, and they don’t get qual­i­ta­tively bet­ter, though they can even­tu­ally trans­late e.g., weather fore­casts. Though in my youth google trans­la­tor was some­times a laugh­ing stock, with the move to­wards neu­ral net­work meth­ods, it has be­come ex­ceed­ingly good in the last years.

So­cially, al­though trans­la­tors are in de­nial and still man­tain that their four years of ed­u­ca­tion are nec­es­sary, and man­tain a monopoly through bu­reau­cratic cer­tifi­ca­tion, in my ex­pe­rience it’s easy to au­to­mate the lo­cal­iza­tion of a com­mer­cial product and then just edit the out­put.

A brief timeline:

  • 1924: Con­cept is pro­posed.

  • 1954: “The Ge­orge­town-IBM ex­per­i­ment, held at the IBM head office in New York City in the United States, offers the first pub­lic demon­stra­tion of ma­chine trans­la­tion. The sys­tem it­self, how­ever, is no more than what to­day would be called a “toy” sys­tem, hav­ing just 250 words and trans­lat­ing just 49 care­fully se­lected Rus­sian sen­tences into English — mainly in the field of chem­istry. Nev­er­the­less, it en­couraged the view that ma­chine trans­la­tion was im­mi­nent — and in par­tic­u­lar stim­u­lates the fi­nanc­ing of the re­search, not just in the US but wor­ld­wide”. Hype ends in 1966.

  • 1977: The METEO Sys­tem, de­vel­oped at the Univer­sité de Mon­tréal, is in­stalled in Canada to trans­late weather fore­casts from English to French, and is trans­lat­ing close to 80,000 words per day or 30 mil­lion words per year.

  • 1997: ba­belfish.al­tavista.com is launched.

    1. Google trans­late is launched; it uses statis­ti­cal meth­ods.

  • On­wards. Google trans­late and other tools get bet­ter. They are helped by the gi­gan­tic cor­pus which the Euro­pean Union and the United Na­tions pro­duce, which re­lease all of their doc­u­ments in their offi­cial lan­guages. This is a boon for mod­ern ma­chine learn­ing meth­ods, which re­quire large datasets for train­ing; in 2016, Google trans­late moves to use an en­g­ine based on neu­ral net­works.

Link to Wikipedia

Con­tact lenses

A brief sum­mary:

Leonardo da Vinci spec­u­lated on it in 1508, and some heroic glass­mak­ers ex­per­i­mented on their own eyes. In I’ll take 1888 to be the start­ing date.

He ex­per­i­mented with fit­ting the lenses ini­tially on rab­bits, then on him­self, and lastly on a small group of vol­un­teers, pub­lish­ing his work, “Con­tact­brille”, in the March 1888 edi­tion of Archiv für Au­gen­heilkunde.[cita­tion needed] Large and un­wieldy, Fick’s lens could be worn only for a cou­ple of hours at a time.[cita­tion needed] Au­gust Müller of Kiel, Ger­many, cor­rected his own se­vere my­opia with a more con­ve­nient blown-glass scle­ral con­tact lens of his own man­u­fac­ture in 1888

Many dis­tinct im­prove­ments fol­lowed dur­ing the next cen­tury, each mak­ing con­tact lenses less ter­rible. To­day, they’re pretty good. Again, there wasn’t any point at which con­tact lenses had “be­come good”.

A brief timeline:

  • 1508: Codex of the Eye. Leonardo da Vinci in­tro­duces a re­lated idea.

  • 1801: Thomas Young hero­ically ex­per­i­ments with wax lenses.

  • 1888: First glass lenses. Ger­man oph­thal­mol­o­gist ex­per­i­ments on rab­bits, then on him­self, then on vol­un­teers.

  • 1939: First plas­tic con­tact lens. Polymethyl methacry­late (PMMA) and other plas­tics will be use from now on­wards.

  • 1949: Corneal lenses; much smaller than the origi­nal scle­ral lenses, as they sat only on the cornea rather than across all of the visi­ble oc­u­lar sur­face, and could be worn up to 16 hours a day

  • 1964: Lyn­don John­son be­came the first Pres­i­dent in the his­tory of the United States to ap­pear in pub­lic wear­ing con­tact lenses

  • 1970s-1980s: Oxy­gen-per­me­able lense ma­te­ri­als are de­vel­oped, chiefly by chemist Nor­man Gay­lord. Soft lenses are also developed

  • More de­vel­op­ments are made, so that lenses be­come more com­fortable, and more dis­pos­able. From this point on­wards, it’s difficult for me to differ­en­ti­ate be­tween lense com­pa­nies want­ing to hype up their marginal im­prove­ments and new sig­nifi­cant dis­cov­er­ies be­ing made.

Link to Wikipedia

In the event horizon

Tech­nolo­gies which are see­ing some progress right now, but which aren’t main­stream:

  • Vir­tual Real­ity. First (nondigi­tal) pro­to­type in 1962, first digi­tal pro­to­type in 1968. Moder­ate though limited suc­cess as of yet, though VR images made a deep im­pres­sion on me and may have con­tributed to me be­com­ing veg­e­tar­ian.

  • Text gen­er­a­tion. ELIZA in 1968. 2019′s GPT-2 is im­pres­sive but not perfect.

  • So­lar sails. First men­tion in 1864-1899. Cur­rent ex­per­i­ments, like the IKAROS 2010, provide proof of con­cept. An­ders Sand­berg has a bunch of cool ideas about space coloniza­tion, some of which in­clude so­lar sails.

  • Au­tonomous ve­hi­cles. “In 1925, Houd­ina Ra­dio Con­trol demon­strated the ra­dio-con­trol­led “Amer­i­can Won­der” on New York City streets, trav­el­ing up Broad­way and down Fifth Av­enue through the thick of a traf­fic jam. The Amer­i­can Won­der was a 1926 Chan­dler that was equipped with a trans­mit­ting an­tenna on the ton­neau and was op­er­ated by a per­son in an­other car that fol­lowed it and sent out ra­dio im­pulses which were caught by the trans­mit­ting an­tenna.” It is my im­pres­sion that self-driv­ing cars are very de­cent right now, if per­haps not main­stream.

  • Space tourism. Pre­cur­sors were the Rus­sian’s INTERKOSMOS, start­ing as early as 1978. Den­nis Tito was the first space tourist in 2001 for 20 mil­lion; SpaceX hopes to make it cheaper in the com­ing decades.

  • Pre­dic­tion sys­tems. Sys­tems ex­ist such as Pre­dic­tionBook, Bet­fair, Me­tac­u­lus, Pre­dic­tIt, Augur, Fore­told, The Good Judge­ment Pro­ject, etc. but they haven’t found wide­spread adop­tion yet.

Be­fore the event horizon

For the sake of com­plete­ness, I came up with some tech­nolo­gies which are “be­yond the event hori­zon”. Th­ese are tech­nolo­gies men­tioned in sto­ries by Jules Verne, Hein­lein, Asi­mov, etc., but which haven’t been im­ple­mented yet. Small demon­stra­tions might ex­ist in lab­o­ra­tory set­tings or by the DYI com­mu­nity.

  • Fly­ing cars. Though pro­to­types could be found since at least the 1926, fuel effi­ciency, bu­reau­cratic reg­u­la­tions, noise con­cerns, etc., have pre­vented fly­ing cars from be­ing suc­cess­ful. Com­pa­nies ex­ist which will sell you a fly­ing car if you have $100,000 and a pi­lots li­cense, though.

  • Tele­por­ta­tion. “Per­haps the ear­liest sci­ence fic­tion story to de­pict hu­man be­ings achiev­ing the abil­ity of tele­por­ta­tion in sci­ence fic­tion is Ed­ward Page Mitchell’s 1877 story The Man Without a Body, which de­tails the efforts of a sci­en­tist who dis­cov­ers a method to dis­assem­ble a cat’s atoms, trans­mit them over a tele­graph wire, and then re­assem­ble them. When he tries this on him­self...”. “An ac­tual tele­por­ta­tion of mat­ter has never been re­al­ized by mod­ern sci­ence (which is based en­tirely on mechanis­tic meth­ods). It is ques­tion­able if it can ever be achieved, be­cause any trans­fer of mat­ter from one point to an­other with­out travers­ing the phys­i­cal space be­tween them vi­o­lates New­ton’s laws, a cor­ner­stone of physics.” No suc­cess as of yet.

  • Space colon­i­sa­tion. “The first known work on space coloniza­tion was The Brick Moon, a work of fic­tion pub­lished in 1869 by Ed­ward Everett Hale, about an in­hab­ited ar­tifi­cial satel­lite”. No ren­dezvous at L5; no suc­cess as of yet;

  • Au­to­mated data anal­y­sis. Un­clear ori­gins As of 2020, IBM’s Wat­son is clunky.

Other tech­nolog­i­cal pro­cesses I only briefly looked into

  • Alter­nat­ing cur­rent.

  • Mass tourism.

  • Video con­fer­ences.

  • Al­gorithms which play check­ers/​chess/​go.

  • Sound qual­ity /​ Image qual­ity /​ Video qual­ity /​ Film qual­ity.

  • Im­prove­ments in ve­hi­cles.

  • Air con­di­tion­ing.

It also seems to me that you could get a prior on the time it takes to de­velop a tech­nol­ogy us­ing the fol­low­ing Wikipe­dia pages: Cat­e­gory: His­tory of Tech­nol­ogy, Cat­e­gory: List of timelines; Cat­e­gory: Tech­nol­ogy timelines.

Pre­vi­ous work:

Conclusions

There are no sweep­ing con­clu­sions to be had. What fol­lows is a sum­mary table; be­low it are some quotes on the his­tory of weather fore­cast­ing and nu­clear pro­lifer­a­tion which I found par­tic­u­larly in­ter­est­ing.


High­lights from the his­tory of weather fore­cast­ing.

There is some ev­i­dence that Dem­ocri­tus pre­dicted changes in the weather, and that he used this abil­ity to con­vince peo­ple that he could pre­dict other fu­ture events

Sev­eral years af­ter Aris­to­tle’s book (350 BC), his pupil Theophras­tus puts to­gether a book on weather fore­cast­ing called The Book of Signs. Var­i­ous in­di­ca­tors such as so­lar and lu­nar halos formed by high clouds are pre­sented as ways to fore­cast the weather. The com­bined works of Aris­to­tle and Theophras­tus have such au­thor­ity they be­come the main in­fluence in the study of clouds, weather and weather fore­cast­ing for nearly 2000 years

Dur­ing his sec­ond voy­age Christo­pher Colum­bus ex­pe­riences a trop­i­cal cy­clone in the At­lantic Ocean, which leads to the first writ­ten Euro­pean ac­count of a hurricane

It was not un­til the in­ven­tion of the elec­tric tele­graph in 1835 that the mod­ern age of weather fore­cast­ing be­gan. Be­fore that, the fastest that dis­tant weather re­ports could travel was around 160 kilo­me­tres per day (100 mi/​d), but was more typ­i­cally 60–120 kilo­me­tres per day (40–75 mi/​day) (whether by land or by sea). By the late 1840s, the tele­graph al­lowed re­ports of weather con­di­tions from a wide area to be re­ceived al­most in­stan­ta­neously, al­low­ing fore­casts to be made from knowl­edge of weather con­di­tions fur­ther up­wind.

But calcu­lated by hand on thread­bare data, the fore­casts were of­ten awry. In April 1862 the news­pa­pers re­ported: “Ad­miral FitzRoy’s weather prophe­cies in the Times have been cre­at­ing con­sid­er­able amuse­ment dur­ing these re­cent April days, as a set off to the drench­ings we’ve had to en­dure. April has been play­ing with him roughly, to show that she at least can flout the calcu­la­tions of sci­ence, what­ever the other months might do.”

It was not un­til the 20th cen­tury that ad­vances in the un­der­stand­ing of at­mo­spheric physics led to the foun­da­tion of mod­ern nu­mer­i­cal weather pre­dic­tion. In 1922, English sci­en­tist Lewis Fry Richard­son pub­lished “Weather Pre­dic­tion By Numer­i­cal Pro­cess”, af­ter find­ing notes and deriva­tions he worked on as an am­bu­lance driver in World War I. He de­scribed therein how small terms in the prog­nos­tic fluid dy­nam­ics equa­tions gov­ern­ing at­mo­spheric flow could be ne­glected, and a finite differenc­ing scheme in time and space could be de­vised, to al­low nu­mer­i­cal pre­dic­tion solu­tions to be found.

Richard­son en­vi­sioned a large au­di­to­rium of thou­sands of peo­ple perform­ing the calcu­la­tions and pass­ing them to oth­ers. How­ever, the sheer num­ber of calcu­la­tions re­quired was too large to be com­pleted with­out the use of com­put­ers, and the size of the grid and time steps led to un­re­al­is­tic re­sults in deep­en­ing sys­tems. It was later found, through nu­mer­i­cal anal­y­sis, that this was due to nu­mer­i­cal in­sta­bil­ity. The first com­put­er­ised weather fore­cast was performed by a team com­posed of Amer­i­can me­te­o­rol­o­gists Jule Char­ney, Philip Thomp­son, Larry Gates, and Nor­we­gian me­te­o­rol­o­gist Rag­nar Fjørtoft, ap­plied math­e­mat­i­cian John von Neu­mann, and ENIAC pro­gram­mer Klara Dan von Neu­mann. Prac­ti­cal use of nu­mer­i­cal weather pre­dic­tion be­gan in 1955, spurred by the de­vel­op­ment of pro­grammable elec­tronic com­put­ers.

Sadly, Richard­son’s fore­cast fac­tory never came to pass. But twenty-eight years later, in 1950, the first mod­ern elec­tri­cal com­puter, eniac, made use of his meth­ods and gen­er­ated a weather fore­cast. The Richard­so­nian method proved to be re­mark­ably ac­cu­rate. The only down­side: the twenty-four-hour fore­cast took about twenty-four hours to pro­duce. The math, even when aided by an elec­tronic brain, could only just keep pace with the weather.

High­lights from the his­tory of nu­clear pro­lifer­a­tion.

The web­page of the In­sti­tute for Science and In­ter­na­tion Se­cu­rity has this this com­pendium on the his­tory of nu­clear ca­pa­bil­ities. Although the or­ga­ni­za­tion as such re­mains in­fluen­tial, the ressource above is an­noy­ing to nav­i­gate, and may con­tain fac­tual in­ac­cu­ra­cies (e.g., Spain’s nu­clear am­bi­tions both dur­ing the dic­ta­tor­ship and dur­ing the demo­cratic pe­riod). Im­prov­ing that on­line ressource might be a small pro­ject for an as­piring EA.

On the ori­gins:

In 1934, To­hoku Univer­sity pro­fes­sor Hikosaka Ta­dayoshi’s “atomic physics the­ory” was re­leased. Hikosaka pointed out the huge en­ergy con­tained by nu­clei and the pos­si­bil­ity that both nu­clear power gen­er­a­tion and weapons could be cre­ated.[3] In De­cem­ber 1938, the Ger­man chemists Otto Hahn and Fritz Strass­mann sent a manuscript to Natur­wissen­schaften re­port­ing that they had de­tected the el­e­ment bar­ium af­ter bom­bard­ing ura­nium with neu­trons;[4] si­mul­ta­neously, they com­mu­ni­cated these re­sults to Lise Meit­ner. Meit­ner, and her nephew Otto Robert Frisch, cor­rectly in­ter­preted these re­sults as be­ing nu­clear fis­sion[5] and Frisch con­firmed this ex­per­i­men­tally on 13 Jan­uary 1939.[6] Physi­cists around the world im­me­di­ately re­al­ized that chain re­ac­tions could be pro­duced and no­tified their gov­ern­ments of the pos­si­bil­ity of de­vel­op­ing nu­clear weapons.

Modern coun­try ca­pa­bil­ities:

Like other coun­tries of its size and wealth, Ger­many has the skills and re­sources to cre­ate its own nu­clear weapons quite quickly if de­sired South Korea has the raw ma­te­ri­als and equip­ment to pro­duce a nu­clear weapon but has not opted to make one To­day, Ja­pan’s nu­clear en­ergy in­fras­truc­ture makes it ca­pa­ble of con­struct­ing nu­clear weapons at will. The de-mil­i­ta­riza­tion of Ja­pan and the pro­tec­tion of the United States’ nu­clear um­brella have led to a strong policy of non-weaponiza­tion of nu­clear tech­nol­ogy, but in the face of nu­clear weapons test­ing by North Korea, some poli­ti­ci­ans and former mil­i­tary offi­cials in Ja­pan are call­ing for a re­ver­sal of this policy

In gen­eral, the pro­jects of Switzer­land and Yu­goslavia were char­ac­ter­ized by bu­rea­cratic fuckaroundism, and the Wikipe­dia page on their nu­clear efforts is ac­tu­ally amus­ing be­cause of the abun­dance of com­mit­tees which never got any­where:

The se­cret Study Com­mis­sion for the Pos­si­ble Ac­qui­si­tion of Own Nu­clear Arms was in­sti­tuted by Chief of Gen­eral Staff Louis de Mont­mol­lin with a meet­ing on 29 March 1957.[8][12][13] The aim of the com­mis­sion was to give the Swiss Fed­eral Coun­cil an ori­en­ta­tion to­wards “the pos­si­bil­ity of the ac­qui­si­tion of nu­clear arms in Switzer­land.”[12] The recom­men­da­tions of the com­mis­sion were ul­ti­mately fa­vor­able.[8]

The au­thors com­plained that the weapons effort had been hin­dered by Yu­goslav bu­reau­cracy and the con­ceal­ment from the sci­en­tific lead­er­ship of key in­for­ma­tion re­gard­ing the or­ga­ni­za­tion of re­search efforts. It offers a num­ber of spe­cific illus­tra­tions about how this policy of con­ceal­ment, “im­mea­surably sharper than that of any coun­try, ex­cept in the Soviet bloc,” might ham­per the timely pur­chase of 10 tons of heavy wa­ter from Nor­way.

On the other hand, the het­ero­gene­ity is wor­ry­ing. Some coun­tries (Is­rael) dis­played ruth­less­ness and com­pe­tency, whereas oth­ers got dragged down by bu­reau­cracy. I sus­pect that this het­ero­gene­ity would also be the case for new tech­nolo­gies.

Co­op­er­a­tion be­tween small coun­tries:

Some schol­ars be­lieve the Ro­ma­nian mil­i­tary nu­clear pro­gram to have started in 1984, how­ever, oth­ers have found ev­i­dence that the Ro­ma­nian lead­er­ship may have been pur­su­ing nu­clear hedger sta­tus ear­lier than this, in 1967 (see, for ex­am­ple, the state­ments made to­ward Is­rael, paired with the min­utes of the con­ver­sa­tion be­tween the Ro­ma­nian and North Korean dic­ta­tors, where Ceauşescu said, “if we wish to build an atomic bomb, we should col­lab­o­rate in this area as well”)

The same re­port re­vealed that Brazil’s mil­i­tary regime se­cretly ex­ported eight tons of ura­nium to Iraq in 1981

In ac­cord with three pres­i­den­tial de­crees of 1960, 1962 and 1963, Ar­gentina sup­plied about 90 tons of un­safe­guarded yel­low­cake (ura­nium ox­ide) to Is­rael to fuel the Di­mona re­ac­tor, re­port­edly cre­at­ing the fis­sile ma­te­rial for Is­rael’s first nu­clear weapons.[11]

Syria was ac­cused of pur­su­ing a mil­i­tary nu­clear pro­gram with a re­ported nu­clear fa­cil­ity in a desert Syr­ian re­gion of Deir ez-Zor. The re­ac­tor’s com­po­nents were be­lieved to have been de­signed and man­u­fac­tured in North Korea, with the re­ac­tor’s strik­ing similar­ity in shape and size to the North Korean Yong­byon Nu­clear Scien­tific Re­search Cen­ter. The nu­clear re­ac­tor was still un­der con­struc­tion.

Veto pow­ers:

Th­ese five states are known to have deto­nated a nu­clear ex­plo­sive be­fore 1 Jan­uary 1967 and are thus nu­clear weapons states un­der the Treaty on the Non-Pro­lifer­a­tion of Nu­clear Weapons. They also hap­pen to be the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil’s per­ma­nent mem­bers with veto power on UNSC re­s­olu­tions.

China:

China[6] be­came the first na­tion to pro­pose and pledge NFU policy when it first gained nu­clear ca­pa­bil­ities in 1964, stat­ing “not to be the first to use nu­clear weapons at any time or un­der any cir­cum­stances.” Dur­ing the Cold War, China de­cided to keep the size of its nu­clear ar­se­nal small, rather than com­pete in an in­ter­na­tional arms race with the United States and the Soviet Union.[7][8] China has re­peat­edly reaf­firmed its no-first-use policy in re­cent years, do­ing so in 2005, 2008, 2009 and again in 2011. China has also con­sis­tently called on the United States to adopt a no-first-use policy, to reach an NFU agree­ment bilat­er­ally with China, and to con­clude an NFU agree­ment among the five nu­clear weapon states. The United States has re­peat­edly re­fused these calls.


          

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