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Global Cases Top 1.5 Million; Singapore Numbers Up: Virus Update   


Global Cases Top 1.5 Million; Singapore Numbers Up: Virus Update(Bloomberg) -- Global cases of the coronavirus topped 1.5 million, less than a week after surpassing the 1-million mark. New York, the U.K. and Belgium reported their deadliest days so far. Singapore announced its largest daily increase.The crisis will escalate if countries don’t start showing more solidarity, the head of the World Health Organization said, urging the U.S. and China to show “honest leadership” and stop bickering.U.S. Democrats are seeking at least $500 billion in the next stimulus bill, and Hong Kong announced a fresh package valued at about $18 billion. U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson is stable and responding to treatment at a London hospital.Key Developments:Global cases top 1.5 million; deaths pass 88,000: Johns HopkinsSingapore reported its largest daily increaseFederal medical aid to states falls short, House report saysGenome researchers find most NYC cases came from EuropeU.S. recession model at 100% confirms downturn is already hereSmoking helps open gateway to coronavirus infection, study showsJack Ma Helps Repair China’s Image (8:15 a.m. HK)China’s richest person is now playing a prominent role in philanthropic efforts that are effectively helping President Xi Jinping improve the country’s image overseas after Covid-19 spread around the world, unleashing a devastating human and economic toll. That’s a stark turn from just 18 months earlier, when Ma had to publicly dispute speculation that the government had prompted him to step down from the e-commerce giant he founded.Half a Billion People at Risk of Poverty (8:00 a.m. HK)The economic hit from coronavirus threatens to put more than half a billion people into poverty unless countries take action to cushion the blow, according to a report from the charity group, Oxfam. Under the most serious scenario of a 20% contraction in income, the number of people living in poverty could increase by between 434 million and 611 million, said the report, which is based on an analysis by researchers at King’s College London and the Australian National University.China Has 63 Cases (7:56 a.m. HK)China had 63 additional confirmed coronavirus cases on April 8, with 61 of them from abroad, according to statement from the country’s National Health Commission. There were 56 asymptomatic cases, half of them from overseas.Singapore Numbers Surge (7:30 a.m. HK)The city-state reported its largest daily increase in coronaviruscases on Wednesday, just as the country started a partial lockdown. Authorities said there were 142 new cases, bringing Singapore’s total to 1,623. An Indian national who died while awaiting his test result was subsequently confirmed to have the infection, according to the Ministry of Health. Investigations are going on to establish the cause of death, it said. If confirmed, that would be the seventh fatality linked to the disease.Starbucks Sees Six Months of Pain (7:27 a.m. HK)Starbucks Corp. said a sharp slowdown from the coronavirus pandemic will worsen before getting better, with the financial impact extending as far as September. The company based its assessment on the tentative recovery in the Chinese market, its most important along with the U.S. The coffee chain went through social distancing and mandatory closures in the Asian nation earlier in the year, giving it an early glimpse at how the situation would play out in the U.S. and elsewhere.Airlines Squeezed By Delays in U.S. Rescue Package (7:13 a.m. HK)U.S. airlines’ desperate bid for $29 billion in government rescue cash is being frustrated by a lengthening process and demands that companies provide more detailed financial information, people familiar with the situation said.Carriers that filed April 3 for the grants intended to help meet payroll costs expected the checks to begin arriving days ago, said people familiar with the aid discussions. Instead, U.S. Treasury officials have asked for another round of data that appears to be more related to a separate loan process instead of the cash grants, further delaying the relief, the people said.California Has $1.4 Billion Plan to Buy Medical Equipment (5:17 p.m. NY)California Governor Gavin Newsom secured a deal to import 200 million masks on a monthly basis for health care workers, grocery store employees and others on the front line of the coronavirus pandemic, part of a $1.4 billion planned investment in personal protective equipment.Some of that equipment could be shared with other states facing shortages, Newsom said at a press briefing Wednesday,“California is just uniquely resourced,” Newsom said. It can use “the kind of scale that few other states, few other countries can even resource, so we’re pleased to do that and it’s our responsibility to do more.”Read more hereU.S. Cases Climb 9.6%, Deaths Top 14,000 (4:20 p.m. NY)The growth in U.S. coronavirus cases showed signs of slowing Wednesday, even as deaths accelerated in some of the hardest-hit states.U.S. cases rose 9.6% from the day before to 419,975 as of Wednesday afternoon, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University and Bloomberg News. Cases nationally had been climbing an average of 11% a day over the past week. Deaths rose 19% to 14,262.New York had another day of record fatalities, reporting 779 more deaths. The state has lost more than 1,500 to the virus over the past two days, for a total of almost 6,300. Still, Governor Andrew Cuomo said hospitalizations are falling, showing social distancing is working.“Nobody is saying we peaked,” Cuomo said. “We’ve flattened the curve for this point of time.”New Jersey reported a record 275 deaths. California also had one of its deadliest days, with 68 fatalities. Illinois had 82.Michigan, which has the most infections after New York and New Jersey, saw cases increase 7% to surpass 20,000, according to the state health department. Deaths rose by 114 to 959N.J. Has Record New Deaths (1:36 p.m. NY)New Jersey reported a second day of record new deaths from Covid-19 and a tapering of infections. Cases rose by 7% to 47,437, the fourth straight day of increases of 10% or less. In the last two weeks of March, New Jersey saw daily increases from 20% to 82%. Governor Phil Murphy reported 275 new fatalities since yesterday, the biggest one-day increase since the crisis began.N.Y. Reports Record 779 Daily Deaths (1:36 p.m. NY)New York suffered another day of record fatalities from the coronavirus outbreak, reporting 779 additional deaths even as hospitalizations declined.“The number of deaths will continue to rise as those hospitalized for a period of time pass away,” Governor Andrew Cuomo said Wednesday at his daily virus briefing. The state has lost more than 1,500 people to the virus in the last two days, for a total of almost 6,300. WHO Says World Must Pull Together (1 p.m. NY)The coronavirus crisis will escalate if countries don’t start showing more solidarity, the head of the World Health Organization said, urging the U.S. and China to show “honest leadership” and stop bickering.“If you don’t want many more body bags, then you refrain from politicizing it,” Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said at a briefing in Geneva Wednesday. “No using Covid-19 to score political points.”When asked about President Donald Trump’s threat to cut funding and claim that the WHO favors China, Tedros said the WHO tries to treat everyone equally, and the WHO will do an assessment of its successes and failures. He urged the U.S., China, Group of 20 countries and the rest of the world to come together and fight.“For God’s sake, we have lost more than 60,000 citizens of the world,” he said. “Even one person is precious.”‘Too Early’ for Europe to Start Easing Restrictions, Agency Says (12:47 p.m. NY)The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control warned Europe not to rush into lifting restrictions that are helping slow the spread of the pandemic.“Based on the available evidence, it is currently too early to start lifting all community and physical distancing measures” in Europe, the agency said in its latest risk assessment. “Sustained transmission of the virus is to be expected if current interventions are lifted too quickly.”U.K. Announces New High for Fatalities (12:02 p.m. NY)The U.K. reported a further 938 deaths from the coronavirus on Wednesday, up from yesterday’s record daily total of 786.In total 60,733 people have tested positive for the illness, up from 55,242 reported on Tuesday, according to the latest figures from the Department of Heath and Social Care. The day’s figures indicate a slight increase in the rate of growth.Some 14,682 tests were conducted in the country on April 7, more than the 14,006 conducted the day before. The U.K. aims to conduct 100,000 tests a day by the end of April, seeking to replicate the mass screening seen in countries such as South Korea and Germany.EU Plans to Prolong External-Border Closure Until May 15 (11:45 a.m. NY)The European Commission proposed prolonging until May 15 a ban on most travel into the European Union. Maintaining the restriction on non-essential travel into the bloc for another 30 days is necessary to contain the spread of the coronavirus, the commission said in a recommendation that needs the approval of member-country governments.EU Braces for Arrival of 8,000 Cruise-Ship Passengers (11:00 a.m. NY)Eleven cruise ships carrying around 8,000 passengers in total will arrive at European Unions ports between April 8 and 11, the European Commission said. The EU laid out guidelines for member nations on handling the travelers, saying ships with passengers known to be infected with the coronavirus should be directed to ports close to hospitals with adequate capacity.De Blasio Says Distancing Eases Ventilator Demand (10:55 a.m. NY)New York City’s social-distancing strategy appears to be working, and one result is less demand for ventilators than had been projected, Mayor Bill de Blasio said.The city had estimated that it would need as many as 300 more of the life-saving machines this week to treat coronavirus patients but has needed to add only 100, de Blasio said Wednesday at his daily virus briefing. It has 5,500 in all.Statewide, the infection rate has begun flattening, even as the death count rises.EU Working for Coordinated Ends to Members’ Lockdowns (10:40 a.m. NY)The European Commission is trying to coordinate how member states end lockdowns following criticism that the bloc’s initial response to the pandemic was chaotic. An internal draft of a memo seen by Bloomberg sets out conditions for easing to begin as well as other steps that be needed, such as expanding testing capacities and using apps to gather data. The adoption of the plan has been pushed back, according to commission spokesman Eric Mamer, who told journalists in Brussels that timing is a “tricky issue” since countries are at different stages of the outbreak.Oktoberfest in Doubt as Germany Sees Lasting Impact (8:59 a.m. NY)Bavaria’s state premier cast doubt over the annual Oktoberfest, offering an idea of how long German authorities expect the pandemic to upend social life. Markus Soeder, a political ally of Chancellor Angela Merkel, told the Bild newspaper that a decision will be taken in June, but that widespread travel and border openings by then are “very unlikely.” The traditional beer festival, which draws millions to the Bavarian capital of Munich, is scheduled to start Sept. 19 and last two weeks. If it takes place at all, “it will be under completely different conditions,” Soeder told Bild.India’s Most Populous State Seals 15 Districts (8:23 a.m. NY)India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, has sealed off 15 of its districts worst affected by infections. The state has so far recorded 326 infections and three deaths. India has had total infections of 5,360 and 164 deaths, according to data from Johns Hopkins University. A 21-day national lockdown ends April 14.Boris Johnson is Stable, Responding to Treatment (7:54 a.m. NY)U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson is in a stable condition in intensive care and is “responding to treatment” for a severe coronavirus infection, his spokesman said. Johnson was taken into St Thomas’ hospital in London on Sunday and moved to the critical care unit on Monday after struggling to shake off the symptoms, including a cough and a fever.Democrats Seek At Least $500 Billion in Next Stimulus Bill (7:36 a.m. NY)Democrats want $250 billion in small business aid, with $125 billion channeled through community-based financial institutions that serve farmers, family, women, minority and veteran-owned cos, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer said in a joint statement.Hong Kong Unveils Virus Relief Package (6:33 a.m. NY)Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam announced a fresh government stimulus package worth about HK$137.5 billion ($17.7 billion) to support the city’s deteriorating economy. The spending package will include an HK$80 billion job security program to subsidize 50% of wages for affected workers for six months.WHO Says Lifting Lockdowns May Be Premature (6 a.m. NY)“To think we’re close to an endpoint would be dangerous,” Hans Kluge, the World Health Organization’s regional director for Europe, said at a briefing. Sweden is showing a fresh surge in cases, while the WHO is concerned about a dramatic increase in Turkey, he said. Countries should not lower their guard, he said.“We have got to ensure that the public understands we’re moving to a new phase,” said Bruce Aylward, one of the WHO’s top officials who recently led a mission to Spain. Countries need to make sure they’re hunting the disease down, because the key to eradication is testing patients, isolating them and tracing their close contacts. Some restrictions may need to continue for some time while others are gradually loosened, he said. “It’s not lifting lockdowns and going back to normal. It’s a new normal.”For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2020 Bloomberg L.P.


#44 Civic Housekeeping and Dietrich Bonhoeffer with Laura Fabrycky    

Laura Fabrycky and I talk about how people belong to people and places, about our choices for the good of community, acedia, and what Bonhoeffer has to teach us today. Laura M. Fabrycky is a American writer and poet, currently residing in Brussels, Belgium. She is the author, most recently, of Keys to Bonhoeffer's Haus: Exploring the World and Wisdom of Dietrich Bonhoeffer (Fortress Press, 2020), a historically grounded memoir of her experience as a volunteer guide at the Bonhoeffer-Haus during her family's diplomatic assignment to Berlin, Germany. She focuses on questions of political theology and the moral imagination in cultivating the common good.  LINKS Laura’s book, Keys to Bonhoeffer Haus:, or at Laura’s website Acedia & Me by Kathleen Norris ANCHORING POINTS IN A PANDEMIC, a free resource from Ashley Hales SHARE We see him as more than a hero, we see him as a human being. What I have to do is figure out dinner. There are aspects of Bonhoeffer but they have to be expressed in my own life. It might look very small. What are the stories I’ve inherited as an American? Listen in to @lmfabrycky on #findingholypodcast How do ordinary rhythms of life matter to my neighbor? @lmfabrycky on @aahales’ #findngholypodcast The safety of my children is intricately entertwined with others’ safety. @lmfabrycky #findingholypodcast ONE SMALL STEP Laura offers us so many thoughtful starting places that are particularly helpful right now during a pandemic. Each day, take this question with you: What’s the small choice to choose to engage instead of choosing to withdraw? Pray through your key chain as your places of responsibility. Pray about the stories that are represented there. SUBSCRIBE + SHARE Each time you share or subscribe more people find life-giving conversations. Subscribe wherever you listen to podcasts. Share and you could win a copy of Laura’s book!

September 24 Is World Day Against Software Patents   

Brussels, 2nd September 2008 — A global coalition of more than 80 software companies, associations and developers has declared the 24th of September to be the “World Day Against Software Patents”. Five years ago, on 24 September 2003, the European Parliament adopted amendments to limit the scope of patent law and thereby protect small software […]

“SMEs, software, copyright and patents” event co-hosted by the EPO and the FFII on May 24th   

Brussels, 20 May 2005. The FFII in conjunction with the European Patent Office (EPO) is pleased to announce it is co-hosting a new conference on EU software patent policy entitled “SMEs, software, copyright and patents” to be held on Tuesday May 24th. Exploring the experiences and expectations of SMEs with regard to patents on computer-implemented […]

Private Banker | Redstone Private Banking Search   

Brussels, Belgium, Redstone Private Banking Search are currently working with a Private Bank based in Belgium looking for an experienced Private Banker to develop their operations in the region. Key Responsibilities

Praxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts (IPRax) 2/2020: Abstracts   

The latest issue of the „Praxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts (IPRax)“ features the following articles: H.-P. Mansel/K. Thorn/R. Wagner: European Conflict of Law 2019: Consolidation and multilateralisation This article provides an overview of developments in Brussels in the field of judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters from January/February 2019 until November 2019. It […]

The City of Lappeenranta is set to hold a climate seminar in Brussels – Cost of flights will be compensated   



Level : I-1
Job ID : 134623
Job Network :
Job Family : Internship
Department/Office : United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
Duty Station : BRUSSELS
Staffing Exercise : N/A
Posted Date : 4/9/2020
Deadline : 4/29/2020

Overnacht bij Brussel   

Verblijf 2 dagen in het Park Inn bij Radisson Brussels Airport hotel inclusief 3 dagen parkeren. Zo kunt u zorgeloos op reis


Photo: Damian Wilson (Writer), sourve: Linkedin By. Damian Wilson *) Jayakartapos, Bugbear of the EU, Hungary’s PM Viktor Orban, has faced down the bloc over issues like immigration before and a lukewarm reaction from Brussels to his latest ‘power grab’ will simply make him stronger… and more popular! To those who despise him, Viktor Orban […]

The Effect of the Wuhan Coronavirus on the EU’s External Borders   

The ChiCom flu has had a profound effect on Europe’s attitudes about mass migration. Not only are individual EU member states turning against it, but possibly even the mandarins in Brussels. FouseSquawk has translated three articles about what’s going on. … Continue reading



Roossenboom Albert, Brussels 1845-1875, Oil on canvas, Signed bottom right.

Italy PM warns virus puts EU project at stake   


Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte warned Thursday that the European integration project was at risk if EU member states do not find an economic response to the coronavirus crisis. "If we do not seize the opportunity to put new life into the European project, the risk of failure is real," Conte told the BBC as finance ministers bickered over over a common strategy in Brussels. Italy and other southern European nations hardest-hit by the pandemic want Brussels to release generous financial aid to help idle businesses and the unemployed cope. An ill-tempered Eurogroup videoconference ended after 16 hours on Wednesday with the Netherlands demanding that nations meet tough economic conditions to qualify for the aid. Conte repeated his call for Europe to rise and meet its "biggest test since World War II". Hard-hit Italy was the first European country to shut down almost all business activity on March 12 because of the virus. The closures and accompanying containment measures have helped stem the spread of a disease that has officially claimed 17,669 lives across the country since February, the world's highest toll. The Italian government is now weighing how and when to ease...

ΕΕ - Covid-19: Η Κομισιόν ζητά παράταση της απαγόρευσης εισόδου στην Ευρώπη για άλλον έναν μήνα   


Η Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή κάλεσε σήμερα τις χώρες μέλη να παρατείνουν μέχρι και τις 15 Μαΐου τους περιορισμούς για τα μη απολύτως αναγκαία ταξίδια προς την Ευρώπη. Η απαγόρευση αυτή είχε αποφασιστεί στις 17 Μαρτίου και είχε ισχύ ενός μήνα, με σκοπό να αναχαιτιστεί η πανδημία του νέου κορονοϊού.

«Η εμπειρία των χωρών μελών και άλλων κρατών που έχουν εκτεθεί στην πανδημία δείχνει ότι τα μέτρα που εφαρμόζονται για την καταπολέμηση της διάδοσης του ιού απαιτούν περισσότερες από 30 ημέρες για να είναι αποτελεσματικά», αναφέρεται στην ανακοίνωση της Κομισιόν.

Ορισμένες αεροπορικές εταιρείες, όπως η Brussels Airlines, η βελγική θυγατρική της Lufthansa, έχουν ήδη αποφασίσει να παρατείνουν το μέτρο, καθώς έχουν διακόψει τις πτήσεις τους μέχρι και τη 15η Μαΐου.

Η πρόταση της Κομισιόν είχε ως στόχο να μην κλείσουν τα εσωτερικά σύνορα στην ΕΕ, όμως στην πράξη οι χώρες ακολουθούν τη δική τους κρίση στο θέμα αυτό. Ως αποτέλεσμα, σε κάποιες περιπτώσεις σχηματίζονται μεγάλες ουρές στα εσωτερικά σύνορα και παρατηρείται ένταση μεταξύ των πρωτευουσών – ένα από τα πολλά παραδείγματα του πώς η πανδημία δοκιμάζει την ευρωπαϊκή ενότητα και αλληλεγγύη.

Πηγή: ΑΠΕ - ΜΠΕ - AFP - Reuters


Firmware Update v19.03   


"When one teaches, two learn." --Robert Heinlein

In this issue:

  • Could you Prove your Product is Secure?
  • Download Barr Group's UPDATED Embedded C Coding Standard
  • Is it a Bug or an Error?
  • Further Develop Your Embedded Programming Skills this Spring
  • Industry News That's Not Boring

Firmware Update is a free, monthly-ish newsletter by embedded systems expert Michael Barr. Firmware Update is a trademark and this issue is Copyright ©2019. You may forward whole issues to colleagues that design embedded systems.  No other uses are permitted.

Could you Prove your Product is Secure?

Earlier this month, telecom equipment powerhouse Huawei debuted a "Cyber Security Transparency Center" in the capital city of the European Union.  If you've been following the headlines, you will recall that the Shenzhen-based company has been under pressure from the U.S. government, which alleges it is an agent of spying on behalf of China and will no longer purchase its products.  Furthermore, the company's CFO has been arrested in Canada on charges of violating economic sanctions against Iran, North Korea, and Syria.

So what does Huawei hope to prove by way of this new "transparency"?  For one thing, that allegations of secret “back doors” for espionage in its network equipment are speculative and do not comport with reality.  The company announced that at the new center in Brussels, its customers and their independent security experts will be permitted to review Huawei’s source code.

But what does this actually mean?  Is all of the source code present?  How will researchers be able to validate that it's all there and the right code?  And, at least as importantly, is the hardware--including custom CPUs--on which all that software runs free from backdoors?  Are those designs there too?

Full story at EETimes... (in which I am quoted)

Download Barr Group's UPDATED Embedded C Coding Standard

BARR-C:2018First published ten years ago, the rules in my book Embedded C Coding Standard are followed by embedded software developers who want to reduce time spent during the debugging stage of their projects as well as improve the maintainability and portability of their source code.  In this updated "BARR-C:2018" edition, we've eliminated our few prior conflicts with the MISRA-C subset of C for use in safety-critical systems--so that these popular bug-killing standards can be used in combination.

Followers of earlier versions of BARR-C will find that little has changed about the rules themselves. However, many rule clarifications were added along with new code examples. 

Download now... (the PDF is free)

Is it a Bug or an Error?

Probably you’ve heard the story of how Adm. Grace Hopper attached a moth that was dislodged from a relay in the Harvard Mark II mainframe to an engineering notebook and labeled it the “First actual case of bug being found.”  

Designers of electronics, including Thomas Edison, had been using the term bug for decades. But it was mostly after this amusing 1947 event hat the use of words like “bugs” and “debugging” took off in the emerging software realm.

So why is it that if a bridge collapses we say it was a failure of the design and not attributable to a mere “bug”? As if it were an external force or an act of god that caused the failure? Why do only software engineers get this linguistic pass when failures are caused by their mistakes the same as other types of engineers?

Read on... (and let us know what you think!)

Further Develop Your Embedded Programming Skills this Spring

There are a number of opportunities to learn firmware development best practices in coming months:

Consult the full training calendar for prices and other details.

Alternatively, consider bringing an instructor to your office for an on-site training for your whole team.  Teams of five or more usually find this is more cost effective than attending public courses.

Register today... (beware: current early pricing ends soon) 

Industry News That's Not Boring

An exclusive inside look at Apple's original iPhone prototype, in all its glory:

U.S. Congress introduces a bill to regulate Internet-of-Things device security:

When your product relies on the Internet to work properly, you lose control of reliability.  Just ask Nike:

Uber won't be charged in fatal self-driving vehicle crash, though the backup human "driver" might be:

Say farewell to talking to Alexa and hello to gadgets listening to the voice in your head:

One interesting detail about those deadly 737 MAX-8 crashes... when the second happened, the worldwide fleet was awaiting an overdue software update promised by Boeing after the first:

Quick Links to Useful Stuff




#MeasureBowling #11 Results and Prices   


MeasureBowling #11 took place on June 13, 2019 with more than 320+ participants in 19 cities all over the world: Belfast, Berlin, Brussels, Cologne, Dallas, Darmstadt, Kyiv, London, Lyon, Moscow, Munich, Nantes, NYC, Paris, Rimini, Toronto, Utrecht, Vienna and Würzburg. Utrecht holds it’s record with the most MeasureBowling participants – 65 – followed by Moscow [...]

The post #MeasureBowling #11 Results and Prices appeared first on MeasureBowling.


Next #MeasureBowling on June 13th, 2019!   


MeasureBowling is returning for its 11th edition on Thursday June 13th, 2019. Moreover we are very happy to announce that already 14 cities confirmed to be part of this years event: Belfast, Berlin, Brussels, Cologne, Darmstadt, Kyiv, London, Moscow, Munich, Rimini, Toronto, Utrecht, Vienna, Würzburg. MeasureBowling is held once a year (instead of twice of year previously), so [...]

The post Next #MeasureBowling on June 13th, 2019! appeared first on MeasureBowling.


26 cities confirmed so far for the 10th edition of #MeasureBowling!   


The 10th edition of MeasureBowling will take place on October 11th, 2018. 26 cities are confirmed so far: Auckland, Belfast, Berlin, Brussels, Chigago, Dallas, Denver, Geneva, Innsbruck, Kyiv, Lille, London, Los Angeles, Milan, Moscow, Nantes, Newcastle, New York City, Paris, Lausanne, Prague, San Francisco, Southampton, Toronto, Turin and Utrecht! The goal of MeasureBowling is to build the Digital Analytics community, both locally and at the global level, with a fun social activity. There are no presentations or talks, just a [...]

The post 26 cities confirmed so far for the 10th edition of #MeasureBowling! appeared first on MeasureBowling.


MeasureBowling #9 Results & Prizes   


MeasureBowling #9 took place on June 8th, 2017 with 370 participants in 30 cities: Bari,Belfast, Berlin, Bristol, Brussels, Cologne, Dublin, Geneva, Innsbruck, Liège, Lille, London, Los Angeles, Marseille, Moscow, Mulhouse, Nantes, Newcastle, New York City, Pamplona, Paris, Philadelphia, Prague, Raleigh, San Francisco, Shanghai, Southampton, Utrecht, Vienna and Warsaw. The best bowlers were: City Name Score [...]

The post MeasureBowling #9 Results & Prizes appeared first on MeasureBowling.


Additional #MeasureBowling cities: Bari (Italy), Liège (Belgium) and Warsaw (Poland)!   


The next edition of MeasureBowling will also take place in Bali (Italy), Liège (Belgium) and Warsaw (Poland), which makes a total count of 30 cities globally! If not already done, register quickly to the closest event near your place: Bari,Belfast, Berlin, Bristol, Brussels, Cologne, Dublin, Geneva, Innsbruck, Liège, Lille, London, Los Angeles, Marseille, Moscow, Mulhouse, Nantes, [...]

The post Additional #MeasureBowling cities: Bari (Italy), Liège (Belgium) and Warsaw (Poland)! appeared first on MeasureBowling.


Europe: Abortion Curbs Endanger Women, Girls in Pandemic   


One of the gender-based impacts of COVID-19 is the creation of further barriers to abortion healthcare for girls and women. Concerns about access to legal abortion and reproductive health rights, are among the issues highlighted by Women's Day marches, such as the one pictured here in Warsaw, Poland on March 8, 2020, where the Polish government is proposing even more draconian restrictions that would effectively ban abortion.

© 2020 Sipa USA via AP
(Brussels) – European governments should urgently guarantee safe and timely access to abortion care for women and girls in the region during the COVID-19 pandemic, 100 nongovernmental organizations said today.  

Many women and girls in Europe are struggling to safely access abortion care during the pandemic as barriers caused by highly restrictive abortion laws and onerous administrative requirements to access abortion services make safe access to this essential health care extremely difficult. The call comes as Poland’s parliament prepares to debate a draconian new law that would make one of the region’s most highly restrictive abortion laws significantly more stringent.

“European governments must act urgently to guarantee safe and timely access to abortion care during the COVID-19 pandemic,” said Leah Hoctor, Regional Director for Europe, Center for Reproductive Rights.

“They should move swiftly to eradicate all medically unnecessary requirements that hamper access to abortion care and should authorize women to access early medical abortion from their homes.”

Governments should recognize abortion as essential health care and should take measures to ensure that women and girls can safely access abortion care. 

Most governments in the region have not implemented measures to ensure safe and timely access to essential sexual and reproductive health services, supplies or information during the pandemic, including for at-home management of medical abortion.  Many hospitals and clinics have reduced reproductive health services to a bare minimum, or closed altogether due to staff shortages and reassignments, among other reasons. In many places, accessing normal clinical services has become extremely difficult.

Restrictions to reproductive health services disproportionately affect women living in poverty, women with disabilities, Roma women, undocumented migrant women, adolescents, trans and gender non-binary people, and women at risk of or who are survivors of domestic and sexual violence.  

Particular concerns arise in relation to those six European countries where abortion is still illegal or severely restricted and in countries where, due to a range of barriers such as administrative processes or doctor’s refusals of care due to their private beliefs, women are often forced to travel abroad to access abortion care or to obtain abortion medication from other countries by post.

The harmful impact of these highly restrictive laws and barriers are compounded in the current context.

“While the pandemic is impacting every aspect of our lives, it should not be used as an excuse to undermine women’s rights to make decisions regarding their reproductive and health rights,” said Caroline Hickson, International Planned Parenthood Federation European Network Regional Director.

Read the letter and see the full list of signatories here.


Tim Loughton Newsletter - March 2016   


Tim Loughton Newsletter - March 2016

Dear Constituent

Welcome to the Easter edition of my constituency e-newsletter and I hope you are gearing up for a relaxing break. It has been a very busy time politically with a not very well handled Budget and the subsequent resignation of the DWP Secretary Iain Duncan Smith. I posted a response to the many emails I received about welfare reform on my website along with other circulars. I have also included a brief run-down on the Budget highlights in this newsletter too.

On the international front the recent terrorist outrage in Brussels underlines the importance for us all to be vigilant and the vital and professional work that our police and intelligence services do to keep us safe and reduce the threat of similar attacks happening in the UK. When visiting Europol in Amsterdam with the Home Affairs Select Committee last month I saw the valuable working going on with intelligence sharing including our partners from across the Atlantic and beyond too. Just today I spent the morning at the Counter Intelligence Unit at Scotland Yard to see the incredibly challenging job they are doing there to deal with Daesh alone. 

The main theme of recent street surgeries has been the forthcoming EU referendum and I have been handing out Vote Leave literature having come out firmly for that side of the debate. (Other opinions are available from other colleagues!) I have now arranged 2 further ‘Talk to Tim’ meetings in Findon Valley and Southwick in April where I will focus on the Referendum but I have also been asked to participate in a  number of other hustings with representatives from both sides and I will post details of them on my website when they have been confirmed. Certainly I do not think there will be any lack of opportunities to talk about the EU over coming months. Also don’t forget my Pensioners Fair on April 22
nd in Worthing.

Click here to read more..

Best wishes
Tim Loughton MP
Member of Parliament for East Worthing & Shoreham


Lufthansa втрачає приблизно €1 млн щогодини через коронавірус   


Авіакомпанія Lufthansa перевозить менше ніж 3 тис. пасажирів на день, показник до епідемії сягав 350 тис.

Німецька авіакомпанія Lufthansa втрачає приблизно €1 млн на годину через пандемію коронавірусу COVID-19. Про це повідомив генеральний директор компанії Карстен Спор у відеозверненні до співробітників, передає
Зараз Lufthansa, уяку входять дочірні компанії Eurowings, SWISS, Brussels Airlines і Austrian Airlines, перевозить менше ніж 3 тис. пасажирів на день, тоді як середній показник до епідемії сягав 350 тис.
"Ми втрачаємо приблизно €1 млн на годину, щодня, тиждень за тижнем. І просто не зможемо пережити цю кризу без державної підтримки", – зазначив гендиректор Lufthansa.
Він додав, що почав обговорення щодо порятунку групи авіаперевізників з урядом країн, де базуються його авіакомпанії. Планують, що перемовини проведуть у Берні, Берліні, Брюсселі та Відні.
Спор зазначив, що Lufthansa вступила у кризу з резервами орієнтовно €4 млрд. Зіткнувшись із погіршенням ситуації, компанія вжила радикальних заходів щодо скорочення витрат. Зокрема, закрили бюджетного перевізника Germanwings і позбулися 40 літаків із флоту компанії.
Без роботи залишилося понад 7 тис. співробітників, 1,4 тис. із них – після закриття Germanwings. Тривають перемовини з роботодавцями в дочірніх компаніях, щоб запропонувати людям альтернативну роботу.
Через коронавірус Lufthansa скасувала 23 тис. рейсів у Європі, Азії й на Близькому Сході із 29 березня до 24 квітня.
Спалах коронавірусної інфекції COVID-19 виник у Китаї у грудні 2019 року. 11 березня Всесвітня організація охорони здоров'я оголосила поширення коронавірусу пандемією.
За даними американського Університету Джонса Гопкінса, станом на 9 квітня загальна кількість інфікованих у світі перевищила 1,5 млн, із них понад 339 тис. – вилікувалося, а 89 915 – померли.
Якщо ви знайшли помилку в тексті, виділіть її мишкою і натисніть Ctrl + Enter

Повідомлення Lufthansa втрачає приблизно €1 млн щогодини через коронавірус з'явилися спочатку на


COVID-19: Brussels setzt Betrieb bis Mitte Mai aus   

Zwangspause dauert länger als geplant.

Λευκός καπνός στο Eurogroup: Συμφωνία για πακέτο 500 δισ. ευρώ ενάντια στο κορωνοϊό - Ζωντανά η ενημέρωση Σεντένο (Live)   

Λευκός καπνός στο Eurogroup: Συμφωνία για πακέτο 500 δισ. ευρώ ενάντια στο κορωνοϊό - Ζωντανά η ενημέρωση Σεντένο (Live)
Συμφωνία στο Eurogroup για το πακέτο κατά της πανδημίας του κορωνοϊού
09/04/2020 - 23:08

Συμφωνία για άμεσο πακέτο 500 δισ. ευρώ και πρόσβαση στην πιστωτική γραμμή του ESM για όσο διαρκεί η κρίση του κορωνοϊού επετεύχθη στο Εurogroup. Στους ηγέτες των κρατών - μελών πετούν την καυτή πατάτα για έκδοση ευρωομολόγου.

Ζωντανά οι επίσημες ανακοινώσεις:

Τα χέρια έδωσαν τα δυο «στρατόπεδα» και το Eurogroup κατέληξε σε συμφωνία με μια τηλεδιάσκεψη που κράτησε λιγότερο από μια ώρα, αφού προηγήθηκαν μαραθώνιες, σκληρές διαπραγματεύσεις και αλλεπάλληλες αναβολές της έναρξης της συνεδρίασης.

Με γεφυροποιους την Γαλλία και την Γερμανία βρεθηκε η χρυσή τομή μεταξύ Ιταλίας και Ολλανδίας για πακέτο στηριξης 540 δις. ευρώ. Σχετικά με το μελλοντικό ταμείο για την ανάκαμψη, οι υπουργοί παραπέμπουν το θέμα στους αρχηγούς κρατών για να εξετάσουν «καινοτόμα χρηματοδοτικά εργαλεία», ενώ η για την πρόσβαση στην πιστωτική γραμμή του ESM τα κράτη πρέπει να δεσμευτούν πως θα κάνουν χρήση μόνο για να στηρίξουν την εγχώρια χρηματοδότηση του άμεσου και έμμεσου κόστους της πανδημίας. Οι ηγέτες του μπλοκ θα πρέπει να συζητήσουν, να συντονίσουν και τελικά
επικυρώσουν το σχέδιο σε μια συνάντηση συντομότερο την επόμενη εβδομάδα.

Συμφωνία για άμεσο πακέτο 500 δισ. ευρώ και πρόσβαση στην πιστωτική γραμμή του ESM για όσο διαρκεί η κρίση του κοροναϊού επετεύχθη στο Εurogroup.

«Εξαιρετική συμφωνία μεταξύ των Ευρωπαίων υπουργών Οικονομικών ωςαπάντηση στον οικονομικό αντίκτυπο του κορονοϊού: 500 δισ. ευρώ άμεσα διαθέσιμα» έγραψε ο υπουργός Οικονομικών της Γαλλίας Μπρούνο Λεμέρ.



Νωρίτερα ο κ. Σεντένο είχε συνομιλίες με τους υπουργούς της Ολλανδίας, της Ιταλίας, της Ισπανίας, της Γαλλίας και της Γερμανίας με αποτέλεσμα να έχουν καταλήξει σε μια καταρχήν συμφωνία.

Φαίνεται ότι η Ιταλία και η Ισπανία αποδέχτηκαν το συμβιβασμό βάσει του οποίου δεν θα υπάρχουν πρόσθετες υποχρεώσεις για τις χώρες που θα προσφύγουν στον ESM, ενώ στο κοινό ανακοινωθέν και τις προτάσεις τους προς του αρχηγούς κρατών και κυβερνήσεων οι 19 υπουργοί θα συμπεριλάβουν τη χρήση «καινοτόμων εργαλείων» για την μετά - πανδημική, έναν όρο τον οποίον απέρριπτε η Ολλανδία, καθώς θεωρούσε ότι μπορεί να μεταφραστεί στο μέλλον σε κοινά ευρω - ομόλογα.

Σύμφωνα με την καταρχήν συμφωνία, την οποία θα πρέπει να αποδεχθούν και τα υπόλοιπα κράτη-μέλη, ο μοναδικός όρος για την προσφυγή μια χώρας στα κεφάλαια του ESM θα είναι η δέσμευσή της ότι τα χρήματα θα τα χρησιμοποιήσει για τις υγειονομικές ανάγκες, τις ανάγκες περίθαλψης και πρόληψης, άμεσα ή έμμεσα, λόγω του νέου ιού. Συνεπώς δεν θα υφίσταται καμία αναφορά σε «Μνημόνιο», κάτι που θα εθεωρείτο τοξικό για την Ιταλία ή την Ισπανία. 

Αναφορικά με το ταμείο που θα χρηματοδοτήσει την μετά-πανδημική ανάκαμψη στην Ευρωζώνη, βάσει της καταρχήν συμφωνίας στο Eurogroup, το εν λόγω ταμείο «θα είναι προσωρινό και έκτακτο και θα στοχεύει ανάλογα με το κόστος που καλείται να επωμιστεί κάθε κράτος - μέλος στην κρίση του Covid-19»

Ο Μάριο Σεντένο θα στείλει επιστολή στους αρχηγούς κρατών και κυβερνήσεων για να τους ενημερώσει σχετικά με το ποιά κράτη - μέλη ζητούν ευρω - ομόλογο και ποιοί όχι, ενώ δεν θα γίνεται καμία ρητή αναφορά στην «αμοιβαιοποίηση τους χρέους».

Financial Times: Γραμμή στήριξης της εγχώριας χρηματοδότησης

Λευκός καπνός διαφαίνεται μετά το Eurogroup, καθώς οι υπουργοί Οικονομικών φέρεται να ήλθαν σε συμφωνία.

Όπως μεταδίδει η ανταποκρίτρια των FT στις Βρυξέλλες, Mehreen Khan υπάρχει ένα νέο σημαντικό σημείο στη παράγραφο 16 για τον ESM: «Η μόνη απαίτηση για πρόσβαση στη γραμμή πίστωσης θα είναι ότι τα κράτη μέλη της ζώνης του ευρώ που ζητούν υποστήριξη θα δεσμευτούν να χρησιμοποιήσουν αυτή τη γραμμή για να στηρίξουν την εγχώρια χρηματοδότηση του άμεσου και έμμεσου κόστους υγειονομικής περίθαλψης, θεραπείας και πρόληψης λόγω του COVID 19».

Παράλληλα, σύμφωνα με την ανταποκρίτρια των FT, «στο πλαίσιο του συμβιβασμού, ο Μάριο Σεντένο θα στείλει επιστολή στους ηγέτες της ΕΕ, αναφέροντας ότι μερικές πρωτεύουσες τάσσονται υπέρ των ομολόγων-corona και άλλες όχι. Η αμοιβαία αναγνώριση του χρέους δεν αναφέρεται στο επίσημο έγγραφο».

Οι ανταποκριτές των διεθνών ΜΜΕ ανέφεραν από την αρχή πως «επετεύχθη συμφωνία», οι λεπτομέρειες της όμως προφανώς θα πάρει ώρα να ανακοινωθούν. Φαίνεται πως δεν περιλαμβάνουν ευρωομόλογα, αλλά πιστωτική γραμμή 240 δισ. μέσω ΕSM και άλλα μέτρα. 

Το παρασκήνιο 


Επειτα από τρίωρη αναβολή άρχισε στις 10:30 η κρίσιμη τηλεδιάσκεψη των υπουργών Οικονομικών της Ευρωζώνης. Θετικά νέα έρχονται από τη συνεδρίαση των 19 υπουργών Οικονομικών της Ευρωζώνης, καθώς μετά από περισσότερες από τρεις ώρες καθυστέρησης της έναρξης του Eurogroup, φαίνεται ότι οι εντατικές διαπραγματεύσεις ανάμεσα στον Μάριο Σεντένο και συγκεκριμένους υπουργούς απέδωσαν καρπούς.

Σε μια προσπάθεια να αποφευχθεί το φιάσκο του προηγούμενου Eurogroup, όπου σχεδόν μία μόλις ώρα μετά την έναρξή του οι διαφορές ήταν αγεφύρωτες με αποτέλεσμα ορισμένοι υπουργοί Οικονομιών να ζητούν τη λήψη της συνεδρίασης, ο κ. Σεντένο είχε συνομιλίες με τους υπουργούς της Ολλανδίας, της Ιταλίας, της Ισπανίας, της Γαλλίας και της Γερμανίας με αποτέλεσμα να έχουν καταλήξει σε μια καταρχήν συμφωνία, χωρίς ωστόσο να έχουν οριστικοποιηθεί οι λεπτομέρειες, στις οποίες ως γνωστόν βρίσκεται ο διάβολος.

Η ώρα έναρξης της τηλεδιάσκεψης των υπουργών Οικονομικών της Ευρωζώνης ορίστηκε αρχικά στις 7 το απόγευμα ώρα Ελλάδος,  αλλά μετατέθηκε αρχικά για τις 8:00 και κατόπιν για τις 10:30, όπως ανακοίνωσε ο εκπρόσωπος του προέδρου του Eurogroup, Μάριο Σεντένο. 


Παρά τις διαβεβαιώσεις ότι όλοι θέλουν ενότητα και επίτευξη συμβιβασμού, κανείς δεν φαίνεται πραγματικά διατεθειμένος να υποχωρήσει από τις κόκκινες γραμμές του, που για τους ισχυρούς του Βορρά εξακολουθεί να είναι η έκδοση ευρωομολόγου.

Ολλανδία, Αυστρία, Γερμανία εμφανίζονται ανένδοτες σε ότι αφορά τα ευρωομόλογα, αλλά ελπίζουν να βρεθεί συμφωνία, την ίδια στιγμή που η εξοργισμένη Ιταλία ξεκαθαρίζει ότι διακυβεύεται το μέλλον της Ευρώπης με τον Ιταλό πρωθυπουργό να δηλώνει ότι αν η ΕΕ δεν «δηλώσει παρούσα», κάθε χώρα-μέλος της θα κοιτάξει «τον εαυτό της».

Υπό αυτές τις συνθήκες οι εκτιμήσεις ακόμη και κορυφαίων αξιωματούχων ότι είναι δυνατόν να καταστεί εφικτή μια συμφωνία δύσκολα μπορούν να δημιουργήσουν θετικό κλίμα και αισιοδοξία.

Καθυστέρηση στην έναρξη, γίνονται ζυμώσεις

Ενδεικτική άλλωστε της δυστοκίας που εξακολουθεί να υπάρχει είναι η καθυστέρηση στην έναρξη του Eurogroup (μετατέθηκε για τις 19:00 ώρα Ελλάδος και στη συνέχεια στις 21.00) με τον Σεντένο να βρίσκεται σε πυρετό διαπραγματεύσεων προκειμένου να γίνουν οι απαραίτητες ζυμώσεις και να επιτευχθεί συμβιβασμός.

Σύμφωνα με το Mega εάν δεν συμφωνήσουν εκ των προτέρων δεν θα γίνει καν η συνεδρίαση με τις διαφωνίες να παραμένουν.

Στη μάχη για επίτευξη συμφωνίας φαίνεται να έχουν πέσει και η Γαλλία με τη Γερμανία, με την τελευταία να θέλει να βγει από το «κλαμπ των κακών του Βορρά» μετά τα έντονα αντιγερμανικά συναισθήματα που ξαναγεννήθηκαν στο Νότο.

Όπως μετέδιδε το Reuters, επικαλούμενο αξιωματούχο του γαλλικού υπουργείου Οικονομικών, η Γαλλία και η Γερμανία ετοίμασαν συμβιβαστική πρόταση για να την υποβάλουν στους υπουργούς Οικονομικών της ευρωζώνης, ώστε να ξεπεραστεί το αδιέξοδο για την απόκριση στις οικονομικές και κοινωνικές επιπτώσεις του κοροναϊού.

«Αυτή τη στιγμή διεξάγονται συνομιλίες. Η Γαλλία και η Γερμανία εργάζονται για έναν συμβιβασμό», δήλωσε ο αξιωματούχος πριν από τον τελευταίο γύρο των συνομιλιών στο Eurogroup.

Αχτίδα ελπίδας από τον Σολτς

Στο πλαίσιο αυτό η τελευταία δήλωση του γερμανού υπουργού Οικονομικών Όλαφ Σολτς λίγο πριν την έναρξη του Eurogroup ότι αρχίζει να βλέπει φως στο τούνελ είναι ίσως η πρώτη αχτίδα ελπίδας.

Σύμφωνα με το Reuters ο Σολτς δήλωσε πως οι Ευρωπαίοι υπουργοί οικονομικών φαίνεται ότι βρίσκονται πολύ κοντά στο να ξεπεράσουν τις διαφορές τους και να αρθεί το αδιέξοδο το οποίο μπλοκάρει το πρόγραμμα στήριξης δισεκατομμυρίων ευρώ για να αντισταθμιστούν οι οικονομικές επιπτώσεις από τον κοροναϊό.

«Φαίνεται πως μια συμφωνία είναι εφικτή και πιθανότερη από ποτέ» δήλωσε ο Σόλτς, σημειώνοντας πως η Ολλανδία η οποία είχε θέσει «σκληρές» απαιτήσεις για χώρες όπως η Ιταλία και η Ισπανία, έχει μαλακώσει τη στάση της.

«Το διάλειμμα της μιας ημέρας συνέβαλε στο να δυναμώσει η θέληση όλων να βρούμε μια κοινή λύση. Υπήρξε μεγάλος αριθμός διμερών συνομιλιών την Τετάρτη και την Πέμπτη. Τώρα είναι σημαντικό να τα καταφέρουμε τελικά. Η κρίση του κορονοϊού αφορά εξίσου όλους τους πολίτες της Ευρώπης, γι αυτό και πρέπει να υπάρχει μια κοινή και αλληλέγγυα απάντηση», συμπλήρωσε ο σοσιαλδημοκράτης (SPD) πολιτικός.

Στο ίδιο μήκος κύματος και το τελευταίο τιτίβισμα από την πλευρά Σεντένο που είπε ότι «βρισκόμαστε πολύ κοντά σε συμφωνία. Πιστεύω – ακόμη πιστεύω- ότι αυτή τη φορά όλοι θα σταθούμε στο ύψος των περιστάσεων, και θα δείξουμε το αναγκαίο πνεύμα αλληλεγγύης, το οποίο αποτελεί θεμέλιο της Ένωσής μας.


Ο εκπρόσωπός του Λουίς Ρέγκο ανακοινώνοντας την καθυστέρηση της συνεδρίασης για μία ακόμη ώρα (αισίως φθάσαμε στις 20:00 ώρα Ελλάδος) τόνισε ότι «Όπως μόλις δήλωσε ο Μάριο Σεντένο, φτάνουμε πιο κοντά σε μία συμφωνία. Χρειαζόμαστε, όμως, μία ώρα ακόμη πριν μπορέσουμε να αρχίσουμε. Η συνεδρίαση του Eurogroup αναμένεται τώρα για τις 19.00, ώρα Βρυξελλών».


 Δραματική έκκληση Σεντένο για συμφωνία


Πρέπει να καταλήξουμε σε συμφωνία, έγραψε ο πρόεδρος του Eurogroup, Μάριο Σεντένο, στον προσωπικό λογαριασμό του στο Twitter για τη σημερινή συνεδρίαση, μέσω τηλεδιάσκεψης, του Συμβουλίου.

O Σεντένο ανέφερε ότι έχει εντατικές επαφές με τους ομολόγους του πριν από την έναρξη της συνεδρίασης.


«Εντατικές επαφές με τους άλλους υπουργούς Οικονομικών πριν την επανέναρξη του Eurogroup σήμερα το απόγευμα. Η εμπιστοσύνη των πολιτών μας εξαρτάται από εμάς. Πρέπει να καταλήξουμε σε συμφωνία», έγραψε ο πρόεδρος του Eurogroup.

Η πλήρης δήλωση του προέδρου του Eurogroup έχει ως εξής:

«Καθώς ξεκινάμε ξανά τη συνεδρίαση του Eurogroup σήμερα το απόγευμα, πολλά είναι αυτά που διακυβεύονται. Καλώ όλους τους υπουργούς Οικονομικών να συμφωνήσουν σε ένα τολμηρό και φιλόδοξο σχέδιο για να προστατεύσουμε τις οικονομίες μας, αντιδρώντας σε αυτή την κοινή απειλή. Ένα δίχτυ ασφάλειας για την Ευρώπη για την προστασία των εργαζομένων μας, των επιχειρήσεων μας και της χρηματοδότησης των χωρών μας. Ένα σχέδιο που μας δίνει την ελπίδα ότι θα ξεπεράσουμε την κρίση καθώς μπαίνουμε σε ύφεση. Σε αυτό είμαστε μαζί. Όλοι με περιορισμούς στις μετακινήσεις, με τα θύματα να αυξάνονται κάθε ώρα και χωρίς να είναι ορατό το τέλος. Κάθε ώρα μας υπενθυμίζεται ότι αυτός ο ιός είναι τυφλός. Τυφλός στις σημαίες μας, στο φύλο, στο χρώμα ή την κοινωνική τάξη. Δεν υπάρχουν ταξιδιώτες πρώτης θέσης. Είτε θα βουλιάξουμε είτε θα κολυμπήσουμε μαζί. Αυτή είναι μία αληθινή κατάσταση έκτακτης ανάγκης. Αφορά όλο τον κόσμο. Τα καλά νέα είναι ότι είμαστε πολύ κοντά σε μία συμφωνία. Πιστεύω - εξακολουθώ να πιστεύω - ότι αυτή τη φορά θα αρθούμε όλοι στο ύψος των περιστάσεων. Και θα δείξουμε το αναγκαίο πνεύμα συμβιβασμού, το οποίο είναι το θεμέλιο της Ένωσης μας».

Σύμφωνα με πληροφορίες, η κατεύθυνση στην οποία συγκλίνουν οι Ευρωπαίοι υπουργοί Οικονομικών είναι ένα πακέτο μισού τρισεκατομμυρίου ευρώ αντί του ευρωομολόγου, για το οποίο οι χώρες του Βορρά βάζουν «βέτο». Το πακέτο αυτό αναμένεται να περιλαμβάνει πιστωτικές γραμμές από τον Ευρωπαϊκό Μηχανισμό Σταθερότητας ύψους 2% του ΑΕΠ (κρίσιμο είναι με ποιους όρους), χορήγηση επιπλέον εγγυήσεων στην Ευρωπαϊκή Τράπεζα Επενδύσεων, καθώς και το  σχέδιο της Κομισιόν για την άντληση 100 δισ. ευρώ από την αγορά έναντι εγγυήσεων 25 δισ. ευρώ από όλες τις κυβερνήσεις της Ένωσης.

Νωρίτερα, η καγκελάριος Άνγκελα Μέρκελ απέρριψε εκ νέου τα κορωνο-ομόλογα, με αμοιβαιοποίηση του χρέους των κρατών μελών, αλλά πρόσθεσε ότι η Ευρώπη πρέπει να επιδείξει αλληλεγγύη στις δοκιμαζόμενες από τον κορωνοϊό χώρες.

«Φαίνεται ότι μια συμφωνία είναι δυνατή και πιθανότερη από ποτέ», δήλωσε και ο Γερμανός υπουργός Οικονομικών Όλαφ Σολτς«Το διάλειμμα της μιας ημέρας συνέβαλε στο να δυναμώσει η θέληση όλων να βρούμε μια κοινή λύση. Υπήρξε μεγάλος αριθμός διμερών συνομιλιών την Τετάρτη και την Πέμπτη. Τώρα είναι σημαντικό να τα καταφέρουμε τελικά. Η κρίση του κορονοϊού αφορά εξίσου όλους τους πολίτες της Ευρώπης, γι αυτό και πρέπει να υπάρχει μια κοινή και αλληλέγγυα απάντηση», συμπλήρωσε ο σοσιαλδημοκράτης (SPD) πολιτικός. 

Αλλά και ο Ολλανδός πρωθυπουργός Μαρκ Ρούτε εξέφρασε την πεποίθησή του ότι είναι δυνατόν να υπάρξει σήμερα μία συμφωνία μεταξύ των Ευρωπαίων υπουργών Οικονομικών για ένα πακέτο στήριξης 500 δισ. ευρώ, προκειμένου να αντισταθμιστούν οι οικονομικές επιπτώσεις της πανδημίας του κορωνοϊού. «Προσπαθούμε να κάνουμε τα μέγιστα για να βοηθήσουμε να οδηγηθούν οι διαπραγματεύσεις σε μια επιτυχή ολοκλήρωση», δήλωσε.

Σε μια προσπάθεια να βρεθεί κοινός τόπος, οι κυβερνήσεις της ΕΕ ενίσχυσαν την πίεση στην Ολλανδία να ξεμπλοκάρει την οικονομική στήριξη, ύψους μισού τρισ. ευρώ, με την Ιταλία να δηλώνει ότι διακυβεύεται το μέλλον της ΕΕ.   

«Είναι μία μεγάλη υπαρξιακή πρόκληση της Ευρώπης» τόνισε ο Ιταλός πρωθυπουργός Τζουζέπε Κόντε, μιλώντας στο BBC. «Αν η Ευρώπη δεν μπορέσει να παρουσιάσει μία νομισματική και χρηματοδοτική πολιτική, που θα είναι επαρκής για τη μεγαλύτερη πρόκληση από τον Β' Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο, όχι μόνο οι Ιταλοί, αλλά και οι Ευρωπαίοι πολίτες θα είναι βαθιά απογοητευμένοι».

Το «αγκάθι» έως τώρα είναι οι όροι με τους οποίους οι χώρες της ευρωζώνης πρέπει να έχουν πρόσβαση σε φθηνές πιστώσεις του Ευρωπαϊκού Μηχανισμού Σταθερότητας (ΕSM). Η Ιταλία είναι έτοιμη να δεχθεί πολύ ελαφρούς όρους, λέγοντας ότι τα χρήματα, αν χρησιμοποιηθούν, θα πρέπει να διατεθούν σε δαπάνες σχετικές με την Υγεία τώρα και ότι αργότερα η χώρα πρέπει να τηρεί τους γενικούς δημοσιονομικούς κανόνες της ΕΕ.

Η Ολλανδία, από την άλλη, θέλει αυστηρότερους όρους, περιλαμβανομένων οικονομικών κριτηρίων για κάθε χώρα, οι οποίοι είναι πολιτικά μη αποδεκτοί για τη Ρώμη, επειδή θα την έκαναν να φαίνεται ότι βρίσκεται υπό την οικονομική εποπτεία της ΕΕ, παρά το γεγονός ότι η πανδημία δεν είναι ευθύνη της Ιταλίας.

Σε μία σπάνια περίπτωση άσκησης ανοιχτής πίεσης στην Ολλανδία, Γάλλος αξιωματούχος από το γραφείο του προέδρου Εμανουέλ Μακρόν αποκάλεσε την ολλανδική θέση ακατανόητη και ο Γερμανός υπουργός Οικονομίας Πέτερ Αλτμάιερ είπε ότι η Γαλλία και η Γερμανία θα προχωρήσουν τις διαβουλεύσεις σήμερα.   

Το τμήμα του πακέτου, που έχει σε μεγάλο βαθμό συμφωνηθεί, είναι οι εγγυήσεις στην Ευρωπαϊκή Τράπεζα Επενδύσεων (ΕΤΕπ) για την στήριξη των επιχειρήσεων και για το σχήμα με το οποίο η ΕΕ θα επιδοτεί τους μισθούς σε όλη την Ένωση, ώστε οι εταιρείες να μπορούν να μειώνουν τις ώρες εργασίας και όχι τις θέσεις απασχόλησης.

Το σχέδιο, όμως, για τη χρηματοδότηση της ανάκαμψης μετά την επιδημία εγείρει περισσότερα ζητήματα, επειδή η Γαλλία θέλει τα χρήματα, τα οποία θα μπορούσαν να φτάνουν στο 3% του ΑΕΠ της ΕΕ ή σε περισσότερα από 400 δισ. ευρώ, να τα δανείζονται όλες οι χώρες της ΕΕ από κοινού από την αγορά. Αυτό αποτελεί μία «κόκκινη γραμμή» για τη Γερμανία, την Ολλανδία, τη Φινλανδία και την Αυστρία, οι οποίες είναι σθεναρά αντίθετες σε κοινή έκδοση χρέους, ακόμη και στην έκτακτη κατάσταση της πανδημίας του κορωνοϊού. 
Αξιωματούχοι ανέφεραν ότι οι υπουργοί είναι πιθανόν να παρακάμψουν το πρόβλημα, επισημαίνοντας την ανάγκη για ένα ταμείο ανάκαμψης, για το οποίο υπάρχει συναίνεση και να ζητήσουν από τους ηγέτες οδηγίες για το πώς θα χρηματοδοτηθεί αυτό, ώστε να μπορούν οι υπουργοί να κάνουν αργότερα τη δική τους επεξεργασία. 

Στον «χορό» των πιέσεων προς την Ολλανδία μπήκε και ο τέως πρόεδρος της Ευρωπαϊκής Επιτροπής, Ζαν-Κλοντ Γιούνκερ, χαρακτηρίζοντας «ανεύθυνο» το βέτο της Ολλανδίας σε μία συντονισμένη οικονομική απάντηση της Ευρώπης απέναντι στην κρίση κα εξηγώντας ότι οποιαδήποτε αμοιβαιοποίηση χρέους στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ενωση, δεν μπορεί παρά να αφορά μελλοντικό χρέος.

Ο αποκλεισμός της χρησιμοποίησης του Ευρωπαϊκού Μηχανισμού Σταθερότητας «λόγω της εμμονικής, ιδεολογικής, θρησκευτικής επιμονής στην εφαρμογή αυστηρής επιβολής όρων είναι ανεύθυνος», είπε χαρακτηριστικά ο Γιούνκερ σε συνέντευξή του στη γαλλική εφημερίδα «Libération».

Από την πλευρά του, αισιόδοξος ότι στην αποψινή συνεδρίαση του Eurogroup θα υιοθετηθεί ένα πιο φιλόδοξο και συνεκτικό πακέτο μέτρων για την επόμενη ημέρα της κρίσης, εμφανίστηκε στη Βουλή ο υπουργός Οικονομικών Χρήστος Σταϊκούρας, απορρίπτοντας κατηγορηματικά την πρόταση του επικεφαλής του ΜέΡΑ25 Γιάνη Βαρουφάκη να ασκήσει βέτο.

Ο υπουργός Οικονομικών επισήμανε ότι απαιτούνται επιπλέον ενέσεις ρευστότητας με την έκδοση ενός κοινού ευρωπαϊκού αξιογράφου και σημείωσε με έμφαση πως το πακέτο που θα αποφασιστεί στη σημερινή κρίσιμη συνεδρίαση δεν θα πρέπει να είναι κατώτερο των περιστάσεων και να δείχνει ατολμία.

«Ασφαλή καταφύγια δεν υπάρχουν ούτε για βουβάλια ούτε για βατράχους» είπε και τόνισε πως θέση της Ελλάδας είναι να υπάρξει ευελιξία. «Ακόμα και με παρεμβάσεις 500 δισ., η άποψή μας είναι ότι οι ανάγκες θα είναι πολύ μεγαλύτερες» ανέφερε και ήρθε σε κόντρα με τον Γιάνη Βαρουφάκη, που τον κάλεσε να ασκήσει βέτο στο σημερινό Eurogroup.

«Αν ακολουθούσα αυτό που προτείνετε, θα ήταν σαν να οδηγούσα τη χώρα εκεί που μας πήγατε το 2015 κι αυτό θα ήταν σφάλμα, μακριά από εμάς δημιουργικές ασάφειες που θα μας κοστίσουν» σχολίασε ο Χρήστος Σταϊκούρας.

…και η οργή της Ιταλίας

Στην άλλη όχθη τώρα η Ιταλία έχει φτάσει στα όρια της στέλνοντας σαφείς προειδοποιήσεις ότι διακυβεύεται η ενότητα της Ευρώπης.

Στο τελευταίο χτύπημά του ο πρωθυπουργός της Ιταλίας Τζουζέπε Κόντε, ο οποίος επιμένει να τονίζει ότι είναι απαραίτητο η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση να προχωρήσει στην έκδοση ευρωομολόγων για να αντιμετωπιστούν οι συνέπειες της πανδημίας του κορονοϊού, απευθύνεται – σε συνέντευξή του που δημοσιεύεται σήμερα στην εφημερίδα Bild – στους ηγέτες και τους πολίτες της Γερμανίας χωρίς διπλωματικές περιστροφές, ενόψει της σημερινής νέας συνεδρίασης του Eurogroup.

«Στη Γερμανία μπορεί να έχετε όσα δημοσιονομικά περιθώρια θέλετε, αλλά δεν μπορείτε να πιστεύετε ότι θα αντιμετωπίσετε μια τόσο φοβερή κοινωνική, υγειονομική και οικονομική κρίση μόνο με τα δημοσιονομικά σας περιθώρια», υπογράμμισε ο Κόντε στην εφημερίδα, καθώς η Ιταλία θρηνεί πλέον 17.669 νεκρούς επί συνόλου 139.422 κρουσμάτων μόλυνσης από κοροναϊό.

Στις δηλώσεις του στην Bild, που δημοσιεύονται μερικές ώρες πριν συνέλθει εκ νέου το συμβούλιο των υπουργών Οικονομικών της ευρωζώνης για να συζητήσει την κοινή ευρωπαϊκή οικονομική αντίδραση στον αντίκτυπο της πανδημίας του κορονοϊού, ο πρωθυπουργός της Ιταλίας επαναλαμβάνει ότι «είναι προς το αμοιβαίο συμφέρον η Ευρώπη να δηλώσει παρούσα, να δείξει ότι αίρεται στο ύψος των περιστάσεων αυτής της πρόκλησης. Διαφορετικά, θα πρέπει να εγκαταλείψουμε το ευρωπαϊκό όραμα, ο καθένας (…) να μεριμνήσει για τον εαυτό του».

Όμως σε αυτή την περίπτωση «θα χρειαστούν τριπλάσια, τετραπλάσια, πενταπλάσια ποσά για να βγούμε από αυτή την κρίση και δεν έχουμε εγγύηση ότι θα τα καταφέρουμε με τον καλύτερο, αποτελεσματικότερο και ταχύτερο τρόπο», προειδοποιεί ο Κόντε.

Υπερθεματίζοντας ο Ιταλός υπουργός Εξωτερικών Λουίτζι ντι Μάιο βλέπει στην κρίση του κορονοϊού κίνδυνο για την ύπαρξη της Ευρώπης

«Διακυβεύεται το ίδιο το μέλλον της Ευρώπης, οικονομικά πρέπει να ανταγωνιστεί με παγκόσμιους γίγαντες. Πρέπει να εργαστούμε για την ενίσχυση της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης, όχι για τη διάσπαση της, και είμαι βέβαιος ότι αυτό θέλουν και οι Γερμανοί. Τώρα θα πρέπει να γίνει μια συμφωνία, η οποία να διασφαλίζει το μέλλον της Ευρώπης», είπε ο υπουργός Εξωτερικών της Ιταλίας σε συνέντευξή του στο dpa, αναφερόμενος στο θέμα της βοήθειας προς την Ιταλία και την έκδοση ή μη κορονοομολόγων, τα οποία απορρίπτει η Γερμανία.

«Δεν είναι σωστό να μιλάμε για την Ιταλία στην περίπτωση αυτή, γιατί δεν πρόκειται για το μέλλον της Ιταλίας, αλλά για το μέλλον ολόκληρης της Ευρώπης. Δεν πρόκειται για το αν είναι κανείς απογοητευμένος από την γερμανική κυβέρνηση ή όχι, αλλά για το ότι πρέπει να καταλάβουμε ότι τώρα είναι απολύτως αναγκαίο να κινηθούμε μαζί προς την ορθή κατεύθυνση», τόνισε.


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BRUSSELS: The European Union will on Wednesday adopt a pan-European approach on the use of mobile applications to track the spread of the coronavirus, according to a European Commission document seen by Reuters. Calling it a toolbox, the EU executive said it would include a common scheme for using ...

International Update – April 2020   


Welcome to the latest installment of “International Update” – a monthly feature of the Washington Insider from John Creamer, MEMA’s advisor on international regulatory affairs. This update highlights discussions on automated vehicles, including three new type-approval regulations, and reviews regulatory changes adopted during the March session of the World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). The update also notes the postponement of WP.29 meetings originally scheduled for April. If there are topics you would like to see addressed in future “International Update” columns or if you have questions about this installment, please contact Leigh Merino.

COVID-19 Impact on WP.29 Scheduled Sessions

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, WP.29 postponed sessions scheduled for April. The next session of the Working Party on General Safety (GRSG) was tentatively rescheduled for July 13-17. The April session of the Working Party on Lighting and Light-Signaling Equipment (GRE) was canceled and extended their October session to account for the cancellation.

Vehicle Automation

The Working Party on Automated and Connected Vehicle (GRVA) held a special session during March 3-4 in an effort to finalize proposals for new regulations on the type approval of automated lane-keeping systems, cybersecurity, and software updates.

Automated Lane-Keeping Systems & Cybersecurity

GRVA agreed to send a proposal for a new regulation on the type approval of automated lane-keeping systems (ALKS) operating on divided highways at speeds up to 60 km/h. The draft regulation is intended to address SAE Level 3-4 ALKS where the automated system controls the vehicle on a sustained basis. The speed limitation focuses the requirements on systems designed to navigate dense, slow-moving traffic (e.g., traffic jam pilot). The regulation includes the first iteration of proposed requirements for data recording devices specific to automated driving systems (known as “data storage systems for automated driving” or DSSAD). The regulation would also mark the first application of a software versioning requirements known as RxSWIN developed for the proposed new regulation for the approval of software updates.

Japan sought to introduce test procedures and performance requirements based on a “competent and careful driver model” into the ALKS regulation. Several governments expressed reservations about mandating use of a novel and relatively untested method for setting requirements based upon statistical analyses of human driver reaction times and other parameters. The Japanese proposal was left in the draft regulation but limited to information gathering purposes. In other words, testing services were encouraged to consider the methodology, but it is not required for vehicle approval.

The draft cybersecurity regulation also became an object of debate over clauses allowing for one approval authority to raise reservations over the intent to grant an approval by another authority. Under type approval, each national authority may grant approvals that are automatically recognized as valid by all other nations that accept the UN regulation under which the approval was granted.

However, because cybersecurity assessment represents a major departure from conventional methods used for electro-mechanical equipment, many governments, in effect, wanted a trial period during which testing services could work with the regulation and, to some measure, demonstrate their capacities to assess cybersecurity management practices. Therefore, the initial version of the new regulation would include requirements whereby a national authority would notify all other authorities of its intention to grant an approval. The other authorities would have 14 calendar days during which to raise any “comments” on the proposed approval. The originating authority would be obliged to “take into account” these comments in issuing a possibly revised approval.

During the discussions, Japan argued that the questioning of one authority’s approval by another undermines the principle of mutual recognition. Either an approval meets the specifications of the regulation or it does not. Japan opposed a vetting process that could significantly delay approvals or question the competence of the issuing authority. As a result, the “peer review” provisions have not been finalized (which is signified in the draft text by enclosing that language in square brackets).

The cybersecurity, software update, and ALKS proposals are scheduled for consideration during the June WP.29 session. GRVA has agreed to organize discussions towards resolving the contentious points before the WP.29 adoption vote.

Functional Requirements for Automated Vehicles

Following the GRVA session, the World Forum held its 180th session during March 9-12 with the European Union participating remotely from Brussels. WP.29 received a white paper from the GRVA working group on functional requirements for automated vehicles (FRAV). The FRAV paper summarized its work to date and presented 41 high-level statements on performance expectations for automated vehicles and driving systems. The statements represent the first layer of discussions towards reaching agreement on uniform requirements possibly by March 2021.

WP. 1 and WP. 29 Joint Session on Automated Driving

WP.29 also held a joint session with the Global Forum for Road Traffic Safety (WP.1), the UN body comprised of legal experts on traffic laws and custodian of the international agreements governing traffic regulations. WP.1 created an Informal Group of Experts on Automated Driving (IGEAD) and expressed keen interest in updating traffic laws. Given the potential for overlap between laws related to the use of automated and driverless vehicles on public roads (WP.1) and the regulations governing vehicle design and performance (WP.29), the two groups agreed on the necessity for collaboration in building out a regulatory environment to facilitate the introduction of automated vehicles.

Summary of WP.29 March Session

In addition to its discussions on automated vehicles, the World Forum was notified of forthcoming amendments to emissions regulations planned for its June session. As explained in our February 2020 International Update, a series of amendments to Global Technical Regulation No. 15 on the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) and a type approval version of the requirements will be presented. Final adjustments to the new type approval regulation are underway.

During the session, the World Forum adopted the following changes to its regulations:

UN Regulation 26 (external projections)

  • Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments: Exempts fender and A-pillar rear edges under certain conditions from requirement that sheet metal edges be folded back or fitted with a shield.

  • 04 series of amendments: Clarifies which requirements apply to which part of the windscreen wiper (and thus whether parts may be “exempted”). Given the implications for approvals, the new requirements would apply from September 2022.

UN Regulation 46 (indirect vision): Supplements to the 04 series of amendments

  • Supplement 7: Allows for activation of a “temporary modified view” (such as change in image magnification or resolution) per ISO 16505:2015 in a Camera Monitoring System (CMS).

  • Supplement 8: Permits the use of indicative lines among two or more fields of vision rendered as a combined continuous image on a display.

UN Regulation 48 (lighting installation)

  • Introduces mandatory Emergency Stop Signals (ESS) phasing in from July 2022 and clarifies definitions of “switching” and “activation” and to introduce the mandatory use of Emergency Stop Signals (ESS)

UN Regulation 79 (steering): Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments

  • Introduces provisions for “Remote Control Maneuvering” (RCM) systems, improvements to tolerances and procedures for lane-keeping and lane-changing systems testing, and adds a “two-step HMI” procedure for verifying driver supervision of automated lane change

UN Regulation 144 (Accident Emergency Call Systems)

  • Clarifies application of an accident emergency call device approval to vehicle categories other than M1 and N1, power-supply requirements, removes exclusion of M1 and N1 vehicles not equipped with a side airbag, and requires AECS to output in an NMEA-0183 protocol format.

UN Regulation 151 (blind-spot systems): Supplement 1

  • Clarifies test procedures allowing non-random selection of parameter combinations and provides protrusion requirements for external elements.

UN Regulation 152 (AEBS): 01 series of amendments

  • Introduces new requirements for the car-to-pedestrian test scenario, to be phased in from May 2024.

Global Technical Regulation No. 7: Head restraints

  • An amendment to introduce specifications for the BioRID dummy has been agreed by GRSP and submitted for adoption at the June WP.29 session.

  • NOTE: the United States is expected to abstain from voting due to the inability of the expert group to define injury corridors based on empirical data.

Global Technical Regulation No. 8: Electronic stability control

  • Korea requested authorization to develop an amendment to allow for the use of the maximum operable steering wheel angle of a steering system’s design in cases where the normalized angle as calculated under the regulation cannot meet the fixed values of the regulation (i.e., between 270 and 300 degrees).

  • The intention is to enable approval of advanced systems (e.g., steer-by-wire) that may use low steering gear ratios as has been proposed for UN R140.

If you have any questions about the summary of the WP.29 session in March, please contact Leigh Merino.


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BRUSSELS – In a phone call with President Stevo Pendarovski on Tuesday, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg welcomed that North Macedonia is now participating in all NATO meetings as a full member of the Alliance, following accession on 27 March 2020 as NATO’s 30th member. According to NATO’s press release, Stoltenberg stressed that the Alliance […]

The post Stoltenberg welcomes the support of NATO allies to North Macedonia in COVID-19 fight appeared first on European Western Balkans.


Europe Struggles to Agree on a Plan to Stem Virus Recession   


Europe Struggles to Agree on a Plan to Stem Virus Recession(Bloomberg) -- Divisions among the European Union’s finance ministers threatened to derail, or at least delay, the bloc’s attempt to put forward a bold strategy aimed at mitigating the economic impact of the global pandemic.An emergency teleconference that started Tuesday dragged on until Wednesday morning, as the region’s finance chiefs struggled to reconcile their contrasting visions, forcing negotiations to continue through the night. A press conference was tentatively scheduled for 10 a.m. Brussels time.France and Europe’s hardest-hit southern countries are pushing for a firm commitment to a recovery fund financed by jointly issued bonds, a proposal that’s anathema to nations like Germany and the Netherlands that have strict red lines regarding the mutualization of debt. Ministers are also at loggerheads over the wording of a joint statement on the conditions for using the firepower of credit lines from the euro area’s bailout fund.The ministers had been tasked by EU leaders to come up with a toolkit of measures to address the economic impact of the outbreak by the end of this week. But even as the virus continued to engulf their economies and medical systems, governments have struggled to move past traditional dividing lines.And the stakes couldn’t be higher. Last week, IHS Markit said its monthly measure of services and manufacturing in the euro area points to an annualized economic contraction of about 10%. And that’s on top of job losses that are mounting across Europe, with Spain showing a record jobless-claims surge.Emergency FundWith the euro area facing an economic slump of unprecedented scale, countries have instituted fiscal measures worth 3% of EU gross domestic product as well as liquidity guarantees worth up to 18% of the bloc’s output. The European Central Bank has also launched massive bond purchases in what could end up becoming the biggest economic rescue package the continent has seen in peacetime. But few believe that’s sufficient given the scope of the downturn.The finance ministers were discussing three main proposals to weather the crisis: employing the European Stability Mechanism, the euro-area’s bailout fund, to offer credit lines worth up to 2% of output of the bloc’s members; the creation of a pan-European Guarantee Fund to be managed by the European Investment Bank that could mobilize more than 200 billion euros in liquidity for companies; as well as an employment reinsurance scheme worth 100 billion euros.But some leaders saw this package as insufficient, and demanded the inclusion of a recovery fund that would issue joint debt. “I say yes to euro bonds, no to ESM,” Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte told reporters on Monday night.The French government put forward a plan that would create a temporary reserve worth 3% of EU GDP, have a lifetime of as long as 10 years, and would be funded by the joint issuance of debt to mutualize the cost of the crisis.The plan is controversial as it resembles an idea backed by several euro-area countries for so-called coronabonds -- joint debt instruments that would ease pressure on highly indebted countries like Italy and, to a lesser extent, Spain and France, and would reduce the risk of a backlash from bond investors.While Germany has said that it supports measures to bolster an economic recovery, it has balked at any proposals that would see member states sharing debt. Other countries such as the Netherlands and Austria also oppose joint issuance, wary that they could end up on the hook for spending in the poorer south.(Updates with talks dragging through the night)For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2020 Bloomberg L.P.


Minimal conditions for coronavirus bailout loans would be appropriate -EU lawyers   

BRUSSELS, April 7 () – The euro zone bailout fund would be permitted to demand only minimal conditions from governments drawing on loans to help them the new coronavirus pandemic, European Council lawyers said in an opinion issued on Tuesday. The bailout fund, called the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), can extend cheap standby loans to […]

UPDATE 2-EU ministers hope to agree to half a trillion euro coronavirus rescue   

BRUSSELS () – Euro zone finance ministers hope to agree on Tuesday on half a trillion euros worth of economic aid to finance recovery from the coronavirus, a discussion that has sown divisions as the bloc struggles with the outbreak. FILE PHOTO: European Union flags fly outside the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, February […]

Trading recommendations for GBP/USD pair on April 8   


From the point of view of complex analysis, we continue to record the characteristic side movement with a wide amplitude, and now let's talk about the details. As early as one week and half, the quote conditionally does not move anywhere, having a wide side range, where the focus was on the frames 1.2280 // 1.2380 / 1.2480 (1.2500) at first, and after that, there was a shift to the boundaries of 1.2150 / 1.2350 (+/- 30 pip). The magnitude of the fluctuations is important, but with a general review of the trading chart, it will be seen that the quote is still at the peak of an earlier inertial move, where there were no fundamental changes.

Here, a variety of theories began to arise in all this oscillation and now, let's consider them:

1. Graphical analysis: traders, considering the daily periods,began to notice the shape of the continuation of the "FLAG" move. The outlines may be there, only across the postulates of the analysis itself. Considering the patterns on the daily periods, it is worthwhile to be aware that the market changes daily due to the strong external background, and sometimes every hour, but it is not necessary to apply graphical analysis on daily periods at the current time.

2. Flat bias: traders assume that the slowdown itself carries a possible change in the structure of the earlier inertia, and just a shift of this slowdown to a lower level is considered a possible signal of an early appearance of a round of short positions.

3. Consequences and risks: investors clearly understand that the COVID-19 virus will cause significant damage to the economy of many countries, and when risks and panic surpasses, investors run to protective assets, and this is the dollar.

Of the above theories, the most relevant are options 2 and 3.

Analyzing the past trading day , we see that the value of 1.2166, which arose during the continuation of the downward impulse of April 6, became the minimum. The start of the reverse move also arose during the period of the Pacific-Asian session and moved to the European one, where the entire downward surge on April 6 was played. The maximum value was the mark of 1.2383.

In terms of volatility, we see a characteristic acceleration, where the increase was 19% relative to the average daily indicator.

Details of volatility: Monday - 165 points; Tuesday - 245 points; Wednesday - 172 points; Thursday - 358 points; Friday - 359 points; Monday - 144 points; Tuesday - 271 points; Wednesday - 676 points; Thursday - 354 points; Friday - 522 points; Monday - 267 points; Tuesday - 296 points; Wednesday - 333 points; Thursday - 452 points; Friday - 352 points; Monday - 148 points; Tuesday - 227 points; Wednesday - 108 points; Thursday - 126 points; Friday - 198 points; Monday - 116 points; Tuesday - 217 points. The average daily indicator, relative to the dynamics of volatility is 181 points [see table of volatility at the end of the article].

It can be noted that market dynamics have been accelerating for the second month.

Considering the trading chart in general terms [the daily period], we see that there are no fundamental changes, the quotes fluctuates at the peak of inertia, as if preparing for a further jump.

The news background of the past day contained data on JOLTS open vacancies in the United States, where they recorded a decrease from 7.012 million to 6.882 million.

In terms of the general information background, we see that the situation with coronavirus is not improving, the number of registered cases of infection in the world is still keeping pace, and the total figure is already 1,429,939.

The COVID-19 virus has already dealt an undeniable blow to the global economy, but the main consequences are ahead of us.

Regarding negotiations between England and Brussels on trade relations after Brexit, the process is underway. According to representatives, Prime Minister Boris Johnson will not affect the stages of negotiations.

"As for the negotiations themselves, there was a series of technical contacts last week at the level of the two teams on some clarifications. Yesterday, the EU representative also held consultations with the British negotiator David frost. Of course, contacts continue this week," the representative of the European Commission said at a briefing.

There was also information that there will be a connection next week between the main negotiators Michel Barnier and David Frost, where they will discuss a calendar of future stages of negotiations in order to advance the negotiation process.

Let me remind you that Michel Barnier and David Frost were diagnosed with coronavirus earlier, and the European side actively promoted the position of prolonging the transition period, but did not receive a response from England.

Today, in terms of the economic calendar, we do not have statistics worth paying attention to. Nevertheless, external background will continue to play a key role in the market.


Further development

Analyzing the current trading chart, we see a temporary fluctuation of the quote within the range of 1.2280 / 1.2350 (1.2380), which is a variable range and if the downward sentiment is maintained, the lower border will fall soon. In fact, the main framework in this oscillation will be the values of 1.2150 / 1.2350 (+/- 30 pip), this is the same bias that we wrote about at the beginning of the article.

In terms of emotional background, we still see a high speculative coefficient, which intensifies against the background of an external news flow, particularly the COVID-19 virus.

It can be assumed that the fluctuation in the range of 1.2280 / 1.2350 (1.2380) does not last long, where it is worthwhile to carefully analyze the boundaries for breakdown. Developing within these frameworks is considered less relevant, so only one method is selected, that is, to breakdown.

Based on the above information, we derive trading recommendations:

- We consider selling positions in case of fixing a price higher than 1.2275, with the prospect of a movement to 1.2220-1.2170.

- We consider buying positions higher than 1.2380, with the prospect of a movement to 1.2450.


Indicator analysis

Analyzing a different sector of time frames (TF), we see that technical tools in the minute and hour periods are focused on fluctuations in the ranges, having a variable buy signal. Meanwhile, daily periods work at an earlier inertia, giving a buy signal.


Volatility per week / Measurement of volatility: Month; Quarter; Year

Measurement of volatility reflects the average daily fluctuation, calculated for Month / Quarter / Year.

(April 8 was built taking into account the publication time of the article)

The volatility of the current time is 65 points, which is considered extremely low activity for having a piece of time. It is likely to assume that acceleration will occur during the breakdown of the range of 1.2280 / 1.2350, which will multiply the indicator into half.


Key levels

Resistance zones: 1.2350 **; 1.2500; 1.2620; 1.2725 *; 1.2770 **; 1.2885 *; 1.3000; 1.3170 **; 1.3300 **; 1.3600; 1.3850; 1.4000 ***; 1.4350 **.

Support Areas: 1.2280 (1.2240); 1.2150 **; 1.2000 *** (1.1957); 1.1850; 1.1660; 1.1450 (1.1411); 1.1300; 1.1000; 1.0800; 1.0500; 1.0000.

* Periodic level

** Range Level

*** Psychological level

**** The article is built on the principle of conducting a transaction, with daily adjustment

The material has been provided by InstaForex Company -

Amazing Adventures of EMPIRE II   

Taking part in EMPIRE II multi-artist video project curated by Vanya Balogh was a two year journey through work, cities, and unexpected encounters. Launched in Brussels in 2017, the exhibition … Continue reading Amazing Adventures of EMPIRE II

Copernicus Marine Service and Ocean Energy Europe Partnership Kick-Off in Brussels   


This cooperation will help the Copernicus Marine Service (CMEMS) to support the activities of Ocean Energy Europe...

Cet article Copernicus Marine Service and Ocean Energy Europe Partnership Kick-Off in Brussels est apparu en premier sur Copernicus.


Showcasing Blue Growth   


To be showcased our next big event in Brussels, Copernicus Marine Week, we have re-designed the Markets &...

Cet article Showcasing Blue Growth est apparu en premier sur Copernicus.


Don’t miss the Copernicus Value Chain Workshop, in Brussels this April   


As an integral part of the stakeholder consultation process in preparation of the publication of the European...

Cet article Don’t miss the Copernicus Value Chain Workshop, in Brussels this April est apparu en premier sur Copernicus.


CMEMS Workshop – User Uptake & Service Evolution – Brussels – Sept 7-8 2015   


This workshop was meant to present initial CMEMS Service Evolution and User Uptake strategies and to gather...

Cet article CMEMS Workshop – User Uptake & Service Evolution – Brussels – Sept 7-8 2015 est apparu en premier sur Copernicus.


JONSMOD 2014 conference 12/14 May 2014 – BRUSSELS   


Cet article JONSMOD 2014 conference 12/14 May 2014 – BRUSSELS est apparu en premier sur Copernicus.


Launch Event “The Growing Use of GMES across Europe’s Regions” 10th October 2012 – Brussels.   


On behalf of the NEREUS-Secretariat & ESA GMES Space Office, MyOcean2 consortium is happy to forward an...

Cet article Launch Event “The Growing Use of GMES across Europe’s Regions” 10th October 2012 – Brussels. est apparu en premier sur Copernicus.


Marine Monitoring Service: A GMES Workshop on Jan25th   


GMES Workshop on Marine monitoring service JAN25th 2012  Brussels, Auditorium Breydel The pre-operational marine service of GMES...

Cet article Marine Monitoring Service: A GMES Workshop on Jan25th est apparu en premier sur Copernicus.


MyOcean at the first Innovation Convention organised by the European Commission (DG RTD).   


Brussels, 5-6 December 2011:   MyOcean has exhibited “Your Ocean online” at the first Innovation Convention organized...

Cet article MyOcean at the first Innovation Convention organised by the European Commission (DG RTD). est apparu en premier sur Copernicus.


Not all commissioners are treated equally   

Tim King writes POLITICO‘s Brussels Sketch. History, so the saying goes, is written by the victors, but it’s also rewritten by the losers, as they try to mitigate their losses and shift the blame. David Sassoli, president of the European Parliament, has made a brave attempt to rewrite the history of the European Union’s last six...

Brussels Edition:Seeking to Reassure   

Brussels Edition:Seeking to Reassure

A Lattice in Wonderland   

  Inspired by the painted ivy trellis ceilings and just the general down the rabbit hole loveliness that is Madame Brussels Bar in Melbourne, I wanted to make my own giant piece of pimped up lattice to sit against my … Continue reading

Airlines must refund flights canceled because of coronavirus- EU   

BRUSSELS — Airlines must reimburse customers for flights canceled because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the European Union transport chief said on Wednesday, rejecting calls by carriers to relax EU rules and allow an EU-wide waiver of refund obligations. EU Transport Commissioner Adina Valean also said the parameters could be changed for compliance with a U.N. […]

8 Spring Fruits and Vegetables to Eat Now    


spring fruits and veggies to eat now

Keep your eye out for these nutritious fruits and vegetables as they hit their peak during the spring growing season.


Asparagus contains a prebiotic called inulin that aids digestive health by promoting the growth of good bacteria. It is also loaded with anti-inflammatory phytonutrients, and vitamins and minerals that act as antioxidants.

Cooking tip: Place 1 pound of asparagus in a single layer on a baking sheet. Drizzle with olive oil and sprinkle with salt and pepper. Broil on low for 10 minutes. Serve warm.


Artichokes provide folate, fiber, vitamin C, and vitamin K. They contain the disease fighting flavonoids quercetin and anthocyanins. Artichokes are a source of lutein, which promotes heart health, and cynarin and silymarin, which have been linked to liver health.

Cooking tip: Cut off the stem of a fresh artichoke and remove the outer leaves. Cut off the top and trim any spiked points on the remaining leaves. Steam the artichoke for 20 to 30 minutes. Enjoy the tender, fleshy part of the leaves with your favorite dip. Chop up the remaining cooked artichoke heart and eat it on salad or use it as a pizza topping.


Beets contain fiber, potassium, and folate. Purple and red varieties also contain betacyanin, a phytochemical found to protect against cancer and reduce the inflammation linked to heart disease.

Cooking tip: Trim the stems of five or six small beets and scrub them clean. Drizzle them with olive oil and wrap them in aluminum foil, creating a packet. Roast for 25-35 minutes at 400 degrees Fahrenheit, or until the beets are tender. Slice and serve on a fresh, green salad with goat cheese.

Garlic Scapes

Garlic scapes grow from a garlic bulb to form a long green, curled stem above the ground. Like garlic, the scapes are part of the allium vegetable family. These foods contain sulfur compounds that act as antioxidants to fight disease.

Cooking tip: Thinly slice garlic scapes and use them in any dish that you would use scallions. Toss them into stir-fry or noodle dishes, and add them to omelets or a quiche. They can also be blended into basil pesto.


Spring peas provide manganese, folic acid, fiber, and vitamin B6. They have been recognized as a source of alpha-linolenic acid, a type of omega-3 fatty acid. Peas also contain coumestrol, a phytochemical that has been linked to a reduced risk for stomach cancer.

Cooking tip: Sweet spring peas can be eaten raw as a salad topping. They can also be steamed until soft and mashed like potatoes.


Like kale and Brussels sprouts, radishes belong to the family of cruciferous vegetables. These foods contain glucosinolates, which have been found to protect against cancer. Radishes are also a source of vitamin C and fiber.

Cooking tip: Serve quartered radishes with fresh green salads, thinly slice them to use as a sandwich topping, or dice them and add to coleslaw.


This leafy green is a source of vitamin C and vitamin K. It provides the carotenoids beta-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin, which act as antioxidants and also promote healthy vision. Spinach has been found to protect against aggressive forms of prostate cancer.

Cooking tip: Gently saute 2 cups of spinach in a skillet with 1 teaspoon of olive oil for 2 to 3 minutes. Season with your favorite herbs and spices and eat as a side dish, or add it to lasagna, quiche, or cooked grains like quinoa.


Strawberries provide vitamin C, folate, and fiber. They contain over 18 phytonutrients, which have been linked to the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancers. Strawberries have also been found to aid in blood sugar control.

Cooking tip: Make a fruit salsa with ½ cup each of chopped strawberries, chopped pineapple, and chopped kiwi. Stir in 1 teaspoon of finely chopped fresh mint. Enjoy with cinnamon pita chips.



Western Sahara: Frente Polisario Alerts HRW to the Situation of the Saharawi Civilian Prisoners Held in Moroccan Jails   

[SPS] Brussels -In a letter addressed to Human Rights Watch's Brussels office, the Frente POLISARIO Representation to the EU expresses its deep concern about the appalling situation afflicting the Sahrawi political prisoners held illegally in Morocco jails amidst the growing COVID-19 pandemic.

BRUSSELS Coronavirus ‘bazooka’   

Belgium’s finance minister Alexander De Croo (Open VLD) wants the guarantee system of €50 billion for companies to be approved by the weekend, after the government and the financial sector agreed ‘in principle’ two weeks ago. However, the green light...

October IFSA OnBoard: IFSA Foundation Scholarship Success Story, January Regional Event, and More!   


October 2019

Save the Date: 20 January 2020

IFSA Winter Regional Event

IFSA will kick off 2020 with its Regional Event in San Francisco, held in conjunction with the Winter Fancy Food Show. Plan to join industry colleagues at this informal event to build relationships and learn more about how IFSA can benefit you and your business. Registration will open soon and is FREE for IFSA members. Be on the lookout for more information.

IFSA Foundation Scholarship Success Story

Douglas Karugonjo, an IFSA Foundation scholarship recipient, recently completed his Masters in Quality Management at the University of Wollongong in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.


Douglas received the Harvey and Laura Alpert Scholarship in 2018 and the gategroup Scholarship in 2017. Douglas graciously thanked his scholarship donors and the IFSA Foundation Board for their support.

Thanks to your support and that of the members of IFSA, I have completed my Masters in Quality Management at the University of Wollongong, which I embarked on in 2017 and completed in 2019. I attained an overall 70% Weighted Average Mark, equivalent to an overall 3.5 GPA. I want to take this opportunity to thank you, the organization and the members, sincerely for bringing me to this point.

- Douglas Karugonjo

Success stories like Douglas’ are only made possible by the generosity of IFSA members in funding scholarships. In 2019, the IFSA Foundation reached the $1 million milestone for scholarships awarded and its mission of supporting deserving students continues.

For information about this year’s scholarship recipients, click here.

IFSA Award Spotlight

American Airlines was awarded the 2020 IFSA Award for Best Inflight Food or Beverage as a result of its partnership with Zöes Kitchen. This award recognizes a food or beverage product that appeals to passengers' taste and enhances the onboard experience based on appearance, function, innovation, quality and taste.

The partnership was designed "to introduce all-new menu items for customers that offer delicious, light and fresh choices onboard Domestic Main Cabin and First Class." Menu items included signature dishes direct from Zoës Kitchen restaurants, as well as some offerings uniquely available to American Airlines' passengers.

“We are excited to elevate the inflight dining experience and deliver an enhanced Main Cabin experience to millions of customers by offering these menu items,” said Raphael Girardoni, Managing Director of Food and Beverage for American Airlines. “In the air, our goal is to provide delicious food inspired by an elevated simplicity. The Zoës partnership offers just that.”

Congratulations, American Airlines!

Government Affairs & Education Committee Update


IFSA's Government Affairs and Education Committee (GAEC) monitors global regulatory and legislative issues impacting the industry. These are the latest updates:

  • IFSA Registers to Attend FDA Meeting on Food Safety: IFSA will participate in the 21 October Public Meeting hosted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) about a modern approach, called “A New Era of Smarter Food Safety,” that seeks to strengthen FDA’s protection of the U.S. food supply by creating a more digital, traceable system. Following the meeting, IFSA will provide a report of outcomes and will submit comments based on member input.
  • IFSA Engages with European Commission on Single-Use Plastics Issue: IFSA is working to address the Single-Use Plastics (SUP) Directive in the EU, which will ban products for which alternatives exist on the market, such as single-use plastic cutlery, plates and items made of oxo-degradable plastics by the year 2021. Earlier this month, GAEC finalized and shared with the European Commission (EC) IFSA's position on the issue. In addition, on 4 October, IFSA submitted responses to the EC’s Phase 1 Survey regarding SUP definitions and accepted an invitation to attend a stakeholder workshop in Brussels on 18 October.

For more information about government affairs activities and the Government Affairs and Education Committee, please contact Michelle Smolarski at For EU related items, please contact Margaux Rundstadler at

More IFSA Foundation News

At the IFSA Foundation donor dinner at EXPO, attendees celebrated reaching the $1 million milestone in scholarships awarded and Foundation Board Members thanked the 2019 scholarship donors for their transformative commitments.



EXPO Updates, GAEC Updates and More: February Onboard   


Check out the latest IFSA news, updates and events!


February 2018


Your Chance to Get Involved, Join an IFSA Committee Today!


IFSAis recruiting new committee volunteers who are enthusiastic to get involved, eager to make a difference and committed to enhancing the onboard services industry. Join an IFSA committee to share your experiences and expertise, connect with fellow members and collaborate with your peers on programs and initiatives aimed at advancing the industry - all while developing skills that will benefit you both personally and professionally.


For more information about available committees, responsibilities and how to get involved, click below.




Press Release: IFSA Welcomes Executive Participation via New Airline Catering Association


IFSA welcomes the Airline Catering Association (ACA), a newly formed organization with parallel interests and dedication to the global advancement of the airline catering industry. Leading airline catering companies,dnata, DO & CO,gategroup, the LSG Group and Newrest, announced the launch of ACA, a non-profit international organization, headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, earlier this month. The press release can be found below.




APEX Invites You to Attend APEX Asia!


All IFSA members are invited to attend the APEX Asia Conference in Shanghai, 13-14 March at the APEX member rate! This two-day event is expected to draw more than 150 participants from airlines and suppliers around the world. The program will feature a wide variety of industry speakers, presentations, panels and forum discussions, as well as exhibits and networking events. Click below for registration and additional information.




Reserve Your 2018 EXPO Hotel Rooms


Set in the heart of downtown, the Boston Marriott Copley Place is the headquarter hotel for IFSA’s 2018 EXPO. This hotel offers attendees an exceptional experience, and is walking distance from the EXPO venue, the Hynes Convention Center, as well asthe chic boutiques and restaurants. Reserve your room today at the IFSA guestroom rate.



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