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Trotz Kontaktbeschränkungen und Versammlungsverbot - Ostern fällt nicht aus. Die Landeskirchen bieten während der Feiertage zahlreiche Livestreams an. Und es gibt ein ökumenisches "Wort zum Sonntag".
Die Corona-Pandemie führt zu ungewöhnlichen Lösungen - auch an der Spitze der Kirchen und in den Medien: In der Osternacht werden der EKD-Ratsvorsitzende Heinrich Bedford-Strohm un der Vorsitzende der katholischen deutschen Bischofskonferenz, der Limburger Bischof Georg Bätzing, ein gemeinsames "Wort zum Sonntag" sprechen. In der fast 70-jährigen Geschichte der Sendung gab es das bisher noch nie. Gesendet wird das gemeinsame Wort der Bischöfe am 11. April, um 23.50 in der ARD. Bereits ab 18 Uhr kann man den Beitrag unter www.daserste.de/wort und in der ARD-Mediathek nachlesen beziehungsweise ansehen.
Ebenfalls am 11. April, um 22 Uhr wird Heinrich Bedford-Strohm in einer Feier zur Osternacht predigen, den der Bayerische Rundfunk aus der Himmelfahrtskirche in München-Sendling überträgt.
Leitende Theolog*innen sind aktiv
Ostern fällt nicht aus. Trotz Kontaktbeschränkungen und Versammlungsverboten soll gefeiert werden - nur eben anders. So die Botschaft der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland (EKD) und der Landeskirchen. Unter dem Motto "Ostern digital - getrennt und doch gemeinsam" sind die zahlreichen Livestreams und sonstigen Gottesdienstformate aus allen Teilen Deutschlands gebündelt.
Präses Annette Kurschus, die stellvertretende Ratsvorsitzende der EKD, wird am Ostersonntag um 9.30 Uhr im ZDF-Fernsehgottesdienst, übertragen aus der Saalkirche in Ingelheim, predigen. Auch andere leitenden Theologinnen und Theologen wenden sich in Rundfunkgottesdiensten und Livestreams an die Gläubigen: Präses Manfred Rekowski predigt in einem Gottesdienst, der am Ostersonntag ab 11 Uhr aus der Philippuskirche in Wuppertal-Uellendahl auf der Seite der Evangelischen Kirche im Rheinland gestreamt wird. Landesbischof Ralf Meister hält an Karfreitag und Ostersonntag Online-Gottesdienste, die auf der Website, den Facebook- und Youtube-Kanälen der Landeskirche Hannovers ausgespielt werden. Bischof Christian Stäblein gestaltet zusammen mit dem Schauspieler Ulrich Noethen einen Gottesdienst, den der rbb an Karfreitag um 10 Uhr aus der Berliner Gedächtniskirche überträgt. Der hessen-nassauische Kirchenpräsident Volker Jung feiert bereits an Gründonnerstag einen Living-Room Gottesdienst, der auf youtube übertragen wird.
Am Karfreitag wird eine Video-Andacht von Bischöfin Beate Hofmann auf den Facebook- und Youtube-Kanälen sowie der Homepage der Evangelischen Kirche von Kurhessen-Waldeck abrufbar sein. Die badische Landeskirche sendet einen Livestream-Gottesdienst mit Bischof Jochen Cornelius-Bundschuh an Karfreitag. Der neue sächsische Landesbischof Tobias Bilz ist gleich drei Mal zu erleben: an Gründonnerstag um 17 Uhr in einem Livestream-Gottesdienst aus der Diakonissenhauskirche in Dresden, an Karfreitag im ARD-Fernsehgottesdienst um 10 Uhr aus der Unterkirche der Dresdner Frauenkirche und an Ostersonntag um 10 Uhr erneut im Livestream aus der Nikolaikirche Leipzig.
Die EKD hat die Fernsehgottesdienste und ihre Angebote und Informationen unter dem Stichwort "Ostern von zu Hause" zusammengefasst. Auf der Themenseite "Kirche von zu Hause" sind Links zu weiteren Gottesdiensten, Verkündigungssendungen und Digitalangeboten der Kirchen während der Corona-Krise versammelt. Dort findet man auch Möglichkeiten zum gemeinsamen Gebet, Gedanken und geistliche Statements sowie Seelsorge-Kontakte.
The Members of the IMA will meet for two days from September 20 – 21, 2020 ahead of the Innotrans 2020 in Berlin. The purpose and goal of the workshop is to work on the further development of the association as well as the strategic direction for its future.
During last year’s assembly meeting (MONORAILEX 2019) that was held in Japan, the IMA implemented three working groups whose focus is to further the development of the association.
Currently there are three to four persons of the Executive Board in each Working Group. Expert lectures will be given to provide new impulses.
To view the current proposed schedule for the Workshop, please click on the following file: IMA Monorail Workshop Berlin 2020
We strive to keep our members safe and healthy while continuing to support the monorail industry during these tough times. As the situation with the COVID-19 continues to be fluid, and we don’t yet know what the next month will bring in terms of scheduling and travel, we have made the decision to hold the workshop via Video Web Conference.
Further information will be distributed via email and will be posted in our website.
EACH MEMBER IS INVITED TO PARTICIPATE IN ONE OF THE WORKING GROUP. IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN SUPPORTING OUR ASSOCIATION WITH YOUR EXPERTISE, BUT YOU ARE NOT A MEMBER RIGHT NOW, PLEASE CONTACT US VIA EMAIL AT ADMIN@MONORAILEX.ORG OR VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT WWW.MONORAILEX.ORG.
|Cache||That's right, I've hit it off the bat with that title didn't I ?|
Well, at least when you think of how this Usergroup conference has been growing over the course of the last 5 years... Because this year, there was also a version of the SUGCON event in India.
Which is kind of grand isn't it.
But anyhow, let's go back to Berlin, which was the center of the buzz for 2018. Or at least when it comes down to topics and events that concern Sitecore :)
This year's venue was the huge Estrel Hotel, a venue able to host 3 simultaneous events, so this year's venue at least held the promise of being big enough.
I mentioned the huge growth of the SUGCON event over the past years since the danish and dutch usergroups decided to join hands. This year's conference was host to over 600 attendees whereas previous years were almost everytime 1/3 smaller. That's right, a steady growth of 30% per year...
Once this introduction session was over, we were ready for the real stuff.
I can only account to the session I attended myself , and will do so to the best of my abilities as well as the best of pictures I have available since the slideware has, at this point, not yet been publically released.
Drive a powerfull "SitecoreLand" ExperienceAfter the keynote the event moved on into a session by Jason Wilkerson & Richard Seal.
This session showcased the possibilities of integrating a large set of tools in Sitecore 9. Using Commerce, SXA, xConnect and Marketing Automation in combination with IoT wirstbands (well, virtual ones at least). Using these to follow you around the fictitious amusement park, tracking your use of the fast-lane passes, giving alerts when you could have bought a new pack and so on.
Uber-modern APIs for Sitecore - Kam Figy
Well, for me, this was one of the most interesting sessions of the entire event. Kam really gave an eye-opener on the GraphQL capabilities and showed us how to query exactly that data you need in a specific context, how to request additional information and so on.
You can find Kam's exploits here:
xConnect & Marketing Automation omni-channel
This session kind of left me high and dry since I had high hopes on seeing how I would be able to created very complex flows and have customizations added in to use in that omni-channel story. However, the session was rather plain on the use of the new marketing automation engine working with xConnect data. Nothing to blame on the speaker, just did not match my hopes or expectations.
XP Services - Scale up and Scale out
A very good and interesting recap by Jason St-Cyr on the different possible configurations possible and scalable in Sitecore 9. Impossible to give a debrief on this session, but if that slideware or presentation video becomes available that will turn out to make for great material and information!
Kicking off the day were Todd Mitchell and Lars Pederson with their topic on the Power of connected data. Showing us how xConnect with all the captured data in the xDB can help feed your personalization and relevance or let data be represented through for example PowerBI.
EXM Live! The magic of Email Automation - Pete Navarra
Talk about a very interactive session that showcased the new marketing automation flows with the mails setup in EXM. The entire audience was able to partake and depending on choices made, other emails would get sent out. An interesting showcase.
45 tests in 45 minutes testing thought starters - Michael Greenberg
I had higher expectations and hope to gain some insights that I did not yet have on how to quickly assert the sanity of a solution for example or run a number of fast tests that were unbeknowst to me, but unfortunately this was indeed more working on the concept of thought starters. Racing through them in under 45minutes was indeed an impressive race.
White hat hacker's guide to the internet - Mikkel Romer
A highly anticipated and heavily visited session, a white hat hacker had his way with the Sitecore environments out there. And safe to say that he come up with quite some baffling results... Huge amounts (in both numbers and percentages) of sites remain very vulnerable to even the lightest of exploits. No lists and names were dropped, but to everyone reading this, you may want to check that password on the admin account, just to make sure :)
I had a great time, it is always good to mingle, so a myriad of topics even when not all of them are always as relevant as others. Speaker level was great this year and my hat goes off for the organization that did a superb job in finding the location and managing the entire event.
I am excited for the event next year which will take place on April 4th and this time at the end of the week.
Radish Lab is looking for a talented full-stack developer to join our growing team part-time. Your work will be centered around our large-scale new and ongoing development projects. You should have experience with custom solutions using WordPress, and understanding and writing frontend application code. If you’re an all-around generalist when it comes to writing code, and you’re comfortable on any end of a tech stack, then you’re a perfect fit.
Nice to Have
About Radish Lab
Radish Lab is a full-service interactive creative agency that focuses on people and projects that create impact in our world. We’re headquartered in Brooklyn, New York with an office in Berlin, Germany. We build innovative websites, applications, data visualizations, and interactive experiences for non-profits, cultural institutions, universities, advocacy organizations, health, and science-based organizations, as well as social businesses. We’re looking to have an impact on the world using design and technology.
How to apply
Interested candidates should include an awesome (seriously) cover letter, resume, Linkedin and Github accounts in their application.
Important: All applicants who ignore the instructions above will not be considered.
If you move to the next round you will be asked to take a brief (30 min) coding test.
No recruiters or calls, please.
Radish Lab provides equal employment opportunities to all applicants without regard to race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, age, disability, genetic information, marital status, amnesty or status as a covered veteran.
|Cache||Editor’s note: Editor-in-Chief Nathan Carpenter is the course manager of the Uncovering COVID-19 class, and was uninvolved with the reporting and editing of this story. Three weeks after students were sent home and the College transitioned to remote learning, Oberlin administrators continue to respond to the academic implications of the COVID-19 pandemic. A variety of...|
Nonlinear Dynamic Feature Extraction Based on Phase Space Reconstruction for the Classification of Speech and EmotionCache
|Due to the shortcomings of linear feature parameters in speech signals, and the limitations of existing time- and frequency-domain attribute features in characterizing the integrity of the speech information, in this paper, we propose a nonlinear method for feature extraction based on the phase space reconstruction (PSR) theory. First, the speech signal was analyzed using a nonlinear dynamic model. Then, the model was used to reconstruct a one-dimensional time speech signal. Finally, nonlinear dynamic (NLD) features based on the reconstruction of the phase space were extracted as the new characteristic parameters. Then, the performance of NLD features was verified by comparing their recognition rates with those of other features (NLD features, prosodic features, and MFCC features). Finally, the Korean isolated words database, the Berlin emotional speech database, and the CASIA emotional speech database were chosen for validation. The effectiveness of the NLD features was tested using the Support Vector Machine classifier. The results show that NLD features not only have high recognition rate and excellent antinoise performance for speech recognition tasks but also can fully characterize the different emotions contained in speech signals.|
|Cache||Mai multe avioane cu lucrători sezonieri est-europeni au sosit joi pe aeroporturile din Berlin, Hamburg şi Dusseldorf, în pofida restricţiilor impuse pentru limitarea răspândirii pandemiei cauzate de noul coronavirus, transmite dpa, citată de Agerpres. |
Citește mai departe...
|Cache||Brüssel kündigt über 15 Milliarden Euro an Hilfen für Entwicklungsländer weltweit gegen Corona an - doch das Geld war schon bisher für sie vorgesehen. In Berlin wird das als zu wenig kritisiert. In Afrika sorgt die Pandemie bereits für Unruhen.|
|Cache||Luxemburg hat angekündigt, zwölf geflüchtete Kinder aufzunehmen. Außenminister Asselborn spottete Richtung Deutschland, sich an seinem Land ein Beispiel zu nehmen. Am Dienstagabend folgte die Reaktion aus Berlin: Deutschland wolle 50 Kinder aufnehmen. Im Netz hagelt es Kritik.|
As with everyone in our global community, Trackhunter HQ are utterly devastated by how the Coronavirus Pandemic has laid waste to the global arts community. The underground and dance community has been decimated with record shops, nightclubs and bars all closed down within a matter of weeks. With that it’s also had the longer term negative impact of threatening just about every dance music festival over the summer months as many will no doubt follow major sporting events like The Olympics and Wimbledon and go to the wall. The arts and entertainment world also have the shared pain that it's not just the performers who have suffered badly, but also an army of supporting roles that now find themselves seeking aid from their governments.
Within dance music the impact of COVID19 will be felt by record labels who will be wondering whether to hold back new physical releases now that record shops have closed. Whilst many have established online presences, there will be those who have been caught out by the events of recent weeks. The premier league of DJs can take the hit of a few months at home to work on mixes and new productions but for the majority of DJs and producers they will be hugely concerned that their revenue streams have been strangled and may not start again until the Autumn. There is the longer term anxiety that this disruption could last for some years as we see further spikes in infection.
The dance music community is resourceful and strong
There is no doubt however, that this community is resourceful and whilst it may not have faced a situation like this in its history, it has come through some incredibly testing times. The US Disco and early 1980’s club scene knows this all too well through the homophobic victimisation of clubbers, the Disco Sucks campaign and ultimately the Aids pandemic of which first nightmarish stories came out in 1981. Whilst there have been other crises such as the Criminal Justice Bill, nothing comes close to what we are living through today. Thankfully in 2020 we will have the Worldwide Web and that has allowed a mass of artists to stay in contact with their followers with live DJs, sets performances and updates. This is hopefully only the start of things to come.
Support for artists
Platforms such as Bandcamp and Mixcloud have shown generosity to the artists who ultimately have helped make these platforms the success they are. Bandcamp gave their cut of any sales to artists on March the 20th and evidence was clear for anyone to see how much music lovers wanted to help artists. Just a few seconds on the home page were enough to witness the carousel of latest purchases go whizzing by at high speed as a testament to the sheer amount of money being given over directly to the artists. Hopefully Bandcamp will follow this up with more Friday sessions to help support artists around the world.
On the same day Bandcamp waived artist fees, Mixcloud announced that they wanted to; “do something purposeful in the collective worldwide effort to help the creative community keep their heads above water”. As part of that they have waived their SELECT revenue share for the next 3 calendar months, giving SELECT Channel creators 100% of the income after the underlying artists and songwriters have been paid. This is despite it being a challenging time for the likes of Mixcloud who have worked hard balancing the act of a free platform and raising revenue.
Raising funds for great causes
Beatport hosted an impressive live event called ReConnect that brought well known 33 DJs across multiple continents together in their living rooms and studios over the course of 24 hours to raise funds for various COVID19 non profit organisations. The likes of Nina Kravitz, Todd Terry and Carl Craig lined up to entertain the clubbing masses who find themselves at a loose end with all the clubs in shutdown. Beatport CEO Robb McDaniels said in a statement. "With so many of us sheltered in our homes, wanting to stay connected to the people and music that plays such a positive role in our lives, Beatport and the passionate DJ community we work with on a daily basis feel compelled to deliver a unique music experience directly into homes across the world." DJs have helped where they can and another example of this was my own online radio station Purple Radio who ran a 60 hour live radio DJ marathon in aid of frontline NHS staff. As an amatuer collective many of us realised we were limited with what we could do to help show love and support to these hard working heroes, who are putting their own lives on the line to save lives. The response was incredible as almost £9,000 was raised for this most worthy of causes right now.
The reaction from one of the world’s clubbing hotspots has been to launch the ‘United We Stream’ which has been set up to stream DJ sets from various clubs several days a week. Supporters can help save Berlin’s club culture and donate to the clubs via their fundraising platform. The site stipulates that ‘clubs and live music venues based in Berlin and with an audience capacity of no more than 1,500 guests can apply for the fund.’ All applications to the fund are assessed by a committee to make sure that they are correct and legitimate. Not only will the site stream DJ sets but also live performances.
The show must go on
Despite everything going on right now there is no doubt that whatever form of music you love, we are all part of a wider community and that with that unity comes strength, kindness and always creativity. Artists will still produce music, and we may see new scenes and sounds emerge with so many busy producers and DJs taking more time to capture their thoughts and put them down as a new track. With modern web technology it is easier than ever to share DJ sets live or pre-recorded and to communicate with each other to share it all further afield. We have to remember that a lot of people in the arts are taking a battering right now and that we do what we can to support them. This means buying music online, ideally from a range of platforms and not forgetting the small independent retailers and labels who will be most hard hit. We can donate to funds to support artists, charities and health care workers. Remember that whilst we’re in lockdown, for those fortunate to have some kind of disposable income that you may have a few spare coins that you can use to help and if that means buying a few WAVs or some vinyl from a retailer or direct from the artist, it all helps keep a few things afloat until we all can come back together under one House NationFind quality music first with Trackhunter
Berlin – Bruno Labbadia wird neuer Cheftrainer beim Fußball-Bundesligisten Hertha BSC. Wie der Klub am Donnerstag mitteilte, ersetzt der 54-Jährige Interimstrainer Alexander Nouri und wird sein erstes Training am Ostermontag leiten. Zur Vertragslaufzeit machten die Berliner keine Angaben. Labbadias Vorgänger Nouri war im Februar nach dem spektakulären Rücktritt von Jürgen Klinsmann eingesprungen und hätte den …
https://God.blue/forward.php?url=https://img-hws.pog.com/cloud/y8-thumbs/76532/big.gif You don’t need to be a policeman to fight off terrorism. At least in the new game ‘Whack The Terrorist’, in which you will encounter a masked terrorist in Berlin. Busy with his remote you should try to take him out. Find the different interactive spots around that place to trigger actions to Whack The Terrorist. There are 12 funny ways to harm the creepy badass.
Christine Nguyen nude sex Brandin Rackley, Jezy Berlin, etc nude – Dirty Blondes from Beyond (2012) HD 1080p WebCache
Christine Nguyen nude sex Brandin Rackley, Jezy Berlin, etc nude - Dirty Blondes from Beyond (2012) HD 1080p Web
|Cache|| Angela MERKEL ribadisce il suo no ai coronabond, ma assicura che ci sono diversi modi di dimostrare solidarietà in questa crisi. ''Su quali strumenti siano adatti'' per rispondere all'emergenza ''ci sono diversi punti di vista - ha detto la cancelliera in una conferenza stampa a Berlino - Sapete |
|Cache|| BERLINO - Sono saliti a 113.296 i casi di contagio da coronavirus in Germania, mentre le vittime sono 2.349, stando alla Johns Hopkins University. Per il Robert Koch Institut, le vittime invece sono 2.107 (la differenza riguarda il modo in cui vengono registrati i decessi con/di coronavirus) |
|Cache||Citim în ,,Vossische Zeitung” din Berlin, numărul de duminică, 2 decembrie 1877: Rumaenische Skizzen, introducere şi traducere de dna M. Kremnitz (Bucureşti, 1977 la Socek şi C.-ie) este titlul unei cărţi puţin voluminoase, care însă în limitele ce şi le-a tras ne face să vedem cu o deosebită claritate situaţia intelectuală şi morală a României. |
Hello and welcome to another issue of This Week in Rust! Rust is a systems language pursuing the trifecta: safety, concurrency, and speed. This is a weekly summary of its progress and community. Want something mentioned? Tweet us at @ThisWeekInRust or send us a pull request. Want to get involved? We love contributions.
Updates from Rust Community
News & Blog Posts
Crate of the Week
This week's crate is explaine.rs, an interactive Rust syntax playground.
Thanks to Vlad Frolov for the suggestion!
Call for Participation
Always wanted to contribute to open-source projects but didn't know where to start? Every week we highlight some tasks from the Rust community for you to pick and get started!
Some of these tasks may also have mentors available, visit the task page for more information.
No issues were proposed for CfP.
If you are a Rust project owner and are looking for contributors, please submit tasks here.
Updates from Rust Core
443 pull requests were merged in the last week
Changes to Rust follow the Rust RFC (request for comments) process. These are the RFCs that were approved for implementation this week:
No RFCs were approved this week.
Final Comment Period
Every week the team announces the 'final comment period' for RFCs and key PRs which are reaching a decision. Express your opinions now.
Tweet us at @ThisWeekInRust to get your job offers listed here!
Quote of the Week
Thanks to Louis Cloete for the suggestions!
Dibiasi was coached by his father, who was 10th on platform at the 1936 Berlin Games. In his final Olympics, Dibiasi held off a 16-year-old Greg Louganis, who would go on to challenge, if not overtake ...
Katalysator Renault Megane III Berline (BZ) | 1.6 16_V [2008.11 - 2012.03] - 110 pk | K4M-858(K4M-R8);K4M-V858 | Benzine [BM92136H]Cache
Katalysator Renault Megane III Berline (BZ) | 1.6 16_V [2008.11 - 2012.03] - 110 pk | K4M-858(K4M-R8);K4M-V858 | Benzine [BM92136H] |
|Cache||Nytt FIFA-forslag gir Hertha Berlin mulighet til å beholde Per Ciljan Skjelbred lenger.|
|Cache||Ĉeĥio : Ĉeĥaj Fervojoj forigas barierojn |
Ĉinio : La plej longa pezkarga fervojlinio en la mondo lanĉita en trafikadon,br> Germanio : Ekde decembro trafikas inter Dresdeno, Berlino kaj Rostock nova Intercity
Germanio : Kontrola aŭtoritato Deutsche Bahn (DB) esploras planojn vendi filian kompanion Arriva
Francio : Franca SNCF plialtigis kvocienton en kompanio Westbahn
Germanio : Nombro da lokomotivistoj en Germanio kreskas
Germanio : DB Personaj stacioj – pliaj (...) - Fakaj novaĵoj
|Cache||Germanio : Novaj EuroCity trajnoj al Przemyśl (Pollando) |
Germanio : Ekde decembro 2019 kunligos Dresdenon, Berlinon kaj Rostock nova InterCity
Germanio : Bavario antaŭpage investos por modernigo de regionaj fervojoj anstataŭ federacio
Francio : Estonta prezidanto de SNCF deziras subteni fervojan vartrafikon
Norvegio : Fervoja vartrafiko en Norvegio antaŭ (...) - Fakaj novaĵoj
|Cache||Hallöchen liebe Leute da bin ich wieder. |
So, was erzähl ich euch denn heute?!. Mal überlegen... na klar. Also... zwei Platten sind für August reserviert. Und zwar für den Micha und Max von den Dice Knights aus Berlin. Sie beehren uns mit ihrem Besuch ...
|Cache||Wir fordern, Corona-Hilfszahlungen von Strukturwandel abhängig zu machen, anstatt die Flugindustrie ohne Auflagen mit Milliarden Steuergeldern zu retten |
Während die gesamte Welt gegen das Coronavirus kämpft und unzählige Beschäftigte ihr Einkommen verlieren, ruft die Luftfahrtindustrie nach der bedingungslosen Rettung durch die Steuerzahler*innen. Dabei wehrt sich die Industrie selbst seit Jahrzehnten mit Zähnen und Klauen dagegen, ihre Steuervorteile aufzugeben und ihren fairen Beitrag zu leisten. Auch bei der Reduzierung der schädlichen Emissionen gab es keine Fortschritte – denn dazu müsste die Zahl der Flüge zurückgefahren werden.
Schon heute ist der Luftverkehr für 5 % - 8 % der derzeitigen globalen Klimagasemissionen verantwortlich, was hauptsächlich auf eine Minderheit von wohlhabenden Vielflieger*innen zurückzuführen ist. Trotzdem will die Branche den Wachstumskurs rücksichtslos fortsetzen und auch in Zukunft ihre Gewinne auf dem Rücken von prekär Beschäftigten und des Klimas erzielen.
Die von der Krise betroffenen Beschäftigten brauchen Unterstützung. Doch die Luftfahrtindustrie darf nicht damit davonkommen, in guten Zeiten ihre Gewinne zu privatisieren und direkt an die Investoren weiterzuleiten, um dann in schlechten Zeiten die Gesellschaft für ihre Verluste gerade stehen zu lassen. Wenn wir jetzt nicht die strukturellen Probleme angehen, die unsere Gesellschaft und Wirtschaft so krisenanfällig machen, werden wir ungeschützt in die nächsten Krisen hineinsteuern. Denn die ökologische Notlage und die steigende Ungleichheit verschärfen sich nur noch weiter.
Eine Rettungsaktion für die Flugindustrie darf nicht dazu führen, dass der Luftfahrtsektor nach dem Abklingen der Corona-Krise wieder zur Tagesordnung übergeht. Bei jedem Einsatz öffentlicher Gelder müssen deshalb Beschäftigte und das Klima an erster Stelle stehen!
1. Menschen an erster Stelle
Anstatt Vorstände und Aktionäre zu retten, sollte ein Hilfspaket die finanzielle Absicherung und Gesundheit der betroffenen Beschäftigten sicherstellen. Flugbegleiter*innen, Pilot*innen, Bodenpersonal, Caterer und andere betroffene Beschäftigte sollten während der Krise ein gesichertes Grundeinkommen erhalten.
2. Einen Strukturwandel in Richtung klimagerechte Mobilität
Öffentliche Unterstützung der Luftfahrtindustrie muss klar an die Ausrichtung am 1,5-Grad-Ziel gekoppelt sein. Die Emissionsreduktion muss dabei real sein: Zweifelhafte Rechnungen im Rahmen von Kompensation (Offsetting) oder Agrartreibstoffe, die der Umwelt und Ernährungssicherheit schaden und zu Landkonflikten führen, sind keine Option. "Grünes Fliegen" ist und bleibt eine Illusion – es führt daher kein Weg an einer Verringerung von Flügen vorbei. Für eine gerechte Erholung von der Coronakrise braucht es demokratische Entscheidungsmechanismen und öffentliches Eigentum. Regierungen müssen dabei einen gerechten Strukturwandel vorantreiben: durch den Umbau der Verkehrsnetze, verbesserten Zugang zu erschwinglichen Alternativen (wie Bahnreisen) und Maßnahmen, die den Beschäftigten den Wechsel von fossilen Arbeitsplätzen hin zu klimafreundlichen Alternativen mit fairen Arbeitsbedingungen ermöglichen.
3. Keine Steuern? Keine Rettungsgelder!
Die Luftfahrtindustrie will mit dem Geld der Steuerzahler*innen gerettet werden, obwohl sie sich jahrzehntelang dagegen gewehrt hat, Steuern zu zahlen. Dadurch hat die Luftfahrt einen ungerechten Vorteil gegenüber klimafreundlichen Verkehrsträgern. Bestehende Steuerprivilegien sind deshalb aufzuheben: Fluggesellschaften müssen zur Zahlung einer Kerosinsteuer verpflichtet werden; und anstelle Vielflieger*innen mit Bonusmeilen zu belohnen, muss Vielfliegen mit einer progressiven Abgabe belegt werden.
Die gegenwärtige unbeabsichtigte Pause in der Luftfahrt bietet die Möglichkeit, einen klimagerechten Transportsektor aufzubauen und unsere Krisenfestigkeit zu stärken. Nutzen wir sie!
David Barkin, Prof., Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, MX City, MX | Ulrich Brand, Prof., University of Vienna, AT | Marisol de la Cadena, Prof., University of California, Davis, US | Arturo Escobar, Prof. em., University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, US | Gustavo EstevaUniversidad de la Tierra, Oaxaca, MX | Lorenzo Fioramonti, Prof., University of Pretoria, ZA | Stefan Gössling, Prof., Lund University, SE | Ian Gough, Prof., London School of Economics, UK | Jason Hickel, Dr., Goldsmiths, University of London, UK | Giorgos Kallis, Prof., ICTA-UAB, SP | Ashish KothariKalpavriksh, IN | Helga Kromp-Kolb, Prof. em., University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, AT | Edgardo Lander, Prof., VEn Central University, Caracas, VE | Emanuele Leonardi, Prof., University of Parma, IT | Anitra Nelson, Prof., RMIT, Melbourne, AU | Daniel O'Neill, Dr., University of Leeds, UK | Paul Peeters, Prof., Breda University of Applied Sciences, NL | Inge Røpke, Prof., Aalborg University, Copenhagen, DK | Ariel Salleh, Prof., University of Sydney, AU | Clive Spash, Prof., University of Economics and Business, Vienna, AT | Julia K. Steinberger, Prof., University of Leeds, UK | Dimitris Stevis, Prof., Colorado State University/AAUP, Fort Collins, US | Marjolein Vanoppen, Dr., Ghent University, DE | Svenja Wilhelm, Dipl.-Psych., Institut für Verhaltenstherapieausbildung, Hamburg, DE | Michalis Psimitis, Prof., University of the Aegean, Lesvos, GR | Gertrude Saxinger, Dr., ATn Polar Research Institute (APRI), AT | Torsten Krause, Senior Lecturer, Lund University, Lund, SE | Nathalie Ortar, Researcher, ENTPE-University of Lyon, FR | Jens Niederhausen, Dr., Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Berlin, DE | Eija Meriläinen, Dr., Hanken School of Economics, FI | Werner Zollitsch, Prof., BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, AT | Eric Vilquin, Prof., UCLouvain, BE | Quan Le, Dr., Gent, BE | Wim Carton, Dr., Lund University, SE | Patrick Bond, Prof., University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, ZA | Maxime Combes, Economist, Attac FR | Meri Löyttyniemi, Senior Advisor, Aalto University, Espoo, FI | Pascal Lesage, Reseacher, Polytechnique Montréal, CA | Lukas Hardt, Mr, University of Leeds, UK | Antti Ruotoistenmäki, Dr., FI | Miki Barnes, LCSW, Oregon Aviation Watch, US | Hubert Buch-Hansen, Associate Prof., Copenhagen Business School, DK | Christopher Shaw, Dr., Climate Outreach, Oxford, UK | Bruno Kern, Dr., Netzwerk Ökosozialismus, DE | Joachim H. Spangenberg, Dr., Sustainable Europe Research Institute SERI, DE | Dennis Eversberg, Dr., University of Jena, DE | Hinaki Barcena Hinoal, Dr., CENSE, FCT NOVA, Lisbon, PT | Rosa van Kesteren, Dr, Coventry University, UK | Steffen Lange, Dr., Institute for Ecological Economy Research, DE | Emily Judson, Researcher, University of Exeter, UK | Roger Tyers, Dr., University of Southampton, UK | Pierre Ozer, Associate Prof., University of Liège, BE | Max Koch, Prof., Lund University, SE | Wolfgang Kromp, Prof., University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Center for Global Change and Sustainability, Vienna, AT | Lucie Middlemiss, Dr., University of Leeds, UK | Anthony Fee, Dr., University of Technology Sydney, AU | Thomas MoorePuerto Maldonado, PE | Samuel Bodé, Dr., ISOTOPE BIOSCIENCE LABORATORY (ISOFYS), Ghent University, BE | Timmo Krüger, Dr., Leibniz Institute for Research on Society and Space, Erkner, DE | Stephen, Dean, SUNY Plattsburgh/Branch Campus, Queensbury, US | Claire Dupont, Assistant Professor, Ghent University, Ghent, BE | Marion Rivalan, Dr., Charité University, Belrin, DE | Julie Hermesse, Prof., Université catholique de Louvain, BE | Caroline Mullen, Dr., Leeds University, UK | Gil Penha-Lopes, PhD, University of Lisbon, PT | Martina Schäfer, Prof., Zentrum Technik und Gesellschaft, Technische Universität Berlin, DE | Frederik De Roeck, Dr., Ghent University, BE | Gerdi Seidl, Dr., Instituto de Educacion Superior Moxviquil, Chiapas, MX | Holger Lischke, Dr., TU Berlin, Berlin, DE | Craig Johnson, Senior Technical Officer, University of New England, Armidale NSW, AU | Vasna Ramasar, Dr., Lund University, SE | Gert-Jan Vanaken, Dr., KU Leuven, BE | Irina Marsh, Associate Prof., SNSPA Bucharest, RO | Line Valdorff Madsen, Dr., Aalborg University, Copenhagen, DK | Nicholas Butler, Associate Prof., Stockholm University, SE | Carl Salk, Researcher, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, SE | Dr. Richard J. White, Lecturer, Sheffield Hallam University, UK | Irmi Seidl, Prof., Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, CH | Christoph Rosol, Dr., Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, DE | Andy Lockhart, Dr., University of Sheffield, UK | Ebba Brink, Dr., Lund University, SE | Wolf-Julian Neumann, Prof., Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, DE | Jonas Nielsen, Prof., Humboldt University Berlin, DE | Patrick Scherhaufer, Dr., University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, AT | Pascale Vielle, Prof., UCLouvain, BE | Chitra R, Dr., Azim Premji University, Bangalore, IN | Ester Barinaga, Prof., Lund University, SE | Blanka Sperner, Dr., TU Bergakademie Freiberg, DE | Lidija Živčič, Dr., Focus, Ljubljana, SI | Katrin Grossmann, Prof., University of Applied Science Erfurt, DE | Bas van Vliet, Dr, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, NL | Lars Kjerulf Petersen, Researcher, Aarhus University, Roskilde, DK | Marta Conde, Dr., Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, SP | Koenraad Bogaert, Assistant Professor, Ghent University, Ghent, BE | Florian Mathies, Dr., Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Berlin, DE | Jan Orbie, Prof., Ghent University, BE | Giulio Mattioli, Dr., Dortmund University, DE | Frans Libertson, Dr., Lund University, SE | Jonas Sonnenschein, PhD, Umanotera, Ljubljana, SI | Dawid Friedrich, Prof., Leuphana University Lüneburg, DE | Felix Riede, Professor, Aarhus University, DK | Anaïs Tilquin, Dr., ETH Zürich, CH | Jessika Luth Richter, Dr., IIIEE, Lund University, SE | Stef Craps, Prof., Ghent University, BE | Jānis Daugavietis, Dr., University of LV, Rīga, LV | Sophie Huysveld, Dr., University of Ghent, BE | Uwe Vormbusch, Prof., Fernuniversität Hagen, Hagen, DE | Matthias Kranke, Dr., University of Kassel, DE | Joseba Azkarraga Etxagibel, Dr., University of the Basque Country, SP | Daniel Rutte, Dr., Universität Bonn, DE | Catherine Grant, Dr., Griffith University, Brisbane, AU | György Pataki, Dr., ESSRG, Budapest, HU | Nikolaus Froitzheim, Prof., Universität Bonn, Bonn, DE | Michel Pimbert, Prof., Coventry University, UK | Tilman Hartley, Dr, Autonomous University of Barcelona, SP | Larry LohmannUK | Alejandra Orozco, Dr., Ontario, CA | Thomas Barth, Dr., LMU Munich, DE | S. Mechernich, Dr., Federal Institute of Hydrology, Koblenz, DE | Jess Britton`, Dr., University of Exeter, UK | Emma Burnett, Dr., Centre for Agroecology and Water Resilience, Coventry University, UK | Chris Maughan, Dr., Centre for Agroecology Water and Resilience, Coventry University, UK | Richard Carmichael, Dr., Imperial College London, UK | Katy Roelich, Associate Prof., University of Leeds, UK | Boldizsár Megyesi, Dr., Centre for Social Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, HU | Yuri Kazepov, Prof., University of Vienna, AT | Veronika Kiss, PhD candidate, Corvinus University of Budapest, HU | Friederike Habermann, Dr., DE | Elise Wach, Dr., Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK | Stefania Barca, Prof., Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, PT | Meri Jalonen, Prof., Aalto University, FI | Herbert Formayer, Associate Prof., Universität für Bodenkultur, Wien, AT | Stefano Longo, Ph.D., North Carolina State University, US | Laurence Cox, Dr., National University of IEd Maynooth, IEd | Katharina Wieland, Dr., Humboldt-Universität Berlin, DE | Henner Busch, Dr., Lund University, SE | Mazzocchetti Jacinthe, Prof., Université de Louvain, BE | Sara Mingorria, Dr., Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, SP | Stefanie Hürtgen, Associate Prof., University of Salzburg, AT | Ana Sobral, Prof., Zurich University, Zurich, CH | Olivier Servais, Prof., UCLouvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, BE | Sarah Murru, PhD, University of Louvain, BE | Sam Harrison, Dr., UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster, UK | Reinhard Steurer, Associate Prof., University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, AT | Janet Conway, Prof., Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, CA | Emanuele Leonardi, Prof., University of Parma, IT | Brigitte Fuchs, Dr., University of Vienna, Department f. Int. Development, AT | Thomas Vogt, Dr., Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, DE | Christian Brand, Prof., University of Oxford, Oxford, UK | Maréchal Brigitte, Prof., CISMOC/IACCHOS, UCLouvain, BE | Eeva Houtbeckers, Dr., Aalto University, Helsinki, FI | Nina I. Moeller, Dr., Coventry University, UK | Nikoleta Jones, Dr, University of Cambridge, UK | Filka Sekulova, Dr., Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, SP | Jacob Hörisch, Prof., Leuphana University of Lüneburg, DE | Dumont Robin, Researcher, UCLouvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, BE | Juan Crespo, Dr., Universidad del País Vasco, SP/EC | Jennifer Sanger, Dr., University of Tasmania, AU | Christoph Görg, Prof., University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, AT | Françoise Bartiaux, Prof., Université catholique de Louvain, BE | Sylvia RamsayGriffith University, Logan, AU | Hirschl, Prof., iöw & btu, Berlin & Lausitz, DE | Quinn Slobodian, Associate Prof., Wellesley College, Wellesley, US | Astrid Rasch, Dr., Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO | Georg Fischer, Associate Prof., Aarhus University, DK | Matthias Barth, Prof., Leuphana University, DE | Matthias Weyland, Researcher, Umweltbundesamt (UBA), DE | Claudio Cattaneo, Prof., Autonomous University of Barcelona, SP | Elisabeth Volckrick, Prof., UCL BE | Jean-Michel Hupé,Researcher, CNRS, Toulouse, FR | Kristof Cuadros, Founder Climate Response, Climate Response, BE | Jasmin Jossin, Dr., German Institute of Urban Affairs, DE | Anders Blok, Associate Prof., University of Copenhagen, DK | Martin Rolfs, Prof., Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, DE | Calum Harvey-Scholes, Research Associate, University of Exeter, UK | Sonja Swift, Executive Director, Swift Foundation, US | Thomas Wallgren, Prof., University of Helsinki, FI | Professor Michel Pimbert, Prof., Coventry University, UK | Hans Eickhoff, PhD, iCBR, University of Coimbra, PT | Milos Mladenovic, Assistant Prof., Aalto Univeristy, FI | Meri Lundahl, Dr., Aalto University | David Sanjuan Delmás, PhD, Ghent University, Ghent, BE | Helena Sustar, Dr., Aalto University, FI | Karin Schwiter, PD Dr., University of Zurich, CH | Ana Maria Peredo, Prof., University of Victoria, CA | Paul Chatterton, Prof., University of Leeds, UK | Viriato Soromenho-Marques, Prof., University of Lisbon, PT | Toms Ķencis, Researcher, University of LV, LV | Jonas Gienger, Dr., Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Berlin, DE | Martin Fritz, Dr., Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, DE | Jörg Scheinfeld, Prof., JGU Mainz, DE | Jens Friis Lund, Prof., University of Copenhagen, DK | Anders Bjørn, Dr., Concordia University, CA | Marco Pütz, Dr., Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, CH | Stefanie Mayer, Associate Prof., FH Campus Wien, AT | Arianne Reis, Dr., Western Sydney University, Sydney, AU | Christine Wamsler, Prof., Lund University, SE | Jamie morgan, Prof., Leeds Beckett University, UK | Matthias Schultze-Kraft, Dr., Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, DE | Jenny Palm, Prof., Lund University, SE | Kimberly Nicholas, Associate Prof., Lund University, SE | Barbara Smetschka, Dr., University of Natural Resources & Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, AT | Thomas Smith, Dr., Environmental Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, CZ | Lina Brand Correa, Dr, University of Leeds, UK | Hammarskjoeld Simwinga, Executive Chair, Foundation for Wildlife and Habitat Conservation, ZM | Marie Verhoeven, Prof., UCLouvain, BE | Matthäus Rest, Prof., Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, DE | van Ypersele, Prof., Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, BE | Bernadette Gehl-Väisänen, PhD, Aalto University, Espoo, FI | Angelika Zahrnt, Prof., Friends of the Earth DE, DE | Klaus Obermayer, Prof., Technische Universität Berlin, DE | Beatrice Kogg, Dr., Lund University, SE | Mikko Jalas, Prof, Aalto University, FI | Sofia Getzin, Dr., University of Zurich, Zurich, CH | Pancho Ramos Stierle, Satyagrahi, Universidad de la Tierra, MX | Ana Robles-Aguilar, Dr., Ghent University, BE | Mladen Domazet, Dr., Institute for Political Ecology, Zagreb, HR | Tim Cadman, Dr., Griffith University, Nathan, AU | Annabel Smith, Dr., University of Queensland, AU | Reinhard Messerschmidt, Dr., WBGU, Berlin, DE | Christoph Metzner, Dr, Technische Universität Berlin, DE | Angelo Valleriani, Dr., Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Potsdam, DE | Daniela Del Bene, Dr., Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, SP | Stephan Lessenich, Prof., LMU Munich, DE | Christine Frison, Dr., University of Antwerp, Antwerp, BE | Tom Griffiths, Prof., OsloMet University, Oslo, NO | Henning Melber, Prof., Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, SE | Ekaterina Chertkovskaya, Dr., Lund University, SE | Van den broeck Marie, Ph.D., Uclouvain, BE | Aaron Bufe, Dr., German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ), Potsdam, DE | Charlie Gardner, Dr., University of Kent, UK | Isabel Yepez del Castillo, Prof., Université Catholique de Louvain, BE | Paul Pfeiffer, MSc, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, DE | Christina Plank, Prof., University of Vienna, AT | Ellinor Isgren, Dr., Lund University, Lund, SE | Leïla Tauil, Dr, University of Geneva, CH | Mark Diesendorf, Associate Prof., UNSW Sydney, AU | Mark Keiter, Dr., Naturkunde-Museum Bielefeld, DE | Leo de Haan, Prof. em., NL | Léa Sébastien, Associate Prof., Toulouse II University, FR | Francisco Ferreira, Prof., ENSE, FCT NOVA, Lisbon, PT | Grégoire Wallenborn, Prof., Université Libre de Bruxelles, BE | Philippe Boudes, Assistant Prof., Institut Agro & ESO CNRS, Rennes, FR | Emmanuel Debruyne, Dr., UCLouvain, BE | Andre Knops, Dr., Université de Paris, FR | Alexander Paulsson, Lecturer, Lund university, SE | Andrew Fanning, Dr., University of Leeds, UK | Florence Rudolf, Prof., Insa Strasbourg, UR 7309, Strasbourg | Angela Mickley, Prof., University of Applied Sciences, Potsdam, DE | Henrike Planert, PhD, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, DE | Tammy Boyce, Dr., Cardiff University, UK | Tullia Jack, Lecturer, Malmö University, SE | Veronika Koren, Ph.D, Technical University Berlin, DE | Hugues Chenet, Researcher, University College London, UK | Josephine Chambers, Dr., Wageningen University, NL | Lauren Eastwood, Associate Prof., State University of New York, College at Plattsburgh, US | Friedrich Wulf, Dipl., Pro Natura - Friends of the Earth CH, CH | Brent Bleys, Associate Professor, Ghent University, BE | Sergio Tirado Herrero, Researcher, ICTA-UAB, SP | Elisabeth Worliczek, Dr., BOKU University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, AT | Riccardo Mastini, Researcher, Autonomous University of Barcelona, SP | Christian Zeller, Prof., University of Salzburg, AT | Bernhard Steinberger, Dr., GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, DE | Julia Martin-Ortega, Prof., University of Leeds, UK | Miklós Antal, Dr., Eötvös Loránd University, HU | Romina Rodela, Dr., Södertörn University, SE | Matthias Lievens, Assistant Prof., Institute of Philosophy, KU Leuven, BE | Manuel Tao, Researcher, Universidade do Algarve, Faro, PT | Marc Gavalda, Prof., Universidad Autonoma Barcelona, SP | Saeed Moosavioon, Dr., TU Berlin, DE | Ana Portocarrero, Associate Prof., Universidad Centroamericana, UCA-NI, NI | Thomas Ruedas, Dr., Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, DE | Christian Tötzke, Dr., University of Potsdam, Potsdam, DE | Sylvie Ferrari, Associate Prof., University of Bordeaux, FR | Joel Millward-Hopkins, Dr., University of Leeds, Leeds, UK | Emmanuel Discamps, Dr., CNRS - University Toulouse Jean Jaurès, Toulouse, FR | Bernadett Kiss, Researcher, Utsunomiya University, JP | Ester Rizzi, Prof., Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, BE | Luis Mundaca, Prof., Lund University, SE | Anabela Carvalho, Prof., University of Minho, Braga, PT | Michael Lettenmeier, Dr., Aalto University, FI | Tilo Schwalger, Prof., Technical University Berlin, Berlin, DE | Manuel Lapp, Dr., Freiberg, DE | An Cliquet, Prof., Ghent University, BE | Federico Demaria, Dr., Autonomous University of Barcelona, SP | Margit Mayer, Prof., Freie Universität Berlin, DE | IÑAKI BARCENA HINOAL, Prof., University of the Basque Country, SP | Salvatore Ruggiero, Dr., Aalto University School of Business, FI | Laura Merla, Prof., UCLouvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, BE | Isabelle Ferreras, Prof., FNRS/University of Louvain (UCLouvain), BE | Milena Buchs, Associate Prof., University of Leeds, UK | Mie Plotnikof, Associate Prof., Aarhus University in Copenhagen, DK | Adrian Martin, Prof., University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK | John Cultiaux, Dr., University of Namur, BE | Aviel Verbruggen, Prof. em., University of Antwerp, BE | David BarnsUniversity of Leeds, UK | Kai Görgen, Dr., Charite Berlin, DE | Andreia Lemaître, Prof., University of Louvain, BE | Petr Daněk, Dr., Masaryk University, Brno, CZ | Wilfred Dcosta, Convenor, INn Social Action Forum, IN | Stephen Woroniecki, PhD, Nature-based Solutions Initiative, Oxford University, UK | Hans Baer, Associate Prof., University of Melbourne, AU | Matthias Schmelzer, Dr., Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, DE
Lesen Sie mehr in der aktuellen Ausgabe des Freitag.
Bei einem Brand auf der Baustelle des Humboldt Forums im neuen Berliner Stadtschloss ist ein Mensch leicht verletzt worden. Die Person werde vom Rettungsdienst behandelt, twitterte die Feuerwehr am Mittwoch. 80 Kräfte seien im Einsatz. "Die Rauchwolke durch den Brand von Baumaterialien und zwei Bitumenkochern war weithin sichtbar."|
|Cache||Pěkná komplet ALU kola 16" pro Peugeot 307, 308, 406, Partner Teepee, Citroen C4, C4 Grand Picasso, C5, Berlingo II, atd.; original ALU disky Peugeot 6,5Jx16 ET20, 4x108; obuty pěkné letní pneu Barum Bravuris 3, 205/55 R16 91V, vzorek 2x 6-7mm, 2x 5- ...|
|Cache||Téměř NEJETÁ komplet orig. ALU kola 15" pro Peugeot Partner Teepee, 307, 308, 406, příp. Citroen Berlingo II., C5, atd.; orig. ALU disky Peugeot 6,5Jx15 ET12, 4x108; obuty téměř NEJETÉ letní pneu Barum Bravuris 2, 205/60 R15 91H, perfektní vzorek 99% ...|
|Cache||Komplet orig. ALU kola 15" pro Citroen Xsara Picasso, Berlingo, příp. Peugeot Partner, atd.; orig. ALU disky Citroen 6Jx15 ET18, 4x108; obuty zánovní letní pneu Nokian iLine, 185/65 R15 88T, pěkný vzorek 5-6mm. Dobrý stav, pouze odřené. Cena za kompl ...|
|Cache||Pěkná komplet ALU kola 16" pro Peugeot 307, 308, 207, 208, 301, 206, 406, Partner, Citroen C4, C4 Grand Picasso, C5, Berlingo, atd.; ALU disky Enzo 6,5Jx16 ET25, 4x108; obuty letní pneu Barum Bravuris 2, 205/55 R16 91V, vzorek 3-4mm. Velmi dobrý stav ...|
|Cache||Prodám přední pravé světlo na
Citroen Berlingo facelift nebo
Peugeot Partner facelift ...|
|Cache||Komplet orig. ALU kola 14" pro Peugeot 306, Partner, příp. Citroen Berlingo, atd.; original ALU disky Peugeot 5,5Jx14 ET24, 4x108; obuty letní pneu Matador Stella 2, 185/65 R14 86T, pěkný vzorek 2x 6-7mm, 2x 5mm. Dobrý stav, pouze místy podřené. Cena ...|
|Cache||Pěkná komplet ALU kola 16" pro Peugeot 307, 308, 207, 208, 301, 206, 406, Partner, Citroen C4, C4 Grand Picasso, C5, Berlingo, atd.; ALU disky Enzo 6,5Jx16 ET25, 4x108; obuty letní pneu Continental ContiPremiumContact 5, 205/55 R16 91V, vzorek 2x 4-5 ...|
|Cache||Prodám zadní pravou lampu citroen berlingo rok 2017,lechce odřená,neprasklá,cena 750Kč,tel.603935677,Praha ...|
Sie sind lecker, sie stecken voller Vitalstoffe, sie lassen sich ganz einfach selbst anbauen: Microgreens bzw. Grünsprossen. So geht’s – Tipps für eine einfache und preisgünstige Anbaumethode. Microgreens oder zu deutsch Grünsprossen sind in aller Munde, weil sie so toll zur frischen, gesunden Küche passen. Sie sind besonders gesund, weil der Keimling die ganzen Kraftreserven für das eigene Wachstum freisetzt und in diesem jungen Stadium noch nicht selbst verbraucht hat. Verwendet werden die Stängel und Blätter, die frisch abgeschnitten über einen Salat oder eine Bowl gestreut werden. Ich finde: Sie geben annähernd allen Gerichten optisch und geschmacklich den letzten Kick. Auch auf Brot passen sie toll. Ich liebe zum Beispiel Obazda-Brezel mit Radieschen- und Senfsprossen. Gärtnern auf der Fensterbank. Wir Gartenmenschen mögen es, selbst etwas anzubauen. Mit Microgreens können wir den Pflänzchen beim Wachsen förmlich zuschauen. Und wir müssen sie noch nicht mal gegen die gemeine Konkurrenz verteidigen, die uns im Garten zu schaffen macht. Keine Schnecke, mit der wir die leckeren Gemüse und Kräuter teilen müssten. Alles, was wir brauchen, sind entweder Anzuchtsets, die …
Der Beitrag Köstliche Microgreens: einfach und günstig Sprossen anbauen erschien zuerst auf berlingarten.
Sprecherinnen und Sprecher lesen solidarisch täglich aus Dantes “Göttliche Komödie”. Berlin, 8. April 2020 – Die Sprecher-, Synchchronschauspieler- und Tonstudiobranche steht aufgrund der aktuellen COVID-19-Pandemie vor einer großen Herausforderung. Die Auswirkungen zeigen sich jetzt schon deutlich. Als Antwort darauf haben sich deutschlandweit Sprecherinnen und Sprecher der Initiative ” Solidarität stimmt!” angeschlossen und produzieren solidarisch Hörbuchreihen. […]
Der Beitrag Kultur in Zeiten von Corona: täglich 15 Minuten Dante erschien zuerst auf BSOZD - Autohaus | Autohandel | Auto News Premium Portale.
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — As part of Penn State’s 2020 spring commencement activities, 24 students will represent the College of the Liberal Arts as student marshals.
In response to the growing coronavirus pandemic, orders from the state government and recommendations from global public health organizations, Penn State will hold its spring 2020 commencement ceremony via livestream on May 9. The virtual ceremony will recognize all Penn State undergraduate students and all graduate students in the Penn State Graduate School.
Student marshals are chosen to represent the college on the basis of outstanding academic achievement and their contributions to liberal arts student life. The college and its units will recognize the marshals in the college's commencement program and plan to honor their accomplishments in various ways in the upcoming year.
Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar Awaly Diallo is the college student marshal. Her faculty marshal is Molly Martin, associate professor of sociology and demography. Diallo is the daughter of Fatimata Ly of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in sociology and African American studies. Diallo was recognized as a Liberal Arts Change Maker for serving as the executive director of the Martin Luther King Jr. Commemoration Student Committee and for her legal internships at the Northeastern School of Law's Civil Rights and Restorative Justice Project and the United States Attorney's Office for the District of Columbia. She studied abroad in Curaçao and was recognized as a Rock Ethics Institute Stand Up Award winner. After graduation, Diallo plans to work and volunteer with human rights organizations before attending law school.
Keep reading to learn more about the student marshals selected to represent the College of the Liberal Arts.
Noelia Ortiz-Landazabal is the daughter of Marie-Dominique and Francisco Ortiz-Landazabal of Wayne, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in African studies and political science and a minor in women’s studies. Ortiz-Landazabal was recognized as a Liberal Arts Change Maker for founding Days for Girls at Penn State, an organization that engages communities to empower and break down barriers for women and girls worldwide through sustainable menstrual care and health education. After graduation, Ortiz-Landazabal will join Ernst & Young in Washington, D.C., as a performance improvement analyst.
Audrey Arner is the daughter of Maria and Shawn Arner of Stafford, Virginia. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of science degrees in biological anthropology and biology. She was a member of the Presidential Leadership Academy and the fourth cohort of Millennium Scholars and conducted research in the Perry Anthropological Genomics Lab at Penn State. Arner participated in research experiences at the University of Tübingen and Kansas State University and studied abroad in Tanzania and Costa Rica. After graduation, Arner plans to work as a research technician before pursuing a doctoral degree in anthropology.
Aimee Pizarchik is the daughter of Lisa and Rainer Pizarchik of Apollo, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in Asian studies and Chinese as well as a bachelor of science degree in security and risk analysis. Pizarchik was a Chapel Executive Intern and worked for University Libraries; she was also a resident assistant for the Information Sciences and Technology Special Living Option. Pizarchik completed an intensive language program in Kunming, China, and served as a cultural ambassador for the Penn State-Nanjing Exchange Program. Next year, Pizarchik will attend the University of Chicago to pursue a doctoral degree in history.
CLASSICS AND ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN STUDIES
Charissa Skoutelas is the daughter of Daphne Skoutelas of Glen Mills, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with a bachelor of arts degree in Classics and ancient Mediterranean studies and a bachelor of science degree in global and international studies, with minors in Greek, geography, and religious studies. She was a peer adviser in the Education Abroad Office and studied abroad in Athens, Greece. Skoutelas interned with the Brandywine River Museum of Art and the Museum Collections at the Chester County Historical Society. She was also a member of the Pride of the Lions Pep Band. After graduation, Skoutelas plans to pursue a master’s degree in Classics.
COMMUNICATION ARTS AND SCIENCES
Daniel Zahn is the son of Bruce and Alicia Zahn of Allentown, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, he is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in communication arts and sciences, English, and philosophy, and minors in French, history, rhetoric, Jewish studies, and linguistics. He was recognized as a Liberal Arts Change Maker for co-founding Future Opportunities Reached by Mentorship Consulting. Zahn was a member of the Presidential Leadership Academy and also served as president and captain of the Penn State Mock Trial Association. He interned with the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, completed research in Benin, and studied abroad in London, England; Dublin, Ireland; and Besançon, France. After graduation, Zahn will attend law school or participate in a Fulbright Fellowship.
Siobhan Leonard is the daughter of Sue Doney and Edward Leonard of Blue Bell, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in comparative literature and global and international studies. She served as a teaching assistant for an environmental science course and studied abroad in Dublin, Ireland, and Nanjing, China. Leonard interned with Hanbidge Law, Pennsylvania State Representative Elizabeth Hanbidge, and the Eastern European Centre for Multiparty Democracy. She is also a member of the Dressage Club. In the fall, Leonard will pursue a master’s degree at New York University.
Erin Doolin is the daughter of Bridget and Todd Doolin of Orange County, California. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in criminology and political science and a minor in Spanish. She was captain and public relations chair for the Penn State Mock Trial Association and president of Planned Parenthood Generation Action at Penn State. Doolin studied abroad in London and Madrid; she also interned with the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Washington, D.C., and the Penn State Justice and Safety Institute. After graduation, Doolin plans to work for the federal government in Washington, D.C.
Evan Toomey is the son of Paula and David Toomey of Millersville, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, he is graduating with bachelor of science degrees in economics and finance. Toomey was president of the Penn State Economics Association and a teaching assistant for the Department of Economics. He interned with Vanguard and Emerald Asset Management, and he was one of four students selected to represent Penn State at the Rotman International Trading Competition at the University of Toronto. After graduation, Toomey will work as a data service analyst at BlackRock in Wilmington, Delaware.
Caitlin Conway is the daughter of Karen and James Conway of Clarence Center, New York. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in English and political science. Conway was a team captain for the Penn State Mock Trial Association and interned with the Penn State Committee for Early Modern Studies, the Family Justice Center in Buffalo, New York, and the Honorable Amy Martoche of the Buffalo City Court. After graduation, Conway plans to attend law school.
FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES
Loren Baseler is the daughter of Heather and Curtis Hamelly of Grove City, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in French and francophone studies and English. Baseler was the editor-in-chief of the literary magazine ABSENCE at Penn State Greater Allegheny. She interned with the American Shakespeare Center and studied abroad in Montpellier, France, taking classes at the Université Paul Valéry. After graduation, Baseler hopes to serve as an English teaching assistant and cultural ambassador through the French government’s Teaching Assistant Program in France.
GERMANIC AND SLAVIC LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES
Maria Badanova is the daughter of Olga Badanova and Dmitry Zhmurkin of Boise, Idaho. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in Russian and psychology. Badanova served as secretary and vice president of the Russian Club and co-authored a book of translated prose and poetry with Dr. Michael Naydan. She was a research assistant in the Penn State Language and Aging Lab and completed research in Krakow, Poland, and Tübingen, Germany. In the fall, Badanova will pursue a doctoral degree at the Max Planck School of Cognition in Berlin, Germany.
GLOBAL AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
Erin Baumgartner is the daughter of Lisa and Hans Baumgartner of State College, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in global and international studies and international politics, with minors in Spanish and German. Baumgartner had the opportunity to study abroad in both Spain and Chile and participated in the Penn State UNESCO Youth as Researchers Program. She also participated in Outdoor School through Shaver's Creek Environmental Center. After graduation, Baumgartner hopes to pursue opportunities related to social justice and nonprofit work in the D.C. area.
Aileen McKinstry is the daughter of Susan Troiler-McKinstry and Herb McKinstry of State College, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in history and English and a minor in music performance. McKinstry was a member of the Penn State Philharmonic and Concert Choir. She studied abroad in London and worked as a writing tutor at the Penn State Learning Center. In the fall, McKinstry will pursue her master’s degree in American history.
Panini Pandya is the daughter of Darshini and Chaitanya Pandya of Allentown, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in international politics, Spanish, and history and a minor in geography. Pandya was a coder for the McCourtney Institute for Democracy, as well as the 2019 Donor and Alumni Relations Chair for Springfield Benefiting THON. After serving on the executive board of State of State for three years, she became its executive director for 2020. After graduation, Pandya will complete a Fulbright English Teaching Assistant Fellowship in Colombia.
LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS
Cory Steinle is the son of Leanne and Brett Steinle of Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, he is graduating with bachelor of science degrees in labor and employment relations and communication arts and sciences, a master of science degree in human resources and employee relations, and minors in business and the liberal arts and English. In addition to being a member of the Presidential Leadership Academy, Steinle was a graduate teaching fellow and a research assistant. He traveled to six different countries throughout his college experience. After graduation, Steinle will join Deloitte as a human capital analyst in Rosslyn, Virginia.
David Witmer is the son of Mark and Cindy Witmer of Ephrata, Pennsylvania. He is graduating with a bachelor of arts degree in philosophy and minors in Jewish studies, English, and religious studies. Prior to Penn State, Witmer was an electronics maintenance technician with the U.S. Marine Corps. As a student, he worked for the Penn State Office of Veterans Programs. He was a mentor for Big Brothers Big Sisters and the Novel Club at Penn State. Witmer participated in the Penn State Choir and Campus Choir and volunteered with Out in the Cold Homeless Ministry and the Altoona VA Medical Center. After graduation, Witmer will work for Target as an executive team leader.
Andrew Bernstein is the son of Karen and Mark Bernstein of Newtown Square, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, he is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in political science and Spanish and a minor in economics. Bernstein served as an executive board member for Penn State Alternative Breaks and studied abroad in Santiago, Chile. He also interned at the Centre County Public Defender’s Office, focusing on child welfare law. After graduation, Bernstein will attend law school seeking a career in the public interest.
Lena Becker is the daughter of Regina and Michael Becker of Elysburg, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, she is graduating with a bachelor of science degree in psychology and a bachelor of arts degree in Spanish. Becker was a lab manager and clinical interviewer for the Personality, Psychopathology, and Psychotherapy Lab and studied abroad in Puebla, Mexico. She interned with the Yale-New Haven Hospital Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology. In addition, she volunteered with Centre County PAWS. After graduation, Becker will be a researcher and diagnostician at Brown University’s Medical School.
August Pasquale is the son of August and Lori Pasquale of Severna Park, Maryland. He is graduating with a bachelor of arts degree in political science and a bachelor of science degree in finance. Pasquale studied abroad in Italy and England; he also interned with U.S. Representative Andy Harris and with Northrop Grumman, an aerospace and defense company. Pasquale was a flight commander in the Air Force ROTC at Penn State and a reporter for The Daily Collegian. After graduation, Pasquale will serve as an acquisitions officer in the United States Air Force.
Leah DeLancey is the daughter of Douglas and Toni DeLancey of Arlington, Virginia. She is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in sociology and political science. DeLancey was a teaching assistant and undergraduate research assistant in the college. She also was a Panhellenic recruitment counselor and the policy and standards board chair for Pi Beta Phi. DeLancey interned with the Student Engagement Network, the U.S. House of Representatives, and Huntington Ingalls Industries. After graduation, DeLancey plans to work in politics in Washington, D.C., before pursuing a master’s degree in national defense.
SPANISH, ITALIAN, AND PORTUGUESE
Christopher Abraham is the son of Lori and Todd Abraham of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. A Paterno Fellow and Schreyer Scholar, he is graduating with bachelor of arts degrees in Spanish and English. Abraham was the president of the Spanish Immersion Club and earned his Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages certificate from Penn State while studying abroad in Ecuador. He volunteered with Young Life. After graduation, Abraham will serve as a literacy coordinator in the Dominican Republic through the Peace Corps.
WOMEN’S, GENDER, AND SEXUALITY STUDIES
Clara Miller is the daughter of Julie and Michael Miller of Tully, New York. She is graduating with a bachelor of science degree in women’s studies and a minor in plant pathology. She was the service chair for Triota and the president of the Blooms and Shrooms Plant Pathology and Environmental Microbiology organization. Miller was also an undergraduate researcher for the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences and the College of Agricultural Sciences. After graduation, Miller will work in disability support services while applying to graduate school.
Matt Solovey is the husband of Jade Kelly Solovey and the father of Jayden Solovey and Arianna Miletta. He is graduating with a bachelor of science degree in organizational leadership. Solovey is an experienced communications professional, writer, and editor in healthcare, academia, and print journalism. He is currently the director of communication for the Penn State Clinical and Translational Science Institute. Through World Campus, Solovey was a student ambassador and smart track student mentor. He also participated in a summer leadership conference on behalf of World Campus.
7 avril 1724 à Leipzig (Allemagne). Le cantor de la ville, Jean-Sébastien Bach, monte à la tribune de l'église Saint-Nicolas pour y diriger une œuvre qu'il a composée spécialement pour ce Vendredi saint. L'espace géographique de cette église baroque de la bonne ville marchande de la Saxe devient une nouvelle scène jamais imaginée en Europe. Depuis Mendelssohn qui les a redécouvertes, les "Passions" de Bach sont jouées chaque année partout dans le monde. Sauf cette année....
Ce vendredi saint d’avril 1724, une foule de luthériens se presse pour les vêpres dans l’une des deux églises de Leipzig, la Nikolaikirche. Un cantique Alors que Jésus était sur la croix ouvre la prière et introduit un immense oratorio du nouveau cantor, Jean-Sébastien Bach. Une invocation au Christ par trois fois, Herr, unser Herrscher (Seigneur, notre souverain) annonce la première Passion selon saint Jean : arrestation de Jésus, rencontre avec Caïphe, reniement de Pierre. Fin du premier acte. Le surintendant Deyling monte en chaire pour le sermon. Bach reprend les chœurs : Christus, der uns selig macht (Christ qui nous rend bienheureux) pour le procès devant Pilate, la crucifixion (poignant alto du haute-contre et viole de gambe Es ist vollbracht, Tout est accompli), la mise au tombeau et le majestueux Ruht wohl (Repose en paix). Eblouissante composition ! Mais le consistoire de Leipzig, irrité, trouve la Passion trop lyrique et admoneste le Cantor. Le chef anglais John Eliot Gardiner imagine l’assemblée municipale et paroissiale désemparée par cette musique concertante empiétant sur ses méditations.
La géographie de l’église Saint-Nicolas forge le caractère scénique de ce drame. Avec ses loges, elle ressemble à un théâtre italien. Ici, pas d’assemblée unie : aux femmes les bancs de la nef, aux hommes les tribunes, les plus riches étant bien placés pour voir les chanteurs. Les instrumentistes aux violons, violoncelles, bassons, flûtes et hautbois, violes d’amour, luths, gambes, orgue, deviennent avec le chœur les témoins contemporains de la passion du Christ. Le chœur se serre entre orchestre et balustrade, portant les peurs des disciples, la violence des soldats et d’une foule fanatique : Kreuzige (crucifie-le !), assurant les méditations et les chorals reliant «scène» et fidèles qui puisent dans le chant un effet cathartique. Des solistes (Jésus, Pierre et Pilate) s’étaient peut-être dispersés sur les tribunes pour développer l’effet dramatique.
Comment ce drame musical joué dans cette province luthérienne fascine tant trois siècles plus tard ? Pour Gardiner, Bach met en forme le récit du témoin direct que fut Jean adressé à tous ceux qui sont en quête de nourriture spirituelle. De quelques décennies cadet d’un autre Leipzigois très célèbre Leibniz, Bach met en oeuvre la pensée du philosophe, affirmant que «c’est par le calcul et l’exercice de sa pensée que Dieu a créé le monde». Pour Gilles Cantagrel, créé à l’image de Dieu, c’est par le calcul et l’exercice de sa pensée que Bach créé à son tour un nouveau monde sonore.
Pour en savoir plus
John Eliot Gardiner, Musique au château du ciel. Un portrait de Jean-Sébastien Bach, Flammarion, 2014. UN livre magistral.
Gilles Cantagrel, J.-S. Bach, Passions, messes et motets, Fayard, 2011.
La plus récente interprétation de la Passion (BWV 245) par le Collegium Vocale Ghent dirigé par Philippe Herreweghe le 13 mars 2020 à Bruges (Belgique) avec un orchestre un peu trop présent. Ou encore celle de la Netherlands Bach Society à Narden (Pays-Bas) dirigée par Jos van Veldhoven le 11 mars 2017 avec des interprètes (méritants) âgés de moins de 35 ans.
Extrait d’un entretien (très géographique) avec Raphaël Pichon, qui a dirigé l’ensemble Pygmalion à la Philharmonie de Paris
Quel type de spatialisation envisagez-vous ? C’est très simple : l’idée est de n’avoir ni mise en espace, ni mise en scène, donc de ne pas chercher à faire jouer nos personnages. L’idée est d’habiter l’espace à la Philharmonie de Paris, en essayant de s’affranchir de certains codes de représentation du concert, et assumer qu’on raconte une histoire. Cette histoire a besoin d’être lisible, d’être structurée en tableaux, elle a besoin d’espaces qui permettent la compréhension. L’idée est donc d’aider la mise en regard, de permettre des jeux de miroir entre certains personnages, de créer une atmosphère d’écoute. La Philharmonie de Paris est un lieu inouï où l’acoustique, l’espace en lui-même, vous permettent de jouer avec tout cela.
Le trailer d’une des plus impressionnantes interprétations de la Passion à la Philharmonie de Berlin, le 16 mars 2019, avec Simon Rattle et Peter Sellars.
|Cache||Second to Easyjet, I am not impressed with airBerlin. Their check-in counter was woefully understaffed for the number of flights they see, and the staff seemed to not understand the system they were operating. Furthermore, after check-in I asked about a lounge and was informed of the airCafe, a premium gate lounge (holding pen) for … Continue reading "Helsinki"|
|Cache||Just as I did with the previous entry for Amsterdam, I would like to start off by talking about my flight experience here on Easyjet. Dreadful! If I ever suggest flying them again somewhere, point me back at this blog entry, because they are without a doubt the worst airline I have flown on, and … Continue reading "Berlin"|
Warfare History Network
A shock to Britain.
Key point: The fight was tough and it it still unclear exactly what caused the explosion that sunk London's famous warship. But either way it was lost and Berlin had a naval victory.
The British Admiralty Board of Enquiry into the loss of the battlecruiser HMS Hood, presided over by Vice Admiral Sir Geoffrey Blake, concluded, “The sinking of Hood was due to a hit from Bismarck’s 15-inch shell in or adjacent to Hood’s 4-inch or 15-inch magazines, causing them to explode and wreck the after part of the ship.”
Director of Naval Construction Sir Stanley Goodall, however, found this conclusion unsatisfactory and in his report pointed out the explosion was observed near the mainmast 65 feet further forward from the aft magazines. A second board of enquiry was convened under Rear Admiral H.T.C Walker. Even given eyewitness accounts that described fires on deck, that board still found a hit by Bismarck being the likely cause, although finishing with, “The probability is that the 4-inch magazines exploded first.”
Taking on the Feared Bismarck
In May 1941, Admiral Sir John C. Tovey, commander of the British Home Fleet at Scapa Flow in Scotland’s Orkney Islands, was ordered to attack the German battleship Bismarck and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen that had just been spotted in the Denmark Strait. Tovey’s fleet consisted of two new battleships, King George V and Prince of Wales, the battlecruisers Hood and Repulse, and the aircraft carrier Victorious, plus many additional cruisers and destroyers. Also hurrying north to join him was the older battleship Rodney, mounting nine 16-inch guns, the largest caliber in the fleet.
Of all the German surface warships, the British feared Bismarck the most. Her size, speed, and firepower made her a definite threat to Allied shipping in the Atlantic, and it was imperative that she be neutralized.
On May 21, 1941, Hood and Prince of Wales left Scapa Flow with six destroyers under the command of Admiral Lancelot Holland flying his flag in Hood, their mission to provide heavy support to the cruisers Suffolk and Norfolk covering the Denmark Strait between Greenland and Iceland––one of the likely routes the German naval squadron would take to reach the North Atlantic. The rest of the fleet was gathering to cover the area between Iceland and the Orkney Islands.
Early on the evening May 23, Suffolk made contact with the enemy ships, quickly turning away toward the coast of Iceland and into a fog bank. Suffolk immediately transmitted a sighting report to the Admiralty and then came around astern of the German ships to shadow them on radar.
Norfolk came up as well, a little too boldly, for Bismarck opened fire on her; like Suffolk, she raced for the fog bank. The blast from Bismarck’s 15-inch guns disabled her own forward radar, and overall German commander Admiral Gunther Lütjens ordered Prinz Eugen to take the lead.
The Germans had picked up the sighting report from Suffolk and advised their own high command. Lütjens was shocked their presence had been discovered so easily and had little intelligence on what his two warships might face.
The Dwindling British Advantage
As the two forces moved toward each other, Holland had a marked two-to-one superiority in firepower. However, this was offset by the age of the Hood (commissioned in 1920) and the newness (commissioned in January 1941) and lack of combat readiness of Prince of Wales, which was still having trouble with her main armament.
Holland soon realized he was in a favorable position to bring the enemy to action that evening, sailing northwesterly toward the Denmark Strait with the enemy on a southwesterly course. He hoped to catch the Germans just before sunset at around 2 am at 65 degrees north latitude. He also hoped to cross the German squadron’s “T,” which would give him a great advantage. “Crossing the T” is a tactic in naval warfare in which a line of warships crosses in front of a line of enemy ships, allowing them to bring all their guns to bear while receiving fire from only the forward guns of the enemy.
During the evening of May 23, the forces converged. Suffolk continued to shadow and update the Admiralty, Holland on Hood, and Tovey on King George V.
Around midnight, Suffolk lost contact because her radar was blinded by a snowstorm the German ships had entered. Holland waited an hour but, hearing no news, turned more northerly in case the enemy turned south. He could not afford a German breakout into the North Atlantic. At 2 am, still with no news, he turned southwesterly hoping to cut off the enemy before total darkness.
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About an hour later, Suffolk regained radar contact and discovered the German ships were still on their original course. Holland must have cursed his luck, for his maneuvering had lost time and space, and the opportunity to cross the T was gone; this would prove critical in the coming battle.
Failing to Concentrate Fire on the Bismarck
Not wanting a night engagement, Holland brought his ships onto a course to intercept the German squadron at first light, keeping up a good speed but in the heavy seas dropping the escorting destroyers astern. By dawn, the destroyers were an hour behind.
Lookouts scanned the horizon for a glimpse of their quarry. At 5:37 am the two ships were spotted to the northwest, 30,000 yards (17 miles) away. The heavy guns could fire that far but the chance of a hit was remote; they needed to reduce the range to 25,000 yards or less––and quickly.
Prinz Eugen had already picked up the sound of ships with her underwater detection gear at some 20 miles to the southeast. At about the same time as the British lookouts spotted them, the Germans spotted smoke on the horizon. Lütjens believed that these were likely more cruisers, and he was under orders to avoid contact with British warships. He turned to starboard and headed almost due west, confident that he could outrun them.
Holland was soon aware the enemy had turned away, but he had to maintain his intercept course. Turning toward them would merely put his ships behind the Germans and make it a chase.
By 5:50 am, the range was down to 26,000 yards, and Holland would soon give the order to open fire. He was fully aware of Hood’s vulnerability to plunging fire at long range and wanted to pass through the critical zone as fast as possible. Therefore, he compromised by turning 20 degrees to starboard on a new course of 300 degrees toward the enemy. This would close with the enemy faster but make it impossible for the rear turrets of the British ships to bear on the Germans.
At 5:52 am, Holland designated the lead ship as the target and gave the order to open fire. This caused Captain John Leach of Prince of Wales a few anxious moments, for he was convinced that the rear ship was Bismarck, posing the greater threat. He ignored the orders from Holland and concentrated on Bismarck.
In seconds, huge columns of water erupted around Prinz Eugen, followed seconds later around Bismarck. Lütjens now had no doubt about what he faced. However, the British angle of approach still made identification difficult.
Marking the fall of shots, the British ships fired another salvo still firing at different targets. Leach had not informed Holland of his opinion and later had not been informed by his own gunners that Prince of Wales was firing at the second ship.
The Hood is Struck
The range was down to 24,000 yards when Lütjens ordered his ships to turn 65 degrees to port toward the British on a new course of 200 degrees and directed his ships to open fire as soon as they had turned. Lütjens was now on course to cross the British T and would be able to employ all his ships’ heavy guns.
Prinz Eugen opened fire first at 5:53 am, concentrating on the lead British ship, Hood, with her fast-firing 8-inch guns at four salvos per minute; she was firing high-explosive, not armor-piercing shells. After a few ranging salvos, Prinz Eugen hit Hood, her shells starting a large fire amidships among the ammunition lockers of the 4-inch antiaircraft guns, as well as ammunition for the unrifled projectile launchers used for defense against aircraft. Attempts to put out the fire were frustrated by the exploding ammunition.
Both British ships were still firing but at different targets. As yet, Bismarck had not opened fire. By now the range was down to 22,000 yards. After turning, Bismarck opened fire on Hood at 5:55 am with all eight 15-inch guns. Her first salvo fell close to Hood. At last Hood’s gunners realized they had been firing at the wrong ship. About this time, Holland ordered another 20 degree turn to port. This turn still would not allow the British ships to use their rear turrets.
At 5:59 am, Holland ordered another 20-degree turn to port, which would finally allow his ships to bring their full armament to bear. The range was now down to 18,000 yards. Bismarck fired three salvos in rapid succession about 30 seconds apart. The first, the fourth in total, again straddled Hood, but the fifth hit with devastating effect at about 6 am.
For the sailors aboard Hood, their worst nightmares were about to come true.
Explosion on the Hood
Ted Briggs had joined Hood as a signal boy on March 7, 1938, at just 15 years of age. Three years later he was an ordinary signalman on Hood’s compass platform, manning the voice pipe to the flag deck.
During the battle, Hood’s X Turret fired for the first time, but Y Turret was silent. Seconds later, Briggs saw a blinding flash sweep around the outside of the compass platform. However, he said there “was not a terrific explosion at all regards noise.” He felt the ship “jar” and begin listing to port. The “jar” was the ship breaking in two. The list got worse, and the men began leaving his area. By the time Briggs climbed down the ladder to the admiral’s bridge, the icy sea was already around his legs.
Eighteen-year-old Midshipman William Dundas had the duty of watching Prince of Wales to make sure she was keeping station; he was not far from Ted Briggs on the compass platform. He remembered bodies falling past his position from the higher spotting positions––the result, he felt, of Bismarck’s shells hitting without exploding. He recalled a mass of brown smoke just before the list to port began. Dundas escaped by kicking out a window on the starboard side of the compass platform. Even so, he was dragged under the water by the sinking ship but miraculously regained the surface.
Twenty-year-old Able Seaman Robert Tilburn was stationed at Hood’s aft-port 4-inch antiaircraft gun and witnessed the fire started by Prinz Eugen’s shells. The heat of the blaze made fire fighting impossible as the flames were being fanned by Hood’s 28-knot speed. Then he said, “The ship shook like mad” and began listing to port. Tilburn got onto the forecastle but was washed over the side by a great wave.
At the second board of enquiry, Tilburn told the admirals, “The Bismarck hit us. There was no doubt about that. She hit us at least three times before the final blow.”
Briggs, Dundas, and Tilburn were the only survivors from Hood; her 1,415 other crewmen were lost. But there were other witnesses, such as Lieutenant Esmond Knight. Aboard Prince of Walesobserving Hood, he remembered thinking, “It would be a most tremendous explosion, but I don’t remember hearing an explosion at all.” Chief Petty Officer French, also on Prince of Wales, said that the middle of the Hood’s boat deck appeared to rise before the mainmast.
Leading Sick-Berth Attendant Sam Wood, also on Prince of Wales, observed, “I was watching the orange flashes coming from Bismarck, so naturally I was on the starboard side. The leading seaman who was with me said, ‘Christ, look how close the firing is getting to Hood.’ As I looked out, suddenly Hood exploded. She was one pall of black smoke. Then she disappeared into a big orange flash and a huge pall of smoke which blacked us out…. The bows pointed out of the smoke, just the bows, tilted up, and then this whole apparition slid out of sight, all in slow motion, just slid away.” Within three minutes Hood was gone.
What Destroyed the Hood?
So what did happen to Hood? Were the boards of enquiry right that a 15-inch shell from Bismarck had hit close to her 4-inch and/or 15-inch magazines, causing an explosion that wrecked the after part of the ship?
What evidence we have would seem to shed some doubt on this. First, Hood was about 17,000 yards from Bismarck by 6 am. By that time, the heavy shells from both sides were travelling on a fairly low trajectory. As the range decreased, the guns would have been progressively depressed. Therefore, any hit would have been more likely to strike the belt. Hood’s belt armor was 12-inches thick and superior to any ship in the fleet; it was also inclined at 12 degrees.
It is still possible a shell could have hit the deck with its thin armor of three inches, but not with the plunging effect Holland had feared at long range. The shell likely fell at a rather oblique angle, which would make penetration of four decks to the main magazine under X Turret unlikely.
Also, it was witnessed aboard Hood and Prince of Wales that Bismarck’s 15-inch shells were likely defective, that most failed to explode.
Could there have been some sort of cordite flash explosion similar to those that destroyed three British battle cruisers during the battle of Jutland in May 1916?
This again seems highly unlikely as Hood’s shell-handling rooms were situated well below the X and Y Turrets’ magazine and the engine room thanks to lessons learned from that tragic Jutland episode. Also at Jutland, all three battlecruisers were destroyed by massive explosions, and there was none audible on Hood. One question about the magazine theory is why Y Turret did not fire like X had. Was something already happening there?
Then there is the fire started by Prinz Eugen’s 8-inch shells. Captain Leach of Prince of Wales described the fire as “a vast blowlamp.” The fire consumed much combustible material on the deck and upper superstructure, but the two- and three-inch deck armor and forecastle armor prevented this fire from penetrating below. The ventilation systems were fitted with gas-tight flaps and, at action stations, all should have been closed. Thus, it is fairly certain that the deck fires could not have resulted in Hood breaking in two or could even have contributed to this significantly.
The second board of enquiry did look at the possibility of Hood’s own above-deck torpedoes causing her to sink. Sir Stanley Goodall, who had supervised Hood’s design, believed an enemy shell could have detonated the torpedo warheads in their tubes.
Four 21-inch MK IV torpedoes were kept in tubes, two on either side of the mainmast, and four reloads were nearby in a three-inch armored box. These torpedoes were certainly capable of breaking Hood’s back and could have been set off either by a direct hit from an enemy shell or by an intense fire. the TNT in the warheads would ignite at around 250 degrees Fahrenheit and explode at around 280 degrees. Again, however, there was no explosion. It is worth noting that similar torpedo tubes on the battlecruisers Repulse and Renown were later removed.
Was there some sort of underwater penetration? This seems even more unlikely. Hood was outside torpedo range of the German ships. One of Bismarck’s 15-inch shells could have penetrated the side and exploded in or near Hood’s shell-handling rooms––again unlikely without evidence of a massive explosion.
A Lucky Shot
The final theory or possibility is that Prinz Eugen’s 8-inch guns, firing at over half their maximum range, would have been falling on the target at a much steeper trajectory than Bismarck’s 15-inch guns and that one of her high-explosive 8-inch shells might have gone down Hood’s after funnel. If this did happen, it would have been just before Lütjens ordered Prinz Eugen to shift her fire to Prince of Wales, about the time Hood was engulfed.
The wire cage that covered the top of the funnel would not stop a shell and would be unlikely to explode it. The next obstacle on a shell’s journey would have been a steel grating positioned in vents at the level of the lower deck to protect the boiler room. If an 8-inch shell exploded here, it would have detonated in the boiler room. A high-explosive shell bursting in one of the boiler rooms or nearby might have resulted in an enormous buildup of pressure, resulting in an explosion inside the ship. The line of least resistance to this would have been up through Hood’s thin decks, not through the heavily armored sides or bottom.
Was this the result, a muffled explosion within the ship only heard below decks, the flash seen above decks near the mainmast with the propellers still turning driving the rear into the severely weakened midsection and breaking Hood in two parts? Could it have been a fatal combination of two of these theories?
In July 2001, the wreck of the Hood was found 9,334 feet below the surface of the Denmark Straight. She lies in three sections with the bow on its side, the mid section upside down, and the stern speared into the seabed. In 2013, the wreck was more fully explored with a remote-control vehicle. The exploration appears to confirm a massive explosion had taken place in the magazine feeding Y Turret and breaking the back of the ship. However, it remains a mystery, given the low trajectory of any shell, how one could have passed through four decks and the magazine armor. It must have been a lucky shot, indeed.
Prince of Wales Escapes
After the loss of the Hood, the battle continued. Prince of Wales was about 1,000 yards astern of Hood. Seeing the flagship explode, Captain Leach ordered a hard turn to starboard to avoid the wreckage. Hood was engulfed in smoke, but the stern was still above the water. The forward section still had some momentum but was listing to port and sinking rapidly. After clearing the wreckage, Leach swung Prince of Wales back onto 260 degrees, bringing his full broadside to bear.
The turn of Prince of Wales disrupted the gunners on Bismarck and Prinz Eugen, but they soon found the range again. With the range down to 15,000 yards, the fire from both sides was finding its mark.
A 15-inch shell from Bismarck hit the bridge of Prince of Wales. Although it did not explode, it killed several key personnel, and for a short period disrupted command of the ship. Direction was transferred to the aft position. She was also hit by an 8-inch shell from Prinz Eugen, knocking out fire control of several 5.25-inch guns, and two more hits caused minor flooding. At 6:03 am, Bismarck passed the port beam of Prinz Eugen, causing that ship to temporarily cease fire. The heavy cruiser had turned away because of suspected torpedoes.
Leach did not close the range. Prince of Wales had managed to hit Bismarck three times, although no explosions had been observed. Bismarck struck back, hitting the starboard crane of Prince of Wales, causing much splinter damage. Another shell hit amidships below the rear funnel under the waterline but failed to explode. It did cause some flooding and required the ship to counter flood to maintain trim.
Leach felt his ship was taking heavy damage––it had been hit four times by Bismarck and three times by Prinz Eugen. His own ship’s main armament was still not working properly, and his crew lacked the experience to adjust for this. Believing his ship might suffer serious damage, Leach ordered Prince of Wales to withdraw behind a smoke screen at 6:05. Also, Bismarck had completed passing Prinz Eugen so that ship’s guns would soon be back in action. Whether this influenced Leach is unknown.
Admiral Lütjens was surprised to see Prince of Wales turn away, but he dismissed calls from some of his men to pursue the British ship. It was doubtful they would be able to catch her. Also, Bismarckherself had been hit. Two shells had caused minor damage. However, one 14-inch shell had struck below the waterline causing some flooding and reduction in speed. Worse, some fuel tanks had been ruptured causing the loss of several hundred tons of precious fuel oil.
Lütjens soon realized he could not continue with the mission to attack British convoys due to the loss of fuel. Prinz Eugen was therefore detached to proceed with raiding while Bismarck turned back. The battleship headed for the nearest port with a drydock big enough to take Bismarck, at St. Nazaire, France.
Sinking the Bismarck
On May 26, a British aircraft spotted the battleship and radioed her position to other warships in the area. A force of 15 Fairey Swordfish torpedo planes from the carrier Ark Royal converged on Lütjens’ ship, and one torpedo damaged Bismarck’s rudder so badly that all the giant ship could do was sail helplessly in a circle.
Like a pack of lions, the chasing British battleships Rodney and King George V caught and engaged Bismarck at a range of 16,000 yards. The German gunners’ return fire was ineffective, and the helpless Bismarck was torn apart. At 10:40 am on May 27, 1941, the German battleship sank some 300 nautical miles west of Ushant, France. Only 110 of her crew of 2,222 survived the sinking. Admiral Lütjens went down with the ship.
This article By Mark Simmons originally appeared on Warfare History Network.
Image: Wikimedia Commons
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